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Compilation  ©  1993  University  Publications  of  America. 
All  rights  reserved. 






Thomas  E.  Jeffrey 
Microfilm  Editor 

Gregory  Field 
Theresa  M.  Collins 
David  W.  Hutchings 
Lisa  Gitelman 
Leonard  DeGraaf 
Dennis  D.  Madden 

Mary  Ann  Hellrigel 
Paul  B.  Israel 
Robert  A.  Rosenberg 
Karen  A-  Detlg 
Gregory  Jankunls 
Douglas  G.  Tarr 

Reese  V.  Jenkins 
Director  and  Editor 


Rutgers,  The  State  University  of  New  Jersey 
National  Park  Service,  Edison  National  Historic  Site 
New  Jersey  Historical  Commission 
Smithsonian  Institution 

University  Publications  of  America 
Bethesda,  Maryland 

1  pcnalssion  of  McCtaw-Edison  Company. 


Reese  V.  Jenkins 
Director  and  Editor 

Thomas  E.  Jeffrey 
Associate  Director  and  Microfilm  Editor 

Robert  A.  Rosenberg 
Managing  Editor,  Book  Edition 

Helen  Endick 

Assistant  Director  for  Administration 

Associate  Editor 

Paul  B.  Israel 

Research  Associates 
Theresa  M.  Collins 
David  W.Hutchhigs 
Karen  A.  Detig 

Gregory  Jankunls 

Assistant  Editors 
Gregory  Field 
Lisa  Gitelman 
Martha  J.  King 


Grace  Kurkowski 

Student  Assistant 
Bethany  Jankunis 


Rutgers,  The  State  University  of 
New  Jersey 

Francis  L.  Lawrence 
Joseph  J.  Seneca 
Richard  F.  Foiey 
Rudoiph  M.  Beii 

New  Jersey  Historical  Commission 
Howard  L.  Green 

National  Park  Service 
John  Maounis 
Maryanne  Gerbauckas 
Nancy  Waters 
George  Tselos 
Smithsonian  Institution 
Bernard  Finn 
Arthur  P.  Molella 


James  Brittain,  Georgia  Institute  of  Technology 
Alfred  D.  Chandler,  Jr.,  Harvard  University 
Neil  Harris,  University  of  Chicago 
Thomas  Parke  Hughes,  University  of  Pennsylvania 
Arthur  Link,  Princeton  University 
Nathan  Reingold,  Smithsonian  Institution 
Robert  E.  Schofield,  Iowa  State  University 


William  C.  Hittinger  (Chairman),  RCA  Corporation 
Edward  J.  Bloustein,  Rutgers,  The  State  University  of  New  Jersey  • 
Cees  Bruynes,  North  American  Philips  Corporation 
Paul  J.  Christiansen,  Charles  Edison  Fund 
Philip  F.  Dietz,  Westinghouse  Electric  Corporation 
Roland  W.  Schmitt,  General  Electric  Corporation 
Harold  W.  Sonn,  Public  Service  Electric  and  Gas  Company 
Morris  Tanenbaum,  AT&T 



The  Alfred  P.  Sloan  Foundation 
Charles  Edison  Fund 
The  Hyde  and  Watson  Foundation 
Geraldine  R.  Dodge  Foundation 

National  Science  Foundation 
National  Endowment  for  the  Humanities 
National  Historical  Publications  and 
Records  Commission 


Alabama  Power  Company 
Amerada  Hess  Corporation 

Atlantic  Electric 

Association  of  Edison  Illuminating 
Companies,  Inc. 

Battelle  Memorial  Institute 
The  Boston  Edison  Foundation 
Cabot  Corporation  Foundation,  Inc. 
Carolina  Power  &  Light  Company 
Consolidated  Edison  Company  of 
New  York,  Inc. 

Consumers  Power  Company 
Coming  Glass  Works  Foundation 
Duke  Power  Company 
Entergy  Corporation  (Middle  South 
Electric  Systems) 

Exxon  Corporation 

Florida  Power  &  Light  Company 

General  Electric  Foundation 

Gould  Inc.  Foundation 

Gulf  States  Utilities  Company 

Idaho  Power  Company 

International  Brotherhood  of  Electrical 

Iowa  Power  and  Light  Company 

Mr.  and  Mrs.  Stanley  H.  Katz 
Matsushita  Electric  Industrial  Co.,  Ltd. 
McGraw-Edison  Company 
Minnesota  Power 
New  Jersey  Bell 
New  York  State  Electric  &  Gas 

North  American  Philips  Corporation 
Philadelphia  Electric  Company 
Philips  International  B.V. 

Public  Service  Electric  and  Gas 
RCA  Corporation 
Robert  Bosch  GmbH 
Rochester  Gas  and  Electric 

San  Diego  Gas  &  Electric 
Savannah  Electric  and  Power  Company 
Schering-Plough  Foundation 
Texas  Utilities  Company 
Thomas  &  Betts  Corporation 
Thomson  Grand  Public 
Transamerica  Delaval  Inc. 
Westinghouse  Educational  Foundation 
Wisconsin  Public  Service 

A  Note  on  the  Sources 

The  pages  which  have  been 
filmed  are  the  best  copies 
available.  Every  technical 
effort  possible  has  been 
made  to  ensure  legibility. 


Resl  duplication  of  tho  whole  or  of 
any  part  of  this  film  is  prohibited. 
In  lieu  of  transcripts,  however, 
enlarged  photocopies  of  selected 
items  contained  on  these  reels 
may  be  made  in  order  to  facilitate 

1889.  Phonograph  -  North  American  Phonograph  Company  - 
General  (D-89-62) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the 
business  of  the  North  American  Phonograph  Co.  Included  are  documents 
concerning  stock  transactions,  the  relationship  of  the  company  to  the  Edison 
Phonograph  Works  and  subsidiary  phonograph  companies,  and  the  advertising 
and  distribution  of  phonographs  and  cylinder  recordings.  Among  the 
correspondents  are  Jesse  H.  Lippincott,  president  of  the  company,  and  Thomas 
R.  Lombard,  vice  president. 

Approximately  50  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  letters  of  transmittal 
and  other  routine  business  correspondence;  duplicate  copies  of  selected 
documents;  documents  that  duplicate  information  in  selected  material. 

Office  of  Jesse  H,  Lippincott, 

Sole  Licensee  of  The  American  Graphophone  Co. 

160-164  Broadway,  New  York, 

Jamiary,  16,  1889. 

Referring  to  the  enclosed  circulars  respecting  the 
Phonograph  and  Phonograph-Graphophone,  and  the 
North  American  Phonograph  Company,  in  which,  as 
the  “  Parent  Company,”  are  concentrated  all  the  patent 
rights  for  the  lease  or  sale  of  these  instruments  and 
their  accessories,  I  hereby  offer  for  sale  5,000  full-paid 
Shares,  of  $100  each,  of  the  North  American  Phonograph 
Company,  at  the  price  of  $75  per  Share. 

I  have  deposited  these  Shares  with  the  Transfer 
Agents  of  the  Company,  Messrs.  Winslow,  Lanier  &  Co., 
17  Nassau  Street,  New  York,  and  have  authorized  them 
until  January  26th,  1889,  to  receive  payment  therefor  on 
my  account,  in  the  order  of  application,  when  accompanied 
by  a  deposit  of  $10  per  Share,  and  to  deliver  the  Shares 
so  subscribed  for  upon  payment  of  the  remaining  $65 
per  Share,  on  or  before  February  5th,  1889, 

If  any  further  particulars  are  desired,  application 
should  be  made  to  the  undersigned, 

JESSE  H.  Lippincott. 

©HE  noI^iPH  ^MBI^IGAN  ©HOMOGf^APH  @0., 


^^"794°OHN^''’''’  I60,162&I64  Broadway, 

p.  o.  BOX  2602.  . . ..i(!,, _ 

James  B.Metcalf ,Esq. , 

Nev/  York  City. 

Dear  Siri-- 

We  are  assured  from  the  gentlemen  in  charge  of  the  Phonog¬ 
raph  and  Graphophone  factories  respectively jthat  the  regular  shipment 
of  machines  will  commence  by  the  first  of  next  week  at  the  latest.  It 
is  to  be  hoped  that  tlieir  expectations  may  be  released  and  I  beg  to 
assure  you  that  everything  possible  is  being  done  at  this  office  to 
expedite  the  delivery  of  machines. I  remain  sir, 


,,.5' .  'A^.  iXyOu  '-^  duurpkj  ,  So^^^LhiJ^ 

'‘^{^  Z,'^L.  '^‘  ^Z^t'c-C'y'Lj  %‘''<'^-<yLJL.<  (^xZo,  yii^lZ^y 

y^'OC'y^-''C'l  ~''^--'  i^  '  CC ' t, 'C-,--  ■'•  ■ 


^  Ad  hi\  //  f  ' 


^PViJL.  '^\. 


©HB  nOl^iPH  ^MBF^IGAN  ©HONOGI^APH  ©0., 

AND  5bssb  I7.  liippiNGornm,  Sole  Lcigbnsbb  op  whb 

’^^»794°ohn'^’‘'‘'’  '®°’  Broadway, 

. May....22nd..., . 9, 

Thomas  A. Edison, Esq. , 

OrangSjN. J, 

Dear  Sir:- 

I  am  very  much  obliged  for  the  selection -of  musical 
cylinders  you  so  kindly  sent  me  the  other  day.  They  are  very  fine 
indeed  and  you  have  my  sincere  thanks  for  your  kind  remembrance. 

Yours  very  truly. 

'  Office  OF" 




160,  162  &  164  BROADWAY, 

No.  1.  NEW  York,  May  28th,  1889. 

■  Phonograph  f.  o.  b.  Edison  Phonograph  Works,  Orange,  N.  J. 



the  Public. 

Phonogram  Blanks  (each),  in  bbls.  of  150, 



Musical  Phonograms,  in^^^mes  of  6  and  12 




Battery,  Complete,  with  Cord,  - 



; '  Cord  Alone,  ■  - 

;  Chromic  Acid,  in  Original  Packages  of  about 



200  LBS.  -  :  -  -  •  -  ' 



1  Packed  in  Jars,  about  30  or  60  lbs.  -  - 



r  Zincs  for  Edison  Battery,  -  - 



phonograph-graphophone  supplies 
j  F.O.B.  manufactory  AMERICAN  GRAPHOPHONE  CO.,  BRIDGEPORT,  conn. 

6  IN,  cylinders  per  BOX  (15  IN  EACH),  - 


20  jc 







Company  to  ask  your  official  anavrer  to  this  question. 

Is  there  any  liability,  and,  if  so,  to  what  amount,  by 
our  Sub  Company  to  the  Parent  Company  for  machines  either 
lost  or  destroyed,  either  by  fire,  or  theft,  or  accident? 

Supposing,  for  example,  a  customer  removes  to  Canada,  or 
to  Calcutta,  and  takes  the  instrument  with  him  and  we  never 
again  get  trawe  of  either  customer  or  instrument,  what  do  you 
claim  from  iis  in  the  premises? 

j^Supposing,  again,  that  by  accident  a  machine  is  utterly 
destroyed,  as  for  example,  by  a  fall  upon  it^of  plaster 
from  the  ceiling,  or  a  fall  upon  it  of  some  other  hea^^ 
subsfance  totally  destructive  and  wholly  unpreventable ,  v/hat 
is  our  liability  to  you  in  the  premises.^ 

3N  &  LEWIS 

.yl:^ii>  Jime  S5t.iiji«aOf ' 

A.  0.  Tate,  Esq., 

Eear  Sir; 

to  your  esteemed  i'avor^of  ^^”213?  insf^*  •  Replying 

.v/hich  are  now  being  made,  and  which  vnii*aQ  the  paymgits 

Of  the  indebtedness  Sf  tAe Ta/K  Co"  ?o  t^if  ® 
are  made  by  means  of  Mr  iiTmincni +  ° ’  Mison  Phono.  Works, 



Awaiting  your  fiirther  favors,  I  remain. 

©HE  nor^iPH  flMBr^IGAN  l^HONOGI^APH  ©O., 


'^^«7e4°oHN."‘'‘''  '®°’  '®2  &  164  Broadway, 

BOX  2602.  _ JlJTIft  R7. _ y/gfi 

A«  L.  Xaylor,  Esq«,  Xreas«, 

257  Fifth  Ave.,  City, 

Dear  Sir:- 

In  reply  to  your  favor  of  the  23rd,  we  bejs  leave  to  say 
that  by  reference  to  the  5th  clause  of  your  license  you  ^vill  see 
that  the  questions  as  to  the  destruction  of  na chines  by  fire  or 
other  accident  beyond  your  . control  are  answered. 

As  to  the  question  b;f‘tKeft7"we'-e  that  the  local  oon>- 
panies  vfill  thorou^ly  satisfy  themselves  as  to  the  responsibility 
of  the  people  ivith  whom  they  intend  to  do  business  before  the  de“ 
livery  of  nachines,  and  that  they  will  not  make  leases  with  parties 
who  woiad  be  liable  to  run  away  vrith  our  property.  Should  a 
theft  of  a  machine  occur,  the  chances  of  Tdiioh  are,  to  think, 
extremely  remote,  we  vrould  expect  the  local  ccnpany  to  reimburse 
us  to  the  extent  of  the  cost  of  the  machine'. 

Very  truly  jours. 

'  Office  of  ■■ 

•’  North  American  Phonograph 'Company , 

160  -  164  Broadway, 

New  York,  July  1,  1889, 

Dear  Mr. ‘Edison, 

In  reply  to  your  favor  of  the  S9th  in  regard  to 
sending  phonographs  to  Canada,  I  beg  leave  to  inform  you  that  I 
have  declined  this  request.  ','  AA.  we  are  not  perfectly  sure  of  the 
gro'und  over  there,  we  thought  it  was  better  to  da  that  than  to  take 
any  risk. 

Very  trtily  yours. 


Xhomas  A.  ^ison.  Esq. 




160,  162  &  164  BROADWAY, 

No.  2.  '  NEW  YORK,  JULY  1ST,  1889, 


Phonogram  Box  for  12  blanks,  with  Drawer  and  Two  Locks,  each,  $2.25 

Inspector's  Case,  complete,  -  -  -  - .  ...  2.50 

RuBBEk  Stamp  FOR  Phonograph,  WITH  ..Pad,  -  .  .  ,22 

Rubber  Stamp  for  phonograph-Graphophone,  with  Pad,  -  .  .22 

Tin  Horn,  14"  -  ......  .  50 

Nickel-Plated  Horn,  12" . 1,40 

Mailing  Box  for  Phonograph-Graphophone 

Cylinders,  6",  per  100,  3.75 
■  “  “  “  4”,  “  3.00 

2",  “  2.25 


TYPE.  ampere  hours.  WEIGHT. 

23  P.  240  32  Lbs. 

U?,P.  190  27  Lbs. 

"19  P.C.  ^  150  •  22  Lbs. 





©HB  nor^iPH  ^MBP^IGAN  ^HONOGI^APH  @0., 


flMEf^IGAN  Gi^APHOPHONB  (§0., 

TELEPHONE  CALL,  180,  162  &  IB 4- Broadway, 

The  Now  Jersey  Phonograph  Co., 

758  Broad  St., 

Newark  N.J. 


Prom  the  orders  that  we  have  received  from  the  various 
oonpanieSjWe  find  it  is  necessary  to  call  the  attention  of  each 
company  to  the  fact  that  the  supplies  for  the,  machines  are  packed 
as  follows:- 

Graphophone  Cylinders, 15  in  a  box, 30  boxes  in  a  orate.  The  d 
and  8"  cylinders  are  packed  in- boxes  of  15  each,  that  is  to  say 
flftedn  4"  and  fifteen  8"  with  a  mandrel  to  use  with  same, which 
will  be  found  in  one  of  the  corner  cylinders  of  each  box.  These 
like  the  rest  are  packed  in  crates  of  80  boxes  each. 

Phonogram  blanks  are  packed  in  barrels  of  150  each.  Whenever 
they  are  ordered  in  less  quantity  them  that, we  will  have  to  charge 
you  for  the  packing  and  boxing, the  same  as  we  are  charged  by  the 
Edison  Phonograph  Works. 

In  ordering  batteries  you  should  distinctly . say  what  is  wanted 
whether  it  is  the  Edison, Mo. 1,100  hour  battery, or  the  old  style 
Edison  bi-cromate  battery, or  Pumpelly  Storage  Battery, then  there 
will  be  no  confusion  and  wo  will  be  able  to  fill  your  orders  in¬ 

In  ordering  horns  and  other  things, pi ease  refer  to  our  price 
list  for  terms  and  styles, so  that  we  will  -understand  what  you  wqit. 
Vie  sometimes  get  confused  by  parties  ordering  30  inch  horns  when 
they  mean  36, or  18  inch  horns  when  they  mean  14. 

,  A  little  care  in  this  ordering  business  and  by  being  careful 
■to  make  out  your  orders  on  a  separate^^  sheet  of  paper  and  not  embody 
them  in  your  letters, will  very  much^^'^cilitate  our  getting  your 
goods  sent  to  you  quickly  and  you  getting  what  you  want. 

Yours  very  truly, 






16  0,  162  &  164  Broadway, 

..Auguat....Ia.t,...., - 

The  New  Jersey  Phonograph  Co., 

738  Broad  Street, 

Newark  N.J. 


We  would  suggest  for  your  consideration  the  advisabil¬ 
ity  of  making  an  effort  to  introduce  into  all  the  business  schools 
and  colleges, the  Phonograph  and  Phonograph- Graphophone  for  the 
purpose  of  giving  instruction  to  the  students. 

It  would  facilitate  the  introduction  of  these  machines  if 
typewriters  were  generally  instructed  in  the  care  and  management 
of  them. 

Rome  of  our. Sub-Companies  have  already  taken  steps  in  that 
direction, and  are  meeting  great  success, and  in  one  city  in  the  West 
the  machine  has  been  introduced  in  the  college  where  heretofore 
shorthand  was  taught.  The  Principal  of  the  college  stating  that 
it  was  unnecessary  to  teach  shorthand  any  longer  with  these  mach¬ 
ines  coming  into,  competition. 

We  do  not  think  there  could  be  any  step  taken  that  vrould  be 
more  important  to  the  introduction  of  the  machines, than  to  have 
the  typewriters  educated  to  use  it, as  business  men  would  be  more 
apt  to  rent  machines, if  they  found  that  expert  typewiters  were 
familiar  with  its  use. 

Yours  very  truly. 



“lon^  bistance  felephone  73S'.' 

i  i 



I  Jesse  H.  Llpplncott,  Bsq., 

President,  North  American  Phonograph  Co.  . 

i  Mr  dear  Sir;- 

I  have  been,  as  Ohainnan  of  the  Executive  Committee 
of  the  Metropolitan  Phonograph  Company,  requested  by  its  Board 
of  Directors  to  formally  present  to  your  Company  the  claim  for 
j  damages  sustained  by  our  Company  owing  to  the  non-delivery  by 
your  Company,  as  agreed,  of  both  Phonographs  and  Phonograph- 
Graphophones-whioh  claim  has  frequently  during  the  past  six 
months  been  verbally  called  to  your  official  notice  in  inter- 
■i  views  with  officers  of  our  Company,  and  with  the  outlines  of 
|;  which  you  are  familiar. 

ij  Without  entering  now  into  a  detailed  statement  of  all 

our  grievances,^ I  would  beg  to  call  your  attention  to  a  few 
l,  facts  relating  to  the  expenses  of  our  Company  since  the  first 
]:  Of  January  last,  and  the  circumstances  under  which  the  greater 
;i  part  of  them  were  incurred.  t  ropi  y  t 

.  undoratond  have  boon-your  oritialpms  of  what  you  have  boon 

ii  pleased  recently  to  term  our  feYtravagant  managamentl. 

:i  When,  in  December  last,  the  question  of  renting  #257 

Fifth  Avenue  for  the  offices  and  salesrooms  of,  our  Company, was 

expensive  offices  in  the  last  week  of  December,  we  organized  our 
working  force  on  the  basis  of  orders  which  we  then  had  on  our 
books,  or  were  promised  us  as  soon  as  we  vfould  be  ready  to  fill 
them,  and  for  vrtiich  your  Ocanpany  had  given  us  reason  to  expect 
we  would  be  able  to  furnish  the  machines  within  two  weeks.  In 
the  face  of  other  promises  of  your  Company,  from  week  to  week, 
almost  from  day  to  day,  as  can  easily  be  proved,  when  these  first 
were  Tonfdlfilled,  we  did  not  dare  for  a  long  time  to  reduce  our  ■ 
working^’force,  as,  had  the  machines  been  at  any  of  those  times 
delivered  ,  our  employees' would  all  have  been  fully  occupied.  As 
the, months  went  by  however,  arid  ho  machines  worth  mentioning  were 
delivered  us,  our  subscribers  became  suspicious  that  the  inven¬ 
tions  were  not  yet  perfected-rumors  of  injunctions  and  interfer- 

enoes  prevailed,  and  finally,  becOTing  disgusted  vrith  our  delay, 
many  of  them  withdrew  their  names  and  others  refused  to  receive 

the  machines  when  eventually  tendered  them,  seme  giving  the 
reasons  stated  above,  others  the  near  approach  of  the  diill  summer  ■ 
months,  others  their  unwillingness  to  sign  the  extraordinary 
lease  which  your  Company  has  seen  fit  to  prescribe,  and  others 
frankly  stating  that  as  the  novelty  of  the  inventionthad  worn  off 
they  did  not  care  for  it. 

In  other  words,  the  "Boom"  for  which,  in  JanuaDy,  the 
Public  were  prepared,  and  in  which  they  were  then  anxious  to  ^ 

participate,  had  spent  itself,  and  when  your  Company,  four  or  i 
five  months  after,  were  ready  to  deliver  us  machines,  such  as  I 
they  were,  in  any  considerable  (XfMBiicawaWlaace  quantiti'es ,  the 
reaction  had  set  in,  and  we  were  left  to  suffer  from  it. 

In  the  meantime,  with  the  aid  of  our  offices,  our  exhibi-i 
tions,  our  expenditures,  and  our  endeavors  to  push  the  enterprise,! 
your  Company  has  succeeded  in  profitably  placing  the  stock  of  j 
numberless  Local  Companies  all  over  the  Unites  States-whilo  we,  j 
for  the  reasons  above  given,  have  been  unable,  up  to  this  time,  j 
to  place  more  than  200  machines  in  our  own  district,  although  we 
have  advertised,  employed  canvassers,  and  used  every  known  means 
to  add  to  our  subscription  list. 

Coming  to  realize  the  situation,  our  Executive  Committee 
has  within  the  past  few  months  out  do^m  our  expenses  to  a  minimum; 
we  have  rented^thlrd  floor  of  our  building,  we  have  placed  our 
second  floor  in  the  market  for  a  tenant,  we  have  discharged  our 

Superintendent,  and  have  reduced  our  pay  roll  over  50;?,  but  even  ^ 
now  our  expenses  are  far  in  excess  of  our  income,  and  seem  likely 
to  be  for  some  time  to  come.  Our  working  Capital  of  $50,000.,  | 

which  seemed  so  ample  when  we  commenced  operations,  and  would  ! 
have  been  had  our  expectations  as  to  receiving  machines,  been  i 

realized-has  been  seriously  impaired,  and  only  the  strictest  ; 

economy  will  enable  us  to  tide  over  these  unfortunate  conditions,! 

As  a  result,  the  price  of  our  stock  has  become  merely 
nominal;  it  has  been  offered  in  the  open  market  at  $25,  per  share, 
and  when,  two  weeks  ago,  100  shares  were  put  in  the  Auction  Room 
for  sale,  no  bid  whatever  could  be  obtained,  and  it  had  to  be 
withdrawn;  on  the  other  hand  your  Company  has  declared  a  dividend 
of  3X,  and  its  stowk  is  quoted  at  75,  It  is  not  to  be  denied 
that  your  Company  has,  as  above  stated,  vastly  benefited  by  the 
expenditures  of  ours,  and  that  our  Company  throu^  the  failure  of 
yours  to  meet  what  we  claim  to  have  been  its  obligations,  has  j 
suffered-and  is  to  day  suffering-heavy  losses.  It  would  seem,  I 
so  identified  are  the  interests  of  the  two  Companies,  and  so  | 
interested  is  yours  in  the  sucdess  of  ours,  that  under  all  these  i 
circumstances  you  should  not-even  from  a  selfish  standpoint-  | 
throw  yourself  upon  techinically  "legal  ri^ts",  if  any  exist  ,  ! 

but  should  consider  our  claim  more  in  the  lij^t  of  justice  and 
equity,  I 


It  is  6n  this  basis  that  we  prefer 
’legal  rights"  in  the  premises?  You 

to  meet  you-but  have  j 
will  perhaps  say  thatj 

specific  time  is  mentioned  in 

within  which  the 

your  Company,  or  your  ropresontatives  fixed  a  period  or  periods  i 
within  which  our  Company  might  expect  or  should  receive  the  | 

deliveries  that "reasonable  time"  within  the  established  rules  | 

of  law  became  a  definite  one  and  you  were  both  in  law  and  equity  j 


bound  to  deliver  or  make  good  the  injury  a«tl  failure  oast  upon  | 
us.  We  claim  that  time  to  have  been,  beyond  all  question,  I 

not  later  than  the  10th  of  January  last,  although  many  more  in-  | 
definite  promises  were  made  by  your  f'epreaentativos,  which  should' 
have  boon  fulfilled  much  prior  to  that  date,  even. so  far  back  as  ' 
in  October. 

I  am  avfare  of  the  concession  your  Company  has  offered  | 
in  regard  to  not  demanding  rentals  of  any  machines  prior  to  the  j 


first  of  month,  no  matter  when*delivered,  but,  grateful  as  j 

our  Company  is  for  any  consideration,  I  believe  that,  when  re-  i 
duoed  to  a  business  basis,  this  offer  will  appear  not  to  exceed 
$500. ,  and  cannot  therefore  be  accepted  as  in  full  satisfaction 
of  our  claim. 

Our  Executive  Committee  has  most  carefully  and  conscien¬ 
tiously  made  an  estimate  of  what  damages,  under  all  the  circum- 


stances,  our  Company  can  equitably  and  justly, swfli^we  think  also 
legally^ claim  against  yours,  and  place  the  sum  at  not  less  than 
$10,000,,  in  which  estimate  the  Committee  is  sustained  by  the 

full  Board  of  Directors. 

It  is  to  lay  this  claim  before  you  that  I  write,  and  I  j 
ask  for  it  your  dispassionate  consideration,  and  that  of  your 

Frankly,  we  believe  that  it  could  be  sustained  at  law, 
but  we  tnist  that  there  never  may  be  occasionnin  this,  or  in  any 
other  matter,  for  either  of  our  Oranpanies  to  force  the  other  j 
into  Court  for  ti^  determination  of  their  respective  rights;  we  j 
rauSi-^^er  to4eideve  that  the  justice  of  our  claim  will  receive! 
your, ready  recognition,  and  that,  this  matter  being  amicably  j 

.A  '  -  i 

,ZdibrVs^>of<'!;  the^^.wo  Companies  may  work  together  for  their  mutualj 

''  ''fip  ^  ,/<'>  .  i 

.prosperity  ^d  advancement.  ,  . 

'Z  '/j  'p  (I  .  '  '  ,  ' 

^  >!  '  Wltff  sincere  respect,  ^ 


riOF^WH  ^MBF^IGAN  ©HONOGl^APH  ©0., 



16  0,  162  &  164  Broadway, 

O^Mti  . 

.......AuigUBt . 

'  “794  JOHN." 

P.  O.  BOX  2692. 

James  B,  Metcalf,  Esq,, 

Ch,  Ex,'  Com,  Met,  Phono,  Co., 

257  Fifth  Ave, ,  city. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Your  favor  of.  the  1st  was  duly  received  and  has  had  our 
carem  consideration.  In  reply  thereto,-  we  beg  leave  to  take 
exceptions  td  some  of  the  statements  made.  The  writer  may  have 
and  probably  did  o:q)ress  himself  favorably  in  regard  to  your  action 
in  leasing  the  premises  now  occupied  by  your  company,  but  as  to 
expressing  myself  as  you  put  it  "strongly",  that  he  has  no  recol¬ 
lection  of  doing*  -I  doubt  very  much  whether  I  knew  that  you  in¬ 
tended  to  occupy  No,  257,  Fifth  Avenue,  until  the  matter  was 
pretty  well  settled  in  your  own  minds,.  I  thought  it  was  a  good 
move;  if  I  was-  mistaken,  it  was  simply  an  error  of  judgment  that 
had  been  endorsed  by  your  directors  or  executive  committee,  when 
lease.  It  was  my  understanding  tint  in 
addition  to  your  uptown  quarters,  you  intended  to  have  an  office 
in  this  vicinity,  right  among  the  business  houses,  and  it  was  in  • 
this  connect  ion  that  1  expressed  myself  in  favor  of  the  uptown 
premises,  but  had  the  question  been  aubmitt ed  to  me,  as  to  the 
advisability  of  your  taking  an  uptown  or  a  downtown -office,  1  cer¬ 
tainly  should  have  advised  the  latter, 

You  say  "As  we  did  not  then  and  have  not  even  yet  ob¬ 
tained  rachines  of  the  quality  and  in  the  quantity  promised",  in 
an^er  to  this,  we  beg  leave  to  say  that  you  obtained  machines 
just^as  promptly  as  wo  received  them.  That,  if  promises  were  made 
you  that  were  riot  fulfilled,  they  were  based  on  promises  made  to 
us,  which,  the  time,  we  had  every  reason  to  expect  wovBd  be 
carried  out.  In  regard  to  the  quality  of  the  instruments,  we  beg 
leave  to  call  your  attention  to  the  following  clause  irora-the  13th 
.'Yhe  instruments  delivered  by  the  party 
under  this  agreement  shall  at  all  times  possess 
all  the  improvements  thereon,  which  at  the  time  of  such  delivery, 
or  prior  thereto*  have  been  adopted  by  the  party  of  the  first  part» 



The  deliveries  we  hav3  made  we  claim  have  been  strictly  in  compli¬ 
ance  with  the  above.' 

'  You  state  "Vfith  the  aid  of  our  offices,  our  exhibitions, 
our  e:q3enditures  and  our  endeavors  to  push  the  enterprise,  your  - 
company  has  succeeded  in  profitably  plaoinff  the  stock  of  numberless 
local  companies  all  over  the  United  States".  So  far  as  this 
con^any  is  concerned,  it  has  tjadl  nothing  whatever  to  do  with 
placing  the  stock  of  local  companies.  It  sold  its  territory  in 
many  oases  to  parties  who  did  not  visit  New  York,  and  who,  prior 
to  their  purchasea-,  had  never  been  in  the  rooms  of  the  Metropolitan 
Phonograph  Company. 

Your  inability  to  place  more  machines,  we  think  has 
been  owing  somewhat  to  your  business  methods.  So  far  as  we  know, 
your  advertisements  were  inserted  in  journals  that  only  reached  - 
the  very  best  class  of  people.  Men  who  were  perfectly  able  to 
pay  for  proficient  stenographers.  Our  experience  has  been  that 
the  people  who  are  the  most  enthusiastic  about  these  machines  and 
who  take  hold  of  them  most  readily  are  not  those  that  read  journals 
like  the  Evening  Post,  but  are  business  men  of  the  medium  class 
who  are  in  a  great  majority  in  this  country,  and  flho  have  never 
had  the  advantage  of  a  proficient  stenographer.  In  your  employ¬ 
ment  of  canvassers  we  have  understood  that  the  price  you  offered 
for  securing  customers  was  -so  inadequate  that  you  could  not  ob¬ 
tain  proper  representatives. 

You  state  that  you  cannot  accept  our  waiving  of  rentals 
prior  to  July  1st  as  in  full  satisfaction  of  your  olaimt-  We  beg 
leave  to  inform  you  that  in  relinquishing  our  right  to  rentals 
prior  to  the  date  stated  above,  we  made  it  uniform  with  all  of  the 
sub- companies  and  that  we  did  not  anticipate  you  woiad  give  us 
credit  for-  it  on  accoiint  of  v/hat  you  supposed  to'  be  a  claim 
against  us. 

As  to  the  legal  points  referred  to,  not  having  had  a  con¬ 
sultation  with  our  attorney,  who  is  now  in  Europe,  we  prefer  not 
to  discuss  them,  and  \vill  close  by  saying  that  we -do  not  consider 
that  you  have  a-olaim  on  us  for  $10,000.  or  for  any  other  sum. 

Very  truly  yours. 

Office  of 

The  North  American  Phonograph  Company, 
160-164  Broadway, 

New  York,  August  5,  1889, 

■The  Jdison  Phonograph  Works, 

Orange,  N.  J, 


In  reply  to  your  favor  of  the  first,  we  expect  you  to 
credit  our  account  with  the  old. batt eries  as  they  are  returned. 
They  were,  as  you  know,  inefficient ,( see  your  circular  letter  to 
the  various  phonogrtjjh  companies) and  for  that  reason  they  are  use¬ 
less  to  us  and  to  our  Lessees, 

Office  of 

The  North  American  PhonogrEph  Company, 
160-104  Broadway, 

New  York,  S^t.  19,  1889. 

Chas.  Batchelor,  Esq. , 

"Edison  Phonograph  Works," 
Orange,.  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir;- 

You  would  confer  a  great  favor  upon  me  if  you  would 
take  up  the  matter  of  a  new  price  on  the  Edison  hundred  hour  bat¬ 
tery  and  supplies  for  same.  We  are  being  very  severely  criticised 
by  our  sub-companies  on  account  of  the  prices  charged  for  parts 
of  the  battery.  Eor  instance,  a  jar  at  40  cents  that  some  of  them 
claim  they  can  buy  at  home  at  from  15  to  18  cents.  The  difference 
between  the  two  prices  is  such  that  it  occasions  dissatisfaction 
and  leaves  them  tinder  the  impression  that  our  entire  business  all 
through  is  conducted  on  the  same  scale  and  that  we  are  tiaking-  a 
hundred  per  cent,  profit  in  the  articles  tint  we  sell  to  them. 

Very  truly  yours, 


Jasoe  H,  Tiippinoott,  Kaq., 

North  Amerioan  Phonocrc^'h  Oompa?ii% 
#lfiO  Broafl'way,  New  Yorh  nity# 

Dear  Sir:- 

Answering  yoitr  Lett  or  of  t,o-dajc  on  tVio  *3attoi'y  queo- 
tJon,  wiwld  sqj'  tS'at  vre  have  been  rtiaking  these  batteriea  in  snail 
qv-iantities  just  an  the  Ndiaon  Phonocrsrh  V/orks  calLefl  for  them. 

If  in  future  yoiu  nan  (-jive  us  orders  for  larger  qtiantitiea,  so  that 
we  oan  deijond  on  about  forty  per  day-  or  so,  and  assure  us  of  pwnpt 
pai'mQit  of  our  bills,  we  ean  nalce  yon  better  prices.  iVe  have  de¬ 
cided.  that  it  is  better  to  md-.e  the  zinc  run  out  at  the  sfwie  tteo 
as  the  co'l^per  plate,  so  that  it  v.'ill  be  about  one-third  the  prio'o 
and.  300  hoxirs  instead  of  000, 

Tlie  price  that  we  cai  {jive  you  now  is  as  follows: 

Pattcry  co'inpl  et.e,  ready  for  worklnt'  §13. 3.^ 

"  ■  ,  with  the  exception  of  the 

oxide  plates,  zincs  and  soda 

Price  of  extra  oxide  plates,  each 

•  •  •  j^incs, ,  each 

•  ■  II  Glass  .Tars,  each 

7.  AS 

J.  H. 

Prioo  of  .%tra  PorofSLtiin  OovorB,  saoh  S:3 

*  •  »  Sodas,  por  s-tlok  l.o 

'Vo  can  allow  yoii  a  discoimt.  of  15^  and  off  these  prioeo, 
and  we  will  iifjree  to  deliver  them  to  the  Kdi  son  Phonograph  'Vorhs, 
In  Orange,  free  of  ohai’ge,  hilt  not  boxed  Ihr  ^ipmont. 

Vie  oan  offer  yon  four  oents  per  lb.  for  all  scrap  zinos;  that 
are  worn  out,  and  for  all  used  coiiper  plates,  ten  oents  per  lb., 
both  delivered  at  our  Factory. 

The  T!di  son  I tanufnc taring  Oompaiy  has  spent  a  great  d'(sil  of 
mo'noy  to  perfect  this  batterj',  and  has  to  iiay  a  la:-go  royalty  for 
the  use  of  other  patents.  Tho  royalty  cannot,  of  course,  be  cypr- 
ged  on  those  parts  of  the  battery  that  will  be  constantly  renewed; 
therefore  it  follows  that  we  must  ask  y ax  to  give  us  a  guarenteo 
that  yax  or  yaxr  Oomi'anies  Trill  only  xxse  th'arrx  for  phonogrijih  pur- 
po  ses,  and  that  no  extras  will  be  boxight  except  to  replenish  bat¬ 
teries  Iji  xxscs. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq,, 

Orango ,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Kindly  note  the  enclosed  copy  of  letter  from  the  Colo¬ 
rado  &  Utah  Phonograph  Company,  under  date  of  July  22nd,  to  which 
our  attention  v/as  dravm  by  balance  of  enclosures  herewith,  for¬ 
warded  to  us  yesterday  by  the  Phonograph  Works! 

Yours  very  trtily. 



Denver,  Colo.,  July  22,  1889, 

North  American  Phonofp'aph  Co., 

160  Broadway,  N.  Y. 


Vfc  are  about  disoouraffed  in  regal'd  to  "Batteries." 

We  received  two  of  the  How  No.  1  batteries  by  express  at 
a  cost  of  §26.00  express  charfro  s  hoping  to  get  a  battery  that 
would  do  the  work  as  represented. 

V/e  set  up  the  first  one  following  the  printed  instruc¬ 
tions,  minutely  and  find  as  follows:- 

It  v/as  full  48  hours  after  setting  up  before  we  could 
turn  motor. 

We  short  circuited  about  ten  minutes.  The  Voltage  we 
were  unable  to  get  ,  but  it  is  evidently  very  low  as  it  will  run 
motor  only  to  reproduce . 

There  seems  to  be  a  great  range  current  strength  in  jars 
probably  owing  to  the  depolarizing  material.  On  close  circuit  one 
jar  registers  10  amperes,  one  8,  one  7  and  one  3.  All  four  con¬ 
nected  in  series  close  circuit  7  amperes,-  when  motor  is  running 
one  and  a  half  amperes. 

We  have  used  battery  two  and  a  half  hours  in  one  week 
and  that  is  all  we  could  get  out  of  it.  We  opened  up  the  second 
battery  and  found  one  of  the  jars  broken  and  as  we 

mot  get  any- 


N.  A.  P.  Co.  — 2. 

thing  to  I'oplace  it  here,  it  is  useless  to  us  at  present.  It  may 
be  possible  that  we  have  gotten  hold  of  one  tliat  is  not  just 
rijjht.  We  have  three  more  coming  and  v/ill  try  them,  but  if  t  hey 
work  no  better  than  the  first  one  they  are  no  good  to  us. 

As  things  are  at  present,  v/e  cannot  lease  Motor  Power 
Phonographs.  We  feel  very  much  disappointed,  as  we  have  been 
promising  some  of  our  people  to  furnish  a  battery  as  represented 
to  us,  to  replace  the  first  battery,  and  said  patrons  are  disgusted 
and  say  that  v/e  must  take  back  the  machines. 

This  hurts  our  reputation  as  others  wore  waiting  to  see 
how  this  battery  would  work.  Can  you  enlighten  or  help  us  out 
in  any  way? 

Have  you  tried  the  Pumpelly  Storage  Battery?  V/hat 
would  be  the  cost'  of  recharging,  etc.,  etc. 

Yours  truly, 




JFhe  ^§pfeh  Jlmepi®an  E*h@^@§papl^  6©., 

and  Jesse  i.  liippineefeli,  S®Ie  liieensee  ®f-  fehe 

PEFiepisan  Spaph®ph®i^e  6®., 

160,  162  &  164  BROADWAY, 

IKew  york,_ ., . .1dS9. 


Dear  Mr.  Edison, 

After  leaving  the  Works  yesterday,  I  had  quite  an  ex¬ 
tended  talk  with  the  two  gentlemen  from  "hicago  and  with  Mr,  Benson 
from  Omaha.  Their  opinion  is  that  unless  we  have  a  start  and  stop 
movement,  different  from  the  one  now  contemplated,  that  we  will 
make  a  great  mistake.  In  talking  with  Mr.  Easton  of  t he  Columbia 
Company  on  last  Monday,  he  was  of  the  sane  opinion.  I  am  also  in 
receipt  of  a  letter  from  the  Pittsburgh  Company,  which  is  very  em¬ 
phatic  in  the  same  direction.  Those  people  are  broufht  in  daily 
contact  with  typewriters  and  other-  practical  users  of  the  machines. 
They  want  the  motion  in  starting  or  stopping  a  nachine  to  be  sim¬ 
ilar  to  that  made  by  the  typewriter  in  touching  the  keys.  They 
say  that  typewriters,  who  copy  for  so  much  a  folio,  find  fault  v/ith 
any,  even  slight,  impediment  in  doing  their  work  rapidly.  If  this 
movement  could  be  arranged  by  two  keys,  it  would  meet  all  criti¬ 

You  may  look  upon  this  as  a  very  small  or  insignificant 
matter  but  really  the  testimony  we  get  lY’om  all  quarters  is  so 
unanimous  as  to  the  advisability  of  using  a  suitable  device,  that 
we  would  be  going  greatly  against  our  own  interests  to  not  recog¬ 
nize  it. 

We  are  to  have  a  meeting  of  seven  of  the  near  by  managers 
at  our  office  next  Monday.  I  should  like  very  much  to  be  able  to 
Show  them  the  complete  machine  on  thsit  day.  With  the  start  and 
stop  movement  satisfactory  and  the  cylinder  the  length  of  the  man¬ 
drel  and  a  single  record  cylinder  for  mailing,  my  conviction  is 
that  the  graphophone  will  be.  practically  shelved. 


Very  truly  yours. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq. 




Thomas  A.  Edison  Esq., 

Dear  Sir:-. 

...  ,  ,  Re  Eippineott  $65,000,'  Note.  Pursuant  to  your 

letter  given  to  Mr,  Lippincott,,this  note  was  protested, and  I  have 
drawn  r.a  contract  extending  payment  for  two  months.and- providing 
S  ®  =rtens  ion  note  for  $65,000.  plus.-^  eleven  months  *  inter^t 
on  xno  ox  CL  noxo** 

T  please  find  triplicate  copies  of  the  said  con- 

tract.  I  have  submitted  them  to  Mr.  Lippincott.and  he  approves.'. 

In  +  you  kindly  write  your  name  at  the  bottcm  of  the 

docments.with  a  witness,  and  have 
the  same  returned  to  mo,  and  oblige. 

Very  truly  yours 


jphe  ^©Pfeh  Jlmepisan  E>h@i^@gpapl^  (2©., 

and  J©sse  Iiippinaafelj,  S©I©  Liiaens©©  ©5  feh© 

Hnaepiaan  Spaph©ph©^e  S©., 

160,  162  &  164  BROADWAY, 

^ew  TJork, - N.Q.YgniMc_JL, _ id6  9. 

P.  O.  BOX  2S92. 

Yours  very  truly, 

c  0BBrce  0F 

pFFiei?i©aH  I!’h@i^@gmpl^  G©., 
and  Jegse  K  IiippinQQlsfe,  Sale  liieensee  @f  fehe 

Hmepiean  (apaph®ph@^e  d®., 

160,  162  &  164  BROADWAY, 


IKew  york,. 

A.  0.  Tate,  Esq.,  Sec,  <'P7^V~r. 

Edison's  Laboratory,  Oranjp ,  N.  J, 
Dear  Sir:- 

In  talking  with  Mr.  Edison  the  other  day,  he  informed  ms 
that  he  hai  requested  you  to  send  me  a  copy  of  an  opinion  on  the 
graphophone  patents  given  to  Col.  Gotiraud  by  his  solicitor.  As  1 
have  not  yet  received  it,  will  you  kindly  forward  it  without  delay, 
and  oblige. 

Very  truly  yours. 


jphe  ^©pfeh  Jlmepisan  ^®v 

and  JeSge  i.  Liippin©©1jfe,  S©Ie  liiaensee  ©f-  fehe 

Hmepiaan  Spaph©ph©^e  G®., 

telephone  CALL,  IqO,  162  &  164  BROADWAY, 

P.O.BOX  2502.  .  JJOYQjIl^Qj,  2l8t..^  . ISS  9 

Walter  Miller;  Esii., 
■■  '  '0r6aige;-NVj;''' 

Dear  Walter :- 

V/e  sent  over  an  order  to-day  for  two  dozen  Musical 
Cylinders, to  be  sent  to  Mr. Benson  at  Chicago.  Will  you  please  at¬ 
tend  personally  .to  the  selection  of  these, and  have  the  records  of 
the  very  best  class  of  music  and  all  A  number  one, each  record  care¬ 
fully  packed.  This  is  very  important  to  all  of  our  interests , and 

the  attention  we  ask. 

■^S-pokon  iiiio  the  Phonograph 
by  Thos.  R,  Lombard. 
Written  from  the  dictation  by 


0BFirGB  0B 

JPhe  ^@i?feh  pmepisaH  E>h@^@gpapl^  G@.,  ^3 

and  Jegse  i.  liippmcssfefe,  S@le  ^sendee  fehe 

PmepigaR  Spaph@ph@]^e  G@., 

160,  162  &  164  BROADWAY, 

IKew  [y  ork, — . .D.e,c^.l2ih...,,,.,..^,„^  d8 


Edison  Phonograph  Works, 
Orange, N.J, 

We  liave  repeatedly  been  requested  to 'furnish'’tp1,thje  sub 
companies  a  catalogue  of  musical  phonograms  so  that  they  could  order 
such  as  they  wanted  from  it.  We  were  inf^orm'diT'a*  short '-tiinetago  that 
such  a  one  was  in  preparation  by  you,we 'would  like  to  have  it 
expedited  as  much  as  possible, and  as  soo^,  as-,we  get-^'‘copy  we  will 
liave  some  printed  and  forward  to  the  companiie'b:’ 

- ’Tti-T - 

Yours  very  truly,  ' 

The  North^ericah  Phonograph  Co. 

\Spoksu  inUi  ihc  Phono^ri^ 
by  Thos,  /?,  Lombard. 

Jhe  dipjaii 


■  a ,  ^ 


:  Mittheilung  von  dor  Actien-Gesellschafl  fur  automatischeripyerkauf 

nlpreciier- »mi  11  Ho  000'-  Berlin,  Hamburg,  Breslsu.  i\  -t-I  y 



. . . _ 



...  _ ■cLx.  ..'k?; 

«— . . 



^^.;liW:d^. . .....<S?;$, . .<!»?5£?’.:.. . 

p--AB™:”Hij^KfSv-U:-PAT£aTWE8eii . - . 


jphe  ]^@Pl5h  flmepisan  l?h@i^@gpapl2  G^®-, 

and  Jesse  1.  liippineefefe,  S@Ie  liieensee  fehe 

piFnepiean  Spaphephei^e  S@., 

160,  162  &  164  BROADWAY, 

IKew  y  ork, - Dexainhar_2a±h,,.._'i  S5  9 . 


Dear  Mr.  Edison, 

I  intended  to  po  out  to  OranRe  to  see  you  on  Tuesday  but 
found  you  had  left  for  Akron  Monday  niRht.  I  have  succeeded  in 
purchasing  the  150  shares  of  stock  in  the  Edison  Phonograph  Co., 
owned  by  Mrs.  Mary  Kemenway  of  Boston  and  I  now  have  the  certifi¬ 
cate  in  tny  possession.  You  know  she  paid  in  $22,200.  I  made  the 
purchase  for  $23,400.,  so  we  will  have  no  more  trouble  in  that  di¬ 

On  account  of  the  changes  in  the  phonograph  and  the 
total  cessation  of  shipments  for  several  weeks,  I  have  concluded 
it  was  not  wise  to  attempt  to  offer  the  stock  of  the  North  Amer¬ 
ican  Company  to  the  public  until  we  reached  a  point  where  v/e  could 
deliver  the  machines  lYeely.  We  have  not  yet  reached  that  point 
and  will  hardly  be  able  to  do  it  for  some  little  time  yet.  For 
that  reason  I  would  like  you  to  renew  my  last  note  and  the  stock 
privilege  you  have  for  three  months,  say  until  March  31st,,  next. 
-It— i-s-not— probab-le-t-hat— I— wi-l-l— ask— of-you-any— fimt-her-e-xtansdon  of 
time.  If  this  meets  v/ith  your  approval,  kindly  send  me  a  note 
to  Major  Eaton  by  return  of  mail,  telling  him  to  extend  my  note 
and  the  stock  privilege  until  March  31st.  The  other  papers  come 
due  next  Tuesday,  so  1  should  like  you  to  send  to  me  the  authority 
granting  the  extensions  by  return  of  mail. 

You  may  not  be  aware  of  the  fact  but  the  North  American 
Company  has  paid  the  Edison  Phonograph  Works,  up  to  date,  the  sum 
of  $243 , 000 . 

With  the  compliments  of  the  season  and  trusting  I  may 
have  a  prompt  reply,  I  am  as  ever. 

Sincerely  yours. 

1889.  Phonograph  -  North  American  Phonograph  Company  - 
Subsidiary  Sales  Companies  (D-89-63) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  concerning  the  business  affairs  of 
various  regional  sales  companies  under  contract  with  the  North  American 
Phonograph  Co.  Included  are  letters  about  the  exhibition  of  the  phonograph 
and  about  technical  problems  with  phonographs  and  phonograph  batteries. 
There  is  also  material  relating  to  the  shipment  of  talking  dolls.  Among  the 
correspondents  are  John  L.  Butterfield,  manager  of  the  Michigan  Phonograph 
Co.;  Louis  Glass,  general  manager  of  the  Pacific  Phonograph  Co.;  and  W.  T. 
Ross,  general  manager  of  the  Tennessee  Phonograph  Co. 

Approximately  50  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  letters  of 
acknowledgement  and  transmittal;  routine  orders  and  requests  for  information; 
other  routine  business  correspondence. 

- g^A-  J-gJ^  i<U-^  y{^^  Jij^<^ 

(EhE  Phoi/ograpl?  So. 

J.  L.  ButtfiFlield,  HiaijagBr. 

Rooms  13,  13  &  17,  Detroit  Opera  House. 

Elelpoif,  Pf)ia\). . I'ebi?uary....l5.1!.....lSSd,§S.... 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq,, 

Orange,  II.  J'. 

Dear  Sir:- 

.  In  aooordanoQ  tvith  a  suggestion  made  by  you,  I 
would  be  very  glad  to  have  Mi’.  Greim  return  and  spend  a  week  in 
the  Assembly  Room  so  that  he  may  be  familiar  with  the  new  Phono¬ 
graph  before  it  is  shipped  to  us.  If  you  will  be  kind  enough 
to  let  me  know  when  it  will  be  desirable  to  have  him  rotui’n,  I 
“^vill  be  very  much  obliged  to  you.  ~ 

V/e  have  orders  for  several  Phonagraphs,  and  are  only 
waiting  for  tie  maoliines,  I  trust  there  will  be  no  unexpected 

delay  and  from  now  on  we  shall  have  a  rousing  business. 

Very  truly  yours. 

Manager , 

Dictated  to  the  Phonograph. 

!|  ThCDias  A.  Kdison, 
i!  Orange  K.J. 

I  Dear  Mr,  Edison: 

.Is  it  possible  for  me  to  obtain  two  or  three 

Phonographic  dolls <  I  should  like  to  have  them  very  much  if 

you  could  do  so.  One  I  wisih  to  give  to  a  very  influential 

party  in  Nev^  York  who  will  be  of  considerable  assistance 

to  us^fromitime  to  time  in  our  business.  He  expressed  the 
desire  to  have  a  doll.  Sorry  to  trouble  you  in  the  matter. 
_  Yours  Tnilv't _ 

||  Mr.  A.  0.  Tate, 

Private  Seo'y  to  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  Nev/  Jersey. 

Dear  Mr.  Jatet— 

I  beg  to  acknowledge  the  receipt  of  your 
letter  of  March,  4th.  regarding  tho  attention  which  you 
intend  to  pay  to  the  operators  which  we  are  to  send  to  you 
for  instruction  on  the  new  Phonograph.  Also  to  Mr.  Edison's 
;j  kind  reply  to  my  letter  of  the  28th.  regards  Pho- 

:  nograph  dolls.  I  will  communicate  .atlttLMagsrH _ _ 

I  Jaquesv  as  suggested  by  Mr.  Edison. 

:j  Thanking  you  again  very  much,'iror  your  attention. 

I  am 

Yours  very  truly, 



Pacific  Phonograph  Co. 

T. A. Edison, Esq. , 
Orange, N.J. 
Doan  Sii’ : 

V/o.are  just  in  receipt  of  your  letter  of  March  5" 
announcing  the  shipment-  of  treadle  Phonograph  by  Wells, Eargb  Ex¬ 
press, on  iPeb'y  20".  The,  machine  came  to  hand  in  proper  time,. and 
wo  acknowiodged  it  to  Jesse  H.Lipplhcott. 

All  our  people  here  are  greatly  pleased  with  the  treadle 
machine— the  governor  is  perfect  in  its  action  and  readily  changed., 
As  to  speed.  We  are  all  impressed  with  the  belief  that  we  will 
have  more  call  for  these  machines  than  »pr  those  actuated  by 

_?l®_ct?:LQ_P.qwer_and__tmst_you-wlll_be-abla-t6-supply-them;- . . 

Thos.  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  l/ir.  Edison; 

This  v/ill  introduce  to  your  kind  attentions 
l/lr.  Erastus  A.  Benson,  of,  OmaJia. 

J'/lr.  Benson  is  the  gentleinan  \iho  has  put  through 
in  great  shape  the  lov/a,  Nebraska,  Dakota,  Wyoming  and  ■ 

Montana  companies  for  Phonograph  business,  and  noirr,  having 
placed  the  elephant,  would  like  to  see  where  it  v/as  horn  and 
Drought  up. 

Any  attention  you  can  pay  him  v.'ould  be 
appreciated  both  by  Mr.  Lippincott  and  myself.  i 

Yours  Truly,  j 

Pacific  Phonograph 

March  26 ",1889. 

My  dear- Tate: 

A  roan  named  Le  Count  came  into  our  office  today 
with  a  Graphophone  cylinder  which  he  wished  to  have  read  to  him. 

He  has  Just  returned  from  New  York  and  seems  to  be  well  acquainted 
with  many  of  the  Phonograph-Graphophone  people  there.  He  told 
me  that  he  was  informed  at  the  office  of  the  Metropolitan  Company 
on  Pifth  Avenue, that  the  New  York  Company  would  receive  about  100 
machines  within  two  weeks, but  that- none  would  be  forwarded  to  the 
Pacific  Coast  for  probably  ninety  days. 

Our  people  are- veiv  much  dissatisfied  here  at  the  deSay 
in  receiving- machines  and  we  have  so  little  information  ourselves 

-that-we-cannot-make-our-expianation-satisfactory;; — But  we  tlTlhK - 

that  we  are  entitled  to  our  share  of -machines  as- soon  as-  any  other 

agency, and  we  hope  you  will  do  ijJiat  you  can  in  Mr.Edison's  estab¬ 
lishment  to  see  that  we. gre  fairly  dealt  with.  We- sent- Mr.Llp- 
pincott-an  order  fow-SOO  machines  on  Janiiary  30th— one  half  of 
which  were  to  be  treadle.  H  ave  the  kindness  to  let  as  know 
•if  he  has  filed  this  order  with  you, or  if- such  is  his  custom. 
Please  write  me  also  what- are  the.  probabilities  for  shipment  and 
whether  the- price  of  the  cylinder  has  been  detemined. 

With  kind  regards,!  am, 

oA.  3.  ylX)c 

i'^f'^'i  A‘i 

•  THE  WESTERlff  PMI01ffT^]felSei.Rj^BH-CiipkgA^^ 

- f^ti/UAA^  ,  nnyur>Jtl£iu^  ci^^,^^ 

Mr  Thomas  A.  Edison. 

OranjsQ,  New  Jersey. 

Dear  Sir;- 

I  send  you  by  mail  today  a  "musical  record"  which  was 
taken  on  the  Phonograph  last  Sunday,  it  was  given  us  by  Mrs,  Alice 
A,  Shaw,  the  famous  whistler,  and  by  her  request  wo  send  one  record 
to  you.  Hoping  tliat  you  will  receive  it  all  right  I  remain 

Very  Truly  Yours, 

CChE  E3iGl?igai?  Phoi^ogpapl?  So. 

J.  L.  ButtErlisld,  fEaijagsp. 

^  X  <3vA^- 

CChE  RHiel^igai;  Phoi^ogpapl;  So. 


J.  L.  ButtepIiBld,  PBaijagen. 

Rooms  13,  15  5  17,  Detroit  Opera  House. 

©droif,  r^ic^...  ,.  I.I?y  13"  1889. 

''  C  o 




„.c  tv 


■■  At.. 

.  .  C.  ■».  ^  t) 

Thos.A.  Edison,  Esq.,  .  I 

Orange,  .  . 

'V^U  L  o  "  y 

Dear  Sir:-  j  ,,Uctir  <rr  Sd),  ' 

We  are  niu|ch  sttrprised  ^reoe^e  ^  letter  fro'm - 

Bie  North  American  Hionograpli  p).  in  nhich  i|t  is  claimed'  tiiat 
«4 —  — e- — f— «•  CL-SP 

battery  is  not  a  part  of  thejcorap^jete  motor*  plionogr,aph  _ 

c..w'U  o^r 

s£e_aJ;onc.e_th.&t_e_v.erKthij:mln_th-0-nature-of)- supplies— is _ \ _ 

,.,  tv  p-ftv- C<..L.v.v.\  "t — (xi-e-O-'^a -v./vj^- o  u,vp—  1 

a,' but  i|t  is  certainly)  a  very  unwise  and/short^ 

,  _  ,  ,  .  frrA^V^  c^i  s  t>  I  Orxi 

siglited  policy  to  insist  upon  customers  b.uying  a'Jbattery  in  order  .,  /s> 

^(^6-  G  Vv  t.-ef 

to  complete  the  motor.  .  V/e  have  alwayd  understood  that  .  ^ 

-St  ’  M  „  -tvvt-v  (iiiC 

tlie  battery  vtas  a  part  of  the  motor  machine,  was  furnished  vpith 
it,  and  have  so  stated  to  our  customers*  u  4 
All  of  the  ordei 

orders  vre  have,!. were  give^  with  that  undjg^*-  | 

standing,  and  to  tell  them  now  that-the  batterer  is  (extra,  would 

lead  many  to  cariceTti^e^  or^^/^and  would'^rta/^^maice^t  ^ 

Urerv^(L,)  (LtTUA-t'  UJttUvsjvl/C^.  ttv.(..vv-q 
mudi  more  difficult  to, get  orders  in  the  future.  ,  d 

iljtliose  ^t-Ue  i^^ence  the 'public  very 

I  would  ^ertainj.y  be  agairSt  the  phonj|raph.  / 

It  is  one  oijt 
largely  and 

(Lhe  EBicl^igai/  Phoi^ogFapl?  So 

J.  L.  ButtEFliEld,  HBanagEF. 

Rooms  13,  15  a  17,  Detroit  Opera  House. 

©efraif,  I¥)iob' . 

We  hope  to  hear  at  onoo  tliat  vre  v/ere  misinformed  upon  this 
question.  V/o  have  written  to  Ihe  Nortli  Amei-ican  Co.  o 

Very  truly  yours, 

Dictated  to  the  pliono0raph 

Extract  from  letter, from  The  Wisconsin  Phonograph  Co., May  15th., 89'' 
Mr. Miller  has  arrived  here  and  we  have  had  a  very  pleasant 
talk  with  him.  f/lr. Miller, and  I  experimented  on  the  jig-lpack  ar¬ 
rangement  80  as  to  see  whether  it  was  practicable  to  have  the  re¬ 
producing  needle  of  the  Edison  machine  so  set  as  never  to  require 
adjustment, and  we  have  both  come  to  the  conclusion  that  it  is  per¬ 
fectly  practicable. 

In  fact, even  as  it  is, I  have  removed  the  switch  screw  of 
prb(li;cer  as  I  find  that  so  many  records  are  cut  out  with  it  that 
it  is  a  dangerous  thing  to  have  around.  ’ 

Mr.Miller,  has  got  no  better  results  from  the  little  battery 
have,  Vfe  cant  ship  out  the  Phonographs  at  all  with  those 
i'^^'batterle^s  and  it  is  a  question  with  us  whether  we  had  better  wait 

-  -v - ^ - ■ - 

V  -^before  s-.l^ping:0Ut  Phonographs  imtil  wo  get  the  new  battery  from 
Edisonjpr^^hether  we’  shall  got  some  other  battery.  W^at  battery 

would  you, recommend 7  the  Roberts-Brevoort 


The  ‘•.machines  1  that  we 

the  treadle  motor  Edii 

icrew  done  away  with; both  of  th 

iwitch  screws 

sances  and  it  wduld  bp  bettor  to  have  them  off  than 

Very  truly  yours, 

lin  Phonograph' 

(Ehe  Phoi^ograpl?  E 

J.  L.  ButtBFliBld,  Hiai;agBii. 

Roon\s  13,  15  &  17,  Detroit  Opera  House. 

Selroif,  . I.Ie-...:2S.'.!. . laSO....... . 1§§„ 

Ur.  Tlios,  A.  Kdison, 

Uy  clear  Sir:- 

I  eno.losc  horowith,  a  letter  frow  Ur.  17.  tl . 
Brearley,  president  of  Tlie  Michigan  Press  Association. 

It  explains  itself.  I  have  looked  into  the  nature  of  the 

meeting  iioro  reforro.-]  to.  and  am  satisfied  it  is  one  nppor-' 
tnnity  in  a  thousand  for  exliibiting  our  rnaoliino.  I  shall 

go  to  Grand  P.apids  and  give  the  exliibition  of  t;rpe  settin.g  from 
phonograph  dictation,  as  he  requests,  and  v/ould  be  very  glad  to 
comply  v;ith  his  second  request  if  it  is  possible  to  do  it. 

Please  send  me,  for  e.xhibition  at  this  time,  a  variety  of  cylin¬ 
ders  v/ith  musical  records  etc.,  in  order  that  I  may  give  a  general 
exliitaition  of  the  machine  and  show  its  capacity  in  all  directions. 

V/ill  you  please  let  me  know  when  v/o  may  expect  the  bat¬ 
teries  v/hich  you  are  making  for  the  phonograph?  'flie  original 
batteries  sent  out  are  not  such  that  v/e  can  use  them. 

The  business' men  are  very  much  opposed  to  the  constant  change  of 
U[g|fa!^the  general  character  of  the  battery. 

CEhE  Phoi^ogFapl?  2o. 

J.  L.  ButtErField,  IBaijageF. 

Rooms  13,  15  S  17,  Detroit  Opera  House. 

©efpoif,  \^)ic\). . . . 1( 

I  am  makinf::  a  tost  of  a  ."torago  battery  here  v/hich  promises  to  be 
very  satisf.actory.  It  runs  about  one  liundred  and  fifty-five 

hours  vtithout  stopping.  I  shall  use  this  Storage  battery  ijj| 
connootlon  tvith  the  maO-lne,  until  I  get  'some  other  battery  from 

I  am  glad  to  say  tliat  the  phonograph,  vrith  the  oxcop- 


the  Pl'onogreph. 

"^csilevn  '^enn»^lv>ama  '^KonogmpK  ®o. 

No.  146  KIKTH  AVENtlK. 


Mi'tTijOnms  A. Edison. 

LI  v/zelX'-n  Par-l; , 

Kcv;  Jo.: 

Si  !■:- 

s'  lvania  Phnnoj-i-ajih 


I  send  you  enclosed,  tv/o  letters  for  Mr.Edison- 
v/ill  you  have  the  kindness  to  see  that  he  gets  them  i^erconally. 

Had  a  letter  from  loppy  saying  he  was  off  for  Europe. 

Are  any  of  you  folks  going  during  the  Exposition?  Is  there  any 
probability  of  Mr.Edi  son  going  over  himself? 

Major, Sabin  and  myself,  wlthour  families,  liavo  just 
returned  from  a  trip  to  Yosemlte  v/here  vm  had  a  splendid  time- 
wish  you  had  been  along.  Vfe  hope  yet  to  see  you  in  California 
and  show  you  how  superior  it  is  in  all  things,  to  even  Now  York 
City  and  Lewellyn  Park. 


;vs  have  had  applications  from  a  number  of  Physicians 
for  Phonographs  to  be  used  in  recording  the  beating  of  the  heart, 
pulsations  of  the  blood,  etc. 

Numerous  newspaper  items  have  appeared  concerning  these 
matters  and  these  people  desire  to  know  whether'in  your  tests  you 
have  Ibund  these  things  practicable;  if  so,  whether  special 
diaphragms  are  used  and  your  manner  of  proooediire.  Please  give 
me  all  the  information  you  can  for  their  benefit. 

We  also  have  an  application  from  William  Hamn  Hall,  who 
has  char^  of  all  the  U.S.  Irrigation  Surveys  west  of  the  Rocky 
Mountains,  for  which  Congress  made  a  large  appropriation  last 
winter.  He  wishes  one  or  more  Phonographs  made  poirtable  to  be 
turned  by  hand  or  dloekwork  an!  placed  within  as  small  a  compass 
as  possible.  Will  you  consider  applications  of  this  kind?  And 
If  so,  what  will  be  the  cost  in  addition  to  the  regular  rental. 

Very  truly  yours,' ' 



We  have  a  teleeram  from  you  dated  May  Slat,  readlnc 

as  follows;  "Go  li£ht  on  treadle;  we  have  new  battery  four  sizes 
last  one jtwo, three  and  six  months;  also  motor  vroidkd  el»otric  light 
circuits —  you  can  run  out  telephone  wire  and  put  sixty  Phonosrai:h8 
on  one  circuit  supjplying'  current  from  small  dynamo  and  gas  engine 
all  made  independent  by* resistance,"  sigied  "Edison". 

The  Xai(KX  batteries  received  with  machines  do  not  thus 
far  seem  to  be  altogether  satisfactory,  A  single  cell  will  run 

'  Vr  :■  .'.t,  :i  f 

- some-inoti’uraenfrs-up-to-130-revoluti-ons-whilst-others-are  barely - 

moved  and  we  cannot' get  100  revolutions.  Two  cells  in  all  instan¬ 
ces  give  good  results.  Now  the  cost  of  these  batteries  is  so 

great  as  to  be  with  many  of  our  subscribers  prohibitory.  It  is 
as  follows; 

5  lbs.  Chromie  Acid  at  40*013.  $  2.00 

12  "  Sulphuric  Acid  at  5  Cts. .  .60 

5  Gallons  Water  .-^oo 

S  2.60 

This  will  give. us  six  charges,  or  43  Cts.  each  without  estimating 
the  value  of  the  zinc,  of  which  I  cannot  get  the  coat.  We  esti¬ 
mate  the  cost  twenty  days  per  month,  two  colls  43  Cts.  each,  $17.20 
Where  one  cell  dobs  thw  duty  ,it  will  be  half  of  this,  or  $8.60'. 

•  ■  , expense^so  great  .  wit2ipu^cpn3lderingjthe.:ilabor  re-_ 



required  in  keeping  these  batteries  up,  that  we  have  thought  it 
best  to  hold  back, our  machines  until  we  get  the  dynamo  oirduit 
mentioned  in  your  telegram  and  tils  we  want  just  as  soon  as  it  is 
perfected;  we  v/ould  like,- however,  an  estimate  of  the  cost  as  soon 
as  you  can  give  it  to  visi  and  it  may  be  cheaper  for  us  to  use 
steam  pov^or  .rather  than  the  g^s  engine. 

■  Novf  conoemirB  shipments  of  machines.  As  at  present 
boxed,  these  machines  weigh  an  average  of  250  pounds  each  and 
the  freight  charged'  is  three  'and  a  half  cents  a  pound,  making  $8.75  ' 

Now,  by  shipping  in  car-load  lots,  the  outer  box  andpacking  can  i; 

be  dispens.ed  with- which  would  reduce  the  weight  100  lbs.  and  ji 

KKHid  the  cost'to  precisely  $5.  each.  This  would  require  but _ 

143  machines  to  a  carload  and  would  be  a  very  material  saving  to  us  ;; 

I  will  say  here,  that  in  shipping  goods  to  the  Pacific  Coast,  they 

do  not  require  to  be  as  securely  boxed  if  forwarded  by  ordinary  s 

freight  as  by  express,  the  express  handling  being  much  more 

severe.  ■ ■  'I 

■■  ■  ■  ■  v| 

You  seem  to  disparage  -the  use  of  treadle  machines;  we 
have  quite  a  number  of  orders  from  parties  who  are  located  in  the 
mountains  of  California  where  battery  material  would  be  unusually 
expensive  and  unless  we  could  supply  treadles,  we  would,  in  our 
opinion, be  shut  out  of  this  territory.  It  is  our  eventual  purpose 
to  place  a  machine  in  every  hamlet  and  village  in  the  States 



ceded  to  us  so  as  to  increase  the  faoiaity  for  correspondence  by 
Phonosraphs,  and  In  very  nany  places,  it  was  our  purpose  to  put 
treadle  machines.  The  treadle  machine  sent  us  wcrks  splendidly 
and  we  cannot  understand  why  you  object  to  their  being  leased  to 
the  public. 

Very  truly  yours,  ~  ' 


Wisconsin  Phonograph  Co., 


^1.4  BROKDSa^KY. 

9th  1889. 

Mr.  Thos.  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

My  Dear  Mr.  Edison: - 

That  pencil  shheme  of  yours  which  you  got  up 
before  I  started,  is  a  very  good  one  indeed, . and  it  does  away  with 
one  of  the  chief  objections  to  the  Phonograph.  That  is  you  can  cor¬ 
rect  your  oivn  mistakes.  After  you  have  made  a  mistake  on  the  cylin¬ 
der  you  say  on  the  cylinder  that  you  have  made  a  mistake  and  thea 
recall  the  typewriters  attention  to  it.  You  simply  make  a  mark 
around  it  with  this  black  pencil,  and  before  she  does  any  transcribiig 
she  at  once  ri^^stens  around  the  mark  with,  her  reproducer  to  find 
where  it  is.  So  you  see  it_ is  a  very  convenient  thing  indeed.  And 
1  think  it  would  be  a  good  idea  to  send  one  or  itwo  with  every  machine 
I  find  that  any  one  can  learn  how  to  run,  thisspectacle,  providiig 
they  will  give  us  the  time  and  attention  to  learn  it.  But  I  find  it 
is  very  hard  work  to  get  a  business  mans  time,  if  he  can  not  learn  it 
in  tern  minutes.  •  -I.vhope  that  your  new  spectacle  will  be  a  good  one, 
and  thatwe  will  not  have  to  stop  the  cylinder  while  adjusting  with  it. 
This  is  a  very  bad  fault  with  this  old  spectacle,  1  find  that  in  many 

Wisconsin  Phonograph  Co., 

Sole  Licensee  for  Wisconsin  of  the  North 
Lippincott.  sole  Licensee  of 


•41.4  BROKDWKV. 

T.  A.  E.  No.  2. 

eases  that  they  CQift  to  stop  it  and.’ ninytire  the  record.  Mr. 
Goodwin  is  quite  fond  of  the  foot  treadle  machine  and  he  thinks  it 
is  a  daisy.  And  1  think  they  are  the  macliinethat  are  going  to  take 
like  hot  cakes.  We  liave  five  machines  here  in  practical  use  ,  and 
will  put  more  out  as  soon  as  we  get  suitable  battries,  or  when  we 
get  some  more  foot  treadle  machines.  Mr.  Goodwin  now  does  most  of 
his  dictating  by  the  Phonograph.  I  think  it  would  be  a  very  good 
idea  indeed  to  have  someKalam  arrangement  on  the  end  so  to  tell 
how  long  your  cylinder  is  going  to  last  and  how  much  you  can  get 

the  end.  I  find  that  when  putting  them  out  to  people'^are  not  accus- 
tom  to  the  machine  they  will  not  Imow  how  long  the  cylinder  is  going 
to  last.  So  that  if  they  had  a  little  alann  arrangement  they  could 
very  easily  gage  it,?nd  know  when  to  stop.  if  you  have  yet  got  any 
kind  of  mailing  cylinder,  or  any  kind  of  box  to  send  mailing  cylin¬ 
ders  in,  1  wish  I  could  have  a  half  a  dozen  shipped  here,  so  that  I' 
could  use  them  in  mailing  them.  I  would  much  rather  do  correspond- 
ing  on.  cylinders,  than  with  letters.  One  of  the  principal  objection* 
to  the  Phonograph  in  the  offices  is  that  it  is  very  dirty,  the 

WiscpNsiN  Phonograiph  Co., 

msee  for  Wisconsin  of  the  North  American  l^honograph  Oo„  a 
Llppincott,  Sole -I.lcensee  of  the  American  Graphophcne  Oo. 


T.  A.  E.  No.  f— 

■SI- 1.4  BROKDlniKV. 

chipes  from  the  recorder,  when  handled  by  an  imexperianeed  persbn 
thjiy  get  it  all  over  the  machine,  and  makes  it  run  veiy  hard  and 
and  also  makes  it  look  very  dirty  indeed.  But  this  could  be  veiy 
easily  done  av/ay  with  ,  by  some  kind  of  automatic  brush  under  the 
cylinder.  I  find  that  chips  from  the  cutting  off  '^^d  does  not 
bother  in  the  least.  Ho*  is  the  new  shell  getting  along  that  slips 
inside  the  cylinder?  I  think  it  would  be  a  capital  idea  while  you 
are  making  this  shell,  try  an  experiment  by  having  an  end  on  each 
side  of  the  shell  with  a  center  hole  in  it  and  slip  it  into  the 
Phonograph  the  same  as  you  would  workin<  the  lathe  by  a  spring  center. 
This  would  do  away  with  the  drum  alltogether,  and  would  be  a  very 
convenient  thing  to  slip  on  a  cylinder  and  take  it  off  very  quickly. 

Will  the  purchase  of  the  Pumpelly  Storage  Battery  by  the  North 
American  Phonograph  Co.,  effect  the  sale  of  t&e  Edison  new  battery? 
If  so  I  would  like  to  know.  I  would  like  to  hear  from  you  in  regard 
to  any  new  improvements  on  the  Phonograph,  I  remain. 

Yours  very  truly, 

W.  H.  Miller. 

£EhE  fflictigai/  Phoi^ograpl?  Go. 

J.  L.  Butteplield,  FBai^agep. 
Rooms  13,  15  S  17,  Detroit  Opera  House. 

Thomas  A.  Edison  Esq., 
Orange,  N.  J. 
Dear  Sir;- 

©efpoil,  H^io^ . .....Iuiie:..,, . 1S8.9,;....1§§.. 

Pennlt  me  to  again  trouble  you  in  reference  to  the 
meeting  of  The  Michigan  Press  Association  and  the  exhibition  of  the 
phonograph  which  I  shall  give  at  that  time. 

I  have  just  had  a  talk  with  Mr  Brearly,  the  President  of  the 
Association,  and  he  is  extremely  anxious  to  have  a  phonogram  from 
Mr  Edison  -  if  possible. 

Probably  the  best  known  man  in  newspaper  circles,  is  Mr  Geo. 
P.  Rowell  of  newspaper  advertising  fame,  and  I  write  to  know  if  it 
would  be  convenient  to  have  him  visit  the  Laboratory  and  prepare  a 
phonogram  for  this  meeting  at  Grand  Rapids.  Mr  Brearly  assures 
me  that  we  shall  have  a  prominent  place  in  the  meeting, and  we  are 
very  anxious  to  make  the  most  of  it.  We  have  a  large  funnel, 
and  could,  with  a  cylinder  prepared  for  that  purpose,  make  the 
machine  talk  out  in  meeting.  We  would  be  very  glad  ata  to 

receive  any  suggestions,  as  we  want  to  give  a  first  class  general 
exhibition;  of  the  phonograph. 

I  am  very  much  obliged  td  you  for  Ordering  the  musical 

CLhe  Phoi^ograpl?  Eo. 

J.  L.  Butteplield,  HiaijagBP. 

Roon\s  13,  15  5  17,  Detroit  Opera  House. 

0etpoif,  . . . . . . .ISS . 

-  2  - 

cylinders  prepared.  They  will  form  a  very  Interesting  feature 
of  the  exhibition. 

Dictated  to  the  Phonograph. 

Wisconsin  Phonograph  Co., 




Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison  » P  I 

'  ' 

Dear  Sir, 

Your  favor  of  the  late  date  stating  that  you  had  shipped  six 
musical  records  as  a  present  to  the  Manager  of  the  Wis.  Phono.  Co. 
received.  The  Manager  would  have  replied  before  but  we  are  expecting 
the  cylinders  and  hope  to  have  the  pleasure  of  aclcnowledgeing  their 
receipt.  Through  some  misunderstanding  or  error  the  cylinders  have 
not  yet  arrived.  We  would  be  very  thankful  to  receive  them. 

There  are  nvunber  of  minor  defects  in  the  new  Phonograph  which 

Mr.  Miller  has  written  you  about  and  which  will  not  be  necessaiy  for 

us  to  repeat,  but  we  hope  that  they  will  be  renovated  at  the  earliest 


possible  moment  as  the  reproduction  of  the  machine  is  perfect  and^that 
is  necessary  is  to  make  the  running  part  of  it  perfect, 

Mr.  Miller’ s  stay  with  us  has  been  very  advant^eous  to  us  indeed 
and  he  has  worked  very  faithfully  and  efficiently  and  we  hope  that  you 
may  see  f&it  it  is  to  your  interest  to  have  him  stay  some  little  time 
new  spectacles  come, 
truly  yours, 

The  Wis.  Phonograph  Co. 

Henry  D. Goodwin  Manager. 

longer  at  least  until  the 
Ppoke*  Into  Uio^  [’.rp'’ovo  j  ^  ^ 
VyjSotiry  D.  Goodwill,  .j 

tbtt  diclalion  M 

- ^OFFICE  OF— ^ - 

D.  aoonn’iN,  Se^y  and 


Wisconsin  Phonograph  .Co., 

Phonograph  Oo., 

L  Graphophone  C 

,  r/' 

>t  the  A.merioan  Graphophone  Co. 


■  ^  (^£uL<yTyO 


(Che  Phoi/ograpl?  So. 

J.  L.  ButtBFiield,  Riai;agBF. 
Roonis  13,  15  5  17,  Detroit  Opera  House. 



Orange, N.J. 
My  dear  Sir:  , 

©elroii,  r^ioj)... . ..a:vas.,t2.4.5..,iaS.9., . .ISS . 

very  much  obliged  to  you  for  the'musioal  cylinders; 
they^ciiine  safely  through  reaching  us  to-day. 

I  have  written  to  Mr.Rowell  asking  him  to  visit  your  lab- 
/  oratory  and  prepare  a  cylinder  for  the  Grand  Rapids  meeting. 

Is  there  a  reliable  account  published  of  your  discovery  of 
'^the  Phonograph  principle, and  your  early  experiment  connected  with 
will  you  please  advise  me  where  it  may  be  had, as  I 

shall, no  doubt, be  asked  questions  on  that  line  and  would  like  to  be 
better  informed. 

Again  thanking  you  for  the  cylinders,!  am. 

Very  truly  yours. 

Dictated  to  the  Phonograph. 

Will  you  ploase  inform  us  what  arrancementa  liavo  been 
made,  if  any,  in  regard  to  the  sale  of  the  “Talking  Dolls"',  vail 
it  be  possible  for  us  to  secui-o  the  sale  in  Minnesota?  Will  your 
Company  be  able  to  furnish  them  by  the  llolidaysS 

Ve  are  going  to  have  an  exhibit  in  the  Minneapolis  Industrial 
Exposition  ;vhich  opens  August  i2Ist,  and  if  arrangements  can  bo 
made,  vfo  v^ould  like  very  much  to  liave  one  or  tv/b  samples-  on  hand 
Efc  that  time  so  tliat  we  can  shov/  them  and  take  orders  from  the 

Any  suggestions  that  you  can  offer  tl:at  will  tend  to  the 
s  of  the  exlaibit  will  be  thankfully  received. 

An  early  reply  to  this  v/ill  oblige  i 

Yours  Respectfully, 



- Transcribed  From  the  Phonograph, 

Nashville  Tonn,August  8th  1889 
Mr  Thomas  A  Bdlson* 

Bear  sir. 

Menlo  Park, Orange, Now  Jersey, 

I  find  a  great  demand  for  a  Cylinder  Biotatod  by 
YOU, and  it  will  be  a  greqt  help  to  me  if  you  will  kindlysend 
one  at  once, I  am  greatly  in  love  with  the  Phonograph, in  fact, 
it  is  THE  instrument  to  be  pushed, and  I  sincerely  hope  to  have 
many  of  them  in  use  in  this  state.  You  have  many  good  friends 
in  Tennessee, and  you  would  bo  amused  to  hear  the  variety  of 
questions  put  to  mo  by  some  of  your  old  accquaintenoes,in  reg- 
-ard  to  the  Phonograph,  and  your  self,  TSo/oof  the  people 
for  your  voioe-.ahd  I  tope  you  will  at  once  put  mo  in  possession 
of  an  address  to  the  Tenn  people. such  as  you  will  allow  me  to 
use  on  all  oooaslons. 

To  Mr  Batchelor, 

■  Once  there  was  a  Heathen  Chinee* 

Very  Truly  Yours,^^ 

Gen'll  Manager  Tenn  Phono  C, 

T,  H,  Llacdonald,  Esq., 

306  Stoolc  Eiicliange, 

H^ladelphia,  Pa. 

Dear  Sir:- 

1  enclose  you  herewith  letter  from  Ivtt-.Batchelor,  and  w  ans 


If  you  have  any  report  of  progress  to  make,  or  suggestions, 
please  enclose  your  letter  with  mine. 

I  hope  to  see  you  the  latter  part  of  the  week. 


L,  Halsey  v;illiams. 


Chas,  Batclielor,  Esq«, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Your  favor  of  the  20tD  in  regard  to  cylinders  has  been  re¬ 
ceived;  in  reply  would  say:  we  are  Eujt  with  the  following  difficul¬ 
ties  in  using  present  cylinders: - 

They  break  easily  from  forcing  too  hard  on  cylinder,  or  if  Icnock- 
ed  over  when  standing  on  end;  they  slirink  unevenly,  so  that  when  a  retr 
cord  is  once  made  and  cylinder  removed  from  mandrel,  on  putting  it 
back  on  machine,  the  reproduction  is  uneven,  so  that  sometimes  one 
side  v/ill  be  heard  and  the  other  not. 

The  question  is,  how  to  give  strength  to  the  cylinder  and  over- . 
come  the  other  difficulties. 

One  method  that  is  suggested  by  our,liacdonald  is  to  mould  the 
wax  on  a  v;ood  base, 

•  This  wood  must  of  course  be  as  light  as  possible-  say  white  pine 
or  poplar,  and  not  likely  to  e:q)and  and:  contract. 

The  v;ood  cylinder  on  which  the  wax  is  to  be  placed,  can  be  turned 
out  in  any  lengths  by  machinery,  cut  off  in  pieces  to  suit  at  small 



The  next  question  is  ho\7  to  place  these  cylinders  on  the  inachine. 

One  idea  is  to  bore  the  wood  cylinder  out  with  a  orauge  drill, 
t!iat  will  bore  a  large  ntmiier  at  once,  and  slip  these  over  a  small 
mandrel,  or  to  center  them  in  the  machine  as  in.  a  lathe,  v/ithout  bor¬ 
ing  them  out. 

These  ideas,  as  you  see,  are  all  crude,  and  must  be  modified  as 
experience  shows  is  necessary, 

V/e  are  making  some  experiments  in  Philadelphia,  on  which  we  will 
report  to  you. 

Very  Respect ly. 

L,  Halsey  Williams, 

Denver,  Colorado, _ _ 1 B-S8- 

Mr.  E.  M.  Conard 

Leadville,  Colo. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Yours  of  the  1st.  inst.  to  Mr.  M.  E.  Post  had  been  referred 
to  us  and  in  reply  we  can  lease  you  the  latest  Phonograph  or  Grapho- 
phone,  the  price  of  either  being  $40.00  per  year.  We  can  furnish  ex¬ 
tra  musical  phonograms  for  from  $1.00  to  $2.00,  although  you  can  easijt 
get  them  by  having  your  friends  play  to  the  Phonograph.  We  furnish 
everything  for  the  machine  except  the  hlank?  which  will  cost  you  15 
cents  each.  V/e  will  furnish  tube  for  one  to  hear  at  a  time  but  a  pa¬ 
per  funnel  can  be  made  so  that  several  can  hear  at  once.  We  only  sup¬ 
ply  the  treadle  Phonograph  at  present  as  we  have  been  unable  thus  fcir 
to  get  a  satisfactory  battery,  ' 

.  I  .-'Prize  Medals  Awarded-'- 

American  Institute;  New  York, i877.  International  Inventors  Exhibition,  London  ibbs 

New  York  City.,  end  v/ill  want  to  move  my  talking  machine  also,  but 
I  am  obliged  to  ask  you  to  give  me  back  my  first  love,  the  •Srapho- 
phone*.  A  Civil  Engineer  and  .chambermaid  attachment  not  being 
v/ith  the  present  machine,  I  -can't  work  it  and  my  'Wife  draws  the. 
line  at  the  point  of  keeping  an  ektra  seinrant  to  clean  up  the 
feathers  after  each  fight.  There  is  no  hurry  a1)0ut  it,  but  I- 
hope  there  will  be  no  question  VYhW  J  §end  it  to  you.  _ 



257  5th.,  Ave,,N.Y.  City. 

October  aith.,1889 

The  North  American  Phonograph  Co., 

160  Broadway, N.Y.City. 

Gentlemen: - 

We  receive  a  good  many  complaints  regarding  the  Edison 
No.l  Battery:tho  following  from  our  Agent  in  Rochester, is  a  sample. 

"In  regard  to  the  hvmdred  hour  battery  about  which  you  wrote 
me  on  the  Srd. ,inst,I  can  simply  say  that  none  of  them  have  worked 
even  when  they  were  new.  The  Mr. Riley  sent  here  by  the  Edison  Pho¬ 
nograph  Co., set  up  a  new  battery  T/hen  they  first  came  in  and  he  was 
unable  to  make  them  go, so  that  their  not  going  is  not  due  to  want 
of  cleaning  or  anything  of  the  kind.  I  set  up  a  battery  myself  the 
day  before  yesterday, was  very  careful  in  every  way, and  after  run¬ 
ning  a  half  hour  or  so  it  stopped  and  has  not  run  since, and  Mr. 
Wilson  of  Buffalo  writes  me  that  he  is  having  the  same  Jtrouble." 
What  would  you  advise  in  such  cases? 



Your  statement  dated  Oct.  1st.  is  at  hand.  With 

reference  theretd  We  desire  to  state  that  the  batteries  have  not 

met  their  guarantee.  They  have  both'f-ailed  several  times  after 

use  of  not  lottger  then  three  of  fovif  days,  and  we  have  not  touched 

them  at  all  they  having  set  up  and  ohargedjiby  an  employee  of 

the. Edison  Manufacturing^dorapany^aqh  tdme#.  vWs^quote^f  rpm-a 

<. -letter  reoeivgd,  ;^<^/tKei^  Sept.  23rd.  as  follows.  ’  We  cannot 

guaranteeHhat  this  battery  will  run  one  hundred  hours  if  it  is 
*  >  -i  I  •  I 

only,  worked  twenty  jor  thirty -minutes. -a  day  when, our  estimate  is 

r  •  \  -ii-  ‘  ri  i 

'based  upon  the  battery  being  used  on  an  average  of  four  hours  a 

•  '  •.  '*  i  •  , 

day".  Now  we  can  not  insist  that  our‘ curt omers  shouy( use  their 

■phpnogrhph  four  hours  a  *da;^  and  unless  the  b^ 



l^uiwBi’they  are  ] 
be%i|  such  that  we. 

We  are  not  using  them  now  at  all 

)eotful4y,v—  /  ^ 

New  Jersey-  Phonograph  Cqn^any, 


^  ^te  ■ 



/7^C  ' f/ide  a 

dZi'£e-&.  /~  Pzt:-<a.^^-e: 

fcari,  ^' _  z-^d^ 

d?z>.  ,y  zd  c^d) 
a-^  zry^£  zPd7~&y^  zi:.iz£d6=-,^ 
dz  i;?««i'*-i-ir  dL^ 


^^zzddc  /’'-td.^yr 

■  ‘^ddd^  ■-... 

d'y  ,  ydz<^z.a^^ 

Telephone  N9  901 

Dee  ath«.;889)  J? 

(Mr  Thomas. A. Edison. 

I  Orange. 

j  New  Jerasy^ 

bear  Sir. 

i'r  .  Phonograph^and  h§ye  quite  an  important 

(scientifio  )exhibition  to  make  in  a  edpy  ghort  time, and  it  Is  ' 
Ijto  the  interest  of  the  Phonograph, that  we  have  a  Cylinder  that 
(is  Dictated  by  you, and  we  will  presume  t,  o  insist  that  you  send 
Ijthe  same  at  once.- 

j|  I  have  written  you  several  tlaifes  for  this,aiid  hope  yoii 

jwill  not  think  me  prosistent,but  in  this  oasd.I  am  bound  to 
I  appear  so. 

ii  Dont  let  .any  of  the  Boys  put  '•Pebbles*  in  their  mouth  arid 
jiimitate  you  (as  has  so  often  been  done), but  send  thd  genuine 
(article, as  I  will'  surely  know  thwedifferenee,and  should  atty  thia 
(Of  ■the  kind  ooour,it  would  do  me  no  good  whatever, as  I  wo  Srr 
(not  use  lt» 

I  We  hope  to  make  the  Hew  Machine  a  great  success, as  we 

I  are  pushing  OHIiY  the  Phono  garaph. 

I  i  have  sent  the  N.A.P.Co.  an  order  for  one  half  J)oz  of 

(the  New  Musical  Cylinder's  for  the  New  Phono, and  ^  woiad  he 
'glad  if  Walter  would  select  something  very  loud  and  distinct 
(as  this  is  for  the  Bank  of  Co meroe, where  there  are  several  of 
jiycuir  good  friends, and  at  that  place  the  Machine  will  only  be 
(Shown  -using  the  14  Inch  Tin  Hom.I  cannot  get  them  to  use  it- 
j otherwise .and  it  is  a  place  where  I  shall  get  many  orders, 

ji  Very  Truly  Yours. 

1889.  Phonograph  -  Talking  Doll  (D-89-64) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence,  reports,  and  other  documents 
concerning  the  manufacture  and  promotion  of  Edison’s  talking  doll.  Many  of 
the  documents  pertain  to  the  organization  and  management  of  the  Edison 
Phonograph  Toy  Manufacturing  Co.  Included  also  are  letters  requesting  dolls 
or  asking  for  information  about  them.  Among  the  correspondents  are  William 
W.  Jacques,  president  of  the  Toy  Manufacturing  Co.,  and  Benjamin  F.  Stevens, 
a  company  director.  There  are  also  numerous  letters  by  Edison’s  friend,  A.  B. 
Dick,  who  was  making  inquiries  about  the  manufacture  of  dolls  while  traveling 
in  continental  Europe. 

Approximately  60  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  letters  of  transmittal 
and  acknowledgement  and  other  routine  business  correspondence  by  the  Toy 
Manufacturing  Co.;  a  19-page  list  of  company  stockholders  (one  page 
containing  Edison’s  name  has  been  filmed);  unsolicited  inquiries  regarding  the 
talking  doll  and  the  talking  doll  business;  duplicate  copies  of  selected 
documents;  documents  that  duplicate  information  in  selected  material. 

Also  not  filmed  is  a  set  of  coded  cablegram  messages  exchanged  among 
Edison,  Tate,  and  Samuel  Insull.  The  messages  were  subsequently  decoded 
and  transcribed  by  Edison’s  staff.  Photocopies  of  decoded  transcriptions 
relating  to  the  talking  doll  have  been  filmed  in  this  folder.  The  original 
decoded  transcriptions  can  be  found  in  D-89-20  (Edison,  T.A.  -  Secretary  - 
Tate,  Alfred  O.). 


3^soi^®'^l}opograpl^  JVfapfg.  gon^papy. 


95  MILK  STREET.  -  .  Room  73. 

K^soi|®^l^oi)ograpl)  ^^papy. 


95  MILK  STREET,  -  -  Room  73. 

Yours  very  truly, 


3^sor,"l>I,oi,ograpl,  r^y  gonjpnpy 


95  MILK  STREET.  -  .  73 

•  5’eb.  26  ,  89. 

Mr.  Edison  would  like  you  to  wite  Jacques, 
and  ask  him  if  he  means  cutting  or  talking. 

Edison  Laboratory,  ■  r .  .-r.  -  . 

Orange,  ■’ A '-■'tv-!.**'??'] 

■  ,  ./.A 

New  jersey.  ^  . 

.  .  ■  ,•/■  'fH 

My  dear  Alf./-  .  j.  -'v.  ..  . 

As  I  wired  you  from  Boston,  I  closed  a  memorandum  of  •‘  ■7 
agreement,  which  of  course  will  be  much  enlarged  before  'finaliy'  '  Vr,'.'  ^ 
closing ^or  five  years,  a  copy  of  which  I  send  you.  There^ar^eia  number^^of^ffl 
Vtfii4;ic2U{tx  questions  which  will  have  to  be  discuss^ed  before/.the  ■,  oontr^ct"sV|^ 
are  finally  closed.  I  shall  write  you  again  ln,a-\day.  or  two' oh- this  poifft^'"* 
1  came  from  Montreal,  getting  here  last  night,  •  and' missed'Barr. all 
along  the  Board.  He  was  in  Toronto  yesterday,'  and  went  to  'Lindsay'last  ^ 
night,  ani  then  to  Montreal  this  mornfiig'r:'‘As''Sobn'-asfl?;hearr'from;'him  I  will  " 

TOite  you.  In  Boston  they  received  me  as  usual  with j'oVenK'^s ,  and'  treated  I 

^  .r^vv'i  ,sx!,3ri'  , 

me  very  well.  The  reason  they  did  not*^anOT^ ny^letTOTTasking^'-for" contrac-  ' 
ts  was  tliat  they  fcou|d>hotVdo|'solvb‘ecause*^a  not  been  determined  upon 

at  which  the  phonog^a^i^, should,  beigi^ko^  They  are  very  anxious  that  the 
phonograph  sho.uld':b.^v-y trj^aiet  fron^  the  Laboratory,-  but  theyseem 'to  think  ■  ■ 
that  your  prices:,.^ajiii^h|iinl'"  that ‘they  have  had from:  other  factortesri 
-d  a  much  lower  ji^ate  th^^you  have  given.  I.  have, uip  doubt  they  win^ 

-tie  more,  to  get>them  ..^^;^yie  Laboratory>  but  how  much -I -am  not  prepared''to"''P 
say.  Before  I'.finaliy^|gge“  contracts  1  will-ineet  you-'and  Insull,  in  thei 
meantime  ,Kwii’f\he&* 

"^l|or)ogi*apl|  'Joy  ^^papy. 


95  MILK  STREET.  -  -  Room  73. 

Cyi^  e-l  .  'id 


Boston, . . L . 1 88  ^ 


9/ J 

-Zf^  tk.^ 

What  does  Mr.  Kdison  say  about  giving  that 

Toy  Phonograrh  raaohinffi  the  Toy  Phonograph  people? 

A.  0.  Tate. 


y  eOjTOBlAJi  ftOAtdjS. 

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,ytcu.> May  15th.. isao. 

My  near  Mr.  Tate; 

I^c  iuy  mono.  uo.  Kppiying  to 
of  yesterday  fron  Boston, just  at  hand, I  beg  to  say; 

(1)  Vaiether  the  man.  with  M.  &.  G.  trhich  J.  signed  as 
President, binds  the  Company, depends  on  the  By-laws.  But  you  may 
safely  assu;j,e  that  technically  speaking  it  dons  not  bind  the  Com- 

j  siTch  an  important  matter,  the  Directors  must  act  formally 
Otherwise  the  action  of  the  President  would  probably  bo  void. 

(2)  V/hether  the  Directors  can  grant  Mr.  Edison  an 
exclusive  right  to  manufacture  for  foreign  use, in  view  of  the 
aforesaid  existing  mem»,is  of  course  a  question  they  must  decidd 
for  thanselves.  You  say  you  have  not  seen  that  man.  If  1  were 
you,  Iv/ould  insist  on  seeing  It.  It  seems  to  me  that  Mr.  Edison 
can  afford  to  take  his  chancesthai  the  mem.  is  void,  if  the  Direct¬ 
ors  are  willing  to  take  a  like  chance. 

(3)  ,  You  say  that  St  told  you  that  the  Directors  were 

going  to  consult  the  Chief  Justice  of  the  Supreme  Court.  Pro¬ 
bably  that  is  arrant  nonsense.  The  Chief  Justice  would  show  them 
o  ^  St°t  quickly.  No  Chief  Justice  practises  lavf  in  his 

(4)  Whether  you  can  get  an  injunction  depends  so  much 

on  the  facts  you  could  set  up  in  an  adfidavit,and  on  local  law  and 
usage, my  opinion  givenfrom  here, without  the  facts  before  me, would 
not  be  worth  much.  I  suggest  that  you  take  advice  on  this  point 
frcm  a  local  Boston  attorney.  The  name  and  address  of  the  Boston 
lawyer  who  represents  the  Edison  light  Co.  and  the  Boston  Edison 
Co.,  I  will  ascertain  and  add  at  the  bottom  of  this  letter.  He  is 
an  old  Boston  lawyer  of  good  standing.  If  for  any  reason  you  pre¬ 
fer  to  go  to  sane  other  lawyer,!  suggest  Mr.  Henry  D.  Hyde,  of 
Hyde, Dickinson  &  Howe,  150  Devonshire  St.  If  you  will  menjtion  my 
n^e  to  Mr.  Hyde, and  perhaps  remind  him  who  I  am, it  will  set  you  all 
right.  His  firm  is  one  of  the  best  in  the  City, but  very  much 
hi^er  priced  than  the  attorney  first  above  mentioned* 

(5)  It  seems  tome  that  if  you  are  stiff, positive  and 
aggressive, you  can  carry  your  point.  However, the  judgnent  of  a 
man  on  the  spot  like  far  better  than  the  opinion,  off-a 
absentee  like  myself. 

Regretting  that  1  cannot  give  you  more  positive  advice, 
and  trusting  that  you  will  appreciate  why  I  cannot  do  so,  I  remain, 


with  bast  wishes, 

Very  ttmly  yourjS, 

To  - - - - 

At  0.  Tate  Bsq., 

Hotel  Vendcme, Boston, Mass. 

The  address  above, mentioned  is  William  H.  (or  W. )  Gooch, 34  School 
St., Boston, Mass. 


-J  ^  -=6r-^,.,^  A^, 

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May  24,  I8891. 

Edison  to  give  license  for  foreign  countries,  covering  all 
existing  inventions  and  impro’vements  pertaining  to  speaking  dolls, 
and  all  future  inventions  and  improvements  made  during  next  five 
(5)  years,  giving  exclusive  right  to  manufacture  and  sell  and  to 
.license  others  to  manufacture  and  sell,  but  not  assignable,  for 
any  co  uiitry,  v/ithout  consent  in  vrriting  of  Edison'. 

Simultaneously  the  Company  gives  Edison  a  contract,  sub¬ 
stantially  in  form  stibmitted,  granting  exclusive  right  to  manufac¬ 
ture  for  sale  in  foreign  countries,  for  the  life  of  the  license 
referred  to'.  Edison  cannot  assign  this  manufactttring  contract 
except  to  a  corporation  in  v/hich  he  retains  full  voting  control'. 

A  royalty  of  twenty  per  cent  {20^)  of  the  shop  price  of  movements 
to  be  paid  Edison!.  Edison  to  Imve  one-eighth  (1/fe)  of  the  Capital 
stock  of  Toy  Phono!.  Co',  and  this  proportion  to  be  maintained  v;ith 
respect  to  any  further  increase  so  long  as  Edison  retains  the 
stock  so  issued  to  him.  Edison  to  liave  one  representati'VE'  on  Toy 
Phono ''.•::aui^S;HBoa;i^ao  long  as  he  can  qualify!. 

Cash  now  in  Company's  treasury  not  to  be  used  to  settle 

Madden-Gilli land,  claim,  and  Edison's  holding  of  stock  to  be  at 
least  40.^  greater  than,  the  number  of  shares  issued  to  M'.  &  GU  or 

sold  to  settle  their  claimt 

Before  formal  contract  is  made  with  Edison,  Toy  PhonoU  Co'i  to 
submit  to  him  copies  of  all  agreements  which  liave  been  made  by  it 
relative  to  foreign  countries'* 

-W  u-rwy/  ^  C>»w£/  ^u> 

;  _ -'Wct  Co-->^>^(^<^*^,..t./r 



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,)^soi|®^l^oi)ortrapIj  TlTy  ]V[ai|tS.  ^n>papy. 


95  MILK  STREET,  -  .  Room  73. 

Boston, . . 1 8 


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‘.Post;  Tel8graphia'"i 


Edison  uaboratory. 

. . 

. . ..: . 

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Metallic  Thei 

_ >  v<.«. 

THE  TELEMETER  COMPANY  ^  y,  'T  "  ^  -7  ^ 

OF  NEW-YORK  X2-OC^C  'T<7  Xy 

ipltal  S  500,000  /^  y  y.  _  ^ 

I  liave  written  to  Mr.  Tate  concerning  a  few 
points  of  interest.  I  am  obliged  to  you  for  your  introduction  to  Mr. 

It  would  please, ^me  very  much  to  have  an  interview 

with  you  at  Orange  concerning  the  importance  of  securing  the  right  man 

to  manage  the  general  interests  of  the  Company.  I  judged  from  one 


of  tlie  last  remarks  you  made  to  us  at  Orange,  and,  its  importance  has 
gro™  upon  me  more  and  more.  The  business  which  we  all  hope  to  make  a 

prosperous  one,  it  seems  to  me  more  tlm  any  other  tiling  requires  the 
right  man  in  tlie  right  place,  and  we  should  leave  no  effort  untried  to 
secure  sucli  an  one,  for  no  matter  how  good  a  business  may  be,  it  is 
subject  to  leaks  and  a;  person  may  be  smart  in.'one  way  but  totally  in- 
different  in  another.  I  know  from  my  own  business,  which  is  mostly 
done  through  agencies.  We  pay  a  man  a  large  salary  to  constantly 
visit  our  agencies.  He  drops  in  on  them  when  the  agents  least  expect 
it,  and  we  save  more  than  ten  times  the  salaiy  we  pay  in  keeping  even 

responsible  men  close  to  their  balances.  I  think  if  it  is  concluded 
to  establish  the  toy  doll  business  through  agencies,  it  will  require  a 
very  able  and  energetic  man  to  look  after  the  interests  of  the  Com¬ 
pany.  Your  experience  in  this  direction  must  be  more  valuable  tlian 
ours  can  be  and  it  is  for  this  reason  that  L  hope  you  will  name  a  day 
convenient  to  you  when  you  will  see  me.  Other  matters  of  importance 
may  arise, about  which  your  knowledge  will  be  of  the  greatest  importan¬ 
ce  about  starting  out.  There  is  but  one  way  to  do  things,  -  the  right 
way.  Excuse  me  for  troubling  you,  but  I  know  the  interest  is  mutual. 


June  27th.  1889. 

Dear,  Mi*.'  Tate  ;  X 


The  Directors  of  the  Toy  Phonograph  Conmany  held 
an  informal  meeting  this  morning,  as  I  told  you  they  would.  They 
read  with  a  great  deal  of  interest  the  correspondence  of  Mr.  Dick 

with  Mr.  Edison  concerniiig  the  manufacture  and  sale  of  Toy  Dolls  in 
foreign  countries.  Also  I  presented  them  with  the  name  of  Mr.  Steven¬ 
son  as  an  applicant  for  a  business  position.  I  explained  to  them 
the  impression  I  had  of  the  business  qualities  of  that  gentleman  as 
thqr  appeared  to  me,  and  it  was  thought  best  to  delay  any  action  on 
their  part  until  after  I  liad  seen  Mr.  Edison  at  Orange.  I  sMll  be 
pleased  to  meet  him  again  when  the  subject  of  a  General  Manager  can 
be  discussed  and  an  intercliange  of  views  given  upon  this  matter, 

Which  as  Mr.  Edison  stated  in  our  interview  was  of  vital  importance 
to  the  Company  and  to  him  personally  as  representing  more  than  one- 
tenth  of  the  stock.  I  Shan  be  pleased  to  l^ave  Mr.  Edison  name  a  day 
after  tJ,e  4th.  proximo  when  it  will  be  perfectly  convenient  to  him  to 
meet  me  and  perhaps  one  other  of  the  directors,  of  this  however  I  am 

not  so  sure  as  so  many  of  our  people  get  away  from  the  city  for  a  few 
days  to  avoid  the  unrest  which  usually  follows  the  festivities  of  the 

In  relation. to  the  foreign  business,  I  would  call  your 
attention  to  the  fact  tliat  copies  of  the  Crawford  and  Pleyel 
contracts  were  sent  to  Mr.  Edison  some. time  ago.  It  is  a  question  if 
Crawford's  contract  is  binding,  but  this  I  mention  only  in  view  of 
the  correspondence  of  Mr.  Dick.  Mr.-Dean,  I  think  you.  will  remember, 
has  an  agreement  concerning  Canada.  We  understood  through  Mr.  Hutch- 
inson,  that  Mr.  Edison  will  forego  the  payment  of  the  .$5ooo.  which 
would  be  payable  July  1st.  If  this  is  not  so, "there  is  a  misunder- 
standing  widcli  should  be  rectified^g^elee^aph.  I  think  that  the 
matter  was  talked  over  with  Major  on  Mr.  Hutchinson's  last 

visit  to  New, York, subsequent  to  our  invertiew  .at  Orange.  The  $5ooo. 
due  Mr.  Lippincott  win  be  provided  for  on  Saturday.  He  was  written 
to  on  tlie  2oth.  but  nothing  has  come  to  hand  yet;  consequently  he  has 
be«  this  .orntog,  „  be.,  the,  Major else 

Should  be  telegraphed,  -  wjdch  has  been  done. 

I  think  of  nothing  else  to  communicate.  I  hope  to 

liear  from  you  in  the  morning  and  I  shall  give  prompt  attention  to  your 

It  is  the  expression  of  our  Board  that  every  tiling  shall 
be  done  in  their  power  to  work  in  harmony  with  Mr.  Edison  for  the 
good  of  all  concerned  on  a  basis  of  the  strictest  business  principles 

95  MILK  STREET.  -  -  Room  73. 


M  r,  K  d  i  a  o  n  ,-  \ 

v<-.-:'S./'  ;j;"'. 

Here  is  another  letter  from  hioh: ,  \  ':■ _ 

Prom  all  that  we  can  learn  from  hiok’s  correspondenoe.  it\  ' 

/  ^  j'v  ■' 

seens  that  the  (jreat  distribntinc  centre  for  dolla  in  ^rope,  isv, 

The  Boston  Oon^any  had  a  contract  with  T,  o,  Crawford,  cove¬ 
ring  liVanoe,  a  copy  of  whLoh  is  in  Major  baton’s  hands.  Mr. 
Stevens  states  in  his  -letter  to  mo,  \inder  date  June  37tli,  89: 

•It  is  a  question  if  Crawford's  contract  is  binding.*  P.  7„ 
Maguire  came  to  the  Laboratory  the  other  day,  and  told  me  that  he 
was  associated  with  Crawford  in  the  matter  of  this  contract,  a«i 
that  the  agreement  had  lapsed,  and  he  wanted  to  obtain  from  me 
information  in  regard  to  yoiu*  relatione  with  the  Toy  .Phono.  Co., 
so  as  to  enable  himself  and  Crawford  to  decide  whether  th  S'  would 
se*  a  renewal  of  their  contract.  If  there  are  any  grounds  what- 
evfsr  upon  whioh  the  Crawford  contract  can  be  abrogated.  It  is  very 
impo  rt^t  that'  the  Boston  GompaiV.  should  take  advantage 'bf  them. 
Otherwise  Crawford  is  going  to  ^;oohtrol  the -'bulk  of  tHh  European 
trade.  I  have  to-night  written  Mr.  Stevens  regarding  the  into 
vier;  I  had  with  Maguire,  and  as  you  are  to  see  that  gentleman  on 

Monday,  July  8th,  I  have  arran/jod  to  have  this  no  to  presented  to 
you  on  that  day,  no  you  can  bJ-lng  tills  question  up  for  discussion 
and  inipreaa  upon  the  Boston  people  the  necessity  of  RettiriB  rid 
of  Crawford. 

J^soirpl^opoarapl^  Joy  ]V[ai|tg. 

Boston, . s/oc*^z^L  1 8  sy; 

<5>  .  y 

-S^v , 

-'C-t^  -<0 

^  cCtz^  ,  ■t<t'j-a.<iC<^ 

^  £,yC,^^  . 

Thomas  A«  Edison  Esq., 

Dear  Sir: 

Re  E.  P.  T.  MiPg,  Co.  Enclosed  please  find  a  oon- 
?hreroiJ^Jr  ^i^***®*®?*®"**^”®  diirislon  of  the  $10,000. 

p™ria2r,%'.“:i,°‘«r;: “r* 

W®®  “optes  in  two 

Srff'i  indlviduaiiy  opposite  the  small 

"“"®  ondemeath  as  President  of  the 

also/haye  the  seal  of  the  Cozm- 
pany  affixed  to  the  laige  rod  seal  ae  Pi?esident  as  aforesaid.  • 

..  s.  H„.ctoS,“s^k:‘:ax”£,(rr*“  " 

.pprov.a  w  urcrk'jjjr  "*  ‘“r'  ’>»" 

Very/  truly  yours. 





19  Dey  Street, 

New  York.  juiy  ii,  isos. 

Scunuel  Insull,  Esq., 

General  Itogr.  The  Edison  Machine  Vlorks, 

19  Dey  Street,  Mew  York  City. 

Dear  Sir; 

At  your  request  1  have  tried  to  acquaint  myself  with  the  toy 
trade,  with  especial  reference  to  the  “doll  department."  My  very 
limited  knowledge  of  the  bvsiness  must  be  ms'’  excuse  if  I  have  failed 
to  cover  all  the  points  you  desired  information  upon. 

The  very  large  jobbers  place  their  import  orders  in  the 
early  part  of  the  year — some  as  early  as  January  and  February,  and 
others  in  tfe.rch  and  April.  If  they  find  the  prospects  for  a  largo 
business  good,  so  that  they  are  in  danger  of  running  out  of  stock, 
they  place  further  orders  along  in  July  or  August. 

Only  the  very  largest  jobbers  import,  the  smaller  fry  con¬ 
tenting  themselves  with  buying  from  the  stock  of  the  big  jobbers 
chiefly  in  New  York  and  Baltimore.  These  smaller  jobbers  buy  in 
August  or  September,  and  their  purchases  drag  along  even  into  October 
and  November.  In  point  of  fact,  the  big  as  wall  as  the  little  jeo- 
bers  buy  all  the  year  through,  though  the  two  great  seasons. are.  ...ue 


s;-!:v.  y  j^art  of  the  year  (February  or  mrch)  and  diu'infj  the  latter  half 
of  the  year  (August  or  September. ) 

If,  iiowever,  a  novelty  is  iivoroduced,  the  jobbers  v/ill  buy 
the  moment  it  is  ready  for  sale,  irrespective  of  f/hether  it  is  a 
proper  or  improper  season.  The  Phonograph  doll,  for  instance,  would 
be  gobbled  up  immediately  if  it  were  ready  to  be  put  on  the  market. 

Of  course,  the  jobber  recommends  that  only  the  jobbers  be  given  the 
handling  of  such  a  novelty,  saying  that  if  retailers  were  alloived  to 
handle  it  that  the  jobbers  would  resent  the  interference  with  the 
trade  and  refuse  to  push  the  goods.  On  the  other  hand,  a  salesman  of 
many  years'  experience,  who  has  travelled  all  over  the  country  for 
one  of  the  lai-gest  jobbing  houses  in  this  City,  advised  me  by  all 
means  to  place  such  goods  as  I  had  for  sale  with  the  very  largest 
retail  houses  throughout  the  country,  for  the  reason  that  some  of 
these  retail  stores  will  sell  more  high-priced  dolls  than  a  good-sized 
jobbing  house.  As  an  exajnple  of  the  kii\d  of  retail  house  referred  to, 
he  cited  the  house  of  P. A. 0. Schwarz,  14th  Street,  this  City.  This 
house  is  controlled  by  three  brothers,  one  managing  the  New  York  house 
and  the  other  two  managing  J,wo  other  houses  in  as  many  cities.  One 
of  the  three  does  the  buying  for  all  the  houses  and  goes  to  Europe 
every  spring  to  place  his  order.  Such  a  house  as  this  probably  buys 
fully  as  many  dolls  as  would  a  respectable  jobbing  house.  These  re- 


marks  of  course  apply  equally  v/ell  to  John  Wananaker,  of  Philadelphia, 
R.II, t'laoy  iU  Co.  of  New  York,  etc. 

If  the  ^lonograph  attachments  are  to  be  put  into  the  dolls 
in  this  country,  it  is  suggested  that,  the  best  plan  for  getti.ig  the 
dolls  here  is  to  import  them  through  some  large  importer,  such  as 
Borgfeld,  of  425  Broome  St.,  this  City,  who  is  said  to  be  the  largest 
importer  in  this  line  of  b\isiness,  and  who  will  import  for  a  commis¬ 
sion  of  5  per  cent. 

It  is  essential  that  the  doll  be  of  such  material  and  general 
construction  as  to  malce  it  a  good  receptacle  for  the  Phonograpii  parts, 
and  at  the  sane  time  it  will  be  well  not  to  have  it  depart  much  from 
the  now  accepted  or  prevailing  styles. 

Leaving  aside  the  very  cheap  dolls  as  being  useless  for  pho¬ 
nograph  purposes,  I  find  that  tie  most  popular  dolls  are  those  with 
Bisc  heads  and  kid  bodies,  or  Bisc  head  and  patent- jointed  bodies. 

Only  the  latter  is  of  use  for  our  purpose  as  the  kid  body  has  to  be 
stuffed,  and  it  \vould  be  impossible  to  attach  moving  parts. 

Dark -haired  dolls  are  unpopular.  In  general  four-fifths  of 
the  dolls  made  have  brown  or  decidedly  blonde  hair  and  the  remaining 
fifth  have  black  hair. 

"Human  Eyes"  should  be  used  in  preference  to 

the  cheap  glass  eye.  The  hair  should  be  long  and  banged  or  curled 
in  the  front,  and  should  fall  freely  from  the  head;  braided  hair  or 
anything  of  that  sort  being  decidedly  out  of  style.  The  lips  siiould 
be  apart  slightly  showing  the  teeth. 

The  very  large  and  clumsy  doll  is  now  very  seldom  called  for; 
the  most  popular  sir.os  running  13  in.,  20  in.  .and  22  in.  in  height. 

An  la-in.-doll  with  "human  eyes",  good  bisc  head,  long  flowing  hair, 
patent-jointed  body,  etc.,  can  be  imported  by  any  large  importer  at 
about  $7,50  per  dozen.  Stirn  «  Lyon,  of  20  Park  Pl.ace,  this  City, 
kindly  volunteered  to  furnish  samples  with  the  hope  that  when  we  are 
ready  to  import  we  may  favor  them  with  an  order. 

Most  good  jobbing  houses  buy  on  ten  days'  time.  Goods  order¬ 
ed  in  the  early  part  of  year,  (February  or  March)  are  not  deliv¬ 
ered  until- June  or  July  following. 

The  above  is  glea,ned  from  conversations  with  either  the  buyer 
or  one  of  the  principals  of  nearly  every  large  house  in  the  City.  As 
I  have  already  intimated,  I  may  have  overlooked  some'  very  inportant 
points  through  ignorance  of  the  business,  but  i  have  become  so  well 
acquainted  with  the  trade  during  the  past  fev/  days  that  I  can  very 
quickly  get  any  additional  information  you  may  need. 


By  ths  -.’/ay,  thsre  is  one  point  about  which  I  could  get  very 
little  int'orination,  and  tint  is  the  probable  demand  for  such  a  novelty 
as  the  Phonograph  doll.  The  remarks  of  one  buyer  will  serve  for  allf. 
"If",  said  the  buyer  for  Stirn  £<  Lyon,  "you  can  put  a  novelty  of  this 
“kind  on  the  mai'ket  for  about  $3  you  ?/ill  sell  an  enormous  nuinbsr, 
"while  it  you  expect  to  get  $5,  you  will  sell  but  comparatively  f ev/. " 
"Of  course,"  he  continued,  "every  jobber  wxiuld  buy  a  few  even  at  a 
“still  higher  price,  just  for  the  novelty,  but  I  warn  you  that  any- 
"thing  above  a  $3  doll  v/ill  have  a  slow  sale."  It  v/as  impossible  to 
pin  him  dowii  to  anything  like  actual  fifjures. 

Following  are  the  mmes  of  the  principal  jobbers  throughout 
the  country: 

Rogge  «  ICooh  of  Baltimore  are  the  biggest  people  in  the 
business  next  to  G.Borgfeld  &  Co.  of  New  York. 

a  few  large  retail  houses. 

New  York 

I  have  included  in  the  list 
Rogge  a.  Koch, 

Prior  ic.  Co  i 
G.Borgfeld  &.  Co. 

Strobel.c.  Wilkins  L 
Stirn  £:  Lyon,  I 

Henrichs  &  Co.  J 



Steiner  cc  Kahn, 

Rogers  St  Co. , 

Leopold  ik  Sons, 

Johjiston,  Tallman  «  Co. , 

'  T. A. Schwarz, 

Meyer  Sc  Schoenemann,  ,  ^ 

Anton  Winters,  J 

Knost  Bros. St  Co., 

August  Koenig  Sc  Co. , 

Zsrnitz  Notion  St  Toy  Co., 
A.Meinecke  Sc  Co. ,  ’  'j 

Delorme  Sc  Quentin,  j' 

Union  Toy  Sc  Carriage  Co., 
Levy  Sc  Steam, 

Leek  S:  Boering, 

Hein,  Binswanger  k  Co 
Mablay  Sc  Co . , 



The  Scliraidt  Toy  Sc  Nn 


Cincinnati,  Ohio. 
New  Orleans,  La. 
Chicago,  Ill. 

Milivaulcee,  Wis. 

Cleveland,  Ohio. 

Detroit,  Itich. 

Large  Retail  Dealers: 

R. H.Kacy  cc  Co.  ,  Mev, 

John  Wanemaker  Plii 

Yours  very  truly, 

York  City, 
Ladelphia,  Pa. 

IC^I  pp  llj  ^  >; 

Office  of  tl2e  Preai&eipt. 
l?e\V  e;;2.gja76,  ffJutual  liife  l^sura^ce  Co. 

Boato^.  / 

\  w:3  j'.’ 

.'7'^  * 



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~^LuL.  'C  '~^&7/  \l<Ab:^-’2.CuljLff<y_. 

ACOtxC-j^^  J7{ 

^(K<_ -  Ay  yUuuX:;^  Uy^y^^-t-yy> 

/iAgz^  '  V 


■i^  a^  ^  ^ 

-V'  \/P  '  V  ' 




New  York  City -July  11th.  1889. 

I  have  made  some  inquiries  regarding  the  doll 
business  and  have  more  to  make,  but. think  perhaps  I  had  b fetter  give 
you  the  information  as  I  get  it. 

I  thought  it  possible  that  Tiffany  might  sell  some 
of  the  high  priced  dolls  at  j&nas,  but  upon  asking  the  question  at  the 
store  found  that  they  never  had  done  anything  of  the  kind.  The  same 
is  true  of  Arnold  &  Constable  and  Lord  &  TaylOr.  At  Dennings, 
formerly  Stewart's,  they  sell  a  good  many  at  Itaas,  at  prices  from  $5. 
to  $25.  dressed.  They' are  Imported  from  Paris,  and  are  called,  the 

'  JUmeau* Jdoll.  (  the  word  may  not  be  properly  spelled,  but  it  was 
pronounced  Jvhno.  -There  is  no  demand  at  this  house,  except  at  the 
holiday  season,  when  they  sell  about  1000  in  all  of  which  2oo  or  3oo 
are  at  prices  from  $5,  to  $25.  the  rest  from  80  cts.  up. 

I  next  called  on  Mr.  Geo.  Lisner,  prop'r  of 
Palais  Royal,  I4th'  St.  &  Fifth  Ave.  This  place  has  recently  been 
burned  out,  but  I  fortunately  met  Mr.  Lisner  just  at  the  door  as  he 

was  leaving.  The  business  at  this  place  was  in  fancy  goods,.  Mrw 


Lisner  considered  the  business  in  high  priced  dolls  very  limited. The 
highest  priced  doll  he  had  ever  imported  was  $56.  'dressed,  and  of 
these  about  six  were  sold  in  a  year.  Of  dolls  at  $8.  upwards,  he 
sold  say  four  or  five  hundred,  the  larger  part  being  at  the  lower 
price.  From  here;!  went  to  Schwarz,  42  J3.14th.  St  45  E.  13th.  St 
&  77  University  Place,  the  largest  store  of  the  kind  in  this  city,  de¬ 
voted  entirely  to  toys.  Saw  Mr,  Schwarz  himself  but  didntget  much 
out  Of  him,  he  being  at  first  apparently  of  the  impression  that  1  was 
trying  to  sell  him  some  dolls.  After  I  had  succeeded  in  making  him 
understand  my  errand,  he  still  seemed  disinclined  to  talk  much,  sayiig 
that  before  last  »nas  a  gentleman  from  Boston  had  interviewed  him  on 
the  subject  Of  the  Edison  doll,  and  that  he  had  given  all  the  infor- 
nation  he  could  and  could  say  no  more.  Hie  gentleman  had  said  that 
the  dolls  would  be  ready  by  July  1st.,  but  thqy  were  not  etc,  e$,c. 

Mr.  Schwarz  is  a  German  and  talks  with  an  accent  and  we  didnt' get 
along  at  all  well  for  a  wMie,  but  did  better  after  a  little.  He 
said  the  trade  in  expensive  dolls  was  limited;  he  had  sold  one  for 
$250.,  thought  there  were- not  many  people  that  oared  to  pay  $l5  or 
$20.  for  a  doll;  there  was  always  a  larger  demand  for  than  at  Xmas; 


eouldnt  say  how  many, -  in  fact  I  could  not  pen  him  down  to  an  estimate 
in  figures,  but  always  'a  good  many*  or  'not  many*.  He  was  not  in 
the  least  ill  natured  or  discourteous,  but  seemed  averse  to  saying 
much  to  me,  as  he  had  already  given  the  gentleman  from  Boston  all  the 
information  he  could  before  last  Xmas,  but.nothing  had  come  of, it. 

Prom  my  visits  to  the  three  stores  named  above  it  ap¬ 
pears  that  they  all  agree  tliat  the  market  for  expensive  dolls  is  limi¬ 
ted,  -  and  that  at  Xinas  is  the  time  when  there  is  a  demand  for  the 
higher  priced  goods;  that  *  expensive*  applies  to  dolls  selling  upwards 
of  $5.  to  $8.  When  1  endeavored  to  get  Mr.  Schwarz  to  say  about 
what  was  the  sale  of  dolls  at  say  $16.  he  replied,  'YoU  can  judge  as 
well  as  I  can.  You  would  not  hesitate  to  take  home  a  doll  at  $2.50 
but  would  think  a  long  while  before  paying  $15.*  He  evidently  sized 
me  up  as  about  ah  average  buyer,  and  on  looking  about  me  I  noticed 
raw  on  row  of  dolls  ticketed  $2.50.  All  the  gentlemen  I  saw  had 
heard  of  the  Edison  doll,  and  appeared  to  have  expected  to  see  it  on 
the  market  before  this.  Mr.  Roundtree,  the  man  at  Dennings'  told  me 
that  he  heard  two  years  ago  that  at  Ridley’s  on  Grand  St.,  there  were 
a  few  of  them  on  sale  at  $8. 



While  I  did  ray  best  to  get  information,  I  am  far 
from  satisfied  at  the  result,  and  will  try  again.  I  shall  go  to 
Altman’s,  Simpson,  Crawford  &  Simpson’s,  O’Neill’s,  Stern’s  &  Rid¬ 
ley’s,  and  hope  to  be  able  to  report  less  vaguely. 

-Yours  very  truly - 

(Signed)  Wm.  Ratoliffe  Jr. 


. . 


New  York,  City,  July  12th.  1889. 

Dear  Mr.  Stevens, 

Your  favor  of  the  11th.  was  duly  received.  I  will 
certainly  bear  in  mind  its  contents  and  advise  you  at  the  earliest 
opportunity.  Tliere  are  two  or  three  men  ihat  I  think  of,  who  might 
fill  the  bill,  but  the  right  man  must  possess  certain  qualifications, 
and  so  before  mentioning  them  to  you,  I  want  to  think  it  over. 

As  you  invite  me  to  write  of  anything  that  I  think  may 
interest  you,  I  take  the  liberty  of  speaking  freely,  believing  that 
you  know  me  well  enough  to  pardon  me  if  I  seem  to  be  over  zealous  or 
go  beyond  what  is  expected  of  me.  As  I  wrote  yesterday,  I  was  not 
satisfied  with  my  interviews  with  Messrsi  Roundtree, Li sner  and  Schwara. 
Each  of  them  had  heard  of  the  Edison  doll  before,  and  each  spoke  in  a 
manner  to  imply  that  he  thought  Uieye  was- nothing  in  it.  It  was  the 
manner,  not  the  words,  that  gave  me  this  impression,  as  brie  might  say. 
Oh  yes,  I  know,  the  Edison  doll.  1  heard  about  that  long  agoy  but  it 
never  seems  to  have  come  to  anything,  and  I  guess  it  don’t  work.  Thgr 




didn't  say  so,  but  I  felt  it,  and  combated  the  idea  whicJi  they  seemed 
to  have  by  slipping  in  the  information  that  there  was  a  change  in  the 
Directory  and  affairs  would  be  pushed  right  along.  All  agreed  that 
it  seemed  to  be  a  good  thing  and  that  it  should  be  brought  out  before 
it  got  stale,  and  all  wanted  to  see  a  sample.  In  each  case  I  replied 
that  it  was  possible  that  I  might  be  able  to  show  one  in  a  few  days, 
an  invitation  to  call  again  being  the  result.  You  will  remember  we 
spoke  Of  this  the  other  day  and  you  thought  you  might  be  able  to  send 

me  one.  I  am  intending  to  go  to  several  placed  on  Monday,  and  real]y 
think  if  I  could  show  one  of  the  dolls  it  would  greatly  assist.  Would 
you  mind  sending  me  a  line,  as  to  the  probabilities  ,and  if  it  is  on:y 
a  luestion  Of  a  few  days,  I  would  wait,  otherwise  go  ahead  without 
the  sample. 

One  otlier  question.  ,Do  you  know  if  any  one  else  is 
n-aking  inquiries  in  this  city  besides  me,  or  is  any  one  selling  the 
don  here  ?  I  ask  because  I  heard  today  that  such  is  the  ease;  it 
came  to  me  in  this  way;  My  clerk,  Mr.  Robinson,  was  at  one  time  with 

rassavant  &  Co.  a  large  importing  house,  and  on  the  day  I  received 
your  first  letter  I  enquired  of  him  whether  Passavant  &  Co.  ever  im- 



ported  French  Speaking  dolls,  saying  that  I  wanted  to  get  some  infor¬ 
mation  on  the  subject.  They  did  not,  but  he  Iiad  seen  in  some  store 

windov/  a  large  doll  on  which  was  a  card  saying,  -  This  doll  says  so 

and  so,  -  the  speech  being  written  out  on  the  card.  It  was  some  time 
since,  somewhere  about  the  Jfinas  holidays  he  thought,  and  he  could  not 
remember  what  store  it  was,  I  asked  himto  walk  up  that  way  (the 
vicinity  of  14th.  St)  to  see  if  he  could  locate  it.  Last  evening, 
walking  home,  and  having  in  mind  my  question,  he  went  into  the  store 
of  *The  Strobel  &  Wilken  Co*  443  &  445  Broadway,  to  make  inquiry  for 

me  as  to  speaking  dolls,  and  today  tells  me  that  they  have  none  on 

hand,  but  expected  a  supply  very  shortly,  not  of  French  dolls  but  of 
Edison’s  Manufacture^  Edison’s  man  having  been  in  the  day  before  and 
taken  the  order. 

.1  was  under  the  impression  that  there  were  none 
of  the  goods  in  the  .ma,rket  yet,  but  I  dqn’t  want  to  spread  that  im¬ 
pression  if  I  am  wrong.  '  '  ■  ■  .  , 

-Yours  very,  truly- ‘  :  '  ■■ 

'■■.(Signed)  WnuV  Bat  Cliff  e  Jr, 

[ALFRED  0.  TATE  TO  SAMUEL  INSULL,  JULY  18,  1889;  INSULL  TO  TATE,  JULY  19,  1889  (PHOTOCOPIES).] 

London,  Jiily  18th,  1889. 

Vlre  status  toypbono.  Will  stovons  he.  preparad  deal  with  : 
foreigb  husinsss  on  arrival  and  when.  Tate. 


Now  York,  July  19th,  18889. 

Toy  doll  praetioaUy  oloaed.  Stevena  expaots  negotiate. 

I/Fartiea  here  other  than  Selignans  desire. purehsa  phwo  rights 

■  '  7"  ' 

England,  Franee,  Italy,  Geimany,  Austria,  Spain,  Switzerland. 

.  .  ■  6"  ;  ■ 

Aik  Ooorand  shall  we  negotiate  and  on  what  terms.  If  to  he 



paid  in  oash  or  in  oash  and  shares. 

Office  of  tipe  Preai6,e7t. 
rpeW  C7gl8i7iS.  mutual  iiife  I^BUi-a^ce  Co. 


•  J-  c_X. 


4^  Av<-..^.AC^ri 


^'l^cyL  .^J- 

i-  ^  IJ 

.  - 


_ _ 


P.-<  \ 

3^nsoinpllor|oarupl7  Joy  ]V[upfa. 


95  MILK  STREET,  -  '  -  Room  73. 

Boston, . u^M-^-Cy  /y.\^  S'jy 

*  /^  Q  -S  'P'P^CL^C  ^ 

C?  >SC<^ 


1/8'^  Ci^g^^fRutual  hi^^3L^7ce  Co; 

Zi3^  ' 

— 4^^. 


- r 



. . . .  . .  .....  . . .  .  . .  , . .  . . 



The  following  CABLEGRAM  received,  “Via  Commercial  Cables,”  . 

subject  to  the  terms  and  conditions  printed  on'the  back  hereof i  which  are  ratified  and  agreed  to. 
Erom . . .  /fv. 



otouU nod  .“iTd  nVby  **’*“  doubttUl  word*  ohould  bo  / 

is  2S  (^  ao/A 


<f  S-z-^ 


95  MILK  STREET.  -  Room  73. 

Boston,  Octobcf  : 

Siiooinl  Mooting  of  the  Sloekholdcrs  ot  the  Edison  Phonograph  Toy  Hamif  _C 
3Inino,  Jidy  3,  1889,  it  wns  uimnniionsiy  Voted :  ''Timt  tiic  Cnpitni  Stock  of  tiiis  Coipo 
■oby  is,  inoionsod  by  lidding  tiioroto  forty  tiioiisiiiid  (40,000)  simres,  of  the  piir  vniiie  of  t 
inch,  so  tiiiit  tile  cnpitni  stock  of  tiiis  corporation  siinii  bo  lixod  nt,  niid  is  iioroby  dccinrod 
inis  (81,000,000)  j  and  said  cnpitni  stock  is  divided  into  one  iiiindrcd  tiioiisand  (100,000) 
duo  of  ton  doiinrs  (810.00)  ench.” 

it  was  fnrttior  Voted :  “  That  tiic  Directors  of  tiiis  corporation  be,  and  they  iiercby  are,  nut 
any  or  ali  tiic  simres  of  stock  iviiicii  siinii  be  issued  iiiidor  tiio  vote  to  incrense  tiio  onpit 
iition,  for  tiic  best  interests  of  tiio  corporation,  and  snid  Directors  are  iierotiy  niitiiorized  to 
laid  stock  and  use  it  ns  may  seem  to  tiiem  for  tiic  best  interests  of  the  conipaiiy.” 
ig  in  aeoordance  witii  tiiis  vote,  tlic  olliccrs  of  tiiis  company  iiavo  niadc  contracts  witii  T 
til  tile  Nortli  Anicrienn  Piionogrnpii  Company,  and  witii  the  Edison  Phonograpii  Coiiipaiiy, 
Piionograpii  Toy  Mniiiifnctiiriiig  Company  acquires  tiie  exciusivc  right  to  use  in  doiis  and  t 
trios  of  tiio  worid,  and  for  nii  time,  nit  of  Mr.  Edison’s  inventions,  wiietiior  hitiiorto  iiindo 
iig  tile  coming  live  years  from  tiio  date  of  tiic  contracts. 

0  contracts  further  assure  to  tills  Company  very  substantial  rediictions  of  royalty  to  be  paid 
icr  valiialilc  considerations. 

ir  a  contract  nindc  some  time  ago,  responsible  parties  lind  uiidcrtakon  tlie  niamif  et  o  n 
cigii  countries,  and  tlie  cstablislinicnt  of  factories  mid  agencies  connected  tlicrcwitli,  and  I 
•rod  considerable  expense.  This  contract  lias  been  cancelled  and  thus  all  inattera  coimectei 
linoss  revert  to  tills  company. 

iiisideration  of  the  above  contracts  your  Dircctora  liavc  caused  to  bo  issued  to  the  various 
'oiity-foiir  thousand  (2 1,000)  simres  of  stock  out  of  tlie  ineroaso  of  capital,  and  liave  ret 
sixteen  tlioiisand  (10,000)  simres  in  tiic  treasury. 

rtlior  contiact  lias  been  made  between  tiic  Edison  Piionograpii  Tov  Ma  f  ct  i  g  Com 
Edison,  by  which  tli/eiitirc  ninnufnctiiro  of  dolls  for  tiio  trade  of  tlie  world  is  now  under  JIi 
porvisioii,  and  in  accordaiico  witii  which  the  talking  iiicckanisins  are  fiirnislicd  to  tiiis  com 

idisoii  lias  built  and  equipped  a  factory  now  capable  of  turning  out  live  liiiiidrcd  (.nOO) 
ilianisms  per  day,  suitable  to  be  placed  in  dolls,  and  tins  factory  is  in  operation.  Tliese  fac 
ixteiided  up  to  a  capacity  of  tlireo  thousand  per  day. 

ompany  1ms  secured  the  services  of  Edgar  S.  Allien,  a  gontleinan  tlioroiiglily  conversant  wit 
tills  country  and  Europe,  and  Mr.  Allien  is  now  in  Europe  piirchnsiiig  dolls  suitable  to  cc 

ompany  lias  fiirtlicr  made  contracts  with  responsible  selling  agents  in  France,  South  America 
lilic  Const  of  the  United  States  by  wliicli  tlicso  agents  agree  to  piircliasc  of  tlie  company  on  a 
iiindrod  ttioiisaiid  dolls  per  year  for  a  period  of  live  years. 

intended  to  establish  agencies  in  tlie  various  otiicr’forcigii  countries  as  rapidly  as  practical 
ado  is  to  be  supplied  directly  by  tlie  company  throiigli  its  general  inniingcr. 
tlic  expeotiition  of  tlie  company  to  deliver  complete  talking  dolls,  in  qiiiintitics,  to  the  dome 
ioiiiing  holidays. 

I  your  Directors  regret  the  delay  necessitated  by  the  making  of  tliese  contracts  and  by  the  cl 
ir  umnufactnrei  they  feci  that  the  franchises  and  facilities  thus  acquired,  together  .with  the 
lady  owned,  the  strong  ilnniicial  condition  of  the  company,  and  the  large  number  of  orders 
msincss  outlook  exceedingly  promising. 

Very  respectfully, 


E.  M.  FIELD,  I  Oi 


W.  W.  JACQUES,  ) 

l^eW  Cipglai^d  fRutual  Isife  Ii7sur8)t7ce  Co. 

c^-  iCw<^  5 


^  ■yis.a 



Portland,  Maine,  Sept  27,  1889. 

<^a  |I|(  Siochljoltitn  at  ll|e 

Sttisou  grtono0VJH)It  goa  ^fa.  ©o. 

Yoa  are  hereby  notified  that  the  Annual 
Meeting  of  the  Stoelcholders  of  said  corporation 
will  he  held  at  the  office  of  the  Company,  to  wit: 
the  office  of  Clarence  Male,  Mo.  89  Exchange 
Street,  Portland,  .Maine,  on  Thursday,  the  Seven¬ 
teenth  day  of  October,  1889,  at  one  o'ctoch  in  the 
afternoon,  for  the  following  purposes,  viz:— 

First: — To  elect  Directors,  and  all  otiicr  ncecssary  olllccrs. 

Sboond:  —  To  transact  any  other  business  iviiioii  may  properly  come 
before  said  meeting. 

Per  order  of  the  Directors, 


Clerh  of  said  Corporation. 

]^soi}®^Ilor}ograpl>  JVJapfg.  ^onjpapy. 


95  MILK  STREET,  -  .  Room  73. 

Boston,  (0<^  /IZ. . 1 8 

c^.  (D.  s. 


ai'tx.  cr^  yy^t>T't.t..cuf  G-.  S’ cCiZtf^ 


.a^ Ctnn>t.yC^ 

T-tje"  §te\?eQs"ff2at7SioQ 

Opetj  at  all  Ijoui-s  toFHeijolsIjips 
91  PiQckrjey  §t. 



4.™ ^ 



y  Cp^  ohn^ 

^  'p-y^^y  ‘I^t,  ^'t'y-^yf-^/'^/c,^^  4^ 
^'y-Ty'Ui^^yAyo  \^ 


Office  of  tlje  Presi&e7t. 

f?eW  C^glaipd,  mutual  iiife  Ii2isurai2ce  Co. 

^  ^/^y^-4^.  J/^ 

'X.  /.  .^4  ‘ 

/^/  ^ 

.  ■  ■ 


-c<4  G^l_ 

^^-.yCo  4 

yL<"/L^  .  r^^.)yy  J'.^Ay 


Office  of  tl2e  Presi&c^t. 

I^eW  C73I317&  mutual  liife  l^sura^ce  Co. 

[The  page  below  is  from  a  20-page  list  of  stockholders  of  the 
Edison  Phonograph  Toy  Manufacturing  Company,  dated  November  1, 
1809.  Approximately  570  stockholders,  mostly  from  the 
Massachusetts  area,  held  84,000  shares.  Edison  was  the  leading 
shareholder,  owning  14,000  shares.  In  1889  the  par  value  of  each 
share  was  10  dollars.] 


. 18  . 

To  Hon.,,,,, . 


In  compliance  with  the  Statutes  of  the  State  of  Maine,  the 

of  the 

makes  the  following  return  of  the  names  of  all  the  Stockholders  of  .said  corporation,  their  residence 
A  ‘="ch,  and  the  whole  amount  paid  in  on  the  first  day  of  November! 

Whole  amount  of  Stock  paid  in  November  ist,  18 


44  WA.Z,I,  STICBBT, 

JiTew  Yorle,^ . . l.aS.f!,,. . 18 

A. 0. Tato,  Esq. , 

Edison*."!  Laboratory,  Orange,  N.J. 

Roforrlng  to  your  favor  of  the  30th  ult.,  when  I  wont  to 
Boston  to  arrange  the  matter  of  the  contract  for  making  Phonograph 
Dolls,  I  took  with  mo  a  movement  inside  of  a  body  so  as  to  show  the 
Phonograph  Doll  Company  exactly  vdiat  kind  of  a  body  wo  propose  to 
provide  them  with.  On  Mr. Batchelor *s  suggestion  I  told  the  Directors 
of  the  Doll  Company  not  to  consider  the  body  I  took  a  modol---the  work 
was  far  too  rough  for  us  to  put  it  in  as  such.  Mr. Batchelor  promised 
to  have  another  body  put  in  shape  and  let  mo  have  it  so  that  I  could 
file  it  with  the  Doll  Company  as  the  model  agreed  upon.  If  this  model 
has  not  been  prepared  it  should  bo  immediately,  and  I  would  like  to 
sec  it  before  it  is  sent  to  Boston  as  I  want  to  be  sure  that  it  com¬ 
plies  with  the  exact  form  of  the  doll  body  on  which  I  took  the  order 
to  go  aficad  and  manufacture. 

Yours  truly, 

'h'v-^  /L<>t,<,.-tyC^ 

''}'Xyyf~  y^ ety^-Tyj ^^■L^ty(^  ~yy~TytZZ  ~yyT-fTx ^ 

.>/<^  ^  ^  Ct^Y-  'yi-y-i^  u<L 

Oto-Z^t  /x  -''^^^”^'~7'7-'T-4-<;>^^  y€yt<^ 


'yy~LyCZ> yty^yC.  tS 

.  (^a  -^12^7'^y^tylyv^  yZ^'^XfL  cJ'  '-'t 

'"‘^’^^yj-.^Y  Cy^  ^"^TTyL .  ^cCiy^^'y-i'^  'yiy~i'‘~Y'\^iyC. 

yZyCytyt,  ‘^^■i'tyCyty  yi-  yiy-l'^C 

'yt^  ~ZZlc  yCy^yJ^^/C  yZK^/~  -7^  ’yy-Tn^^yZ 

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]^son®^l>orjoaraplj  ]V[apfg. 

...  OFFICE  OF  1 



Boston,. . 

C^.  Q^.  y  (xy/.. 

■O -t..Ccv 


(i  )  uy/a^^  ^  j^xpt.  .yA^yiXt.yu>^^  a  ^o 

Ccyt^,  A  /^. 

A  ,  '^TraaVt^^.ret^ 




le  SOth.  October  1889. 

Dear  Sir  ;  I  learn  that  you  are  placing  doll  contracts  in  Paris 

and  intend  to  place  them  on  the  market  here  very  soon. 

I  desire  to  notify  you  tliat  I  shall  contest  your  rig^ 

to  nequi-re-  the  contract  you  made  with  me  and  which  you  never  gave  me 

the  doll  promised  in  accordance  with  our  verbal  understanding  so  as 

to  be  able  to  carry  out  tlie  contract.  I  have  previously  notified  you 

by  letter  that  I  was  ready  to  carry  out  the  terms  of  the  contract  if 

you  would  send  me  a  doll  as  promised.  I  also  have  Mr.  Briggs'  letter 

explaining  the  delay  in  sending  the  dolls. 

I  have  placed  the  ease  in  the  liands  of  John  Dos  Passos 

Mills  Building,  N.Y.  City  and  refer  you  to  him  for  the  course  you  decide 

to  take  in  the  matter.  I  did  not  seek  you  business  and  shall  use  Svir' 

eveiy  means  in  niy  power  both  liere  &  in  New  York  to  resist  the  attempt 

to  ignore  the  understanding  made  with  me. 

-Yours  truly- 

( Signed)  T.  C.  Crawford. 





Boston,  Nov,  nth,  18S9,.' 

T,'  0,'  Cravford,  Esq,, 

Neuill  y  -  aur  -  Seine  , 

Dear  Sir:- 

Your  favor  of  30th  ult,  is  at  hand.  Before  it  was 
received  tlie  enolosod  letter  had  been  written,  and  v^as  about  to 
be  nailed,'  You  vfill  see  that  it  was  qT;(£.te  rinnecessary  to  brii®  a 
lawyer  into  the  business,  but  as  you  have  done  so  a  oo'py  of  the 
enolo  sea  has  been  sent  to  him, 

V/hat  you  have  learned  about  the  Oompany’s  plaeirg  doll  oon- 
traots  in  Paris,  and  its  intentions  in  regard  to  placing  than  on 
the  narket  there,  has  no  f  oundation  in  ihct,-  Somebody  has  in5)osed 
upon  you,  as  it  was  only  on  Saturday  last  that  wo  received  a  wor¬ 
king  model  from  Mr,  Edison,-  V/e  shall  be  pleased  to  ^ow  models 
to  anyone  in  Nevf  York,  that  yoi  may  nano,  if  it  v/iU  feoilitate 
bu  sin®ss. 

Yours  very  truly, 

Daniel  Weld, 

Secret  ary,- 




0  P  Y.' 

Mi-W  T.' 


Boston,  Nov.  9tTh,  1889. 



Dear  Sir:- 

-  Referring  to  the  contract  bet7/0!m  yoa  and  this  Compaa^, 
dated  Deo.,  28th,  1883,  the  Company  Tinderstands  that  said  contract 
has  beai  forfeited  by  you  on  account  of  your  ihilure  to  deposit 
the  bonds  the'roin  called  for. 

Under  the  circumstances,  however,  the  Company  will  not  insist 
upon  its  right  to  claim  such  forfeitur®  nov/,  but  will  give  you  the 
option  to  cancel  the  contract  or  go  on  it  aocordi:®  to  its 
terms,  such  option  to  be  cotrmunioatea  to  tho  Company  on  or  before 
Dec*' 31st,  1389. 

Should  ycM  decide  to  go  on  please  deposit  at  once  upon  such 
decision  satisfactory  bonds  according  to  the  provisions  of  said 
oontraot,  aia  itimediately  upon  receipt  thereof,  tho  Conpany  will 
forv/ard  you  models  of  dolls,  and  upon  due  compliance  by  you  with 
said  contract,  the  Ccmpansr  is  ready  to  carry  out  the  same  acoordinK 
to  the  torne  thereof.  ° 

But  it  must  be  undearstood,  that  unless  such  bonds  are  filed 
with  the  Company  on  or  before  Dec.  31st,  1889,  the  Oonpany  will 
claim  and  enforce  any  and  all  rights  of  forfeiture  it  may  lave:, 
pettier  now  existing  or  hereafter  arising,  and  it  dsieB  not  by  this 
letter  waive  any  such  present  ri^ts  unless  the  teims  hereof  and 
of  said  contract  bo  strictly  complied  with,  aid  in  no  event  does 
It  waive  any  rigtots  arising  out  olf  any  future  breach  or  failure  on 
your  part. 

Yours  very  truly. 


Daniel  Wold, 


}^soT}®^I^oi)ograpl{  ’Xoy  ]V|apt2.  (Jonjpapy. 

//'  ^ 

Boston,  ..s^>^c..J/..:zz:^ . i 

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}i^son®^I^oi)ogpapI)  'X^r  ]V[apfjg.  gonjpapy. 


Boston,  /^Lex'r, . . 1 8 

CP-  ScClP-^ti^ 



jyr^t^  CyP<^,  ^ 

from  Mr.  A.  Guldmann,  Nurnberg,  Bavaria,  Germany  ^vhich  will  explain 
itself,  Mr,  Guldmann(to  whom  I  had  a  letter  of  introduction  khen  mak¬ 
ing  the  trip  in  the  interest  of  the  Doll  Phonographs )vras  veiy  obligii® 
and  kind  to  me,  and  did  a  great  deal  towards  furthering  the  interests 
of  the  Doll  and  in  securing  information,  and  getting  the  addresses  of 
Manufacturers  for  me  to  visit. 

The  request  he  makes  for  the  Doll  is  a  vei^'  natural  one  on 
his  part,  and  I  hope  you  will  be  able  to  arrange  it  with  the  Boston 
Doll. Phonograph  Co,  so  that  one  can  be  sent  to  him.  He,  as  you  will 
notice ,  is  willing  to  pay  whatever  price  is  made ,  and  he  can  well  af- 
ford  to^as  he  is  a  very  wealti^y  man. 

Hoping  that  you  will  give  this  ^ur  personal  attention, and 
accomodate  him  if  possible,  1  am  - 

^  Y^r^^sinjb^^^y,  /fi  ^  J  L  f) 



'^h$  M\iaxnhxk». 

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^J—  O-x^  i 



A. 0. Tate,  Esq. 

Private  Secretary. 


Dear  Sir: 

Replying  to  your  valued  favor  of  the  30th  uit.,  just 
received  this  morning,  I  beg  to  say  that  I  have  in  my  possession 
one  Certificate  of  Stock  in  the  Edison  Phonograph  Toy  Manufacturing 
Company,  made  out  in  the  name  of  Thomas  A.Edison,  and  not  endorsed 
by  him,  the  said  Certificate  being  No.  A  1459,  14,000  shares,  of  tht 
face  value  of  $140,000,  and  dated  August  8,  IS89.  This  Certifi¬ 
cate  not  being  endorsed,  it  is  of  cours.e  not  transferable. 

I  have  also  in  my  possession  three  agreements,  dated 
August  6,  1889,  as  follows; 

One  between  the  E.-P.T.M'f 'g.  .Co.  .atid„Thoma3  .A.Edison. 

One  betweeh  the  EP.Co.  ahd  the  E.P.T.M’f 'g.  Co. 

One  between  Thomas  A.Edison  and  the  E;P.T.M’,f 'g.  Co. 

Hoping  you  will  find  the  above  sa-tisfaqtoryj  i  remain 
Very  twiiy  yours,  l^,. 

XkJfilsS  ■  '  I 

TBB  TOESBEBBr  uBioij  -janVECBja^a 

THE  WESTJEHEt^  glggoag  ’gSlaESRAPH  OOMP.&M'ira 

T.  A,  Edison  Esq. 
Dear  Sir:- 

( equiTAsu  Bui  lding) 

yijcw  5th.  .iSfiO . 


E.P.T.tifg.  Co.  By  requa*^  of  Mr.  TateT"”" 

I  hand  you  enclosed  herei7ith  Certificate  of  stock  in  this  Com¬ 
ply  NO.A1459  14,000  shares.made  out  ih  your  na^e.aM  iLenLrsed. 
Please  acknowledge  receipt  of  some,  and  oblige, 

Very  truly  yours, 


TOY  |VIFG,  eO„ 

1^0.  138  FIFTH  yWENUE, 





TOY  |\4FG,  60,/ 



December  14th,  i889. 

Mr.  English, 

Mana^r  The  Edison  phonograph  T/orks , 
Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

It  is  necessary  that  Mr.  D.M. Yeomans,  our  foreign  repre¬ 
sentative,  should  tate  over  with  him  to  Europe  on  Tuesday,  a  talk¬ 
ing  machine  complete  with  motor  (without  battery)  and  at  least 
fifty  (50)  blank  .rings  ready  to  be  talked  on.  Will  you  kindly 

have  it  ready  so  that  I  can  ship  it  to  this  office  when  I  come- 
over  on  Monday.  Yc-ur  kind  attention  will  greatly  oblige 
Yours  very  truly. 

T<^(  uai 



TOY  HFG.  eo:, 

J^O.  138  FIFTH  yWENUE, 

De  0  anb  er  17  th,  1889 . 

Charles  Batchelor,  Esq., 

Edison  Laboratory,  Orange,  N.J. 

My  dear  Mr.  Batchelor; - 

Business  of  importance  Avill  prevent  my  coming  out  to  the 
works  today.  i  wrote  to  the  conpany  last  evening  giving  the 
result  of  our  interview  yesterday  and  informing  them  that  they 
could  have  Implicit  trust  in  your  revising  the  cost,  also  stated 
that  Mr.  Edison  would  make  a  formal  reply  to  Mr.  Stevens'  letter 
giving  a  more  definite  idea  of  what  the  advanced  cost  vfould  be. 

If  Mr.  Edison  has  returned,  will  you  kindly  hand  the  bearer  his 
answer  so  that  I  may  become  acquainted  with  its  contents,  and  I 
will  at  once  forwani  it  to  the  company. 

Yours  very  tmly. 

<y5-t-^.  i<3. 

catt^  <aL-'2S!virf . 

^  • 

—  -  ' 

.y^€-t.t/''^o-r^'i-y  Ct^ 

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0  Is2i-2!Z1 

^  e.  3  >~f 



TOY  |VIFQ,  80., 

1^0.  138  FIFTH  yWENUE, 

2  2-  )’3 

3  - 

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1889.  Telegraph  -  General  (D-89-65) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  relating  to  automatic  telegraphy  and 
other  telegraph  matters. 

Approximately  30  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  meeting 
announcements  for  the  boards  of  trustees  and  stockholders  of  the  Consolidated 
Railway  Telegraph  Co.  and  the  Consolidated  International  Railway  Telegraph 


'(JL-o^  e.rxr.->--  ^ 


<r^  eU.~j£jL. 

;  “ygiKaUjiLtu.  eLo->-^^  o-*^  Cw  /6.^*5^c— 

^  (Xa-j^.^  *o  ^-e-  ZLc^^^aJ'  Co-c.-<-^ 
<i_  ^,o-^.-.-'^«-o-~  jC-m-4-,  wcA^  ,c«-d>tia,  jlLsi. 

.  U-  /<x^ _ 4-  ^ 


^  i_r 


./»_  4—^  ^ 

^Oj  ?-->t 

-  ^  i 


No.  16  Broad  St.,  Room  72. 

&<m(, . 

a,  I 

rT\  /  /  ^ ' 

^  ii^ 

A\ltCii.ct  ^^6t~  ^ 

(lltTur  ^o(H-t(.dr~  ^L<z<UZi^^  ^  ^'^<-(~  P  '{iaut.,nxA/(f^ 

Ccyy,  (fr(  c4  e/' 

Mk  A.u-rctM  9>-<CcCofTorncit  <2opMj  ^  4lr7ir 

^  ^  MTZl,  ./h .  d.f~~/^in.K 

‘^j  tt/^tce/L  i(^L(r~<^  5>^y/\.c  rc  ^  yiHt^  P  L\Si_  ^  <  f  tTlC- 

‘=^—-^Y'^dO  idcAt^  2^'-’  '^'^r{y/t,  Pnnr((^ 

P^lP  £'TC<-OA’L(_(r\KJ  '^  - 

^Asu  ~~^.  fd<n.v\x.,  Oi/-rWLJ,  ,  j 


V  ■  'L-^.  l-C^ 


'  1  ^ .  '  . .  / 

-  ■  .  ■  ,  'd-Lct  T 

1889.  Telegraph  -  Phonoplex  (D-89-66) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  pertaining  to 
the  Edison  Phonoplex  System  of  Telegraphy.  Most  of  the  documents  relate  to 
the  installation  of  phonoplex  circuits  on  various  American  and  Canadian 
railroads.  Some  of  the  items  deal  with  the  problem  of  finding  suitable 
batteries,  condensers,  and  other  components.  There  are  also  documents 
regarding  the  phonoplex  in  Germany.  Much  of  the  correspondence  is  by  W.S. 
Logue,  field  agent  for  the  phonoplex  system.  Most  of  Logue’s  letters  are 
addressed  to  Edison’s  secretary,  Alfred  O.  Tate.  Tate  served  as  the  company’s 
electrician  and  oversaw  its  daily  business  operations.  Edison  himself  was  only 
tangentially  involved  in  phonoplex  operations,  and  veiy  few  letters  to  or  from 
him  can  be  found  in  this  folder. 

Approximately  10  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The  case 
study  approach  begun  in  1887  continues  for  the  Pennsylvania  Railroad; 
substantive  items  relating  to  the  operations  of  the  phonoplex  on  that  railroad 
have  been  selected.  In  addition,  the  following  categories  of  documents  have 
been  filmed:  documents  indicating  Edison’s  own  involvement  in  the  phonoplex; 
documents  regarding  the  acquisition  of  phonoplex  instruments  by  the  German 
Imperial  Postal  Museum;  correspondence  from  Charles  Selden  of  the 
Baltimore  and  Ohio  Telegraph  Co.  regarding  a  special  discount  for  his 
company’s  use  of  the  phonoplex;  and  an  undated  summary  statement  issued 
by  the  Edison  Phonoplex  System. 

The  following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  most 
documents  dealing  with  phonoplex  operations  on  other  railroads;  testimonials 
solicited  by  Tate  in  late  May;  correspondence  regarding  the  exhibition  of 
phonoplex  equipment  at  the  annual  meeting  of  the  Railway  Telegraph 
Superintendents’  Association;  routine  inquiries  from  railroad  companies; 
Logue’s  accounts  and  personal  correspondence. 

Related  material  can  be  found  in  D-89-01  (Batteiy)  and  D-89-02 
(Bergmann  &  Company). 

Yow  attention  is  invited  to  the  follov/ing  extract  (trans¬ 

lation)  from  a  letter  addressed  to  this  Department  by  the  Postal  Ad¬ 
ministration  of  Germany, viz 

"It  is  intended  to  establish  in  the  .Imperial  Postal  Museum 
a  Division  for  Telegraph-Apparatus  by  v/hich.ifi.s  possible  to  send 
messages  in  both- direct  ions  over  a  single  wire#  To  This  class  of 
apparatus  belongs  the  Phonoplex  System  of  Edison, referred' to  in  the 
•Scientific  American'  for  March  24, 1888, No.  12, pages  180  and  181i 

."As. it  is  important  to  knov/' whether  it  is  desirable  to  buy 
such  an  apparatus.,  the  German  Office  desires  the  opinions  of  Otompe- 
tent  persons, relative  to  the  scientific  and  practical  value  of  the 
apparatus ;and  if  these  opinions  are  favorable, to  be  informed  of  the 
price  of  such- an  apparatus,  together  v/ith  fiill  •  information  regarding 

The  Postmaster  General  would  thank  you  to  furnish  him 
with  full  information  respecting  the  apparatus  referred  to, for 
transmission  to  the  German  Offiee^in  compliance  with  its  request. 

1  am, very  respectfully. 

Your  obedient  servant. 

Superintendent  Foreign  Mails.  ■ 

Mr.  t;a;  Edison, 


Nev/  Jersey. 

Tn  a  letter  of  Movenicer  10t!i  1H8;),  Mr.  Gilliland  wrote, 
stating  th»t  the  rate  of  Twenty  Doilare  per  year  perset, would  be 
the  figure  for  the  Phonoplex.  He  states  that  he  writes  in  reply 
to  lay  letter  of  the  ,  to  Mr.  Rdison. 

T  well  remember  that  we  were,  the  first  people  to  take  up  the 
Phonoplexand  geve  facilities  for  the  testing  of  it,  and  that  there 
v/as'  an  agreement  enterred  into  between  Mr.  Rdison  .and  the  Oompany 
for  the  public,  anci  another  agreement  in  v/hich  the  rate  was  very 
much  reduced,  in  fact,  cut  in  two. 

T  write  to  ask,  whether  or  not  it  is  the  intention  to  stand 
by  this  agreement  and  give  our  Company  the  benefit  of  the  reduction 

Gen'l  Sup't  T 

nnder  that  arrangement  such  a  circuit  as  ,.e  have  between 

Baltimore  and  ^ashinpton,  for  instance  wonin  v. 

instance,  would  have  cost  a  royalty 

or  o„J,  .40,00  .. 

r  do  not  wish  to  hs  consiOor.d  ootins  .nbitn.rllj  « 

and  T  am  sure  you  do  not,  but  in  my  position  the  only 

thinf?  for  me  to  do  is  to  fnko  ■ 

to  take  copnisance  of  the  correspondence  an 

agreement  such  as  T  understand  to  have  been  . 

Tio  nave  been  made  between  the  two 

companies,  and  under  which  +  * 

hich  ,  instriments  were  put  in  service  and 

3  A  .  0.  T. 

when  we  can  build  sinpie  lines  for  lees  money  than  the  rates  charp- 
ed.  Besides  that  T  think  that  Mr.  Rdison  reeopninas,  as  we  did 
at  the  time,  that  our  road  was  entitled  to  the  minimum  price  in 
view  Of  the  fact  that  took  the  sub.lect  up  at  an  early  date  and 
in  every  way 'that  we  could  assisted  the  oonpany  when  it  was  just 
St  art  in  p  out. 

/ . 

Personally,  T  did  a  pood  deal  in  that  direction  and  have  al¬ 
ways,  said  a  pood  word  for  it. 

Yours"  truly,' 




xQe>  ' 


-  ..^  yyty*^  -^i6^.-<t' 




i  S^  c^  yitt:6r 



.Me  1 

I  c,^Mr ^ <)w,^ .at — -^.u^ 

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MtM  cy JV 

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.  .-l,,^.LA£.  . 

/2y.e.-x^  . 


“  ^  ^  <z^^  . 


^^A-r->-<  ZA/i/C  . 


^  ; 


>4-  ^ 

>%Z^  C/V_^fl2-J?_-  CJ^'>T_je_  CjzJZJZ. 

d^  IzAi^JdCi^  pAz^ 

<zr~tw^  z^  TTirirAZ  /3^  //S^  .L, 


t^  ^c^vd'-'Z:^  ZZZ7  <• 

»-t7  ZZz 

lC,^-^  yZ-jz^  yz^zy^^ 

yZf  oZZcZ  y^..-^y.^dcz-^>---^--<, 

'T-ruc — ■  Z/yZ"  /Zz  «?^c-W2=l^4^v-b? 

yZZrX-^  _ _ ‘'PT..X>—!z'''t-^_ 

yKjy— .-r~znd-=^?^  L^ 

'2?'i>'?r^~*-'z\-  V  C^  y.^^-  yyS^  (jZ.eryyyZ'  tzCc-ZZZi.'^ 

^r-  7^ 

.y'^jZ  '^^ZCc^>y..t/yiZu>c.  (ytrZC^ 

Referring  to  your  reply, under  date  of  the  2Srd, of  January 
last, to  my  letter  No.  84  396, of  the  16th. of  the  same  month, enclosing 
a  desoriptiTO.  pamphlet  and  other  documents  relative  to  your'iPhono- 
“plex  System  of  Telegraphy "for  the  information  of  the  Postal  Admin¬ 
istration  of  Germany :and  stating  that  it  vfould  give  you  pleasure 
to  present  to  the  German  Administration  a  complete  equipment  for 
t¥;o  phonoplex  terminal  stations, for  exliibition  in  the  Imperial 
Postal  Museum  in  Berlin;!  have  to  inform  you  that  the  tenor  of  your 
commiuiication  and  the  documents  referred  to  v/ere  promptly  trans¬ 
mitted  to  the  German  Office.  ' 

A  communication  has  now  been  received  from  the  German 
Office  dated  the  29'th .ultimo, to  the  following  extract (translation) 
from  which  your  attention  is  invited, viz 

"The  Imperial  German  Post  Office, has  the  honor  to  aoknov/- 
ledge  the  receipt  of  letter  of  the  Post  Office  Department  of  Janu¬ 
ary  28th.  1889, and  to  express  its  thanks  for  the  aid  given  in  ac¬ 
quiring  the  Edison  Phonoplex  Telegraph  apparatus  for  the  Imperial 
Postal  Museum. 

"It  is,  a  special  satisfaction  .to  the  Imperial  Geman  Post 
Office  to  learn  that  Mr.  Edison  has  declared  himself  vfilling  to  pre¬ 
sent  to  the  Imperial  German  Postal  Museum  a  complete  apparatus  for  '' 
telegraphic  communication  between  two  terminal  stations. 

"The  Imperial  German  Post  Office  would  request  the  Post 
Office  Department  to  express  its, thanks  to  Mr.  Edison, and, in  recog¬ 
nition  of  his  kindness, to  transmit  to  him  the  Books<!:o,¥/hich  are 
this  day  forwarded  in  3  separate  packages, addressed  to  the  Post 
Office  Department^  The 

Mr  T.A.Edison, 

.'c,  >New  Jersey. 

"The  Imperial  German  Post  Office  will  be  still 
ed  to  the  Post  Office  Department  if  it  will  receive  the 
from  Mr.  Edison, and.  forward  it  to  Berlin." 

more  oblig- 

The  three  packages  referred  to  in  the  foregoing  extract 
are  said  to  contain  the  following  articles, viz 

^  "1.  Photograph  of  Burgers  Water-color  painting 'Union  of 
Posts  and  Telegraphs,' 

^  2,  Postal  Guide, 

^  3.  Imperial  German  Postal  Territory  1878;2  volumes. 

^  4,  Report  of  the  Administration  of  German  Posts  and  Tele- 
'  graphs i 

^  5,  Statistics  of  German  Posts  and  Telegraphs, 

^  e;  Pamphlet 'History  and  Developement  of  the  Telephone. 

1880.  ’ 

^  V.  Experimenta  Nova{ut  vacantur)Magdeburgica, by^,^^^,^yon 
^  a.  The  Book  of  the  World's  Post. 

^9.  Pfau's  Portfolio  of  Photographs  of  post  office  build¬ 
ings.  " 

They  are  now  in  the  custody  of  the  postmaster  at  New  York 
wh(^if  you  so  desire, v/ill  be  instructed  to  forward  them  to  you 
direct, at  Orange, New  Jersey. 

If  you  will  forward  to  this  Office, securely  packed, the 
phoHoplex  apparatus  for  the  Imperial  Museum^it  will  give  the  Post¬ 
master  General  pleasure  to  cause  it  to  be  transmitted  to  Berlin 
in  compliance  with  the.  'request  of  the  German  Office. 

I  am, very  respectfully. 

Your  obedient  serveint, 

SuperintB  ndent  Poreign  -Mails. 

£1  >'  " 

/.  A  ,^K  '{y-/^ 

j  i  -mewirm  jKLiumm. 

^  April  2pth,l889. 

I  have  to  acknov/ledne  the  receipt  of  your  reply,  under  yes¬ 
terday's  date^to  my  letter  of  the  SOth.ultimo.No.  85  295, in  which 
you  advise  this  Department  that  you  are  preparing  the  Phonoplex 
Telegraph  Apparatus  which  you  intend  to  present  to  the  Qennan  Post 
al  Administration  for  exhibition  in  the  Imperial  Postal  Museum  in 
Berlin, and  that  you  will  fonvard  it  to  this  Department  as  soon  as 
it  is  ready,  for  transmission  to  Geni.any;and  also  requesting  that 
the  packages  presented  to  you  by  the  Geman  Office  may  be  forwarded 
to  you  at  Orange, New  Jersey. 

In  reply, I  have  to  inform  you  that  the (3}paokages  in 
question, in  the  original  wrappers.have  been  transmitted  to  you  by 
today's  mail, registerec^, under  covers  addressed  to  Professor  Thomas  A. 
Edison, Orange, Essex  County, New  Jersey. 

I  am, very  respectfully. 

Your  obedient  servant. 

Superintendent  Poreign  Mails. , 

Professor  Thomas  AiEdison, 


Nev/  Jersey 



rl^€7yiaJ  cJ^ 



X^  ■  XdddL^ 

^  ^ 

^ o/  C^L-^  <=^ 


-  ^ ^.AeJZ^  ^/U  .,/62e.2^^ 




Referring  to  your  letter  of  the  3ra» instant -1  have  to 
acknowledge  the  receipt  of  a  box  and  barrel  containing  the"Phono- 
-Plex  Material "therein  referred  to, which, together  with  the  apparatus 
previously  forwarded, and  the  receipt  of  which  was' acknowledged  by 
my  letter  No.  86  156, of  the  1st  instant,  "constitutes  a  complete 
"equipment  of  Phonoplex  Apparatus  for  establishing  telegraphic 
coimiunication  between  two  terminal  Stations." 

The  complete  apparatus  will  be  transmitted  -  per  the 
North  German  Lloyd  Steamer "ELBE", to  sail  from  New  York  on  Saturday 
next, the  8th,  instant  -  to  the  Director  General  of  Posts  in  Berlin  , 
Germany, for  exhibition  in  the  Imperial  Postal  Museum  in  Berlin. 

I  am, very  respectfully. 

Your  obedient  servant. 

Acting  Superintendent  foreign  Mails. 

Mr.  Thomas  A. Edison, 

■  Orange, 

Essex  County, 

Nev/  Jersey. 



June  18, 

Aa  0<  Tate,  Ksq., 

Private  Secretary  of  Thomas  A.Edlson, 

Orange ,  N. 


Deal'  Slr:- 


Re  B.  &  0.  R.R.  license^^dm  Phonoplex  Patents.  Replying 
to  your  esteemed  ihvor  of  yesterday,  with  enclosures,  I  be^  to. 
say  that  I  have  altered  the  form  of  agreement  v^hich  you  sent  me 

as  follows,  and  return  it  herev/ith: 

(1).  Change  of  name,  etc.,  at  top  of  p^ e  1. 
t2).  I  suggest  that  the  entire  third  section  be  omitted, 
and  tlTat  the  folio v^ing  be  inserted  in  its  place: 

"THIRfii  The  party  of  the  first  part  hereby  coven¬ 
ants  and  agrees  to  pay  the  party  of  the  second  t&m/j  the 
following  royalty  for  each  and  every  (complete?)  set 
of  phonoplex  Instruments  covered  by  said  inventions  of 
the  party  of  the  second  part,  or  any  of  than,  used  on  >  ■ 
their  lines,  to  wit,  a  royalty  of  twenty  dollars  ($20). 
per  annum. 

■The  aforesaid  roiralty  sjiall  begin  as  regards  each 
of  the  said  sets,  v/hen  the  same  is  established  ready  for 
use,  due  written  notice  whereof  shall  be  promptly  given 
by  the  party  of  the  first  part  to  thq  party  of  the  second 
part.  But  should  the  party  of  the  first  part  at  any 
time  cease  to  use  any  of  the  sqid  sets  and  remoye  the 
same,  they  shall  giye  written  potico  thereof  to  the 
party  of  the  second  part,  and  upon  the  said  removal 
having  been  made,  and  the  said  notice  having  been  re¬ 
ceived  by  him,  the  royalty  on  each  and  every- set  thus 

A>D.T.2.  •  • 

removed  and  notl(Kd,  shall  cease  as  of  the  date  of  his 

heceipl  of  such  notice.* 

Should  the  word  "complete"  be  Inserted  neat’  the  bfegltining 
ofthe  aboye  ?  A'ro  my  pi'ovisiohs  about  notice  beihg  given,  too 
onerous  ? 

X3,)  I  liave  changed  a  few  words  In  the  fifth  line  of 
the  Iburth  section. 

(4.)  If -the  foregoing  changes  pjeot  your*  apprpval,  or 
if  you  have  any  further  ohangea  to  suggest,  ?  will  make  clean  Cop¬ 
ies  of  the  said  agie  ament  for  execution,  if  you  will  return  me  the 
bncld^ed  Biahk  hgheements. 

i5>  )  I  retura  enClosiires  as  follows;  Slat&  agreement, 
letter  from  you  to  Mr.  Selden-,.  dated,  March  28,  1889,  and  Mr. 
Selden's  reply  dated  April  15^  1889. 

Awaiting  your  further  instructions,  I  remain. 

t3  enclosures). 


^  ^J^K^^^rCkA-eu^  Sx^l^i'dL^  G- 

/!k<^p  •'  /:? 

,  /s~-''^,A^yV\^ - o  »2/c5  ^/^(jC^ 

;  ^ C(/^  -^^^CAyi/s/  ^^4AyZAyu\^ 

\  '"^ivu-nr  Cf^J  d'^/'iayyyAij^L^. 

^^AASAj,^,f^^^XA^  -^dv-T  (^<^/Ay(f^AAyCl 

yp^-'(Ky^Al~^  OiAyAyy-A/GjJ^  -^2l^*Mx3  yt>L^>n\J-  ^ Ci/-^  ^ 

(j  ^~Ay\f  ^  C{/~''&-‘~vyy  ^Ao 

'^^KJ:iaJj^  .AaJ^xaa^ 

'^^ydA/lAytO^  Ci'^'y'(UyiXj^  ^ 

,.(j  .  (TnAAiJ/ 

/  //^,  (4'  <r;2/ 

'^f?liL'dK^  y  ..y^k^  U,yCciyiA-4jt/y.^y^  ^^AA.AA  (?M3> 

■kk  jOkuryki/^  ^  V  U  ' 

<^-  /  A 


'IkZAA^  /  ^(/  ^lUc^^yL.  ^ 

^ilc/y'U'i^  •  /i^c-c_ 

a^uy^  <s2r 

Az-iUTi^C  y^lr^  .  yi^  „  i^A-2^ — 




Referring  to  my  letter  of  the'  5th, ultimo, No.  86  204,  in 
reply  to  your  letters  of  the  30th, of  May  and  8rd»of  June,last;I 
have  to  inform  you  that  the  German  Office  has  advised  this  Depart¬ 
ment, under  date  of  the  26th.ultimo,tliat  the  Phonoplex  Telegraphic 
Apparatus  which  you  presented  t^/the  Imperial  German  Postal  Museum 
I  safely  reached  Berlin,- 

/am, very  respectfully. 

Your  obedient  servant. 

Acting  Superintendent  Foreign  Mails. 

Prof essoy  Thomas  AiE&ison, 

New  Jersey. 



— July_as.tll,.. 

Thomas  A.  Edison  Esq«, 

Dear  Sir: 

■  .  License  to  the  Baltimore  &  Ohio  R. R,  Go. 

under  your  Phonoplex  patents.  1  beg  to  return  hereSith  an  5Se 
papers  heretofore  received  from  Mr.  T ate, includi^  S  letter  Jo  him 
Of  Jme  12.1889.  I  note  that  Mr.  Tate  has  pre^i^^ll  aLLmJnb 
typewitWpursuant  with''the  suggest-^ 
ions  made  in  my  said  letter.  Mr.  ^at^  asks  if  the  papers  which  he 
has  thus  prepared  are  in  proper  shape  for  you  to  sigL  In  replv 
I  beg  to  say  thatthey  are.  l  accordingly  suugeJt  S 

^  have^arked  on  the  back  with  red  lead 

B.  &  0.  R.R.  Co.  be  exeCited  by  that  Company,  one  copy  of  the 
Z  to  be  retaLS’by  th^Lm^a^^f 

back  to  you  for  your  files.afterbe- 
mi  Jfthe  Jlr  i  V  ^  ^“-ther  suggest  teat  you  . 

back  in 

Hoping  this  will  be  satisfactory,!  remainv 
Very  truly  yours, 

B.  Eaton. 

P.  S.  As  I  will  be  out  when  this  letter  is 
accept  my  printed  signature. 

typewrit ten, pi ease 


.  /-^  TlO^^trY? c  '  ^  ..  ^ 

,  v.^  ^Jh;^  ^  Ja^ 


I  ^  //^  O^ /2^  /.f /’f. 

■liM^  yOjL^y,  l/-  ^ £2ty><-^  J- 

I  A) /y(^yOr-  yCt'Viy^-y/  ^  /^‘-C-'?^ . 

^^jt|;t'>-^^J''7<^^2.-<^  ^  <7^  --  /yiL.,-ty^^  ^<^i:id-'?2<^  /i-'^y^  ■ 

^-MytMyp  ,  i^7>p^  ^ 

.4*^'  ^^2-^  /<2^  ^ 

'  /l^uyz^  ^  ^ 

^  A  "yAoyo'v^  _ 

■  lI^ 

htAd  ytrAi^^  ydy..,6..iy'/(yn.'C^ 

yA^'i^U^  A  O'.'^-^y)  .~c^  Ca 

"S-  yA-t/.,c^  ''?'i^'2f^  '^-<a,4-Y' 

^  ^U-CyCX. 


:  >c/-  cKjr^?;^,  ^  \  ! 

I  _ _ _  A^^df 

\  — 'SP  — ■*-« — y^di^  .0^  &^tc,<^ 

/■Ytr\y^p-^*-'  (jt/-^.^  CZ^s’Ux — (oa—O  . — 2^^^ 

,/K/^''(^Sc-'/!^'^^--^^5WJ  ,,  <tu-^d^iyi^.'/-c/^  ^jy-d—  ■p'-7(,^r\JZ-c,<^^  / 

^iCr^yrSU-y^^^  /y\d>  Jy(^^yyp. 


yyyL^^y^  idiyA'  ^^^Uy^y~y~y^ 

z-i-ty—  /^^jgy 


lEUlNSUU,  F...P.  0.100.1  si. 


40  &  42  Wall  Stroot, 

AU£S  I6th  1889 

New  York, 

Mr,  A.  0.  Tate. 

Orange  N.  .T. 

Dear  Sir. 

.In  ooraplianoe  with  your  instructions  I  oalled  on  Mr 
J.  W,  Jones,  of  the  Postal  Telegraph  and  cable  Co,  and  arranged 
to  try  a  Phonoplex  circuit  between  New  York  and  Olean  N.  Y. 
about  miles  or  over  on  one  of  their  Quadruplex  wires. 

On  July  I8th  ,  wo  put  up  a  set  of  instiniments  in  the  N.  Y, 
office,  after  working  throe  or  four  days  trying  to  get  rid  of 
the  interference  from  the  Q,uad,  I  oalled  on  Mr  Edison  ,  and 
explained  what  we  had  tried,  he  at  once  decided  that  the  Phone 
could  not  be  worked  on  the  wire  on  account  of  the  way  the  Dynamo 
current  was  used,  there  being  two  clear  bre^s  ,  one  on  the 
long  and  one  on  the  short  end. 

We  then  decided  to  try  it  on  one  of  the  Duplex  wires  No  10  D  &  S 
I  reached  Olean  on  July  26th  but  on  account  of  wire  trotitle 
and  the  Postal  men  being  very  busy  we  did  not  get  a  test  for 
two  or  throe  days,  the  test  was  not  very  satisfactory,  the 
induction  being  terrible,  as  bad  as  it  was  on  the  N.  Y.  and 
Waterbary  circuit  on  the  3  &  0  lines.  We  tried  for  several  days 
to  overcome  this  but  found  that  v/e  could  not  do  so,  Olean 
could  just  hoar  N.  Y.  but  it  sounded  like  a  tiuz  saw  N.  Y. 
said  he  could  not  hear  a  sound  but  induction.  I  then  went  to 
Binghamton  which  is  very  near  the  centre  between  N,  Y.  and  Olean 
we  worked  fine  with  Olean  and  N.Y.  got  us  0.  K.  (  Binghamton  was 
a  terminal  )wa8  compelled  to  come  to  N.Y.  to  readjust  the  transmit* 
-ter  ,  1  then  went  to  Elmira  and  started  that  office  as  a  terminal 
(  distance  from  N.Y.  to  Elmira  by  wire  380  miles  or  over) 

The  circuit  from  Elmira  to  N.Y.  with  Binghamton  on  as  an  inter 
-  mediate  worked  very  well  still  the  induction  was  pretty  bad. 

We  turned  the  circuit  over  to  the  Postal  Oo  on  Aug  I5th.. 

I  loft  a  set  of  instuments  at  Olean  to  be  used  by  the  Postal 
Co  in  oaso  they  should  gat  short  of  wires  west  of  Binghamton. 

Both  Elmira  and  Binghamton  offices  are  arranged  to  be  worked' 
as  terminal  or  intermediate. 

Yours  truly 


7i\  ^  • 



,. . 

. . 







/g-S-'/-  09-0. 

noi):-  of  Mr.  -Tjnmtn'a  report,  ori  ’^ATTKHY  plr.cod  on 

Phonoplor.  Oirouit  of  Ponnoi'lvunia  ''.'lilroai:!. 

Tlon  of  nodn  battory  vroro  placed  on  tho  Altoona  la'.d 

Pitto’airy  Phonoplox  Oirouit  on  .Tiily  11th,  und  connonood  fa3.?.i!ii; 

.’uly  «f3tli,  'Ct;c  oryotoliaation  at  the  top  of  tho  aino  and  oa.rhou 

plateo  vrau  do  i'.”oiit  that  it  conplotoJy  fillod  the  or.tendljit; 

doVT.Y/f.rda  ahoi’.t  tvio  inchoa  or  noro.  In  raont  of  tho  jaro  the 

oryothlB  -.Yoro  co  i;.'‘ont  and  e.ttondod  dom  ao  fm-  that  tho  Jjot.tor.i  of 

the  .ainoa  'wro  apriYnj;  no  h.  dip  that  thoy  nearly  touohnd  the  <a:’. 

1  hotieod  in  that  the  insido  of  th.o  top  of  the  -^aa 

so  badly  oat'^  Miny  that  th.o  bra.nai  pin  -an  vini-blo.  I  aloe  notiood 

that  in  oovoral  of  tho  jura  th.o  oirntnla  had  entirely  clc.ood  the 

mouth  of  tho  paper  holding;  tho  coda;  in  se\'ernl  of  tT:e  pap  era  tVi-BTo 

still  rooLinod  none  aoda  that  lir.d  not  a:;  yot  diasolvod.  I  nnc’.o  an 

offp.-t  to  jot  th.o  pl.'iton  and  .tines  out  of.  one  of  the  jura  with,  th.o 

aryi!ta3,a  uttaohod,  to  aond  you,  b\i;t  fiiiled  on  account  of  t)-.e  .’•c- 

mainir.j  nine  boinj  too  heavy  and  broke  away.  ’’/o  send  you.  the 

box  used  for  th.o  ten  colla,  and  with  it  a  half  dozen  or  i:c  of  alnco 

and  plat 00.  Those  Trill  jivo  you  a  f.tir  idea  of  tho  condition  of 

tho  butterj-.  notwithatnndi-nj  th.o  yory  bad  condition  o.f  th.o  battory 

it‘  cr.vo  ola  volts  on  a  voltriotcr  y'e.nterday .  'Jonsiderablo  of  Vuc 

paper  b!\-a  had  oiitiro’.!'  dinrxpi  cured.  Tiio  natariul  for  tho  ronowol 

roachod  ua  in  jood  condition.  ;  (nijnod)  T/.  .<3.  7,  o  j  u  0. 

Altoonu,  3opt,  ;j,  Ihii'J.  I 

^Zrr<^  JUaJ^  ,y<^CfL^ 

u/ieA^  ,-J»*^6^»«?Ss, 

KAN8A8  OITV  MO  8EPT  |4-TH  |889 


•  MAKE  estimate®  ON.  YOU  WILL  PLEASE  NOTICE  THAT  AH-  OF  THEM  aHE. 










^  MR.  0.  W.  sell  OF  THE  LAKE  ERIE  4  WESTERN  HAS  TWO  Cl 
ISO  OR  160  MILES  WITH  1 5  OR  20  OFFICES. 

/  MR.  BOYD  OF  THE  I.  D.  4W.  HAS 
^  MR.  J.  L»  ORBISON  OF  THE  Ci 



40  MILES  16  OFFICES, 

D.  HAS  110  MILES  WITH  6  OR  7  OFFICES 
wants  to  see  the  system  WORK  before  he  DECIDES.* 



I/'  UR.  C.  W.  HAMMOND  OF  THE  Ml  S80UR1  , PACI  F| ,0  HAS  SEVERAL  Cl  RCU I JS  ISO  .  ^ ^ 





at  THE  WAV  IT  WORKEt,  HAS  OVRCUIT  1 27  Ml L6S  WI TH.  1 3  OFPI OEB, 

a  8.  I,  KANSAS  CITY  SEPT  1 4TH 

W0Ui;0  LIKE  TO  TRY  IT  ON  . 








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Edison  Iiaboratory. 



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„  C^-OM, . '._ . 

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. .- .  . & . (Q/m 

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I  I 

/  / 

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f  I 

1889.  West  Orange  Laboratory  -  General  (D-89-68) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence,  reports,  and  other  documents 
relating  to  the  operations  of  the  West  Orange  laboratory.  Included  is  a  list  of 
proposed  research  projects  in  Edison’s  hand.  Many  of  the  documents  are  by 
Charles  Batchelor,  superintendent  of  the  laboratory,  and  Arthur  E.  Kennelly, 
chief  electrician. 

Approximately  60  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  letters  of  transmittal 
and  acknowledgement;  routine  requests  to  conduct  tests;  routine 
correspondence  about  orders  and  shipments.  Also  not  filmed  are  monthly 
meter  readings  for  the  electrical  system  at  the  laboratory,  the  Edison 
Phonograph  Works,  and  Llewellyn  Park. 

the  Electrical  accumulator  Co., 

Are  you  using  Gilconlte  In  your  Works  for  insulating  ma¬ 
terial,  and  can  you  tell  me  anything  about  the  material  and  its 
application,  for  my  use  in  connection  with  our  business?  Any 
data  you  can  send  me  on  the  subject,  proper  to  be  sent,  v/ill  be 
.'gratefully  received. 

Yours  truly. 

Vice  Frost.  &  Gai 1,  Manager. 

Febraary  i;2,  18»9. 

Mr,  K  0  n  nelly,- 

This  ia  a  Ohromic  aoid  battery.  Oan 

Tfe  remedy  t'hia  trouble? 

. _ . . ^ _ 

W  Tji 



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•  OS' 


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1  1  y. 

Peb.  21, 


»  arrangement 

MOAixister  was 

trith  Mr.  Kdison  himself,  and  the  latter  tella  me  ttet .  MoAlli  stei 
agreed  to  send  the  views  out  here  and  let  them  remain  until  the: 
were  examined.  Ko  limit  was  placed  upon  the  time  during  which 
we  were  to  keep  then.  Mr.  Kdison  says  that  if  McAllister  cannot 
leave  the  views  in  accordance  with  this  araangement,  we  will  re- 
turn  them  -dll  to  him  at  once.  I- have  written  McAllister  an^wi] 
advise  you  as  soon  as  I  receive  a  reply. 

cf^ArrmaJ  <•-  '^' 

_ _ _ _ _ _  ,  .^ 

Ck.  0.  Xx 

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a.  S’.  ^ - Jt,. 

No.  65  Fifth  Avenue. 

o|  -'yiajjt 

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HITS  aiiil  l>Ii:LlVKi:5  iiiessaitcs^onl 

CED  MESSAGE,  aud  U  deUvcnxl  V 
,  Gep»^al  Manager. 

NORVIN  GREEN,  President. 





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~So  l/(£,^Ur- 

■  Jiy  ilefT  Edlsoni  . 

C  A  B  B:  B  A  g  g,  J  ha^jj  d9s(i)gnad  oss  of  these  , and  we  are  -now 
making  it,  Jhe ton;  winding  Mj.drid  unw^Atng  without  stopping  the  armature 
H  a  Uttld-boapiloAted  at  itresent,  but  I  shall  oertaihiy  simplify  it  .bsfore  we 
get.  thirbu^li, 

H  O  B  as  C  AB  MOTOR,  I  ooolaBO  you  a  clipping  from  the  «Eleotra.t^.  ' 

al,  World'’  of  Jast  Kovretober,  whiob  .shows  that,  someone  else  has  been  working  .on 
the  pilnbiple  of  our  O^r  }ioto,..  This  article  Ip  dat^d  November  1888  and  was 
^ppare^tly  new  at.. that j  time,  ^s  we  made  our  Motor  in  April  1888,,  I  presume 
we  are  far  ahead  of  hi.i,  and  a,  therefore  going  ahead  designing  just  as  if  he  had 
not.  done  anything, 

■  B  A  tn  S  ^  t  E.  »**»««•  Is  now  turaing  oat  ,11 
tint  ,ro  ..,tM  0,  >1,.  g. 

nlno,  ,.,(ds  pistes  tr  4g  i.twl.s  . 

.«  ter  .te  sslte  ptePl^s,  1  .te.  „p  sgs,,„,i 

«,,»«  te..,„sa,,,  0,  thls..,,^,  „  g,.,  ^ 

•««.  I  te  ...  ir  in.  ...Id  Esiterp  telp,  ■ 

nr  ‘-■  •A  .  .n.n.te„.rU«.l  ■ 

PAM  .  don«,,  1.  pl.te..«  d.te,  .i™,.  ^ 

•‘■B^.  hhpw  dp. ygry  satisfactorily  .Indeed. 

at,.  A.  E.  • 

I  AsUed  ffsiureily  ter  mdEer  ma  »  fp  i)i  a3id  J 

'  Just  “els  sqptt  ee  i/.e  aee  otur  lifiy  oladt  f  abajjl  go  wiij 
in  regdJfd  tp'  .tW-a  baHory,  »rar  era  ftip&  gettan^  fcbo  .f  tgurea  dour  ^^s  .ba.^|>;s^ji 

•  agalnai  the  Stbek  .Qisotatlon  Printer,  b^ter lee  J*  li^e  by  tha  WastOTn  Ual^op  Ga.» 
t^SS^Ut.  that,  aomsiloe- ago  Mr .  Logue  tried  one  of  -theae  botterte^  ap  one 
of  your  phonopiea  .oitcntts.  in  Altoona,  .Pa.  and  it  was  apparently  a  failure. 

I  have  dlsoussed  the  matter  with  him  pnd  I  thing  .  I  know  where  his  trouble  ,  la 
ahd  have  therefore  itstrupted  .get  everything. that  .ha  wants  from  (5lee(,. 
stone  .jfor  a  new  trjal,  and  I  h^ve  np  dPUbt.. that  we  shall  make  It  go.  to 


^  0  S  0  6  a  ^  P  g  ?)  g  a  g  $v  The  30G  thread  sorew  end  new  Heoarder  and 
ReprodUder  work^dke  &  oharo;..  \h  fapt.  1  think  if  anything  .better  than  the  old 
■one.  There  sedms  to  ha  iadd  sbratoh.  English  is  putting  .op  a  {etr  of  the  maohlnea 
a  devlQo  haja  frequently  .spoken  of  .for  turning  off  tha  cylinder  by  ' 
meand  of  the  Return  S^ew^  .Be,,  l/dk  .got.  h  yaby  slmpi^  aprangeaeni.  ot  the  lever 
pa  the.  opposite  side  the  yetupu  .sorew  ;|mt;  ii  .Wiks  p^n^OOttyi 

BvenyKhing  neoe^iry  tac  tfe  ara^|d>ipti  WnWads ,  Is  oo«4![^-  .alohgi  ,!■  iigit  hi 
i4^a  of  inking  you'  to  |l3Qk;,ttjt .the  getter  pt  sabphlt/as  .»3fist.;3fbSfc.  weffe 
.hiii  .aoribi  “ndw^itevhat-.thld  .f«'  neokbi^^y  as  Wilk  .Will  .tuhhleh 
rflijpts  .fldrdr4^ii|.liobdles  at.-«^fe:oadb,  .and  .tshh 

^  i4  .oiSfllli^it^!^ :  ^ery  ^ 

;f  ■•  '.  V  '  .-  .  ■■  • 


A  Z  o:  y  L  1  N  0  E  R  S....  tfe- -ar®  aow  in  tb®,,-new 

budlBtog  of  tbe  Phonograph  Wopka,  1?e  Wo  '4uglli  ajJ  to  nai' :  ordAts  aiid,a;re 
te^lrfuia^/to  :get  a-  fop  ahojyd.  tliis  is  <ihiie  psoddatoy  as  ^ou  .ttndfr  the  .oyllnders 
aboi,l,d,Wnd^-or  aomo  sooka  baWo  ljslng,,iursed  Off.  English  fools  .sure,  that 
by  fcb^  25t'h.  of  this  aiohth  ho  oan  .bi  walfiag  1500  good  oylinders  per  day. 

alias- men  are  still  tbn^ix^  ibe  dies  and  ;also  making  some 
found  t-oro  noooesary,  although  thor«f^  not-  lnoludod  in  t ho  original  order.  I 
do  Why  they  sore  .loft  oft,  aJ^,  they  are  qnrto  Oasontiai.  Wo  have  r«.  ord« 

^  ^  waafctfhy  until,  those  details  .are  fixed. 

IS^r  is  no^  at.  the  .PWograph  Wotko/tsaohing  . another  man  so  that,  in  oase  you 
wont,  to  .^nd  him  to  AnfwW  we  shall  hare  a  map.,. ho  .can  at  tend,  to  that  part  of 
the  huainess. 

In  to  W  Roprtdooar  needle  on  .the  Toy,  »e  bay,^  foup^  that  it.  is  not, 

neoeoaary  to  make  a  spall  burl  point,  «e  simply  .punoh..aut.  i  small  .punohlng  .o^ 
f  tbU  shape  g  ^  bmmlBhdng  the  ena.  whloh  la  d9.«  in  .a  few  mlhutes 

^here.  is  s«:ffiolent.  k  a  cfrW  ^hen  W  hraea  Iq  .of  the  .plgi^t  thlokneas  .tp  make 
a  reporder  jjoint.  equal  ta  the  pi^r,  .tp  fant  We  madq  ane  of  tbiW  Style 
for  ,tbh  regalar -Phonograi*  worfts  apparently '.as  weli  .as  the,  other .  .Car- 

toinV  it.  win  be  :m«nb  pbeapep  tq  melfe  them  this  way  fpiy  toy  afid  equally 

My  Dear  Kdison,-  V/ASTK  V/aX. 

■  I  have  had  Aylesworth  make  an  experiment  in  re- 
Sard  to  recovering  the  stearic  acid  from  the  old  wax,  and  he  finds 
that  he  can  recover  very  easily  about  ninety- two  per  cent  of  the 
steai’ic  acid  and  cerasine.  His  process  is  decompo si  tloin  of  the 
wax  by  acid,  and  puriiying  and  separatins  the  parts  by  distil- 
iaticn  in  -mouum.  He  says  that  steam  distillation  would  answer, 
but  ctonsidoring  the  danger,  trouble  and  care,  and  also  the  expaise 
of  having  to  boil  a  considerable  quantity  of  water  off  afterwards, 
distillation  by  vacuum  is  preferable.  The  vacu-um  is  about  26 
inches,  and  is  got  by  an  ordinary  water  pump.  I  am,  therefore:, 
msking  him  a  kettle  about  36  inches  diamrter,  with  a  copper  top 
suitable  both  for  getting  the  vacuum  and  also  for  runTiing  the 
distilaets  over  into  suitable  ohanbera  chesply.  Irrmedi  ately  this 
is  (tone,  I  tliink  we  shall  be  able  to  give  then  a  price  for  the 
old  wax. 

ORE  MIhllHO.  The  Mallory  single  raag:net  has  been  done  now  for  a 

few  days,  ani  is  already  painted  up  to  go  ai»fSy.  The 
other  one  will  be  finished  in  a  couple  of  days,  whPn  they  will  both 

T.  A.  K. 


te  s’hii^ed  toget.her 

’Ve  have  just  made  an  extended  te-st  of  the  single  magnet,  v/o 
found  that  it  woxild  be  necessary  to  crush  a  little-^^^^h  before 
putting  It  on  that,  machine,  and  have,  therefore,  substituted  brass 
bare  3/4  of  an  inch  high  on  the  outside  of  the  drum  instead  of 
wooden  ones,  vhich  were  on  when  you  were  here.  I  noticed  that 
the  ore.  v^as  fast  into  the  brass  cylinder,  so  ti*t  it  Wba.ld 

soon  have  worn  'it  away.  Wo  have  remedied  this  by  ^ellaoine 
strips  of  canvass  on,  which  after  our  extended  tost  of  tw^ve  hours 
run,  with  ore  continually  ritnning  on  it,  did  not  show  the  sligljtest 
sign  of  being  cut  up.  The  heat  inside  the  cylinder  reached  205, 
but  I  do  not  consider  this  as  anything:,  as  it  cannot  b®  exoeedod, 
this  being  the  hottest  season  of  the  year.  It  has  been  a  '/ory 
slow  job  v/ith  the  other  magnet,  as  I  have  had  to  reorganize  the 
bottom  shop,  discharge  a  lot  of  the  men,  and  (;et  others  Tho  wi.ll 
attend  to  the  business  in  better  shape. 

I  send  you  cutting  about  Wilbur.  This  is  a  sorry  ending  for 
such  brilliant  talent. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Thomas  A.  Kdiaon,  Kaq., 

Paris,  iVanoe. 

^yu^fir/' _ 

■^rmyzc)  (Qy/!yiy^yy:- 


TflU-  tyJUl^ 

^  /2,ayo  ^txf* 

!'\f€/  "fvixA/  <v  cr^  k^>JO  /wwJjiA;  of^ 

yyX^  ->^f^  -rL-<X 

Ao  |tw/  »-:•  AC^  /(ax^Ic-^  y»  <i«M,cx.vxvv^ .  “u' 

Utt^j  |v£<vtx^  A/t  £.c>w^~v,A*^A/tcrf'  <vv^J»A^£l-v^a/ 

l\A/y\J  trl\J  (  I  1^  -UTtei  (LtAX-i^tr  itK/  A^/^S^^V^t  '^L<>ww  ^ 

iii  inCXlxxA^Xx^  l/v>jtxxL<J  I  ^/tci>o-wi^  CATLX^LtLely 

jt^U.\.l^y^  ^  /Vvwv  Av-Vv-m^  .  T^frlXJ  J»  oJ 

CXXrU  v-ofc  £WV,1/ 

ei/  j-oAtx  6e^Zo-tc-J  jj-CeiL  u^  .vvv-«y««/t 

[\^y  d^-v-w^  l^w/  (^^JLA✓lC^^-v>^  ^\A^  ^Xu£AX1XX>L/  t'R^  V^yyi/tK^^^Ow  -  (PMaJ-TO-T^ 

(^l  InjuU^jLnxsvx  i  Jj  .Mj^yiAy  j3,v<-i-yL, 

jo  Jvi-Xfjc  cr^xjie^  Kx>^A^y  .ex)-cA-^  /^v\A..j/v'\-t/fc'  ,  lL>  aJru>yr- 

tx^w  oyv^m^  -ui^  <»vJr  J'-dty  /Vo>-a-<:x(£„-,^  AxA  otvaxa^ 

kxA^fct  .  ^  C/<i,->wO  ixiyjlji^yyy  »w  -Aa^-  <ax>  ,-in.-~^ 

^  'fs-t  (•^«-’  ^Xfcvtuw  <iL«wv^  'yv^AmjU  cv-v-'jAy' 

dxAAji-A/  ('^vxx  CxAxC'i-irsX'  oljiyw'v^ .  cv  >^K^vn/| 

<T^  CX5/^It>W  |>-^aASx  '^J-u'  H'HxfctcUxo  A^xvoaxX  /^Jcxfe-IAX^  ax> 

/UTvwU/  *vxffx  orvAh^  ux^  XYlAVA^A^t  ^  (5T^  L/ 

. . . . . . .  _ _ _ 

/U/vC(^  GJ  6,v^.'w''-'j>^^  ^  -^EjlA/ 

Tv^tL-;,  7T  f  J—<.  i«r<i.  .v^  .mX  l  /Ct 

ffl,,#vv^  <>\6/  X  ciaA  iey 

hlb  t^bC-  ■  _  n  iff  r 

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(X.  f. 

~  ^  (g^eSciUi^ 


c30t^p^  ^i^^y^y’''  cK-r^o^' 

^^*7  •^l.e^T-t-^yC^  ^■K-t^^ryy^ 

ac_  X^tJE-to^ 

.•  •^.  <^^^'^'^5*l-»-t^ ,  iz-t^  1az-C^ 

<2n~x^  e-iJ'-fST-t.^-i^  Y^.<^fe*-£. ^iljeyyt^  C>cty~’ 
H^^ecy^C..  y,^^-^^  'io  j(t-€t-i!<'Z.'‘—- 

^ cSt-p,^  S-iyih^ 

y^  tSsT^ 

&^e/  <>puy  y 'Z(/&x,yz. 

yy^y-CL. , 



A  yrtr— 

/J^2!^€LcJ^^^.■'t^^  C  Z"/^.  H>,  O, 
0~^  Os,  ZZs~  Zl ///J3'jtj  Z/s3  O)  — > 

ZZUCZ^  ^a£cuZA.A^ y  r/?{yen^J  ^ 

(9^ /y//  Z^~ 


;  ^SZ^LeA^yLA  u^-t^yyCf  (su...^z^  j 

'/^ fy^ot^j<n-^aA^^yi~r  /Z^-^yiyy-.  )  I 


A. 0. Tate  Esq., 

44  WAM,  STSSeT, 

JV'eiv  ror*,_.Ds.s.. . gih, . 

Edison's  Laboratory, 

Orange,  New  Jersey. 

Boar  Sir:- 

If  I  remember  rightly, just  prior  to  your  leav¬ 
ing  for  Europe, you  wrote  up  a  memorandum  vdth  relation  to  certain 
experimental  accounts  of  Mr. Edison's  against  tlie  Edison  Electric 
Light  Company.  I  would  like  you  to  get  out  a  statement  of  such 
accounts  as  you  have  on  your  books, v/hioh  are  charged  to  the  Edison 
Light  Co., together  v/i th  a  memorandum^explanation  of  same.  I  v;ill 
then  go  over  them  v/ith  you  and  wo  will  arrange  for  tiieir  presenta¬ 
tion  to  the  Light  Co's  Executive  Committee  vfith  a  view  to  obtain  a 

I  understand  that  the  Light  Company  has  a  counter  account  a- 
gainst  Mr. Edison  of  about  $1,000. 

Yours  trifLy, 


1-^  o 


;  ^ 

0  .  ^  clX^ 

«x-|a/|<ui/o^  'io  A^ 

^  -wv  (  •1'-^  ^  d 

r  ::^' 

1  i£  C«.^00« 

^AXJi<*5  -Im)  /u-Jrl^  LAtS^ 

\t^  wtc^^  -e  „ 





Read  this. ietter  and  see  what  they  say.  I  went  down  to 
see  this  plant  and  although  I  did. not  sea  that  tha  pullay  runs 

DUllerthIi^-'’“rf  *’*®*’*  ®  eej’tain  somathing  about  that 

pulley  that  is  damn  bad  espeelally  in  cong)ari30n  with  the  two  fly 
Engine  Which  run  abLlute”"^ 
J®'*  and  if  anything  ean  ba 

done  to  fiJT  It  up  and  make  that  man  satlafied  I  think  it  ought  to 
V*®™  ®  tremendous  wobble  which  is  not  seen  in  the 

slightest  degree  on  the  fly  wheals  of  the  engine. 


Vl>  .V  . . . . . . — - - - - - 

_  .  _  Wu.or2^>T^  \i-g,-w»  p-w^ _ 

u.  _ 

Ct/S  vA,'  V-O-On^  tetsc.  Q—  ,  »-S<-|  vjBiJyVA:^  \jLrv..>lA.>.«-A-Cr’  V'.^oAJi-Cl-U  •'5^.  . 

tr^  JL<^v>-otr--e>-^<5a^-  \«-i>->_r=.  W*vOTr:«^„^<r\- . 

Oy  'VS!./"»''*'^>-<j2^  *'^‘-0—^  i->  /’^r-vje^ >vj(J^ - 

Cv-^>  ''^^2--?^  ..  !^'::«-X'-*j>-'=JC6^^  , -  ‘-:^^\~tLcJ->.  -5-  . . 

S\4^  1  ctvirC.  .^.  ,'^..«~5-^ 

. ^>^-.i)-r«-^ . 

CiA[^  Tfcoo  VaaJva^  ,  V<»-<y  \a)-vtA.V  V<V  <vVj>tAjC3 

A~'  VO  A^ArvV^-^^Xs' ,  _ 

^  Vi  ^  V>5rXiV^-VjZ\^ 

^^rvj  vXi'i^  aA^V'-vtjrv-Ar'i'©'''-'^  .V?■Vr^W^^,  . . 

'-e^l  ^  ^  ,  VA''-NS>si-^r>=>.  . '’^r  j\ji-^jJU>Jx4Ui . . 

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SjoA^V^-vJ  Vx3^-WJk,  ..  _  Jl»e!57  _ _ _ 

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1889.  West  Orange  Laboratoiy  -  Machine  Shop  Accounts  (D-89-69) 

This  folder  contains  labor  cost  accounts  for  the  large  machine  shop  at 
Edison’s  West  Orange  laboratoiy.  The  records  cover  the  period  August- 
December  1889  and  contain  the  names  of  those  working  in  the  machine  shop, 
their  wages,  and  a  breakdown  of  the  projects  on  which  they  were  working. 

All  the  documents  have  been  filmed. 

Related  material  can  be  found  in  the  Distribution  of  Labor  books  (West 
Orange  Laboratoiy  Records  Series). 

‘7rjj^f(^  MCrO-t/ A^<_^  Jo^-  /^f  tf-  ^ 


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2.  «6tY 


1889.  West  Orange  Laboratoiy  -  Suppliers  (D-89-70) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the 
purchase  of  supplies  and  equipment  for  Edison’s  West  Orange  laboratory. 
There  are  also  documents  pertaining  to  Edison’s  purchase  of  the  George  L. 
Kunz  mineral  collection,  including  a  complete  Inventory  of  the  collection. 

Approximately  40  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  routine 
correspondence  regarding  orders  and  requests  for  catalogs  and  prices;  duplicate 
copies  of  selected  documents. 


X'XlOItf  . 

:  Niiff  Tort  Sofiiu  Steal  Pow  Co. 


I  - - - 

HiA..  .rW  lit 


Wl/Lje^  CL/^ 


Geo.  L.  English  &  Co., 

jEwbr's  in  jll|iii£nils, 

1613  Chestnut  Street. 

S^i,Lla.cLe.iji,LCa,,  S'oy.,  t^,  S.  Jl., 

Jan. 7th,  1R89, 

Mr.  Thos.  A.  Edison, 

Llowallyn  Park,  Orangi,  N. J.; 
Dear  Sir:- 

We  sand  you  by  this  mail  a  sample  of  the  mineral 
Gadolinite  vihich  has  bean  sent  us  by  a  party  who  says  he  can  sup¬ 
ply  It  in  co.mrnarcial  quantities.  Could  you  use  it  for  the  extrac¬ 
tion  of  Yttria,  and  if  so  would  you  be  willing  to  make  us  an  off.r 
on  the  mineral  delivered  at  your  station,  terms  C.O.D.  Mr.  English 
starts  on  Pab.4th  on  an  extended  tour  through  the  far  west,  and 
expects  to  visit  the  locality  for  this  mineral.  If  he  can  serve 
you  in  any  way,  ho  will  be  pleased  to  do  so. 

Trusting  you  will  favor  us  with  an  early  re,.ly,  we  remain 
Very  respectfully  yours,  ’ 

CTC  " 


^  I 

1  A 


Bear  Sir: 

Yours  of  81st  by  niessenGor  is  in  hand  and  your  oomnuni- 
cation  by  wire  of  this  laoming,  vfas  duly  received. 

The  Smoke  Stack  will  have  to  be  81  1-3*  diameter  in  or¬ 
der  to  give  you  the  full  benefit  of  the  Boiler  capacity.  We  will 
make  this  Stack  30  feet  high, with  proper  appurtenances  for  fasten¬ 
ing  w}ien  in  position.  We  vdll  supply  a  suitable  Steam  Biunp.  Hoth- 
ing  else  remains  to  be  said  exo  gating  that  our  men  made  a  trip  to 
your  place  Friday,  vAiich  v^as  only  partially  useful, because  the 
Boiler  foundations  were  not  ready  for  Boiler  to  be  erected  upon. 
Before  they  go  out  again,  it  would  be  well  for  you  to  let  tis  know 
that  the  brick  v^ork  is  completed,  as  it  i  s  an  e^^aisive  and  \mneo- 
essary  trip  for  our  men  to  make,vdien  made  in  vaift.  We  can  send 
out  any  time  you  please  to  call  for  the  mechanics  to  come  along, 
either  by  telegraph  or  by  letter. 

Yours  truly, 


. Jan  .  .25.,.1.S89..’/ (?<? 

Dear  Sir:  Jv! 

Your  tolegrai!)  amotineinc  the  arrival  of  Smoke-Stack, 
Pimip,  etc.,  is  in  Iiand  and  wo  note  your  request  that  wo  send  our 
men  to  your  Factory  to-morrow.  This  will  be  impossible,  as  our  t 
are  so  engaged  just  now  that  wo  cannot  take  them  off  thei  r  vrork 
to  send  them  to  Orange  before  Monday.  Vie  wilD.  then  have  a  prope; 
force  available  and  you  can  expect  tiiem  Monday  morning. 

Yours  truly. 

mi  co. 

.  n; it  ^  . ^ 




. 188;? 



Geo.  L  English  &  Co., 


1S12  Chestnut  Street. 

snaiisi..  pmuDEi.r,„».  Pliilaclelpliia,  Pa.,  U.  S.  A. 

Keb,  1889. 

Ur.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Oranpa,  N.  J. 

Daar  sir:- 

W;  ship  yo,u  to  day  by  P.  R.  R.  to 
Newark,  N.  J. ,  caro  eott> s  Rxprass,  six  boxes  of  minerals,  as  par 
the  enclosed  bill.  Vfo  hope  they  will  be  satisfactory. 

Awaiting  your  further  favors,  we  remain, 

^Very  truly  yours 



. . 

. -188^ 

TELEPHONE,  “NEW  1,11.“ 

electric  time  company. 


FtK . 




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:.W.M9ALLISTER.  y.'n  ESTABLISHED  1783. 

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[POSTMARK:  MARCH  12,  1889] 

V4-  ^  ^  .  Ca^  ^ 


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(^pfioerl,^eip^  f l^loLpljicctl  I^sfrui^Jgfs, 

Ycur  fsvor  of  the  S8nd  is  at  hand  and  In  reply  would  say  .  that  t 
sent  you  is  D.resuraably  a  sample  of  Zeiss -s  sest  workmanship  In  the 
tosraohlc  apparatus  and  of  his  latest  make.  we  will  however  writ 
rd  to  your  complaint,  to  see.  if  oosslble.  we  may  o;5  able  to  obtain 
ton  from  him  on  account  of  your  claim.  We  did  rot  open  the  lar 
;  afioaratus,  out  the  small  one  aooeared  to  oie  .entirely  free  from  t 
We  will  write  to  the  maker  b;y  first  steamer  and  ; 
irsibly  be  able  to  obtain, will  be  placed  to  your  credl' 
Yours  truly. 




V  March-  26,188  £>. . 

OrangQ,  H.  J.  ’ 

near  Sir: 

HereTiith  please  find  our  bills  against  you  for  the  Boil¬ 
er  and  tho  TOrk  and  material  furnished  in  connection  vdth  eroctinr 
same  at  your  Factory.  V/ili  you  kindly  send  us  a  check  for  the  ^ 
amount  of  these  bills  so  that  it  will  be  in  hand  Friday  morning? 
and  very  much  oblige  us.  ^ 

Yours  truly. 

Vour  favor  of  S8th  is  in  liand  stating  that  you  have  not 
received  biU  of  Boiler.  Tiiis  was  sent  to  you  some  time  in  Janua¬ 
ry  accordinp;  to  our  books.  However,  we  hand  you  herewith  a  dupli¬ 
cate  of  said  bill  and  v/ish  you  would  do  us  the  favor  to  ro^ond 
with  check  via  bearer,  as  we  are  particularly  in  vfanfc  of  funds  to¬ 
day.  But  for  this,  we  would  not  be  at  this  trouble  of  sending  out 
to  you  by  messenger.  Having  given  you  due  notice  of  our  require¬ 
ments  of  to-day,  you  will  please  not  think  t)iat  we  ore  undulv  ui— 
gent  in  thus  as)cing  for  chock. 

Yours  truly. 

fliOTWlPBlfi  CO, 
^Gen’l,  Agt. 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir-: 

We  have  to  aoknowlccJge  v/lth  thanks  your  favor  of  29th 
in  the  shape  of  chock  for  ^869.  in  payment  of  our  bills  as  render¬ 
ed.  We  beg  to  say  that  in  case  anything  is  found  to  be  vrrong  or  ■ 
impcrfecfc  in  any  reqaect,  touching  the  rrork  vre  have  done  for  you, 
vfo  will  hold  ourselves  in  readiness  to  make  it  good.  Vfe  are  avfaro 
that  our  bill  for  details  vras  not  promptly  rendered  and  that  you 
have  had  no  opportunity  to  have  it  audited.  Insofar  as  vre  know, the 
bill  is  all  correct,  but  if  it  should  be  found  in  any  v:ay  at  fault, 
do  not  hesitate  to  call  our  attention  t  o  tti  e  fact,  and  be  assured 
that  vre  vdll  do  the  same  by  you  as  if  the  bill  had  not  been  paid. 

T.  A.  Edison  liaboratory, 

Orange,  N.  J. 


V/e  quote  you  as  follows 

#37.  Press, 

#94.  " 

#18.  « 

#19.  • 

#16.  Horn  Press, 

Less  W, 

on  tools  for  Phonograph  Parts: 






$2190. 00, 

1  Combination  Die  f or  #l-i ,  35.00 
1  Combination  Die  for^.,  30.0o| 
1  2  Hole  Piercing  Die,  for  #2.,  25.0o| 
1  Trimming  Die,  for  #2.,  20-.00, 
1  Combination  Die,  for  #3.,  28.00 
1  Hole  Cutting  Die,  for  #3.,  2&.Oo| 
1  Piercing  &  Forming  Die,  for  #3.,  25.00, 
1  Combination  Die,  for  #4.,  20.00 
1  Trimming  Die,  for  #4.,  15.0o| 
1  Hole  Cutting  Die,  #4.,  15.00, 
1  Blanking  Die,  #5.,  ■  30.00, 
1  Forming  Machine,  #5.,  25.00, 
1  Blanking  Die,  #6.,  25.00, 
1  Piercing  Die,  #6.,  15.00, 
1  Blanking  Die,  #7.,  25.00, 
1  Piercing  Die,  #7.,  15.00, 
1  Forming  Die,  #7.,  i&.po. 

i  tl'  ^ 



1  Blanking  Die,  #8.,  30.00, 
1  Double  Die  Spring,  25.00, 
1  Forming  Die,  18.00, 

1  Notching  &  PioBoing  Framp,  45.00, 

2  Bending  Framep,  50-.00, 
1  Forming  Die  for  Governor  Wieel,  25.00, 
1  Cutting  Die  »  ■  »  25.00, 
1  Bottom  Combination  Die,  Case,  38.00, 
1  Slitting  &  Notching  die  for  case,  50.00, 
8  Horn  Dies,  50.00, 
1  Brass  Spring  Cutting-off  and  Punching  Die,  25.00,, 
1  Shaft  Holder  Double  Die,  35.00, 
1  Upper  Case  Cutting  Die,  38.00, 
1  Blitting  Die,  35.00, 
1  Forming  Die,  35,00, 


Hoping  to  receive  your  orders,  v/e  are 
Yours  truly, 

E.  W.  BLISS  CO., 



/U’V  -te 

.u-Lir/r  ci/Sw-PTl^  'l"V. 
i  /um^'(  'S'^'  /^-C."  xAX?r~ 

Referring  to  the  attached  from  James  '■!. 
Qtioen  &  Oo.,  tho  best  way  to  settle  this  difficult  is,  'for  thP 
instmiments  to  be  put  in  proper  shq^e,  after  which  I  will  forward 
Queen  ft  Oo.  a  bill  for  the  repairs.  Cannot  this  done  at  once? 

Private  Secretary. 


r__.  -2_  -tJiA-o-oL  0^1 


We  have  your  favor  of  the  30th  at  hand  this  morning  and  in  reply  will 
ask,  .  if  you  will  kindly  make  a  close  examination  of  the  instrument,  making  an  estl- 
mate-of  -o?-  the  expense^  necessary  to  put  it  in  good  shape  . 

We  certainly  hope  that  it  may  be  practicable  to  make  the  needed  repairs  for  less  than 
5*  on  the  total  amount  of  the  bill  which  is,  as  you  will  see  upon  estimation,  3:27.00. 

We  should  think  that  a  sklllfm  mechanic  would  be  able  to  put  it  in  good  condition  at  a 
small  fraction  of  this  amount.  Soliciting  your  careful  examination  and  estimate 
and  awaiting  your  eajily  advice,  we  are 

Yours  truly. 

the  purpose  for  which  yax  intend  them,  I  would  be  very  pleased 
to  call  on  ycu  if  ycxi  will  kindly  make  an  appointment  for  any 
morning  next  week.  I  do  no  t  like  to  encroach  upon  your  valuable 
time,  but  I  think  an  interview  of  a  few  moments  will  be  conducive 
to  give  you  the  necessary  infornatlon  regarding  the  styles  of 
clocks  that  you  would  prefer  for  experimenting 
Yours  very  ■ 

■■-■v  im  MKCANiquB 

,  ■  :  ;  PUINPAIAIS  M  ; 

i  :  :  : 

:  '  "]T^  ;•#' 

i  j.  ii'ie.Ka  cpNcouRs  ^s«5!i*-.  >•.;/:  I 

i  I  j  )  i  t\l©mbrQ  du  dur; 


i  ,  :  '  ;’  machines  A  Guon 

;v|-y  :■  jSj/sliimq  RAOUL  PICTET  .  , 

'■j'y'':j  eclairAoeielectrioue 

■  |t“|-j  i  SYSTllWE  EDISON  ■  :  ■  ■; 

,  j  .Egeairace  A  Arc  VouAiquR 


I  j  \  IfymomnuRsScHHw 

r.'j  Tours  A  Oulils  de  'Precision  ^ 

j  j  i  M  APPAREILS  mm 

I  M/M'f  'f'  l,mr,CMim 


jy/y^e^yy/’fy^jy ^y,  ^y^^yyyy^/fyyyy)yy , 

)  \\a  (f 

I S ('X-ApM'K^cA'  M 


■■  as.  V  ^/? /liner!''  'fS/S, 

'  . ,  .  t^^/{L^(iil/c  d  '^o/incii/'  t^foc  f'iZic)  !:()e  y/{ii/./io/i.')c. 

^oci'ete  Centrale  '•  'I' 

DE  Qpn.sjtru cpQN. de. Machi ne s 

T'  .\^  ('  ■ . .  ’i 

fk'y/kfc(^iy/jr^^  ‘^/r/ 


5  0 ,  RbuTE  D  'Aube'rvi  lli  ers  , 

V//  '-^a . . 


0  9^" 

Monsieur  .  y  , 

,  Wous  nous  mpressqns  de  rdpondr^ 

a  la  lettre  que  vous  nous  avez  fait  I’honneur  de 

,'  •  ■  :nous  dorire.  ^  . 

'’■'i'i  f'.' '■  ■  •  •  '  v,  V,  ^  V  ’ ■  f  ;  V  *  sqvBnes  ,.tries^flattS3  de  la 

favorable  opinion  que  vous  voulez  bien  exprivier  sur 
nos  imohines  a  triple  expansion,  fait  es  spdoialenient 

pour  actiormer  vos  dynamos  qui  ont  vn  si  grand 
suooes  dans  le  vionde  entier- 

A  personne  autre  que  vous  nous 
n'aurions  voulu  aonfier  nos  viodeles  nouveavx^mai s 
nous  somnies  heureux  de  faire  exception  en  votre 
faveur.  Nous  vous  demanderons  seulement  de  vouloir 

Monsieur  Thovias.A.  EDISON.  Hotel  du  Hhin, 

bian  vous  engager  a  ne  vous  servir  de  ces  monies  '• 
gue  pour  vous  m^  de  faire  le  ndcessaire  pour 
dviter  qu’ils  ne  soient  oopide  et  divulguds  . 

Dans  oes  conditions, nous  vous 
offrons  la  sdri'e  complete  des  dessins  d'dxdcution 
et  des  modeles  en  hois  mballds  dans  des  caisses 
et  rendus  au  H&vre  pour  les  deux  tijpes  de  150  et 
300  H,P.,pour  la  sovmie  de  Trente  mille  francs. 

De  plus  nous'vous  domerons  les  dessins  et  modeles 
des  condenseurs  autovioteurs  No  2  et  3  correspondant 
d,  ISO  et  300  H.P,  pour  la  sovme  de  Six  mille  francs. 

Veuill'ez  a'ard'er .Monsi  eur, 

I’b.ommage  de  nos  sentiments  les  plus  distinguds  et 
ddvouds  '  '  ■  ■  ■  ■  ■ 


NO,  65  Fifth  Avenue. 

\£'’U  VV/tT)''T'  .“S  ■ 

^cfo  C^^-0  w/fe  d~. 

'il''l4  h  (A 

'  t/  -”' /.•■•  '  ■) 



^■  /'  ^  7A  (T’v^  ^•‘^■  ■■  '•'^ . K/y''-^  ^ 

"  'All,-.  / 



':?)  (A  -O-f  <' '/  .  r  ^'  ' 

)-A,  ,e„e,  p  '  ■v'-'-i' 

(;lii  ^  ''  ■  ■ 


,  ./x  ■ 

!>  //UJ?) 





■  /  ,  t  Xt/'Y 


Mr.  THOmas  A.  Edison, 

Dear  3ir;- 

We  have  transmitted  your  claim  to  the  maker  of  the  photographic 
apparatus  reoenjdn  sent  you  ...but  as  we  desire  to  botaln  soma  further  oartiou- 
larsc^to  transffllt^to  him.  .we  wish  to  ask.  whether  the  amount  which  you  charged  us 
for  alterations  included  the  altering  of  the  hilders  or  inside  kits  to 
suit  the  American  size  of  plates.  certainly  we  could  not  charge  him 

for  such  alterations.  In  a  letter  rsoelved  from  him,  .dated  Aug.  9th.  .he  says: 
"■  What  you  wrote  concerning  the  state  of  delapldatlon  of  the  Mloro-photographic 
apparatus  surprised  me  as  much  as  L  find, it  vexing,  you  are  however  wrong  in 
attributing  the  mischief  to  selection  of  bad  wood  .  It  is  curious  at  any  rate 
that  cases  of  "all  the  wood  work  cracking  and  warping  do  not  occur  in  Europe  : 
yet  the  material' is  the  same  in  all  oases  .  There  must  be  some  thing  in  your 
climate  which  renders  the  use  of  wood  a  rather  critical  question.  L  niay 
mention  that  one  of  your  country-  men.  ..a  Minnesota  Professor.  ..would  have  no 
wooden  table  at  all,  saying  that  Minnesota  was  too  dangerous. a  olace  for  that 
sort  of  thing.  If  that  is  how  your  clientfs  apparatus  came  to  grief-I,  do- 
think  it  is  ^it  is  not  fair  to  make  either  you  or  me  responsible  for  the  humours  of 

his  allmats.  ■  As  It  Is. ,  the  orlce  of  the  Photo-nilorograDhlc  aooaratus  has  oieen  i 
re  duped  to  such  a  degree  as  to  render  it^hardly  -profitable-  part  of  our 
business  .  .  i,  think,  you  need  not  allow  the  defects  .,.h6r  can“r6ohsTder 
the  oharglng/of  :the  amount-. 'of -if so  .ta.our  account  •  satisfactory.  I.t  Is  a  bad 
business  when  It  comes  to  mlnss  As  to  the  Kits  ,  .1.  think,  they  are  not  i 

worth  considering.  Any  .folnsr  can  make  them,  for  a  few  cents.  It  Is  to 
be  reare.ttdd  that  Amerloansr.  have  not. our  system  of  olate  -measurement..  ^ 

But  you  must  admit  that  It  wild  be  oheaber  to  have  the  Kits  made  there.  .  : 

than  have  them  sent  over  by  us.”. 



make  inraediately  designs,  models,  photographsjLivrenon 
maclilnD  300  horse  power  triple  expansion  D  Ej^io  sition.  End 
Novanber  Havrefc45,000  francs,  condenser  complete  8,000'  francs, 

Vf  e  y  h  e  r, 


•  {ler(i/U(/ucxi2yjoJ^^  ^l/ynioe-r!^ 


^'OCIETE  C^ENTRALe  "  ■  ' 

E  Construction  de  Machines 




50, Route  d'-Aubervielie’rs,- 

■ .  i  !PAJtT:'’J‘U  yi  V  \ '  V,.'.  ■■ 

^h.a  AA. 


.  iX5.::Movwibm~‘. . 

Monsieur  Thomas  A,  EDISON, 
d  son  Laboratoire , 

ORANGE  New  Jersey* 

-  Etats  this- 

Monsieur  , 

. . ■“  ‘  “  ^ ‘  Nous' venohs  'de  'recevo  ir  votre 

tdldgrcanme  ainsi  oortQu  <  ^ 

Wiil  '^ake  three  hundred  horse  power  triple 
eypans'idh  expo'sii'ion’  ehgine-'wiih  condenser 
dmit^ if omtal'" order' by'  mail'';  ‘'■Kave  you  mailed 
'  photographs  and  bl'do  'print's*' ' 

.vy-!^P.W\vous„rmeroions  hien  sinoe- 
■,rdmentiPpup,,oetpe  dovmande  et  attendons  les  instruo- . 
tiojis  ,que.fVQUSi  nous-prometiez  par.  P'rochain  oourrier. 

Nous  fai sons  fairs  en.  oe  vionent^ 
des  photogra;phi es  sp^ciales  pour  vou3.,que  nous 
auroni  1  e  plaiiir  de  ‘dou's  erivoyer  dans  quelgues 

Les  dessins  oomplets  d'exdoutiOTi. 
pour  les  mohines  ISO  et,  300  ohevaux  dinsi  que  les 
oondmsezirs  sont  presque  terminds  et  nous  pensons 
pouvoir  les  erpddier  dans  quelquss  ,fours< 

Les  modeled  gn.hois  de  la 
machine  de  ISO' ohevaux  sont  prh  d'etre  finis  et 
aeux  de  300  ohevaux  sont  tres  avanods.nous  ne 
perdons  pas  une  minute  afin  de  vous  les  fairs  tmir' 
aussitSt  qu'il  sera  possible^ 

.  ,-0, .  Veuillez  avoir  I’ohligemoe  par' 
un  prochain  oourrier  de  nous  donner  les  instructio-ns 
exactes  pour .en-  faire  1’ expedition  du  Havre  aux 
Etats  Unis.  ,  ,  „  , 

.  v'  -  .  Jfous.  vous.rmeroions  de  vouloiT' 

bien  novis. autoriser, d  tirer  sur  vos  hanquiers 
Drexel  Mopgan,  et,.Oo^Neit)  Yorlc  City  par  Messieurs 
Drexel  Harjes ^et,  Go  de  Paris,mais  nous  ne  prendroTz,s 
cette  libertd  que  lorsque  nous  aurons  etPpddid  vos^ 

'  '•’vlodeles  'et  'dess  ins. 

\  '  En  terminant  nous  venons  vous- 

^  dire  gue  noui  seriohs  extrSmemerit  heureux  si  pous 

VQuliez  nous  favoriser  d.e  quelques  mots  Merits  de 
votre  main  gue  nous  oonserverions  comme  souvenir- 

Veuillez  agrS.3r .Monsieur , 

1’ expression  de  nos  sentiments  les  plus  distingv/ds 
L ’Admint strut eur  Mid gu6 


^{Saiii&2  '^o/ifieur2e/a/  Soo  (tde^yKul/iowie^ 


DE  Const-ructionde Machines  , 


50.  Route  ^A^^villiers,^  Monsisur  Th-omas  EDISON, 
.  7:  ■■  (SE15.E.) '  •  ■  .  ,  ,  En  son  Labqrat.oi,re,^- 


h  New  kersey 

'  ‘■'  Orange 

Nous  avons  votre  tf^l^grcoimie  du 
14  Cb  et  en  rdponse  nous  avons  I’honneur  de  vous 

envoy er  les  dessins  de  fondation  pour  la  viachine  de 
SOO  chevaux  de  1’ Exposition  aveo  son  condenseur, 
ainsi  qu’un  bleu  de  1’ ensemble  de  la  machine. 

Nous  avons  fait  faire  des 
photographies  que  nous  pen  sons  reoevoir  dans  trois 
ou  quatre  Jours  et  vous  les  adresserons  de  suite, 
Les  mo  deles  oomplets  pour  la 
viachine  de  150  chevaux  parti ront  a  la  fin  du  mois 
et  nous  vous  prions  de  nous  dire  par  retour  du 


oourrier  si  c’est  hien  a  Orange  que  nous  devons 
les  envoy er.  Les  vtodeles  aomplets  de  la  viaohlne 
de  300  ohevaux  seront  fi-yis  dans  un  viois  d  pm  pres. 
Tons  les  dessins  d’ execution 
pour  les  deux  vtachines  et  les  oondenseurs  seront 
prHs  h  partir  au  donsnenoevient  de  la  semaine 

Veuillez  agrder, Monsieur, 

1’ expression  de  nos  sentiments  tres  distinguds  et 

It’ Admini  strateur  Ddldgud 


Pantin,  15,  Movomter,  1889, 

Thomas  A,'  Kdiso.n,  llsq,, 

Dear  Sir;- 

We  InvB  your  'telegram  of  the 

14tl:i  Instant,  and  in  reply  wo  have  the  honor  to  send  you  the  de¬ 
signs  of  foiindation  for  the  mo:hina:  of  300  horse  paver,  of  the 
Exposition,  with  its  condenser,  as  well  as  blue  prints  of  the 
v;hole  maehine.  We  l:avb  had  made  photographs  which  we  expect  to 
receive  in  tlireo  or  four  days,  and  we;  shall  send  them  to  you  at 
once.  The  complete  models  for  the  .mohiive  of  150  hores  power  wiU 
be-  sent  iVom  !isro  at  tho  end  of  tho  month,  aixl  we.  ash  you  to  tell 
us  by  roton  mail  whether  we  have  to  send  them  to  Orange.  Tlio 
comiPloto  models  of  the  aachine  of  300  h,  p.  will  bo  finistied  in 
about  one  month.  All  designs  for  tho  execution  of  the  te.o  nachine.s 
and  the  coidensers  will  te  ready  to  leave  at  the  tegimip^  of  next 
viock  . 

Yoiirs  very  respectfully. 


A.;  W  E  Y  H  H  R. 

Edison  liABORATORv. 



. 'u: 


. . . l  -r  :.  C-:  I  '  f 

. . . cSSs.rS,,...L.(l,^, . 

V'  .  ^  ^  . 

^  y. 

<E.  . 

^yKSaiiieJ '^o/uieiir:de  /(v  ^.loc  ^J/id  (tde^Kul/ioiuie^ 


Construction  de  Machines 

50,  Route  D'/^SSl^{6%gLiERS, 

QMc,.,. . . 

Monsieur  Thomas  EDISON, 
a  OBANGE  ,  New  Jersey , 

Monsieur  , 

Nous  avons  1  ’honnmr  de  vous 
informer  gue  nous  expddions  aujourd’hui  au  HcLvre 
pour  vous  parvenir  par  I'intermddiaire  de  la-Gie 
Transatlantique ,une  aaisse  contanant  en  quatre 
paguets ,tous  les  dessins  d.’ execution  pour  machines 
verticales  a  triple  150  et  300  chevaux 
aveo  lours  condenseur s., 

Ohague  pagtet  formant  une 
machine  coviplbte .renfemie  colic;  sur  la  partie 
••intdrieure  de  la  oouverture  une  liste  de  tous  les 

plans  Qontenus  dans  le  paquet. 

Mous  avons  joint  a  chaque  appa- 
reil  line  novienolatwre  de  toutes  les  pieces  avec 
leurs  numdros  reportds  en  rouge  sur  les  plans  et 
les  numdros  des  modeles  eii  hois  que  nous  avons  h 
vous  foumir  et  dont  la  premiere  p art ie,  formant  la 
machine  de  150  chevaux^.vous  sera  expddide  a  la  fin 
du  mo  is  courant. 

Nous  avons  pressd  la  construction, 
de  ces  viodeles  autant  qu’il  a  dtd  possible  de  le 
faire^mais  vous  verrez  d’apres  ce  que  vous  recevrez 
que  c'est  un  travail  tres  long  exdcutd  avec  le  plus 
grand,  nous  tenions  a  honneur  de  vous  donner 
complete  satisfaction  dans  cette  foumiture . 

Les  modeles  de  la  viachine  de 
dOO  chevnux  sont  ddja  avancds  de  construction  et 
nous  esperons  pouvoir  les  expdd.ier  dans  vn  mois  au 

Vous  remarquerez  que  les  dessins 
de  la  machine  de  300  cheixivx  donnent  deux  dispositions 
de  rdgulateur  de  vitesse.l’un  placd  dans  le  volant 
contme  la  viachine  de  1  'Expo sition  que  vous  avez  hien 
voulu  nous  aaheter;!.’ autre  dispose  sur  I'arriere 
du  bdti  et .  covtmandd  par  une  courroie.  Nous  avons 

les  deux  syst^mes  d  nos  viaahines  et  ils 
donnent  tous  deux  des  rdsultats  figalement  bans. 

Lci  machine  d.e  300  chevaux  de 
I'fiXposition  est  rentrde  d  nos  ateliers, nous  I’avons 
revue  entierevient ,ahangd  quelques  jietites  pieces 
gui  lai ssaient  d  ddsirer  et  nous  serons  prdta  d 
vous  1’ expddier  avec  son  condenseur  dans  quelques 
Jours, nous  attendons  pour  cela  rdponse  d  notre 
lettre  du  5  Movemhre  dans  laquelle  nous  vous 
demandions  ou  nous  devons  I 'adresser. 

Puisque  vous  aves  Men.  voulu 
nous  y  autoriser  et  maintenant  que  nous  vous 
livrons  une  grande  partie  de  votre  de 
dessins  et  modeles ,nous  prenons  la  libertd  de  tirer 
pour  la  sanmie  de  fr  36.000  sur  zios  hanquiers 
M.M.  Prexel  Morgan  et  Oo  de  New^Yoidc.  par  I’intemw- 
diaire  de  M.M.  Drexel  Harjens  et  0°  de  Paris. 

En  vous  revierciant  hien  sincere- 
ment  nous  vous  prions, Monsieur .d’agrder  I  ’ expression 
de  nos  sentiments  les  plus  distinguds  et  ddvouds. 

L’Adminis tra teur  Del dgue 




^'/'and  ^ruc2e  Kyftcca/it^m.  &pooiHo/v  ^6-/u<^er^''/S^S . 

^/{edaciie.^ '^o/inear2e  L  Joe  ^^jJid  (tde^Kul/ioiuie^ 


E  Construction  de  Machines 

Soi'U'fc  J//ION\7fie 


50,  Route  D'Aus^^^^t'CRS, 


£fitfc».v  evil 

,C^?y  le  9  Momhre . '/S.. 

Monsieur  Thomas  .  A  .  E  T  I  S  0 
en  son  Lahoratoire 
OBANGE  -^ew  Jersey— 

Mous  venons  vous  exprimer  tout  ■ 
le  plaisir  que  nous  a  causJ  votre  heau  portrait- 
avec  son  aimahle  fl^dicace  et  nous  vous  remer— 
cions  tres-cord.ialement  pour  cet  envoi  qui  seres- 
pour  nous  un  souvenir  prd deux  de  I'honneur 
que  nous  avons  eu  d’ entrer  en  relations  pf^rson-f 
nelles  avec  vous  . 

Les  dessins  completes  d’ exdcutiort 
des  machines  sent  partis  sur  le  paquehot 
*^la  BOUBnonNE*et  nous  espdrons  que  vous  les 
avez  hien  maintenant  , 

Les  modules  de  la  machine  de 
ISO  chevaux  ont  dtd  expddids  la  semaine 


demiere  4  Ddcmhrs  .  Us  parti ront  par  le 
premier  batem  . 

Veuillez  agrder  ,  Monsieur  ,  I’ex^ 
pression  de  ms  sentiments  tres-di stinguds  et 
ddvouds  . 

LAainluMt/idou/'  Dvlfu/UO 


t)  v'tVf.!T\en^ 

<  n  (L. 

C-hcintu^  t 

flint, /ic  ><iw/  fi  ^ 

Jen,  (,/■  hC  fui  rri /,!,/, jJon  7t  fk 

(ct  Au  'duplf/nn-  7, 

U^i.iPic  }e,^,  A»-f  Cr/IZ  ^jle'ct.  /'tej/c, 

It,  k'l^lc,  7e„pdh,’.)n,X^  a 

H/i  -t'nohi?,^. 

Cjud-rtl-  A  /  V‘y;7't^^t//(4V/^  ■?<.  Vi'hoit- ,  nt>^i7  yt  /oa 

r'fni  pon-l-^^f-  A  vrk  i/cip  knfcinA. 

yvuxJ,  ypu,  H-iLp  Cii-iL  yA„,.„tZn..  , 

c^n.  ^hn.'ini-iA'yiA  L  Anaojc, 



ThomiX)  A.  Kdiuon, 

Pont  in,  otli  Poccmtor,  1880, 

Dpnr  Sii-:- 

Y/o  take  yrcat  ploaoiu-G  In  oxpi’osQinG; 
to  ycxT  the  ui’ont  plonaiu'o  that  yoiu-  toatitiful  poiti-ait,  witli  ito 
omlfSjlo  dedication,  iao  oausoil  no,  anjl  v/o  tlnnk  you  very  oor{lially 
for  t Ilia  cift,  wlicliT/ill  ko  foi’  iio  a  prcxJioua  aouvonii’  of  tho 
honor  ;70  havo  had  in  ontorin;:;  iirto  poroonfd.  rcliitiono  ivith  you, 

Oomi)l  ct  0  YfoikiniJ  di'twinuo  of  tho  nachinoa  hewo  fjono  by  tho 
laokot  boot  "ha  Qoui-coniio ,  “  an:l  v/c  hopo  tint  you  v.-ill  lui'/o  thoji 
vory  sliortly, 

Slio  model  a  of  tho  180  h.  p,.  cnfjlno  ha^jo  boon  sent  laat  v/ook, 
4th  noceabor;  they  vrill  (jo  by  tho  fii-st  boat. 

Accojit,  Sir,  tho  o:<prconion  of  oiu'  nontimonta,  very  diatin~ 
(yuicJiod  a)id  dovotod. 

(Sicnod  )  A,  V/  K  Y  H  1’.  R. 



Doo.  9,  1889. 


V/0  vosrot  vca-y  inioh  not  DcsIiib  al^lo  to  otoco  tho  di- 
rootion  of  tho  movdmont  of  tho  on,jino,  as  yoii  wirh,  this  boii^j' 
tho  roEJoon:  I’hp  dirootion  le  auch  that  tho  ohllqiio  prosoiro  of 
tho  oi'unk  pi'ossion  tho  hood  of  tho  piston  upon  tho  bottom  of  tho 
alido.  In  tho  othoi-  cUi-cction.  on  tho  conti-ri-y,  thio  piooo  v;oiild 
nocooom'ily  rub  upon  tho  sides  of  tho  slide  uhoro  tho  nubbins  ‘"ar- 
faoo  is  nuoh  moro  nlondor,  7\s  to  tho  aiv.^^nontation  of  spood,  vro  ’ 
do  not  daro  to  state  that  it  oduld  ta]:o  plaoo  v,iU,out  inoonvenionco 
but  yai  T/iH  bo  fl'oo  to  try  it  yourself  if  you  .-judso  it  dosirablo. 
Tlio  dirootion  of  tla  sevonaor  lends  itself  very  i-oudily  oithor  in 
aufjmontins  tho 'for co  of  ttio  sprinss  or  diminishiip;  tho  v/oicht  of 
the  messes. 



Gko.  L.'  English  &  Co., 


1^12  Cl'iestnut  Street, 


Philadelphia,  Pa.,  U.  S.  A.  D«c.  11,  1889, 

Ur,  Thos.  A.  Edison, 

Orangs,  N,  J, 

Daar  Sir:- 

In  accordanca  with  your  raquast,  wa  beg  leave 
to  submit  to  you  herewith  a  Condensed  Catalogue  of  the  Mineral 
Collection  of  Ur,  Oeo,  P.  Kunz,  to  which  we  trust  you  will  give 
due  consideration.  We  also  desire  to  call  your  attention  to  a 
few  points  in  reference  to  the  collection.  In  order  to  make  it 
still  better  suited  to  your  wants  than  when  it  was  first  offered 
to  you,  Mr.  Kunz  has  since  added  to  it  a  vary  considerable  number 
of  extra  large  massive  specimens,  principally  of  the  metallic 
minerals,  from  which  you  could  break  off  pieces  for  experiments. 
We  are  authorized  to  offer  you  the  entire  collection,  with  these 
additions,  at  the  same  price  which  we  previously  quoted,  viz, 
tSOOO,  We  will  also  pack  and  unpack  the  collection  and  arrange  it 
for  you,  without  charge.  We  shall  be  pleased  to  meet  you  in 
Orange  at  any  time  you  may  name,  and  accompany  you  to  Mr,  Kunz*  s 
house  and  show  the  collection  to  you. 

Trusting  you  will  favor  us  with  an  early  reply,  we  remain 


Vary  respectfully  yours 


Geo.  L:  English  &  Co., 


Philadelpliia,  Pa.,  U.  S,  A. 

XIo3xji^:n.'^.e^ _ (7ci?-a'^o^?ye 

_ G&D,Sj.^ui2L'ZJt7kS^7?erol  Co??er??o7^ 

X.  'J/oitive,  ^feme-H'irs: 

m.jS^-Mlph  7  ^?/Vr7<?s, 


.  <I 

6-a/Mt-,  'Si^«  • 


«^ccy  I 

■t^&-C4*^Ta./cVvL.<^ N 

‘^^*£.e.«-o-C^.  €-o^tjij^ 

^S'«'Lt<.«.^iui/:  ^L^lce ./  o»«  • 

‘&>~ex^e-^-/i>^  ■  ^^a/ixj^ . 

S^-ytxuC^C-^  . 
(^^anjUA-u^^  . 

(y7h>;S^f^tt^s-iM  . 

e^-i't.w«.»'t/t2/^  • 


Gho.  L;  English  &  Co., 


16'12  Chestnut  Street, 

Philadelphia,  Pa.,  U,  S,  A, 

3^  ^in^M 


lET  Oac^gev  Gnt^o^i\i(s\ 


\e^  <3^. 




3a/^.  " 





<C<^tlCJl.,  /Xay^ 

d^/^,Kjci,<l^,X^  . 

I  VUyU^, 

».£,(;<?  J‘<3 

ea,^  cPoS^U^.^ 



Geo.  L.' English  &  Co., 


1613  OHeatnut  Street, 

Philadelphia,  Pa.,  U.  S,  A. 

&AAJ3&KAtJ(^  . 

/>?  rtAAi 



/-XTy^  nvuxoA. 

j«^</’<^'<.*'*aAi»«<^  ^1^1, 


^  •^tXXi^. 
ct^X’  . 

^  a^xxjz_  . 


0^^XV/^»tvvG4  . 



'^^O-^IAMAjCxIX-^  , 

(^eAAjXe-tAA^-oJZm-e-AX^  . 

|‘^^36awEn«^>Cx'X(  . 


O  <^iX^,  ^  if  OB'^>^Xi 



Geo,  L:  English  &  Co., 


Philadelphia,  Pa.,  U.  S.  A. 


S:  y^gs^a^es.Jaeljfl^|g^es, 

V  Va-nnctnte.s. 

7-  Cfl'r’2cK»i<}2-c6i. 



c^kaaaa<  y 

.  i^^Toaeirda'n  (fTbu^. 

J^tiTye  >t^ec  .- 

n3  ^ 

f 1X.ClOAA^  3 xiThO ^ 
-  C!,€^.<|JC<^ -i^-&>. 

I  ^?^7v<£^;t,.v^,iA<^,  d^a/tiAe^,  £  ^<Atc-t^.,A<y, 

CWogy  tie  ^  '^p-ue^ 

';i^^  -  ^ 

Grerrts  %c(  Cf^y^ 

T’-yic.e  :  /(fcoo. 

J^to'Tjxs.s : 

TLe  Direct  United  States  Cable  Company,  (umM.) 

Head  Office,  WInchesfer  House,  50  Old  Broad  St„  London,  England. 

Uo.  of  Word.’! 






Offices,  40  Broadway  &  61  Now  St. 

“  444  Broomo  Streot. 

“  Post  Office  Building. 

“  Queen  Buildings,  Hollis  .^t.O  P 

“  84  Throgmorton  Streot?f‘V^ 

“  D  0,  Exchange  Buildings. 

40  BroadT/ay 


DtC  16  ie09 
;  16 1889  / 

0-  v// 

From _ _ 

_ _ y/  J^Q 


No  Inquiry  respecting  this  Message  can  be  attended  to  without  theiproduction  of  this  Paper. 



DE  Construction  de  Machines 

aheu'/c  JSnonjwi:  ’  < 


50. Route  d'Aubervillters, 

,  :  IPAFl'a'lCS?! 

'C'  C^^ecan'k'^tc^'  ■'/SS ^ 


^■,.cv,,.^'i.  !.  f!(y'!W..;'i)taoU:),!.  j  . 

-•'I."  !/'/.  0 

‘Jl'oi.'i'.l  «.iiiu-.vvV'.t 

M  hijs  . .,  .  .'/rt.., - Ja.O.  -i!!/(^,-cii,i^\.a^cc.<  .e/o^i. 

..,  c^l,/ iXfi/- 


^ocCa£^//Ct2_^  '  '‘-'■•■<^‘^  .^.x,  at) t.t.t:/^/t,vii^  ry'c^-e,  •.-/^icpt.  yt^t-t’r^i^ej  i 

,  r^  '/n,.rej  '/I'lt-iiaiyi  vt./^  c/^-  ■t/otfi.c,  c'cyr/- 

xy'.-xt.i/tej  ...x^yot^'.Xii  c/c. .  .,.,.c^-  ex^b/^M.a  C/-  '/x<  <t.^rdj 

-^r^.c^x/  y,.,  , 

-.y«y  .^C-LO^-UJ  g^arJc,.„\.,(/  c/f,.  c^iXa -,>/.,  '  I 

>,  ^'/do-%l<l',i,.ti,  /',,.. 

i-^  t,/i  1 1  !  11,1-^  -(4  -dx.jii^i.i.^'^ii^j  „,/  CJfV,,'-^^,,y:y 

h  'AJinimslrulcmr  Di'l(:yi.ti‘ 


,  20th  nooomboi*,  lOSO. 

Da’.r  Oil*;-  N 

.  V/o  In'TO  tho  honoi-  to  onciono  cli'awirr''  J 

cho\7anc  I’.ow  an  on;;iTO  of  .'iOO  l.oroc  iiovcv  miv  Id  install c a r^tTith" 
its  conacno^",  tliinJtiit;  tint  tliip  cTosicn  micht  ho  nncfnl  to  yai. 
\mxlo  at  -U-iia  point  v/o  I’cconmosfl  to  yon  voi-y  ntro7:c:ly  v/hcn  you 
put  tlD  line  him  an  pine  o  to  v/cll  iaistruct  tlvo  work  non  upon  tlD 
mainor  of  oarini;  for  tho  notanic  otuffin^-boxos  of  tlD  rods  of 
than  niaohino.  Tho  stuffin;.;  boxes  nhavM  al.r/ays  te  very  sli/;iitly 
cUuv/n  up  by  Ixiin  only.  Tlry  ahoulcl  novoi"  to  prossod  Y/lon  tlio 
oncino  in  v/or]4i\",  but  onlyiv/ham  it  in  otoppod.  IXu’iiT:  tto  first 
f^om’  or  five  toys  of  opornfeion  thoa>o  rmy  bo  nono  osc  qioo  of  stoan. 
uhaoli  at  rhmld  not  bo  tlio  oisjoot  to  cut  off  fuddonly.  They  v/ill 
thcmnolvoo  disnpiioar  at  tto  ond  of  a  lit  tl  o  v/h.i  lo.  All  tto  &r- 
nasldnjjo  of  tho  piston  rodo  of  ymr  nnchino  m-o  mv,  and  tho  least 
excess  ol  prossTUto  v,lll  put  thorn  out  of  r.eivico  in  an  inslant.  It 
v/aild  produce  n  tontinj;  tlnit  v/ould  nolt  tho  motel  v/h.oi  tee  pmn- 
siu-o  would  bo  too  str  on'i'.  The  an’Ointri  ants  are  cko  client,  but  on 
tho  oondataon  of  toin/j  thormf^Jily  well  watched.  it  is  oancntiol 
/  tliat  «ra  oilinr:  vrith  niinei'nl  should  rover  bo  wantiro 
aJi  tho  oylindoi's. 

Tlio  Tir  incipnl  parts  of  your  mochiro  l-iavo  lolt  om*  v/orlcnh.ops 
uO-day,  tmd  v/o  hope  tint  tlioywiU  to  lait  on  ba  rd  tlio  tiunsatlm- 
taquo  steojiiship  next  Hat ur day,  ofwWdi  wo  will  sond  yav  tlio  mmd  ■ 
by  001,10  as  soon  ns  wo  sluiU  bo  aitiofiod  of  the  te  doTm-tui-c. 

V'c  toe  you  to  he  so  eoocl  as  to 
pilco  of  this  mcchino  by  qiplyineto 
as  you  have  mth.nrir.od  us  to  do  for 

tho  models  anl 

covci’  tho 
,  Poi’fyin  ft  Co., 
dec  dens . 

(Sifteod.)  A. 

iCon  'Z' 


Gho.  L.  English  &  Co., 


Philadelphia,  Pa.,  U.  S,  A, 

<::^x%Lt.oi^o«-e  (S.^-fAyL'^e^aXe^  o>--^^  I 


—  •  . ^  ^  Q^  <s4s>.eei.4s^tA?l^ 


Gno.  L.  English  &  Co., 


Ur.  Thas.  A.  Bdison, 
Orang*,  N.J.; 
Dear  Sir:- 


-  ^  C  ^  . 

Pliiladelphia,  Pa.,  U.  S.  A.  Dac.SOth,  1889. 


11  **  ’*■'*  •"*  *“7  “*“•  "*’•  Anilrew  Hartnan,  at 

*’!!!  /!*?  Packing  up  Ur/Kunz»s  qallaotlan,  and  ha 
Ill?  tk  **  finish  It  up  ak  Wadsa^day  af  this  waak.  Tha  |M»xas 
will  than  ba  shippad  and  Hr.  Hartma^wlll  saa  to  tha  unpaoking  in 
yaur  laboratory,  whara  ho  will  pr^ably  bo  an  tha  2nd.  It  will 
taka  four  or  days  to  unpack  tha  oollactian,  and  Mr.  Baalish 
ai^acts  t.  ba  yaur  labkr.tary  f  Monday  naxt’  “Sa  StS  Sw. . 
rllnin!  *  k  f«V  y®u*  wi  trust  your  shalvos  will  ba  in 

fk  "ii  “““Vf  will  probably  troubla  you  but 

littla  in  tha  unpacking  ands^ai^gamant. 

Vary  raspactfully^ours, 


/■/,  Xr^^A^^/'-£l<fYa{/l^^^^ 

/V  ^  ^(Ja^t.r 

M  C'/l  ^ 

><.  J^^CClJ''^JL_ 

.<  /^,  ^/■■ilAAy/^/ef7i^f[^l4^A^,et.iny^^ 

.  /I,  /UrA  ^ 

M  /:?, 

e^,  '  ^^^^2^'L^ 

<i  /  (P,  JAn' jL^^y X^ 

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„  nJkbbJuArY.^^  '  1^, 

,.  c^;-  't/i-^^%ti^7Corn-trVt/X>^^  ^ 




I  %M  t^^^;,/J</  '\‘ 

.  d,  %iir^.ui'(£.  — 1^  'p 

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1890.  Battery  (D-90-01) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  pertaining  to  the  procurement  and  testing  of 
batteries.  Some  of  the  ietters  deal  with  batteries  for  the  phonograph  and  phonoplex.  Related  documents  can 
be  found  in  D-90-27  (Edison  Manufacturing  Company). 

1890.  Bergmnnn  &  Company  (D-90>02) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  relating  to  the  business  of  Bergmann  &  Co.  The  company  manufactured 
electric  lighting  fixtures,  sockets,  and  other  devices  used  with  the  Edison  system  of  electric  lighting,  as  well 
as  equipment  for  the  Edison  phonoplex  system  of  telegraphy.  Some  of  the  letters  pertain  to  tests  conducted 
for  the  company  by  the  West  Orange  laboratoiy.  There  arc  also  letters  regarding  a  phonoplex  exhibit  at  the 
annual  meeting  of  the  Association  of  American  Railway  Telegraph  Superintendents.  Most  of  the 
correspondence  is  by  Joseph  Hutchinson,  secretary  of  the  company.  On  August  1,  1890  the  company  became 
part  of  the  Edison  General  Electric  Co.  Related  material  can  be  found  in  D-90-33  (Electric  Light  -  Edison 
General  Electric  Company  -  General). 

1890.  Dick  (A.B.)  Company  (D-90.03) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the  mimeograph  business  of  the  A.B. 
Dick  Co.  Included  arc  letters  about  royalty  payments,  advertising,  and  patent  infringement  suits.  Most  of  the 
letters  are  by  Albert  B.  Dick,  president  of  the  company. 

1890.  Edison,  T.  A.  -  General  (D-90-04) 

This  folder  contains  documents,  primarily  correspondence,  covering  a  wide  variety  of  subjects.  Some  of  the 
material  relates  to  personal  matters.  Also  included  are  documents  that  deal  with  more  than  one  subject,  such 
as  a  letter  about  both  the  electric  light  and  electric  traction.  Documents  concerning  subjects  that  do  not  fall 
under  the  main  subject  categories  arc  also  filed  in  this  folder.  Among  the  items  are  numerous  letters  from 
George  P.  Lathrop  and  several  dozen  pages  of  notes  in  Edison’s  hand  pertaining  to  their  collaboration  on  a 
science  fiction  novel. 

1890.  Edison,  T.A.  -  Accounts  {0-90-05)  [not  rilnicd] 

This  folder  contains  routine  correspondence  and  transaction  statements  pertaining  to  Edison’s  personal  and 
business  accounts  with  the  German  National  Bank  of  Newark,  N.J. 

1890.  Edison,  T.  A.  -  Articles  (D-90-06) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  requesting  Edison  to  write  articles;  correspondence  relating  to  articles 
about  Edison  or  his  inventions;  and  letters  from  journalists  seeking  to  interview  Edison. 

1890.  Edison,  T.A.  -  Autograph  and  Photograph  Requests  (D-90-07)  [not  filmed] 

This  folder  contains  routine  correspondence  requesting  Edison’s  autograph  or  asking  for  his  photograph. 

1890.  Edison,  T.A.  -  Bills  and  Receipts  (D-90-08)  [not  filmed] 

This  folder  contains  bills  and  receipts  for  routine  West  Orange  laboratoiy,  personal,  and  family  expenses. 

1890.  Edison,  T.A.  -  Book  and  Journal  Orders  (D-90-09)  [not  filmed] 

This  folder  contains  correspondence,  bills,  and  receipts  relating  to  the  ordering  of  books  and  journals.  There 
are  also  printed  cataiogs  and  advertising  circulars. 

1890.  Edison,  T.A.  -  Checks  (D-90-10)  [not  rdmed] 

This  folder  contains  cheeks  and  sight  drafts  ptiyablc  to  various  companies  and  individuals  by  Edison,  the  West 
Orange  laboratory,  and  the  Edison  Manufacturing  Co. 

1890.  Edison,  T.A.  -  Clubs  and  Societies  (D-90-11) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  Edison’s  membership  and  activities  in 
social  clubs  and  professional  societies. 

1890.  Edison,  T.A.  -  Creditors  (D-90-12)  [not  filmed] 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  relating  to  unpaid  biils  for  Edison’s  personal  and  West  Orange  laboratoiy 
expenses.  Related  documents  can  be  found  in  D-90-08  (Edison,  T.A.  -  Biiis  and  Receipts). 

1890.  Edison,  T.  A.  ■  Employment  (D-90-13] 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  from  or  about  employees  and  prospective 
employees.  There  are  also  letters  of  recommendation  in  support  of  individuals  seeking  employment.  Most  of 
the  correspondence  relates  to  employment  requests  for  the  West  Orange  laboratoiy.  Some  documents  pertain 
to  employment  at  Glenmont  and  at  the  various  Edison  companies.  In  addition,  there  are  items  concerning  the 
ciosing  of  the  chemical  room  at  the  laboratory  and  the  status  of  its  employees;  and  several  notes  from  Edison 
authorizing  wage  increases  for  laboratory  employees. 

1890.  Edison,  T.  A.  -  Family  (D-90-14) 

This  foidcr  contains  correspondence  by  and  about  Edison’s  famiiy.  Many  of  the  documents  concern  the  severe 
illness  of  Edison’s  daughter,  Marion,  who  was  traveling  in  Europe.  There  is  also  material  about  the  health 
problems  of  Edison’s  brother,  Wiiliam  Pitt.  Other  letters  pertain  to  requests  for  financial  aid  from  Edison’s 
relatives  and  to  attendance  by  Edison’s  family  at  social  functions. 

1890.  Edison,  TA.  -  Outgoing  Correspondence  (D-90-15)  [not  filmed] 

This  foidcr  contains  duplicate  copies  of  correspondence  found  in  the  General  Letterbook  Series. 

1890.  Edison,  T.  A.  -  Real  Estate  (D-90-16) 

This  foidcr  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  rotating  to  the  purchase  and  sale  of  land  and 
buildings.  Many  of  the  letters  concern  the  payment  of  the  interest  and  principal  on  the  loan  by  Mr.  and  Mrs. 
David  N.  Ropes  for  the  purchase  of  property  in  Bioomfield,  N.  J. 

1890.  Edison,  T.A.  -  Secretary  -  Randoiph,  John  (D-90-17)  [not  filmed] 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  relating  to  John  F.  Randolph’s  role  as  Edison’s  bookkeeper  and  Alfred 
O.  Tate’s  office  assistant.  The  letters  deal  with  routine  financial  transactions  of  the  West  Orange  laboratoiy 

1890.  Edison,  T.  A.  -  Secretary  -  Tate,  Alfred  O.  (D-90-18)  [not  filmed] 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  relating  to  Alfred  O.  Tate’s  role  as  Edison’s  private  secretaiy,  along  with 
occasional  items  pertaining  to  Tate’s  private  life.  Routine  letters  addressed  to  Tate  in  his  capacity  as  Edison’s 
secretary  or  representative  that  do  not  fall  under  the  main  subject  categories  are  generally  filed  in  this  folder. 
Among  the  personal  correspondence  are  letters  from  various  Canadian  business  associates  dealing  with  such 
matters  as  Tate’s  possible  appointment  to  the  board  of  directors  of  the  Queenston  Land  Company.  There  are 
also  documents  regarding  tests  made  on  the  Craig-Roberts  storage  battery.  Letters  addressed  to  Tate  that  deal 
with  a  specific  subject  or  the  business  of  a  particular  company  can  be  found  in  their  appropriate  subject 

1890.  Edison,  TA.  -  Shipping  (D-90-19)  [not  filmed] 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the  shipment  of  supplies,  machinery,  and 
other  equipment  to  the  West  Orange  laboratory  and  to  the  various  Edison  companies.  There  are  also  some 
items  pertaining  to  the  shipment  of  Edison’s  personal  goods. 

1890.  Edison,  T.A.  -  Suppliers  (D-90.20)  [not  filmed] 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  pertaining  to  suppliers  of  equipment  and  materials 
for  Edison.  Documents  concerning  supplies  for  the  West  Orange  laboratory  for  the  period  1890-1898  [not 
filmed]  can  be  found  in  the  West  Orange  Laboratory  Records. 

1890.  Edison,  T.  A.  -  Unsoiicited  Correspondence  -  Advice  (D-90-21) 

This  folder  contains  routine  correspondence  suggesting  improvements  in  Edison’s  inventions,  asking  him  for 
advice  or  information  on  technical  matters,  or  requesting  his  assistance  in  improving  or  promoting  an 
invention.  •  o  r  e 

1890.  Edison,  T.A.  -  Unsolicited  Correspondence  -  Business  (D-90-22)  [not  filmed] 

This  folder  contains  routine  correspondence  from  individuals  requesting  agencies  for  Edison’s  inventions, 
inquiring  about  their  purchase  or  cost,  asking  for  other  information  about  his  inventions,  or  seeking  to  do 
business  with  Edison. 

1890.  Edison,  T.A.  -  Unsolicited  Correspondence  -  Foreign  Language  (D-90-23)  [not  filmed] 

This  folder  contains  routine  and  mostly  untranslated  letters  addressed  to  Edison.  Some  have  been  annotated 
with  a  brief  summary  of  the  contents. 

1890.  Edison,  T.A.  -  Unsolicited  Correspondence  -  Personal  (D-90-24)  [not  filmed] 

This  folder  contains  routine  personal  requests,  fan  mail,  and  other  items  for  which  no  record  of  a  significant 
response  by  Edison  has  been  found.  Included  are  letters  asking  Edison  for  educational  advice,  personai 
information,  loans,  charitable  contributions,  exhibits  of  his  inventions,  and  other  personal  favors. 

1890.  Edison,  T.A.  -  Visitors  (D-90-2S) 

This  folder  contains  routine  letters  of  introduction  and  requests  to  visit  Edison  or  tour  the  West  Orange 
laboratoiy.  Included  are  letters  about  the  visit  of  Pierre  Richemond,  son  of  the  French  steam  engine 
manufacturer,  I.  Richemond.  Substantive  letters  from  individualswho  visited  the  laboratory  or  company  shops 
on  business  can  be  found  in  their  appropriate  subject  folders. 

1890.  Edison  Industrial  Works  (D-90-26) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  reiating  to  the  purchase  of  property  at  Siiver  Lake, 
N.J.,  and  to  the  formation  of  the  Edison  Industrial  Works.  This  company  was  intended  to  be  the  successor 
to  the  Edison  Manufacturing  Co.  Included  is  correspondence  from  Sherburne  B.  Eaton  pertainingto  Edison’s 
contractual  obligations  to  the  now  company.  Related  material  can  be  found  in  D-90-27  (Edison  Manufacturing 
Company)  and  in  the  Alexander  Elliott,  Jr.,  Papers  (Special  Collections  Series). 

1890.  Edison  Manufacturing  Company  (D-90-27) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the  business  of  the  Edison 
Manufacturing  Co.  Most  of  the  letters  pertain  to  the  licensing  and  marketing  of  the  Edison-Lalando  batteiy. 
Also  included  are  technical  descriptions  of  the  batteiy  cell  and  specifications  and  notes  regarding  the 
construction  of  a  factory  at  Silver  Lake,  N.  J.  Related  material  can  be  found  in  D-90-26  (Edison  Industrial 

1890.  Electric  Light  -  General  (D-90-28) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  electric  lighting  and  power.  Included  are 
letters  pertaining  to  the  alternating  current  controversy,  electrocution,  the  Niagara  Falls  power  project,  and 
the  disappearance  of  Edison's  associate,  Frank  McGowan,  in  January  1890.  There  arc  also  requests  by  schools 
for  donations  of  electric  lighting  equipment. 

1890.  Electric  Light  -  Edison  Electric  Illuminating  Company  of  New  York  (D-90-29) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the  business  of  the  Edison  Electric 
Illuminating  Co.  of  Now  York.  Many  of  the  letters  pertain  to  canvassing  plans  and  construction  work  on  new 
central  stations  for  Manhattan.  Also  included  is  a  report  by  Eaton  &  Lewis,  the  company’s  lawyers,  regarding 
vibration  and  noise  at  central  stations,  Most  of  the  letters  arc  by  Richard  R.  Bowker,  first  vice-president,  and 
J.  B.  Skehan,  treasurer.  Many  of  them  are  addressed  to  Arthur  E.  Kennclly,  Edison’s  chief  electrician. 

1890.  Electric  Light  -  Edison  Electric  Light  Company  -  General  (D-90-30) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  relating  to  the  business  of  the  Edison  Electric  Light  Co.  The  letters  are 
by  Frank  S.  Hastings,  secretary  and  treasurer,  and  relate  to  a  proposed  sub-station  in  Newport,  Rhode  Island, 
and  to  possible  competition  from  the  Westinghouse  Electric  Co.  On  August  1, 1890,  this  company  became  part 
of  the  Edison  General  Electric  Co. 

1890.  Electric  Light  -  Edison  Electric  Light  Company  -  Ilinminating  Companies  (D-90-31) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the  organization  and  operations  of  local 
Edison  illuminating  companies.  Included  arc  letters  pertaining  to  the  expansion  of  the  Mount  Carmel  central 
station  and  the  construction  of  a  new  South  Side  station  in  Chicago.  Other  documents  concern  Edison’s  and 
Arthur  E.  Kennelly’s  attendance  at  the  annual  convention  of  the  Association  of  Edison  Illuminating 
Companies  in  Minneapolis. 

1890.  Electric  Light  -  Edison  Electric  Light  Company  of  Philadelphia  (0-90-32) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the  business  of  the  Edison  Electric  Light 
Co.  of  Philadelphia.  Most  of  the  correspondence  is  by  William  D.  Marks,  general  manager  of  the  company. 
There  are  also  several  reports  by  Marks  to  the  company’s  board  of  directors  concerning  the  construction  and 
operation  of  central  stations. 

1890.  Electric  Light  -  Edison  General  Electric  Company  -  General  (D-90-33) 

^is  folder  contains  TOrrespondence  and  other  documents  reiating  to  the  business  of  the  Edison  Generai 
cngineer-in-chief;  Samuei  Insull,  second  vice- 
PH Leonard,  general  manager.  Many  of  the  documents  pertain  to  the  consolidation  of 
the  var  ous  Edison  companies  and  to  the  internal  affairs  of  the  departments  within  the  new  company.  Some 
of  he  letters  concern  the  development  of  alternating  current  multipolar  dynamos  for  electric  lighting  and 
^n/rni  .  p  documcuts  relate  to  canvasses  of  potential  customere  fof  new 

r  Til®™  are  also  two  maps  of  the  United  States  with  figures  Usting 

1890.  Electric  Light  •  Edison  General  Electric  Company  -  Lamp  Works  (D-90-34) 

1890.  Electric  Light  -  Edison  Lamp  Company  (D-90-35) 

“  h"*  ‘o  ‘h®  b“s!“®ss  of  the  Edison  Lamp  Co. /w’,  “  ^®P®''“"®“‘  ‘h®  Edison  General  Electric  Co.  Included  are  letters 

mnuZ  T^  ^  ‘“‘roduction  of  20.candlepower  lamps,  the  problems  of  defective  lamps,  and  other  technical 
P®y°«  statistics.  Most  of  the  ^^correspondence  is  by 
Francis  R.  Upton,  general  manager  and  treasurer,  and  by  WiUiam  H.  Meadoweroft.  secretary  to  Mr.  Uoton 
Related  material  can  be  found  in  D-90-34  (Edison  General  Electric  Company  -  Lamp  Worl^). 

1890.  Eiectric  Light  -  Foreign  -  General  (D-90-36) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the  electric  Ught  business  in  various 
S°DaTh‘?^,r'^'l'  r  by  A.  Arango,  generai  manager  and  freasurer  of  the  Edison 

Sherburne  B.  Eaton  and  Charies  F.  Stone,  Edison's  attorneys.  Several 
rcorganiimtionof  the  board  of  directors  of  the  Spanish  Colonial  company  and  to  Edison’s 
r  ■‘".P''®f'^®“‘-P‘b®r  documents  concern  the  discontinuance  of  various  patLts  held  by  the 
ahoTX  In^  H  Fessenko,  mayor  of  Charkow,  R^sia, 

-bout  the  in  roduction  of  electric  hghting  m  that  city.  A  4-page  report  of  the  Tokyo  Eiectric  Light  Co 

describes  that  company’s  roie  in  eiectric  lighting  in  Japan.  y«rig  ugni  i-o. 

1890.  Electric  Light  -  Foreign  -  United  Kingdom  (D-90-37) 

ui'anH  V  ■■®>®‘i®8 ‘h®  business  of  the  Edison  &  Swan  United  Eiectric  Light  Co., 

to  file  a  d  tinf "  f  Ih  “”P®"1®5- °f  ‘be  letters  concern  the  efforts  of  the  Edison  &  Swan  company 
n°  mtenlp  V  1.  1  f®®‘‘®‘ P“‘®“‘-  There  is  also  a  letter  from  Rookes  E.  Crompton,  a 

prominent  British  electrical  engineer,  about  his  company’s  eiectric  iighting  work. 

1890.  Electric  Light  -  United  Edison  Manufacturing  Company  (D-90-38) 
ms  foider  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  pertaining  to  the  business  of  the  United  Edison 

^  me[ers“an‘d  o^hef°r,°  °f  ®'®®‘™  bghti"g  plunts.  the  development 

of  meters  and  other  electrical  equipment,  and  the  construction  of  a  steam  engine  for  Edison’s  ore  Filins 

«“ndent?fl"j’c''H  informatL  Zon™  thf 

correspondents  are  J.C.  Henderson,  acting  engineer-m-chicf:H.  Ward  Leonard,  general  manager  of  the  Cash 

Installations  Division;  and  Samuci  D.  Greene,  assistant  to  the  general  manager.  On  August  1,  1890  this 
company  became  part  of  the  Edison  General  Electric  Co.  Related  material  can  be  found  in  D-90-33  (Electric 
Light  -  Edison  General  Electric  Company  -  General)  and  D-90-64  (West  Orange  Laboratoiy). 

1890.  Electric  Railway  (D-90-39) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  Edison’s  involvement  in  electric  railways. 
Most  of  the  documents  pertain  to  the  business  and  legal  affairs  of  the  Sprague  Electric  Railway  and  Motor 
Co.  Included  also  is  a  lengthy  memorandum  by  Edison  about  railway  motors  and  generators.  Much  of  the 
correspondence  is  by  Sherburne  B.  Eaton,  Edison’s  attorney.  Related  material  can  be  found  in  D-90-33 
(Electric  Light  -  Edison  General  Electric  Company  -  General). 

1890.  Exhibitions  (D-90-40) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  concerning  electrical  and  industrial  exhibitions  in 
France,  Germany,  and  the  United  States.  Included  are  letters  concerning  the  exhibition  of  the  phonograph 
and  other  Edison  inventions  at  the  Minneapolis  Industriai  Exposition.  Many  of  the  letters  are  by  Francis  R. 
Upton,  general  manager  of  the  Edison  General  Electric  Co.  Lamp  Works.  There  is  also  an  80-page  catalog 
describing  Edison’s  inventions  exhibited  at  the  Minneapolis  Industrial  Exposition. 

1890.  Fort  Myers  (D-90-41) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence,  property  tax  receipts,  and  other  documents  pertainingto  the  maintenance 
of  the  homes  and  properties  of  Edison  and  Ezra  T.  Gilliland  at  Fort  Myers,  Florida.  Included  also  are  letters 
regarding  the  proposed  sale  of  property.  Many  of  the  letters  are  by  William  E.  Hibble,  caretaker. 

1890.  Glenmont  (D-90-42) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence,  biils,  and  other  documents  rciating  to  the  furnishing  and  maintenance 
of  Gienmont,  Edison’s  home  in  Lleweliyn  Park.  Most  of  the  correspondence  concerns  mortgage  payments  and 
insurance  poiicies.  There  are  aiso  letters  about  lighting  fixtures  and  a  request  from  the  Electrical  Engineer  to 
publish  a  photograph  of  the  home.  Reiated  documents  pertaining  to  misceiiancous  houschoid  purchases  can 
be  found  in  D-90-09  (Edison,  T.A.  -  Bills  and  Receipts). 

1890.  Mining  -  General  (D-90-43) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  mining  and  ore  miiiing.  Included  are 
requests  for  information  about  Edison’s  mining  and  ore  miiiing  machinciy.  There  are  also  letters  concerning 
the  purchase  of  various  state  geological  surveys  and  maps  and  the  acquisition  of  mining  property  in  Rockland 
County,  N.  Y.  Related  material  can  be  found  in  D-90-64  (West  Orange  Laboratory). 

1890.  Mining  -  Bum,  Samuel  (D-90-44)  [not  Tilmed] 

This  folder  contains  correspondence,  field  reports,  and  other  documents  relating  to  the  activities  of  Samuel 
G.  Bum,  who  was  conducting  mine  surveys  for  Edison  in  the  United  States  and  Canada. 

1890.  Mining  -  Edison  Iron  Concentrating  Company  (D-90-45) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  regarding  the  business  of  the  Edison  Iron  Concentrating  Co.  Most  of  the 
letters  are  by  Walter  S.  Mallory,  secretary-treasurer  and  general  manager  of  the  company.  Some  of  the 
documents  pertain  to  production  difficulties  at  the  company’s  ore  milling  plant  in  Humboldt,  Michigan,  which 
was  destroyed  by  fire  on  December  3,  1890.  There  are  also  letters  about  the  survey  of  mining  properties,  the 
distribution  of  stock,  and  other  financial  matters. 

1890.  Mining  -  Edison  Ore  Miiling  Company,  Ltd.  (D-90-46) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the  organization  and  management  of 
the  Edison  Ore  Milling  Co.,  Ltd.  Included  are  documents  concerning  Edison’s  election  as  a  director  of  the 
company.  There  are  also  items  dealing  with  the  company’s  financial  and  legal  affairs.  Among  the 
correspondents  are  Sherburne  B.  Eaton,  Edison’s  attorney;  Samuel  Insull,  vice  president  of  the  company;  and 
William  S.  Perry,  secretary. 

1890.  Mining  -  Foreign  (D-90.47) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  about  mining  and  ore  milling  in  Canada  and  other  foreign  countries. 
Much  of  the  rarrespondence  relates  to  Edison’s  interest  in  various  Canadian  copper  and  iron  mines.  There 
are  also  inquiries  about  Edison’s  ore  milling  and  processing  machinciy.  Other  documents  pertain  to  ore 
samples  sent  to  Edison. 

1890.  Mining  -  Mines  and  Ores  (I)-90-48) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  mines  and  ores  to  bo  bought,  sold, 
worked,  or  tested.  Some  of  the  items  deal  with  the  mining  interests  of  individuals  who  either  wanted  to  sell 
property  to  Edison  or  to  have  their  ores  tested.  Included  are  letters  concerning  the  lease  of  mining  propertv 
in  Putnam  County,  N.Y. 

1890.  Mining  -  New  Jersey  and  Pennsylvania  Concentrating  Works  (D-90-49) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the  organization  of  the  New  Jersey  and 
Pennqilvania  Concentrating  Works.  Included  are  documents  about  the  closing  of  Edison’s  ore  milling  plant 
in  Bechtelsville,  Pennsylvania  and  the  establishment  of  his  Ogden  works  in  New  Jersey.  Many  of  the 
documents  are  by  William  K.  L.  Dickson,  a  West  Orange  laboratory  employee  who  was  sent  to  Ogden  to 
report  on  the  operations  of  the  new  plant.  Related  material  can  be  found  in  D-90-64  (West  Orange 

1890.  Patents  (D-90-50) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  to  and  from  Edison’s  patent  attorneys  and  agents,  along  with  other 
documents  relating  to  domestic  and  foreign  patent  applications,  patent  litigation,  and  other  patent  matters. 
Included  are  documents  concerning  two  patent  infringement  cases,  Edison  Electric  Light  Co.  v.  U.S.  Electric 
Lighting  Co.  and  the  Trenton  Feeder  Case;  an  essay  regarding  proposed  reforms  in  the  U.S.  patent  system; 
and  a  series  of  notes  written  by  Edison  about  various  patent  matters.  Among  the  correspondents  arc  attorneys 
Richard  N.  Dyer,  Sherburne  B.  Eaton,  and  Henry  W.  Seely. 

1890.  Phonograph  -  General  (D-90-S1) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  about  the  technical  and  commercial  development  of  the  phonograph. 
Sonie  of  the  letters  arc  by  Edison’s  attorney,  Sherburne  B.  Eaton,  and  relate  to  Edison’s  suit  against  Ezra  T. 
Gilliland  and  John  C.  Tomlinson.  Also  included  arc  letters  about  musical  recording  sessions  at  the  West 
Orange  laboratory,  correspondence  regarding  phonograph  exhibitions,  and  requests  for  information  about 
phonographs  and  cylinder  recordings.  Individual  letters  pertaining  to  more  than  one  phonograph  company  are 
also  filed  in  this  folder. 

1890.  Phonograph  -  Automatic  Phonograph  Exhibition  Company  (D-90-S2) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the  business  of  the  Automatic 
Phonograph  Exhibition  Co.,  which  was  organized  to  promote  Edison’s  coin-operated  phonograph.  Also 
included  are  documents  about  the  technical  development  of  the  coin-operated  phonograph  and  about  the 

company’s  lawsuit  against  the  North  American  Phonograph  Co.  Many  of  the  ietters  are  by  Felix  Gottschalk, 
president  of  the  company. 

1890.  Phonograph  -  Edison  Phonograph  Company  (D-90-S3) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  about  the  business  of  the  Edison  Phonograph  Co.  Most  of  the  letters  are 
from  the  law  firm  of  Baton  &  Lewis  and  reiate  to  the  company’s  New  Jersey  tax  obligations. 

1890.  Phonograph  -  Edison  Phonograph  Works  (D-90-54) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  pertaining  to  the  business  of  the  Edison  Phonograph 
Works.  Many  of  the  letters  are  from  the  law  firm  of  Eaton  &  Lewis  and  relate  to  stock  matters  and  to 
agreements  involving  Edison,  the  Phonograph  Works,  and  other  parties.  There  are  also  documents  concerning 
the  organization  of  the  company’s  board  of  directors.  Much  of  the  correspondence  is  by  Samuel  InsuU, 
treasurer  of  the  company. 

1890.  Phonograph  -  Foreign  -  General  (D-90-55) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  reiating  to  the  commercial  development  of  Edison’s 
phonograph  in  the  United  Kingdom,  Germany,  Mexico,  and  Russia.  Included  are  testimonials  from  Russian 
composers  and  musicians  and  letters  about  the  presentation  of  the  phonograph  to  Porfirio  Diaz,  Czar 
Alexander  III,  and  Friedrich  Krupp.  Among  the  correspondents  are  Josef  Hofmann,  the  Polish  pianist; 
Thomas  B.  Conneiy,  Edison’s  phonograph  agent  in  Mexico;  and  Julius  H.  Biock,  Edison’s  agent  in  Russia. 

1890.  Phonograph  -  Foreign  -  Edison  United  Phonograph  Company  (D-90-S6) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  reiating  to  the  business  of  the  Edison  United  Phonograph  Co.  Inciuded 
are  letters  about  the  payment  of  bills  for  phonographs  and  phonograph  accessories,  foreign  patent  applications, 
and  the  presentation  of  phonographs  to  foreign  heads  of  state.  Some  of  the  correspondence  is  by  G.  N. 
Morison,  secretaiy  of  the  company.  There  are  also  letters  by  Edison’s  attorney,  Sherburne  B.  Eaton. 

1890.  Phonograph  -  Foreign  -  Frazar  &  Company  (D-90-S7) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  relating  to  phonograph  sales  ageneies  in  China  and  Japan.  There  are  also 
letters  about  the  presentation  of  phono^aphs  to  Chinese  and  Japanese  government  officials.  Most  of  the 
correspondence  is  by  Everett  Frazar,  Edison’s  phonograph  agent  in  China  and  Japan. 

1890.  Phonograph  -  North  American  Phonograph  Company  -  General  (D-90-S8) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the  business  of  the  North  American 
Phonograph  Co.  and  to  the  technical  development  of  phonographs  and  cylinders.  Included  are  numerous 
circular  letters  to  local  Edison  phonograph  companies  coneerning  company  policies  and  technical  matters. 
There  is  also  material  regarding  the  sale  of  coin-operated  phonographs  and  the  iawsuit  filed  against  the  North 
American  Phonograph  C^.  by  the  Automatic  Phonograph  Exhibition  Co.  Much  of  the  correspondence  is  by 
Thomas  R.  Lombard,  vice  president  of  the  company,  and  by  Sherburne  B.  Eaton,  Edison’s  personal  attorney. 
Related  material  can  be  found  in  D-90-52  (Phonograph  -  Automatic  Phonograph  Exhibition  Company). 

1890.  Phonograph  -  North  American  Phonograph  Company  -  Subsidiary  Sales  Companies  (D-90-59) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the  business  affairs  of  various  regional 
sales  companies  under  contract  with  the  North  American  Phonograph  Co.  Included  are  an  annual  report  of 
the  Metropolitan  Phonograph  Co.  and  correspondence  about  the  use  of  the  phonograph  in  the  printing 
industry  and  about  the  deveiopment  of  a  nickel-in-the-slot  device  by  the  Colorado  and  Utah  Phonograph  Co. 
There  are  also  many  letters  by  Edward  D.  Easton,  president  of  the  Columbia  Phonograph  Co.,  concerning 
technical  problems  and  improvements  in  the  phonograph. 

1890.  Phonograph  -  Talking  Doll  (D-90-60) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence,  accounts,  and  other  documents  concerning  the  manufacture  and 
promotion  of  Edison’s  talking  doll.  Many  of  the  documents  pertain  to  the  business  of  the  Edison  Phonograph 
Toy  Manufacturing  Co.  There  arc  aiso  letters  about  Edison’s  efforts  to  reorganize  the  company’s  board  of 
directors  and  about  the  saie  of  Edison’s  foreign  patent  rights  to  the  talking  doll.  Included  also  are  letters 
requesting  dolls  or  asking  for  information  about  them.  Among  the  correspondents  are  Daniel  Weld,  secretary 
of  the  Toy  Manufacturing  Co.;  J.  T.  Spalding,  a  company  stockholder:  and  Sherburne  B.  Eaton,  Edison’s 

1890.  Sims-Edison  Electric  Torpedo  Company  (D-90-61) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  pertaining  to  the  business  of  the  Sims-Edison 
Electric  Torpedo  Co.  Included  are  documents  about  the  demonstration  of  the  company’s  electric  torpedo  boat 
and  Edison’s  opinion  of  the  boat.  Most  of  the  letters  are  by  Everett  Frazar,  president  of  the  company. 

1890.  Telegraph  -  General  (D-90-62) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  relating  to  the  technical  and  commercial  development  of  the  telegraph. 
Most  of  the  letters  are  from  the  law  firm  of  Eaton  &  Lewis  and  concern  the  ease  of  Welch  v.  Edison.  There 
is  also  a  letter  about  quadruplex  patent  royalties. 

1890.  Telegraph  -  Phonoplex  (D-90-63) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  pertaining  to  the  Edison  Phonoplex  System  of 
Telegraphy.  Most  of  the  documents  relate  to  the  installation  of  phonoplex  circuits  on  various  American  and 
Canadian  raiiroads.  Some  of  the  items  deal  with  the  probiem  of  finding  suitable  batteries,  condensers,  and 
other  components.  Much  of  the  correspondence  is  by  W.S.  Logue,  fieid  agent  for  the  phonopiex  ^stem.  Most 
of  Logue’s  letters  are  addressed  to  Edison’s  secretary,  Alfred  O.  Tate.  Tate  served  as  the  company’s  electrician 
and  oversaw  its  daily  business  operations.  Edison  himself  was  only  tangentially  involved  in  phonoplex 
operations,  and  very  few  letters  to  or  from  him  can  be  found  in  this  folder.  The  case  study  approach  begun 
in  1887  continues  for  the  Pennsylvania  Raiiroad;  substantive  items  relating  to  the  operations  of  the  phonoplex 
on  that  railroad  have  been  selected.  In  addition,  the  foliowing  documents  have  been  fiimed;  substantive  items 
regarding  saies  strategics,  competition  with  Western  Union,  and  Logue’s  role  as  field  agent  for  both  the 
phonoplex  and  the  Edison  ManufacturingCo.;  correspondence  about  technical  problems,  indicatingsubstantive 
involvement  by  Arthur  E.  Keunelly,  chief  electrician  at  the  West  Orange  laboratory;  and  an  advcrtisingcircular 
issued  by  the  Edison  Phonoplex  System.  Related  material  can  be  found  in  D-90-01  (Battery),  D-90-02 
(Bergmann  &  Company),  and  D-90-27  (Edison  Manufacturing  Company). 

1890.  West  Orange  Laboratory  (D-90-64) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence,  reports,  and  other  documents  relating  to  experimentsand  tests  conducted 
at  the  West  Orange  laboratory.  Also  included  are  lists  of  experimental  accounts,  payroll  records  for  the 
machine  shop  and  laboratory,  and  other  documents  pertaining  to  labor  costs  for  experimental  work. 

1890.  Batteiy  (D-90-01) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  pertaining  to 
the  procurement  and  testing  of  batteries.  Some  of  the  letters  deal  with  batteries 
for  the  phonograph  and  phonoplex.  Related  documents  can  be  found  in  D-90- 
27  (Edison  Manufacturing  Company). 

Approximately  90  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  Most  of 
the  documents  not  filmed  concern  G.  W.  Ladd’s  battery  work.  Also  not  filmed 
are  duplicate  copies  of  selected  documents. 




Jfew  rffl'/f,.  Jan.  13,  1890. 

A.  E.  Kemelly  Esq., 

Edison  Laboratory,  Orange,  N,  J, 

Dear  Sir:- 

Thls  will  introduce  to  you  Mr.  Mayhevf  V/ainwright, 
a  personal  friend  of  mine,  who  will  hove  vdth  him  a  small 
primary  battery  in  connection  with  a  miniature  lamp,  which  has 
been  very  extensively  introduced  in  England,  but  vdiich,  so  far 
as  I  know,  has  never  been  manufactiu-ed  in  this  country.  Erom 
wliat  I  know  of  the  battery,  I  believe  it  to  possess  superior 
advantages  over  anything  that  has  as  yet  appeared  in  this  market 
in  the  way  of  a  primary  battery,  and  I  am  very  anxious  that 
some  test  shoxild  bo  made  by  a  competent  person  in  order  to 
deteiTOine  its  efficiency.  Any  courtesies  extended  to  Mr. 
V/ainwright  I  will  regard  as  a  personal  favor,  and  I  hope  that 
yol^  can  find  time  to  make  an  early  test  of  the  battery,  in  order 
that  we  may  know  just  vfhat  its  oonmercial  value  may  be.  I  under¬ 
stand  from  Mr.  Vfeinwright  that  no  effort  has  as  yet  been  made 
to  introduce  it  into  tMs  country. 

Thanking  yovi  in  advance,  I  remain, 

Yours  very  truly, 

John  P»  Randolph,  Ksq., 

Dear  Sir:- 

I  enclose  herewith  for  yovir  inform 
mation,  copy  of  a  letter  under  date  IGth  instantt,  addressed  by  me 
to  Mr,  Jam'Gs  P,  Kelly,  quoting  prices  on  old  chromic  a-oid  cells. 



0  p  y. 

0  van  so,  H. 

Juntsn  P.  ]Colly,  I’sq. , 

10  Hoy  r.t.,  V,Q\r  Yoi*h . 

Dgoi’  nir:- 

Roplyin,-’;  to  yoiu-  i-Goorit  oormnic al; io i-i  in  rof'art'  to  olU 
chromic  acid  cclla,  v/c  bo;'  to  aay  that  wo  tu’o  pi'cpai’otl  to  ciapply 
thooo  to  thn  north  Am.  Phonorirapli  Oo,  at  jiricoa  tV;o  «imc!  nr,  chm’f'ocl 
by  tho  KdiQon  Pliono^rq-'ls  '’!nvlr..  'ClioKo  pricoa  arc  aa  folirwr,: 

y.inca  30  cents  each;  corbona  10  cento  ouch;  ('lana  .iai’o  30  oonts 
ofich;  Iwttnry  coran  7r>  cento  o!«jh;  nihbor  topo  <i7  c:nto  each; 
oojncotiono  a  oonto  ouch;  oliromic  acid  :i0  contra  a  poimiT,  oi’  in 
Iota  of  300  Ibo.,  and  over,  10  :i/4.  cents,  lean  lo:;;.  Price  of  one 
coll  complete  v;ith.  iren  jar  ffJJ.VO.  Tlicy  iioo  one  of  th.onn  oollr,  to 
a  pViono{;;x't|)h. 

Yours  truly. 

( Sinned ) 

A.  0, 


_^,,HJCKER  J. 

New  York,_JJtJl.__30,_iaaO _ 189. 

A.  E.  Kenneiiy,  Esq. 

Edison’s  Laboratory, 

Orange,  N.  J.- 
My  dear  Mr.  Kenneiiy; 

Mr.  Hastings  has  sent  me  the  report  yon  made  npon 
the  portable  Mindr’s  Lamp,  after  testing  the  same  at  your  laboratory. 

I  am,  of  course,  rather  disappointed  that  you  were  not  able,  after 
making  such  an  apparently  exhaustive  investigation,  to  sustain  the 
claims  made  for  the  battery  by  the  inventor,  and  I  should  hesitate  to 
trouble  you  about  the  matter  again  were  it  not  for  the  fact  that  i 
have  received  a  letter  from  the  representative  of  the  inventor  in  this 
cotjntry,  to  whom  I  sent  a  copy  of  your  re  port, '^hi eh  copy  of  course 
all  names  wre  left  out. 

This  letter  purports  to  give  an  explanation  of  the  reason  for 
the  failure  of  t  lie  battery  under  your  test  to  sustain  the  claims  made 
for  it,  I  send  tiiis  explanation  for  what  it  is  worth,  and  if  it  is 
not  giving  you  too  much  trouble  i  would  like  to  hear  from  you,  to  sat¬ 
isfy  my  own  mind,  whether  this  explanation  is  a  reasonable  one  or  not. 

I  enclose  you  extract  from  this  letter  I  have  mentiorfid, 

I  trust  youwill  pardon  the  liberty  I  have  taken  in  address¬ 
ing  you  directly  on  this  matter,  but  since  I  made  certain  representa- 

MUCKER  &  H£/vo^ 

New  York, 

tlons  to  you  regarding  the  battery,  which  were  made  in  perfectly  good 
faith  on  my  part,  I  feel  anatural  desire  to  know  whether  1  had  been 

With  many  thanks  for  your  kindness  to  me  on  jiiy  visit  to 
Orange,  an  occasion  which  I  recall  with  much  pleasure,  and  hoping  you 
will  be  able  to  favor  me  with  a  reply  to  this  letter,  I  remain. 

Very  truly  yours, 

/  •  ///. 



-jVJCKER  &  HE/vo. 

New  York, _ ^ _  189 

Copy  Of  a  portion  of  letter  referred  to  in  accompanying  com¬ 
munication:  -- 

•Dear  sir:  . 

I  am  in  receipt  of  your  favor  of  even  date, 
with  expert’s  report  enclosed  therein,  J  consider  the  report  a  good 
one  considering  the  circumstances  under  which  the  test  was  made.  But 
of  course,  as  you  must  realize,  the  test  was  not  made  on  the  basis  re¬ 
quested  by  us.  I  asked  particularly  to  have  the  battery  tested  on  the 
day  on  which  it  was  filled  with  the  solution.  You  must  appreciate  the 
fact  that  these  little  batteries  require  charging  every  day.  The  rea¬ 
son  for  this  is  that  the  little  four  cell  batteries  hold  one  pint  of 
solution,  and  the  charge  in  the  inner  cup  and  the  outer  mingle  by  a 
creeping  up  of  the  solution  iii  the  outer  cell  over  the  top  of  the  por¬ 
ous  cup.  As  the  solutions  become  equalized  the  battery  loses  its  life 
so  that  when  the  two  solutions  are  equal  the  light  goes  out. 

In  batteries  which  are  made  to  stand  for  any  length  of  time  tie 
tops  of  the  porous  cups  are  greased  to  prevent  the  creeping  up  of  the 
solution.  Of  course  the  portion  of  the  porous  cup  which  is  greased  re¬ 
duces  the  porosity  to  just  that  amount  and  consequently  takes  away 
somewhat  from  the  life  of  the  battery.  In  so  small  a  battery  as  the 
little  four  cell  battery  which  you  had,  there  is  no  need  of  greasing. 


cocker  & 

New  York. _ 

bnoause  the  battery  is  made  for  a  specific  purpose,  and  that  is,  to 
oharee  every  day  for  a  run  of  eight  hours.  If  the  top  Avere  to  be 
greased  it  would  take  away  one,  two  or  three  hours  fron  the  life  of 
the  battery  ,  according  to  the  surface  which  would  be  greased  at  the 
top  of  the  cup. 

Now  the  course  of  the  expert  who  made  the  test  in  allowing 
this  battery  to  stand  for  a.  day  and  then  making  his  test,  is  a  very 
unfair  one  towards  us.  it  is  not  a  report  mde  on  the  basis  of  our 

proposition  in  any  respect  whatsoever . .  .  i  wish  to 

convey  to  your  mind  the  idea  that  the  report,  as  far  as  a  fair  test  of 

the  battery  is  concerned,  is  absolutely  worthless . 

I  do  not  wonder  at  kka  electricians  being  incredulous  of  our  claims 
for  the  battery,  because  the  results  which  we  obtain  from  it  have 
never  been  gotten  from  any  other,  hut  when  we  make  claims  and  are  pre¬ 
pared  to  substantiate  these  claims  by  a  test  based  upon  them,  I  con¬ 
sider  it  as  extremely  unfair  for  any  electrician  to  make  a  test  in  any 
other  way  and  then  submitting  a  report  purporting  to  be  a  test  made 
upon  the  basis  of  our  claims,  I  am  prepared  to  take  a  battery  to  the 
expert’s  room,  and  in  his  presence  to  make  the  solution  and  to  pour  it 
into  the  battery  and  then  in  our  presence  he  can  make  the  test. 

It  may  also  be  that  the  expert  in  re  ehagging  the  battery 


^^,,.UCKER  &  HE/VO 

Attorneys  and  Couns* 

with  the  solution,  put  up  accordine  to  the  prescription  sent  you,  may 
have  used  the  ordinary  saltpetre  sold  by  druggists.  This  would  accountr 
for  the  weakness  of  the  solution,  as  I  know  qf  only  one  place  in  New 
York  whereh  the  proper  sort  of  saltpetre  for  this  solution  can  be 
purchased.  The  solution,  the  ingredients  of  which  were  sent  you,  is 
only  effective  whsn  this  particular  kind  of  Chi  U  saltpetre  is  used. 

Of  course  if  the  expert  had  used  any  other  solution  ordinarily  employ¬ 
ed  in  primary  batteries  it  would  have  been  effective.  Furthermore 
the  zincs  used  in  the  light  miners  lamps  are  practically  good  for  only 
three  days,  as  lightness  is  the  first  requisite  in  a  lamp  of  this  sort 



CD-^oA,  !  -j 

^c^<ryv  cAff-  >  ''  '  y' 

J?-ff~d<AiAClxQ  ^tAff^a:>'t^ 
Py-  yP^ey(Au/L.  ^ 

cyf.  c^yAx^ 

yb,-^.  i  W 

■  „  y.v^  J^^'y-i^^  ,r^^ 


✓  y^^JorJjr'  ^  ^  s^yc^^aay'iyx^ . 

J(^ycy.cC  yc^a^ny  cy/'G^tcr^^  ; 

yAMJL  yy^''y>'<<yy  y  Jfy- 

yycyy.^^.,  cyp<yy<iy> 

^  ^oL  Cr^  /PiPC^ff^a^yC;  -c^  -yyy/yyyyyi'i^.yyu^^yd 

jPCa^^  ff-yaU  C^"  ytx  yj^cf-i.  o^  ^^yuAAy^n, 

yy{yZ  cxMyOy  ^  ^^yxy^ayy  y^^P^cytyf 

.^^'ce  y.Uy.y^My^C^  ytyO^^^^  cz^  ^tTly^ 

^  Za  y=o  ytyuy.  ‘’cyj£y>  y^yC  «-  lCty  .yA 

CPPu^yty^  ‘>y‘'^l  ■"‘^  ayh^yt  f,y,yyyUt. 

C<>-T^»'^£>^.5-»^  ytyf  of^yyvyiayxy^eyo  cxy^e(^ 
Otyfyey^^A  ct^  ^ 

c..yJUuyx^4-  ^  ^ 

.>W  <^  X^^^ayCC'^  y^  ^ 

r\^cnyi-  ny^AM.  .^t^oC  yC?l/LU3^  c^.  ynJ2yCi  clJA^ 

\ly^yyjc<.  ^C.ey^  i>nyx^'c^ju^  Ot.  o^yUy^ ey/'-  y"^  '-Si-^y'i'iy^c>L^ 

y't^  nyH^U^Ui-^  oyfAoy^^;^^ 

J  ^py^t<-  ey\AA^  y9^ytysy(aJnyyj^c^ 

^  ^  It  ^c.<yvyuyy^y^ylytyy^  y^Cyi'^Ji^  yiyey:^<_^ 

“gw  -if 





^ . 

3, 1  r!.  K  e  11  ii  e  1  1  y  May  14,  lS90i. 

In  regarcl  to  the  Storage 'Batteries  v/hioh  are  going 
to  te  erected  in  the  Laboratory  by’»  \T«  N*  Stevmrt,  the  latte,r 
desires  to  Icnow  vdiere  tliese  are  to  be  plaoeUl-J^  V/ould  it  not  be 
better  for  Mr'..  Stev/art  to  send  the  out  lie  re  and  v/e  can  ar¬ 

range  for  placing  them  after  th^jr  arrive! 

A'.  0.  Tate. 


I  Jilin  ould  be  desirable  to  obtain  from  Mr.  Stewatt. 
the  dim  ms  of  the  single  cells,  so  that  we  can  put  up 
’}{t  kind  of  shelf  in  the  cellar  for  their  reception. 

Yours  truly. 


yy  f  -pu^  a 


'  16  &  18  BgOAD  STREET, 

#16  Broad  Streot,M,Y. 

e.pA±_J.3rd  1890.  y/rP 

A, 0. Tate,Esq • ,  Private  Secretary, 
Edison  Laboratory, 

0”anGe,M. J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

I  enclose  you  herewith  copy  of  a  letter  received 
from  John  P.  Haines, Esq  . President  of  the  New  York  Phonoeraph 
Company,  dated  the  I9th. 

I  shall  be  glad  if  you  will  look  into  the  matter  of  the  non¬ 
delivery  of  batteries  ordered  by  that  Company  three  v/eeks  ago. 
Yours  truly. 



Sepb.  19th> 

>^LP^0  IS90 
. . A? 

the  10th,  inst,,  enclosing  letter  of.,  Mr. 
aJ,  .-jiid  contents  carefully  noted. 

"at Aeries  is  one  to  which  we  have  devoted  much 
ide  o-.veral  careful  tests  of  the  Edison  primary 
,,  ari  ,r.v":  pleased  with  the  result. 

■ '  . .lass  batteries  about  three  weeks  ago, 

eu  ihei:  veto 

prov  j  satiofnetory  after  further  experience 
numoor  of  them. 

Yours  very  truly. 

P  aXCe,-*i,c^  S'/  o-fj 

p*  1  . ^Jr06<^,y 

-  ^  ^vs, 

CA'V''^^  i/^'h-cn-viay^  cM  ^  t^cAc^o 

iZ)j2aA^  SiA: 

.C<0-ecPh-  .  S^O^CC^  '0^c>a£^^ 

''yiC'Vtr^  ytPU^\JLc^A2.^\y^cA , 

'C'i/yy  jjxn^  yj  cr^  A:pj  n-Arw^g^ 

f-^Cn^'l  ^/vu  4^d4JU  . . -^^oAMa^  ^ 

oULyytri,  AxAi^tyyJi,  ,  l/zP<^  't^yAiX, 

O  (xr^-  ^cn^-  cn^  o-L^  dSL  -_  3:.x^gcx<^^  c^- 

Zl  .  C  /)  /I  .  y  •  /  .  ^ 

■\^:\&JL  Xj^i^y\e'  cxxcL^  r\.Ay\AAA^  /\^.cruy\^  M/(ja/^.  (^ 

-J  cx^i  /Ha£,  /'\t'>^UytPi  '^i/Uy\£^^  X)  0 

d^  ,  u~-  -  -— 

O  cxtxA^  uc/i^<'^  _^  ti)  ci^._c.^ 

,xAAcMA-  ,'\yx^  c?4^3jt_  /txySdA 

Dear  Sir;- 

Ypu  may  remember  my  having  some  oorreapondenc 
with  the  Phonograph  people,  complaining  that  they  were  not  using 
the  Edison  Lalande  Battery;  I  now  here  complaints  of  the  alow 
delivery  of  Batteries  to, the  New  York  Phonograph  Company;  I  suggest 
that  you  look  into  this  matter,  right  away* 

No  Eno. 


Richard  N.  Dj^er,  Esq., 

#36  Wall  Street, 

Mevf  York  City. 

hear  Sir:- 

With  reference  to  the  attacted  mamorandnm  from  W.  R. 
Gtev/art,  v/ill  you  please  give  me  any  information  t?at  you  can 
relative  to  the  matter  tlierein  referred  to,  and  rmich  oblige 

Yours  tmly, 

Private  Secretary 


^  ^ 

,  ^  ^/ylTOift  .viy^AoH^^ 


f"Zpmr  /- 

'fr>.  114. .- 

cy  oyDcx^^otA-A^  yb4/\JL  I'^f^  cic,^ 

OU/vJa  ^}^<r^  aVu^  ■  ^ 



Electro  motive  force,  -  2  volts  per  cell. 

Quaritltyi-  “liamperes. 

Surface,  of  ^ainc, -  •  12  inches.  , 

•  Box  will  maintain  a  two  and'  one-half  camdle  power  light 
for  eight  hours  uniform,  and  three  hours  lesser  light, 
at  cost  of  one  and  one'-half  cents.  . 

Acid  employed  and  consumed,-  one-half  pound,-  one  ot,  per 

Zinc,-  one  ounce,-  six  cents  per  pound.  V 

Saltpetre,  two  ounces,  -  one  cent  per  pound. 

Box  with  lamp  and  reflector  can  be  constructed  at^ 
of  about  one  dollar  and  twenty  cents. 

Box  is  made  of  wood  and  lined  with  an  acid  proof./gi 

The  electro  motive  force  is  maintained  throughout  the 
eight  hours. 



■f'  ' 

Weighs  charged  fourteen  and  one-half  pounds. 

Measures  12  x  6  1-2  x  6. 

Made  of  Vulcanite, 

Cost  of  construction  $3.50. 

Eight  cells  at  two  volts  per  cell,-  16  volts  (say  15) 

Zinc  measures  5x3  1-2,  equals  21  square  inches. 

Gives  six  and  ore -ha If  amperes.  ' 

Box  will  pun  a  sewing  machine  on  ordinary  work;  cost  of 
12  hours  pun  four  cents. 

Acid,  one  and  one-half  pounds--  1  1-2  cents 
Zinc,  six  ounces,--  2, cents  ,5  ^ 

Saltpetre,  say  one-half  pound,--  1-2  cent;.  ;  Total  4  cent 
Internal  resistance,  1-4  ohm  per  cell.  "v 

Solution  to  act  on  Carbons. 

a  pts,  Sul^phurle  acid  by  volume  to  6  parts  water;  add 
Chili  saltpetre  to  saturation  on  zinc. 

1  pari  Sulphuric'  acid  to  15  of  water.  Add  half  a  teaspoon¬ 
ful  of  saltpetre  to  each  porous  cup  before  charging. 

1890.  Bergmann  &  Company  (D-90-02) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  relating  to  the  business  of  Bergmann 
&  Co.  The  company  manufactured  electric  lighting  fixtures,  sockets,  and  other 
devices  used  with  the  Edison  system  of  electric  lighting,  as  well  as  equipment 
for  the  Edison  phonoplex  system  of  telegraphy.  Some  of  the  letters  pertain  to 
tests  conducted  for  the  company  by  the  West  Orange  laboratory.  There  are 
also  letters  regarding  a  phonoplex  exhibit  at  the  annual  meeting  of  the 
Association  of  American  Railway  Telegraph  Superintendents.  Most  of  the 
correspondence  is  by  Joseph  Hutchinson,  secretary  of  the  company.  On 
August  1,  1890  the  company  became  part  of  the  Edison  General  Electric  Co. 

Approximately  10  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  meeting 
announcements;  routine  correspondence  regarding  orders,  supplies,  and  tests. 

Related  material  can  be  found  in  D-90-33  (Electric  Light  -  Edison 
General  Electric  Company  -  General). 

Orange,  N.J. 

A.E.Kennelly,  Esq. 

Dear  Sir, 

We  send  you  herewith  a  sample  of  what  we  know  as  Breslau  compound.  Kindly 
make  a  test  of  it,  and  let  us  know  how  it  compares  for  Insulating  and  other  qualities: 
with  bonsilate.  Thanking  you  in  davanoe,  we  are  i 

Orange,  H.J. 

A.E.Kennelly,  Esq. 

Dear  Sir, 

We  send  you  with  this  a  sample  of  the  substance  we  shall  call  electrold 
vfor  the  moment  as  we  do  not  know  Its  name.and  shall  be  glad  if  you  will  make  a  com-' 
plete  test  on  it  with^a  view  to  ascertaining  If  it  can  be  used  in  our  business  with 
^  any  greater  advantage  to  us  than  the  .substances  we  are  at  present  employing.  We 
thank  you  in  advance,  and  remain 

A. S.-KenneMy,  Esq.‘ 

Dear  Sir, 

We  i sand  you  by  this  mail  a  sample  of  Roxite  which  we  are  informed  by  the 
manufacturers  thereof  is  an  Improvement  on  that  which  you  have  already  tested,- Kind-' 
make  a  further  test  of  this  especially  v/lth  a  viev;  to  ascertainlnR  its  miosture 
proof  qualities,  and  oblige  . 

Snclossd  herewith  please  find, ready  for  Mr. Edison’s  signature,  a  lease 

of  the  premises  situated  at  275,  Fifth  Avenue.  Please  have  this  document  forwarded 
to  Mr. Edison  asking  for  his  signature  as  President  of  Bergmann  &  Co.  There  is  indica 
ted  on  the  lease  the  place  where  Mr. Edison  ought  to  sign.  He  understands  that  this 
lease  is  to  be  made,  as. I  explained  it  to  him  some  days  before  he  left  for  the 
South.  Kindly  get  him  to  return  it  as  soon  as  possible  and  oblige 
Yours  very  truly, 

Ass’t  General' Manager. 


'ill  have  yojir  meter  ready  In  a  very  short  time 



NOTE—Thia  oonflrmaUon  ahould  be  olt coked  loUht/ie  orlf/inalmeasaf/eitnmediately  on 
receipt.  It  will  be  assumed  to  be  correct  unless  advised  to  the  contrary  by  telephone. 


Edison  Phonoplax  System  of  Talegra'pby 

O.ranga,  N.J.  ^  c: 

A. 0. fate,  Esq. 

Dear  Sir, 


Referring  to- your  s  of  the  22nd  inst  v/e  bag  to  say  that  we  will 
participate  in  the  expense  inoin'dental .  to  furnishing  necessary  advertisement 
.at  the-tfair.'/ay^  liips?tntend  ents  Convention  and  that, our  proportion 
one-third  or  SSS.OO  .  5?a  .wish  you  would  kindly  Inform  us  how  many  a 

will  be 

1890.  Dick  (A.B.)  Company  (D-90-03) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the 
mimeograph  business  of  the  A.B.  Dick  Co.  Included  are  letters  about  royalty 
payments,  advertising,  and  patent  infringement  suits.  Most  of  the  letters  are 
by  iMbert  B.  Dick,  president  of  the  company.  Some  of  the  material  may  be 
partially  or  completely  illegible  due  to  faded  ink  and  water  damage. 

Approximately  40  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  letters  of 
acknowledgement  and  transmittal;  meeting  announcements;  other  routine 
business  correspondence. 

IXr,  Thosas  A»  Edison, 

Orange,  N.  J,  1 

Dear ^ir:— We  a/e  in  receipt  of  your  favor  of 
the  25th  ins t,,  enclosing  copy  of  an  advertisement  of  “The  New 
Edison  Mimeograph  Companj'*  of  New  York  and  beg  to  say  that  we  know 
nothing  of. this  concern  whatever,  never  having  heard  of  them  before, 
blit  have  written  to  our  New. York  Office  to  investigate  at  once,  and 
advise  ;UB.  The  advertisement  is  so  sweeping  in  its  statemenijr,that  it 
cannot  bo  misunderstood  as  referring  directly  th  the  Edison  Mimeo¬ 
graph, and  wo  think Mtec should  at  once  place  the  matter  in  the  hands  of 
Major  Eaton  and  have  them  estopped  from  using  the  name  of  “Edison." 

••  Thanking  you  for  bringing  the  matter  . to  our  notice,we  are 
Yours  truly,  ^  / 

H.  B.  Dick  Cotw^phny, 



. Jany,3l/18.9.0., . 

.!V.  ./  '’W 

Mr.  Thoms  A.  Edisoii, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:— Referring  again  to  your  letter  of  ^ 
recent  date  concerning  advertisement  of  "The  New  Edison  Mimeograph^’’ 
Company"  of  New  York,  beg  to  say  that  a  telegram  has  just  been  reeeiv-  i, 
ed  from  our  New  York  Manager  as  follows: 

"Advertisement  New  Edison  Mimeograph  Company,  innocently 
done  by  a  Minister  here- who  has  sold  Machine.  Have  taken  proper 

We  conclude  from  this  that  a  Minister  who  has  little  know¬ 
ledge  of  Commercial  life  has  been  selling  a  few  Mimeographs  from  his 
news-paper  advertisements, and  has  purchased  them  from  our  New  York 
Office,  so  the  matter  is  not  a  serious  one  nor  will  it  call  for  any 
legal  advice  or  attention.  At  the  same  time  we  will  .  see  that  his 
name  is  signed  hereafter  to  advertisements,  instead  of  the  name  which 
he  choose  for  it. 

YOurs  very  truly. 

Mr,  Thomas  A,  Edison, 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir:— In  looking  over  the  contract  sent  us 

for  Foreign  business,  we  find  that  you  have  omitted  the  clause  similar 
to  that  which  is  contained  in  contract  for  the  United  States  in  sec¬ 
tion  Pi^as  follows: 

"The  party  of  the  first  part  gives  to  the  party  of  the  secon. 
.part,  the  r3.ght,,to  use  his  (the  party  of  the  first  part’s)mme:  on  the 
apparatus  made  eind  sold  by  the  party  of  the  second  part  under  this 

Will  you  send  us  a  letter  granting  us  this  right,  or  do  you 
think  it  advisable  for  us  to  draft  new  contracts?  Upon  receipt  of 
advice  from  you  vrill  give  the  matter  immediate  attention,  and  would 
have  done  so  before,  but  have  been  so  busy  on  other  matters  since  ny 
return  home  that  this  contract  has  been  neglected. 

Mr.A.O.  Tats,  Secy, 

Oranee,  N.  J. 

,  ,  .  1  X  Dear  Sir:-, -I  have  your  favor  of  the  12th  inst. , and 

in  reply  beg  to  state  that  we  have  executed  the  contracts  sent  to  us 
for  that  purpose, and  return  ytiU  one  herewith,,  which  can  be  held  by 
you  until  the  others  are  prepared  and  sent  to  us.  The  understanding 
of  course,  is  that  we  are  to  name  the  Mimeograph" Edison's"  ^he  same 
as  we  always  have  done  in  this  count ly  .and  -we  presume  leaving  the 
clause  out  of  the  contract  as  written  by  you  was  simply  accidental. 
VVhen  the  new  contracts  are  prepared  they  can  be  sent  to  us  for  sig¬ 
nature, and  the  one  we  have  retained  will  be  cancelled  and’ returned. 

Yours  very  truly , 


Labor-Saving  office_^evices, 

162-164  LAKE  STREET. 

yi^kica^o<'.... .,..lS/lS9.0.«.. 

^  ' 
1  6 

U  \ 

"  /  / 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edlso^i, 

Orange,  N.  J.  ' 

Dear  Sir:— A  year  or  two  ago  you  told  ms  that  you 
had  a’ cheap  process  for  making  Carbon  paper, and  if  you  are  prepared 
6o  turn  over  this  process  to  us,  or  are  prepared  to  furnish  us  paper 
in  large  (luantities  we  think  we  could  a  good  deal  with  it  in  connec¬ 
tion  with  our  other  business.  It  will  be  necessary, however, to  secure 
it  at  a  veiy  low  price  in  order  to  compete  with  other  extensive  manu¬ 
facturers  who  are  already  on  the  market. 

AWaiting  your  favors, we  are 

Yours  very  truly , 

7^.  B.  Dick  Comphny. 



Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange, N.J, 

Dear  Sir:- 

As  w-3  under.stand  froii 
your  exhibit  at  the  Lenox  Lyceu^ 
Electric  Pen  in  connection  v/iy 
you  send  to  the  Lenox  Lyceum 
trie  Pen  coiiiplSte  .  V/e  v/ill 
have  to  make  this  req-.iest  b\ 
exhibited  the  Electric  Pan  ik_iiio  Pari; 
ste^d  of  returning  dbt,  kept  itfor  his 

i  in  < 

Phill  ip^.^iebel ,  who  has  change  '  of 
that  y<5^vi3h  us  to  exhibit  the 

igraph,  v/e  would  request  that 
lond^ as  eaily  as  pos.siblB  an  Elec- 
SEuue  is  exhibited.  V/e  v/ovild  not 
■uebel  tells  us  that  the  party  who 
iiion  last  svuivner,  in- 
Trdsting  that  you  will 

!  that  you  cannot  send  the  Electric  Pen  on  Monday,  we  a 

Yours  very  truly, 

K.  B.  Dick  Co7«^phny, 

,0„LSm,'F,m.iTC.  ‘  April.,  . 

■Mr,  Thos.  A,  Edison, 

Oranee,  N.J,  / 

Bt^ar  am  in  receipt  to-daj^  of  jfour  photograph 

as  vrell  as  ths  steel  e;-4:raving  se^-^o  me,  and  I  desire  to  express 
sincere  thanks  for  same.  Will  s^d  you  copies  of  the  photo  engrav¬ 
ings  as  soon  as  they  /are  only' 

i  yours  very  truly. 

.  .Faiertli  who  Is  trading  under  the  name  of  the  "Redding  Ink  Coii5>any«  in 
Newark,  N,J,  for  Infringement  of  the  Mimeograph,  and  lA*,  Fuerth’s 
Attorn^  has  obtained  an  order  from  the  Court  that  we  shall  file  a 
’Bond  for  security  of  costs  on  the  ground  that  we  are  a  non-resident 

It  is  necessary  that  we  shall  file  this  Bond  before  we  can 
commence  taking  testimony  in  this  Suit  ,and  I  would  be  glad  to  have  you 
go  on  tMs  Bond  for  us.  It  will  be  in  an  amount  not  to  exceed  $250, 
we  are  advised  by  Dyer  &  Seely, and  if  you  will  drop  them  a  line  at 
3^W^1  Street,  New  York  City,  stating  that  you  will  sign  the  Bondjtly 
will  send  one  to  you  executed  for  that  purpose. 

Hoping  that  this  will  meet  with  your  approval, and  as  it  is 
Essential  that  we  should  get  at  this  Suit  as  soon  as  possible,!  trust 
you  will  give  it  prompt  attention.- 

Yours  very  t^'uly. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Ve  take  pleaaure  in  aeridins 'you  Dy  expreae,  a  model 

Mimeograph  with  Joint  ociripflmon't'B  of  ieai>selve8  and  J*  S,  01111 
land,  this  ie  for  your  iabtfrator^xhibrt  ahd  we  tjrtist  that  you 

a  o  1  p  h, 

Oct.  20,  1890. 

PleasQ  give  me  a  statement  of  royalties 
received,  from  the  A.  B.  Dick  Company  for  each  quarter,  commencing 
from  the  start. 

A.  0.  T  a 

Dear  Sir;— your  favor  of  the  12th  iust,,.  received 

during  the  writers*  absence,  and  in  reply  to  same  1  beg  to  state  that 
without  making  comparison  of  your  statement  with  our  books,  I  take  it 
•for  granted  that  your  report  of  amounts  received  for  royalties,  is 

It  would  be  a  difficult  matter  for  me,  or  any  one,  I  fancy, 
.to  explain  why  the  public  will  not  buy  the  Mmsograph  faster  than  they 
do.  I  make  no  attenpt  at  an  explanation  of  this  matter,  as  the  public 
have  not  seen  fit  to  give  us  reasons  for  their  failure  to  appreciate 
the  Mimeograph  to  a  greater  degree. 

If  I  was  in  position  to  enlighten  you  on  the  subject,  I 
v/ould  gladly  do  so. 

yours  truly, 

H.  B.  Dick  Company, 


162-164  LAKE  STREET, 

. Nov.  22/1890, . 

Mr.  Thoms  A.  Edison, 

Orance ,  N,  J. 

Dear  Sir:— I  beg  to  acknova edge  receipt  of  your 
favor  of  the  20th  inst.,  and  vrould  in  reply  state  that  vra  evidently 
■/„  did  nd sunder stand  your  letter  of  the  12th  inst.  The  volume  of  busi¬ 
ness  of  this,  Conpany  has  been  growing  each  year  since  the  commencement 

at  the  rate  of  between  forty  and  fifty  per  cent,  but  the  sales  of 

m  ■ 

\  Aii^oijirapMc  Mimeographs^ on  such  as  we  pay  you  royalty,  has  not  grown 
'  perceptibly  during  any  year  since  the  first  in  which  we  coimaeneed 

The  method  of  manifolding  on  the  'i^rpe -writer  is  largely 
^  ,  superceding  the  Autographic  method  of  reproducing  circular  mat  ter, con¬ 
sequently,  although  we  sell  what  vre  consider  a  large  number  of  Auto¬ 
graphic  manifolding  machines  annually,  the  extent  of  this  sale  is  due 
wholly  to  extre-ordinary  efforts  put  forth  by  us  to  reach  every  person 
vcho  ca.n  possibly  use  such  a  device.  The  demnd  v^hich  comes  to  us  from 
business  houses.  Railroads,  etc.,  etc.,  is  for  the  nethod  of  nH.irf.fold- 
ing  IVpe-writer  work,  and  this  br2inch  of  our  business  is  increasing 
rapidly  each  year.  ■ 

Yours  truly , 


,  \2jPi.  B.  Dick  CcmPHNY. 

Mr,  Thomifi  A.  Edison, 

. Nov.  ,22/1890, 

Dear  Sir:— During  the  early  Spring  of  1888  you 
made  a  large  number  of  samples  of  ink  for  use  in  connection  with  the 
mmeograph,  none  of  which,  however,  were  as  satisf actoiy  as  the  ink 
'  which  we  were  then  using.  I  wish,  however,  to  inquire  whether  in  aiy 
,„one  of  these  sajnples  you  used  any  ingredients  similar  to  “Vaseline", 
“Cosmolihe",  “Densoline",  or  any  of  the  residues  of  Petroleum,  and 
if  you  did  not  in  any  of  tj^se  samples,  have  you  at  any  time  previous 
to  the  time  when  you  made  the  experiments  referred  to,  used  such  an 
ingredient  in  ^  ink  for  manifolding  purposes? 

Hoi>irig  to  hear  from  you  soon,  I  remain 

Yours  truly,  ^  ^ 

1890.  Edison,  T.  A.  -  General  (D-90-04) 

This  folder  contains  documents,  primarily  correspondence,  covering  a 
wide  variety  of  subjects.  Some  of  the  material  relates  to  personal  matters. 
Also  included  are  documents  that  deal  with  more  than  one  subject,  such  as  a 
letter  about  both  the  electric  light  and  electric  traction.  Documents  concerning 
subjects  that  do  not  fall  under  the  main  subject  categories  are  also  filed  in  this 
folder.  Among  the  items  are  numerous  letters  from  George  P.  Lathrop  and 
several  dozen  pages  of  notes  in  Edison’s  hand  pertaining  to  their  collaboration 
on  a  science  fiction  novel. 

More  than  90  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The  following 
categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed;  correspondence  from  the  law 
firm  of  Eaton  &  Lewis  regarding  the  transmittal  of  papers  and  bills  and  other 
routine  legal  matters;  duplicate  copies  of  selected  documents. 


ry _ J:arv._^n(l,_ 

Mr,  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Edison's  Laboratory, 
Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Re  Personal  Tax,  Edison  Admr.  We  send  you  herewith 
t\70  answers  to  be  verified,  one  in  each  of  the  above  mtters. 

In  the  matter  of  !•.  A.  Edison  personal  tax  we  have  concluded  itor 
various  reasons  to  leave  out  any  reference  to  payments  of  taxes 
at  Orange . 

In  the  matter  of  Tax  Edison  Admr.  we  find  by  inquiry, 
that  letters  of  adndnistration  were  granted  by  the  Surrogate  of 
the  County  of  New  York  upon  the  estate  of  Mary  A.  Edison,  on 
the  17th  day  of  Pebruary,  1885.  We  believe  the  answer, in  other 
respects,  explains  itself.  Please  veriiV  the  papers  and  return 
them  to  us,  if  possible,  by  next  Saturday, 

Very  truly  yours. 


2  .  z.,  f /  U2o 

(/  - .(_ _ 

^  Trust  Aereement.  “-•>~- - __ 

V/e  hand  you  herewith  two  copies  of  a  Trust  Agreement,  in 
lieu  of  those  prepared  by  us  la«tr Slimmer,  betvfeen  Mr/ Edison  and 
the  Garfield  Safe  Deposit  Co.  The  latter  Company  cannot  toeept  the 
Trust,  and  so  havo  finally  decided,  and  wo  have  qsked  the  Mercan- 
iile  Trusu  Company,  who  express  their  willingness  to  accept  it. 

V/ill  you  therefore  have  the  enclosed  contracts  executed  in  dupli¬ 
cate  and  return  to  us  with'&evertificate  of  stodc  called  for,  and 
we  v^ill  have  the  same  executed  by  the  Trust  Company  and  return  one 


A.  0.  Tate,  Esq., 
Orange,  M.  J. 
Dear  Sir; 

copy  to  Mr.  Edison 

tzsxitEgrapb;  doinPAivY^ 

Mr.  Randolplij- 

Jan.  5,  1890. 

Vlill  y  ai  pl-ease  yive  in’  tlie  informati 
asked  for  in  attached  letter  from  Miss  Stev/art. 

A.  0.  T  a  t  e  . 



~Ty^  7  -- — 

yoA^i^  a  ^ 


Ji/Ut-Oc/  "/i-  t'l'^i.'i-^rX'ty^t,^  O'l^K — 

My  dear  Sdison: 

I  reached  my  office  this  moming,  having  been  abeent  in 
Canada  for  nearly  ten  days  and  I  heard  incidentally  thp  shocking 
infceUigence  of  the  illness  of  your  daughter.  I  sinoerely-  hope 
you  have  more  favorable  news  -  You  have  my  wdimest  sympathy. 

After  all,  it  is  throu^-  our  children  that  man,  nature  and 
fate  can  touch  us  most  deeply. 

The  object  of  this  letter  is,  however,  to  tell, you  that  in>. 
mediately  after  seeing  you  the  other  day  I  o oninunieated  with  Mr. 

H.  B’.  Hollins  but  did  not  get  a  reply  until  neah  the  first  of  Jan¬ 
uary.  He  had  his  arrangements  all  made,  as  I  knew,  .for  a  pro¬ 
longed  trip  through  the  South  and  to  Mexico.  My  n6t  ion  was  tmt 
he  would  not  go  away  until  about  the  5th  oi^  6th  inst.:}  but-  it 
seems  that  arrangements  made  obliged  him  to  go  on  the  first-. 

It  is  therefore  impracticable  to  have-  the  interview  of  which  we 
spoke  with  him  until  after  his  return. 

In  the  meantime  I  have  not  yet  seen  Mr.-  Auerbach  ani  do  not 
know  the  condition  of  the  Bochester  bilsiness.  Should  tiers  bo 
sufficient  occasion  I  may  ooimunlcate  with  you  about  -fiiat  wlthont 
waiting  for  Mr.  Hollins'  return. 

In  the  meantime  let  some  one  of  your  people  send  me-  a  line 
telling  me  what  is  the  news  about  your  daughter's  health. 

Ever  sincerely  yours. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq.,- 
Orange,  New  Jersey. 

Stern  El  Silverman, 

Edison  Electric  Light 

Sprague  Electric  Railway  and  Motor  Company, 

Hamilton  Building,  Fifth  Avenu 

Pittsburgh,  Pa,  . 

Pittsburgh,  Pa,  J ,  y  0 

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,ytcw  3^.i'^Jlaiaaiiy_23.^_IS-20 

T.A.Edison;  Esq., 

Ro  Tax  on  Mr,  Edison  as  Adminis^trator .  The  Cou"t  has 
decided  that  you  must  pay  this  tax,  about  $700.  In  a  few  days  I 
shall  send  you  the  exact  amount.  Please  find  the  decision  at  the 
bottom  of  this  sheet . 

The  Court  holds  that  your  being  a  non-resident,  makes  no 
difference,  because  you  took  out  letters  of  administration;  also 
that  the  exemption  of  U.S.  bonds  was  a  question  that  should  have 
been  pesented  to  the  Tax  Commissioners  in  IS86,  whonlalono  that 
question  ccould  have  been  raised. 

Undoubtedly  the  decision  of  the  Court  is  sound  and  it  will 
not  pay  you  to  appeal. 

Vie  fought  the  case  foh  all  there  was  in  it,  and  our-  brief 
covered  all  the  points  in  our  favor.  In  my  judgment,  an  appeal 
would  do  no  good.  But  we  can  appeal  if  you  wish.  Will  you  kindly 
give  me  your  instructions. 

We  shall  soon  have  a  decision  on  the  question  of  your 
personal  tax,  and  there  is  a  bare  chance  that  the  Court  will  hold 
that  you  \Tere  a  non-resident,  although  the  facts  as  shown  by  our 
testimony  are  somevdmt  against  us. 

Regretting  that  the  vital  point  touching  exemption  of  U. 

S.  bonds  was  not  raised  in  ISS6,  thereby  "freeing.  ;;  you  from  this 
tax,  and  hoping  that  no  such  errors  will  occur ihere^ter,  I  remain. 

Very  truly  yours. 

cisions  Rendered  Wednesday,  January  22*^, 


EBiseN  Lab0raT0ry. 

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Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Menlo  Park,  Orange,  W.  J. 
Dear  Slr;- 

Re  Edison  Personal  Tax 


^07‘Xy  Jan.  T,gffo, 

Re  Edison  Administrator  Tax! 

As  you  hare  already  bean  informed  the  Judge  decided  in 
fayor  of  the  RecelTer  of  Taxes  in  the  matter  of  the  tax  a^inst  you 
as  administrator..  We  have  sent  you  a  copy  of  Mr.  Justice  o*Brlenb 
decision.  We  do  not  recommend  an  appeal.  if  this  meets  your 

Ylews,  will  you  kindly  send  us  a  check  payable  to  the  onier  of  John 
G.  H.  Meyers.  Attorney,  for  $857.30,  which  is  the  amount  due  with 
interest,  and  a  snail  amount  of  costs. 

Ihe  proceeding  against  you  personally  has  been  dismissed 
and  an  order  entered  to  that  effect  on  the  Soth  Inst. 

Very  truly  yours, 



yf'^CW  '?/('r/'/(y_  ■Fflhruary—X,— IS  90. 

T,»  A,  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Bear  Sir; 

Re  Edison  Administrator  Tax.  We  beg  to  acknowledge  the  re¬ 
ceipt  of  your  check  of  January  31st,  on  Brexel,  Morgan  &  Company, 
in  favor  of  John  G.  H.  Meyers,  for  $857.30;  also  a  receipt.  We  will 
return  the  receipt  as  soon  as  the  matter  can  be  closed. 

Very  truly  yours. 




0'Z-<-e,c^  Ccx-n/'^ 

t>f'-^Tr-?^  ^/'TTZ^UXm^  IZ^C-  e.-.ym..2i 

~-i^-'^-ty  ,£iL-/sC — it-z-'iiM— 

'  CAy^ly'i^^3-TL/- 



Dear  Slr:- 

I  enclose  you  herewith  the  full  text  of  B.  P.  Thurs¬ 
ton,  Esq's  opinion  on  the  Phonograph  and  Graphophone  patents  and 
licenses,  which  we  employed  him  to  give  us,  and  I  thought  it  might 
interest  you  to  see  the  samo#  We  have  been  making  vigorous 
efforts  to  get  the  matter  of  the  North  American  Phonograph  stock 
before  the  public  in  an  intelligent  way,  and  are  trying  to  educate 
them  up  to  what  these  new  machines  are;  we  are  now  awaiting  the 
result  of  the  subscription,  which  wo  trust  will  pass  off  success¬ 

I  would  be  very  glad  Indeed  if  some  time  you  could  give 
me  an  opportunity  of  seeing  the  newjstreet-oar  motor,  which  you 
spoke  to  Mr.  Lippincott  and  the  rest  of  us  about  the  other  day, 
as  I  have  given  it  considerable  thought,  and  it  has  interested  mo 
greatly;  I  judged  from  what  you  said  it  would  be  in  operation  in 
the  course  of  a  week  or  two. 

I  am.  Yours  very  truly, 



y  'y'9'^at^  I 



Thomas  A,  Edison,  Esq,, 
Orange,  N,  J, 

Dear  Sir; 

We  have  been  in  correspondence  vyitli  G.  D.  Nichols  &  Co., 
Of  46  West  I4th  St.,  respecting  their  use  of  your  name  in  connect¬ 
ion  VTith  certain  electric  balms  and  hair  dyesv  etc.'  They  have 
finally  agreed  to  use  upon  their  circulars  and  advertisements  the 
name  of  Dr.  Guy  Edison,  who,  they  claim,  is  a  person  fVom  whom  they 
hold  certain  rights.'  V/e  have  demanded  proofs  of  the  existence  of 
Dr.  Guy  Edison,  and  in  answer  they  have  replied  that  our  demand  win 
be  referred  to  their  attorney  ex-governor  Ingersoll,  of  Connecti- 
cutt,  who  will  reply  to  us,  and  if  their  counsel  advises  it  Dr.  Guy 
Edison  will  call  and  see  us  personally.  This  letter  came  to  us 
recently  signed  by  G.  D.  Nichols  &  Co.'  It  is  dated  January  30th. 

Up  to  the  present  time  Dr.  Guy  Edison  has  not  arrived,  but  we  pro¬ 
pose  to  continue  our  search  for  him  and  in  default  of  finding  him 
we  will  insist  on  the  name  being  withdrawn  from  the  advertisements  . 

Mr.  Nichols  takes  occasion  to  enclose  to  us  a  confiden¬ 
tial  letter,  under  date  also  of  January  30th,  which  it  is,  perhaps, 
as  well  to  enclose  to  you  for  your  inspection.'  After  reading  it. 

be  kind  enough  to  return  to  us,  as  it  may  be  desirable  to  retain 
this  letter  as  evidence. 


Yours  tnUy, 

Edis0n  Laboratory^ 

a>uCd  c)L..i^t^tr^LX2js. 

. /^..^kl/LfkL^^ 

Edis0n  Laboratory; 

^  }j¥j^  I  '  &m  m  .  l■lll■■L"*JiT■  ^ 

. k^;,JLdi:^.. . T/LMA'ySik^ 


CoiseN  Laboratory. 




'P,  A.  Edison,  Esq., 
Orange,  W.  J. 
Dear  Sir: 


yf/cUY  .^^■y;^Enbn7Rv»;-  la,  18  90 . 

-Uy  ^  L.<  ^ 

The  letter  of  Mr.  Tate,  addressed  to  us  under  date  of 
February  12th,  was  duly  received,  with  enclosure.  We  beg  to  hand 
you  herewith  a  letter  from  G.  D.  liichols  &  Co.,  dated  February  loth, 
v/hich,  after  reading,  be  kind  enough  to  return  to  us  with  the  cir¬ 
cular.  We  have  v/ritten  to  Mr.  Hiohols,  in  reply  to  this  letter, 
that  the  name  Edison  must  entirely  disappear  from  their  circulars 
and  ^advertisements,  and  that  we  cannot  consent  to  their  using 
the  5,000  circulars  still  on  hand. 

Yours  truly, 

'.  y^^'"^^"-'^  y^ 

\  Q'ty-V'yy^-y 

I  o^cr-zyyj  yy 

I  ^E~~^'C'(^^c^  yy  c3^  cT''’^^~yyj 

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X^gl^  C%;  ' 

[FEBRUARY  21,  1890?] 

1990  {°  2,)  -3.1 

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yi^/\yXy<f  a’Ao^yy.4  '‘^Xyi/’AyA^^^  a^yAyV~t^  (^AAt^/yO 

Orange,  New  Jersey. 
Dear  Sir: 

Re  E.  U.  P.  Co.  As  arranged  by  our  Mr.  Simpson  with  you 
by  telephone  to-day,  we  have  made  an  appointment  with  Mr.  Cutting 
to  meet  Mr.  Batchelor  and  yourself  at  the  Bar  of  the  Hotel  opposite 
the  Perry  House  in  Hoboken,  to-morrow  afternoon  at  2.30  P.  M.,  for 
the  purpose  of  passing  the  appropriate  resolutions  for  increasing 
the  capital  stock  of  the  Edison  Phonograph  Works.  ^ 

In  answer  to  your  letter  of  the  27th  ultimo  to  our  Major 
Eaton,  we  beg  to  state  that  the  Minute  Book  of  the  Edison  Electric 
Li^t  Company  of  Europe,  Limited,  now  in  our  possession,  is  Minute 
Book  No.  2  and  does  not  contain  the  By-Laws  of  the  Company.  We 
are,  therefore,  unable  to  advise  you  as  to  the  proper  date  for 
holding  the  annual  meeting  of  that  Company.  The  dates  of  the  Min¬ 
utes  of  prior  annual  meetings  would  seem  to  indicate  that  the  first 
Wednesday  of  May  is  the  day  named  in  the  By-Laws,  but  this  you  will 
have  to  verify  by  consulting  the  By-Laws  themselves,  a  copy  of 
which  you  will  doubtless  find  in  Minute  Book  No.  1. 

Wa  return  you  herewith  the  original  agreement  between 
Thomas  A.  Edison  and  The  Edison  Ore  Milling  Company,  Limited,  dated 
October  14th,  1887,  which  you  loaned  us  a  few  days  since. 

EAT£N_a  l^EWIS 


-Ma5.._;7Jih.._^i85  0 

A.  0.  late  Esq., 

Orange,  N,  J., 
Dear  Sir;- 

I  send  yon  herev/ith  assignment  of  yoiar  share  of 
stooh  in  the  Edison  United  Phonograph  Company  to  Mr.  Edis bn,  and 
resignation  as  Director  in  consequence  of  your  being  no  longer  a 
stockholder.  V/ill  you  kindly  sign  both  documents  and  have  the 
assignment  witnessed  by  some  person  at  the  Lahoratohyjana 
return  both  papers  to  me  so  that  1  may  have  them  not  ‘^.at'or  than, 
Monday  morning  neat. 

I  also  return  you  herewith  your  copy  of  the  agi’qement  of 
October  14th. ,1SS7,  between  Thomas  A.  Edison  and  the  Edison  Ore 
Milling  Company ,which  you  loaned  me.^or  the  purpose  o.f  Obtain¬ 
ing  certain  information  therein  contained.  V/ili  you  kindly  re¬ 
turn  to  me  the  original  of  tlais  contract  Which  I  sent  back  to  you 
several,  days  ago  supposing  it  iio  have  been  the  obiW  loaned  me  by 
you, but  which  I  find  Was  an  ohiginal  belonging  to  the  Ore  Milling 

Company,  left  with  me  by  tte..  Butler.'  ^ 

Very  truly  ymra,  y 



.ytew  M'  -r/'-  -  _J4a.E._.m..a890. 

J  %  •  (^-o  . 

A.  0.  Tate  Esq., 

Orange,  Nev/  Jersey, 

Dear  sir:- 

Re  Electric  Pen.  We  Jaeg  to  inform  you  that  the 
docvunents  received,  by  us  from  Mr.  Tomlinson  in  this  matter  and 
v/hich  he  claims  to  be  all  in  his  possession  having  any  bearing 
iTpon  the  subject,  do  not  contain  v;hat  appears  to  be  the  main 
agreement  regulating  the  payment  of  royalties'.upon  the  sale  of 
electric  pens.  We  gather  from  the  papers  given  us  by  Mr.  Tomlin-, 
son  that  this  document  was  an  agreement  dated  November  28th., 1376, 
between  Thomas  A.  Edison  and  Robert  Gilliland  andt he.  Western  Electric 
Manufactui’ing  Company,  btit  we  are  vinable  to  detemdne  even  this 
accurately  without  having  the  document  itself.  We  will  there¬ 
fore  be  unable  to  answer  your  question  as  to  the, probable  correct¬ 
ness  of  the  amount  of  the  check  recently  sent  you  by  the  Westu 
ern  Electric  Manufacturing 'Company,  until  further  papers  are 
furnished  to  us,  bearing  upon  the  subject. 

Very  truly  yours, 

My  dear  Mr*  33iiison,- 


Miss  do  Mayer  cabled  yesterday  as  fo Hoyts; - 

“Leave  instructions  only  Simonds  soonest 
possible. &  y  e  r.", 

I  enclose  herevTith  letter bo, ooived  from  J.  T.  McAllister  of 
Rome,  Ga. ,  irt.regard  to  cold  oro^' property,  also  a  ooninunioation 
from  Yto.  T/aring  Habersham  of  Atlanta,  Ga.  which  was  forwarded  to 
the  Laboratory  by  Mr.  Geo.  P.  Xunz,  and  a  letter  from  Mrs.  V/ards- 

Yoars  very  truly, 

Cdis0n  Laboratory. 


. . 

ASfe — - 

CLd^i^  ■ 

Gt:aAAL  :.khA^±:':  --^AAJL- 

'>Uo(Aje^  0-;<AIjo~(:^.-^  ri>t>Lxl^ 

.||i|,.|.C!^o . . ; . 



92,  Plooadilly, 

20,  Brook  Stret 
Hanover  Square, 


34,  Gay  Street,  Bath, 

TK  Speeial  Featupe 
made  of  P^otogpap^JJ 
on  CBina, 

fpom  J^egatlve$  taken  in 
oup  Stu3.lo3, 
and  of  Reppoduetiong, 
Miniatupe?  and  Enamelg 
fpom  old  OP  faded 
P^otogpap^?,  Painting?, 

.  .  : 

Plpobog^ap^y  Ip  PorGslalp, 
02,  Piccadilly, 

cw»^  /E- 



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<^2-c.cj!P'i4>‘-^^  cr-y  -,  .  .. 

/  a  ^/  /r/>  ^  _ 

Thomaa  A.  Xdison,  Bsq., 

Orange,  N*  J* 

Dear  Siri- 

Re  Bleotrie  Pen.  In  a  letter  vmder  date  of  February  4th, 
1890.  Mr,  Tate  infomed  mo  that  the  Vestem  Bleotrie  Oompany  had 
sent  you  a  oheok  for  $353.44,  in  payment  of  royalties  due  you  on 
sales  of  the  Bleotrie  Pen  from  April  lat,  1886  to  Deeembor  lat, 

1889,  and  requested  me  to  look  into  this  matter  for  the  inirpose 
of  ascertaining  why  the  royalties  had  not  been  paid  at  the  end  of 
a  shorter  period,  and,  in  general,  to  ascertain  the  status  of  your 
relations  with  regard  to  the  Bleotrie  Pen.  A  week  or  so  later  we 
procured  from  Ur.  Tomlinson  all  the  papers  in  his  possession  relat¬ 
ing  Id  this  matter,  the  same  being  a  contract  between  yourself,  Mr. 
Batchelor  and  Mr.  Jamas  Adams,  and  Charles  B.  Holland  and  OeorgeH. 
Bliss,  as  to  rights  under  your  foreign  patents  for  the  same  inven¬ 
tion  i  an  agreement)  between  yourself  and  Ur.  Gilliland  end  Messrs. 
Holland  and  Blias,  as  to  domestic  ri^ts  in  the  event  of  the  West¬ 
ern  Bleotrie  Company  giving  up  their  oontraot!  and  what  appeared  to 

be  a  oondensatlon  of  a  contract  of  November  3876.  These 

papers  being  insufficient  to  enable  me  to  throw  any  li^t  upon  the 
subject  submitted  to  my  consideration  by  Mr.  Tate^  owing  to  the 
fact  that  there  was  no  provision  for  royalties  in  any  of  these 
agreements  I  Z  therefore  sent  to  Mr.  Tate  in  order  to  proouro  a 
copy  of  the  aforesaid  contraot  of  November  ^Sth.  1B76,  if  possible, 
and  have  recently  received  a  copy  of  the  same  obtained  by  hl»  from 
ths  Western  Blectiio  Manufacturing  Company.  Upon  an  inspection  of 
the  last  named  contract  I  find  that  it  is  an  agreement  between 
yourself  and  Robert  Uilllland.  of  the  first  part,  and  the  Western 
Bleotrio  Manufacturing  Company  of  the  seeond  part,  regulating  your 
relations  with  the  last  naned  Company  as  Iiieensee  under  your  patent 
for  the  Bleotrio  Fen. 

Ey  the  tenna  of  this  oontraot  you  and  >Ir.  Gilliland  are 
guaranteed  a  royalty  of  not  less  than  $8S0  per  miimth.  in  the  pro¬ 
portions  of  seven-tenths  and  three-tenths,  and  the  original  con¬ 
trast  waa  to  run  three  years  from  its  date,  with  a  provision  as  to 
its  renewal  for  a  further  period  of  three  years  after  the  expiratioi 
of  its  original  tem.  Asatoing  that  thp  provision  for  a  renewal 
was  availed  of  by  the  Western  Bleotrio  |lanufaeturing  Oomptny.  this 
would  make  the  oontraot  extend  down  m  far  as  1888.  There  are  no 
papers  in  our  possession  showing  any  modification  or  further  exten¬ 
sion  of  this  contraot.  Zt  therefore  seems  evident,  that  the  chofek 


•for  |SSS.44,  recently  sent  you  in  payment  of  royaltiea  fron  April 
let*  1880  to  December  Istt  1889,  could  not  have  been  Intended  as  a 
payment  of  the  aggregate  royalties  for  that  period  under  this  agree¬ 
ment,  inasmuch  as  the  royalties  under  the  tetms  of  the  contract 
would  have  amounted  to  19,700.  It  therefore  seems  probable  to  me 
that  there  is  some  other  ecmtraot  in  existoneet  or  some  very  radi¬ 
cal  modification  of  the  cwtract  of  Novtnber  'OOth,  1876,  governing 
the  present  relations  between  yourself  and  the  Wes  torn  ‘Blectric  Man¬ 
ufacturing  Company,  no  copy  of  which  has  yet  been  submitted  to  me* 
Ur.  Tomlinson  affirms  that  he  has  given  us  all  the  papera  in  his 
possession.  And  Hr,  Tate*  so  far  as  X  am  aware,  has  uo  other  pa¬ 
pers  bearing  upon  the  subject.  It  is  therefpre  impossible  fpr  me 
to  advise  you  as  to  the  jkrobable  correctness  of  the  amount  of  the 
check  recently  sent  you  in  payment  of  royalties  or  as  to  the  pro¬ 
priety  of  the  period  supposed  to  be  covered  thereby.  If  there  are 
any  further  papers,  to  your  knowledge ,  copies  of  which  it  is  possi¬ 
ble  for  you  to  procure  and  submit  to  me,  X  shall  be  pleased  to  go 
into  the  matter  further  and  make  a  further  report.  As  the  matter 
stands,  X  do  not  see  how  X  can  give  you  any  more  satisfactory  in¬ 
formation  than  the  above. 

Very  truly  yours, 

The  New  York  Herald, 



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April  1,1890. 

Dear  Sir: 

Please  convey  to  Mr.Kdiaon  my 
thanks  for  the  chalk  cylinders, which  he 
has  so  kindly  sent  to  me. 

Very  truly  yours, 

Mr. A. 0. Tate, 

Private  Secretary  to 
Thomas  A. Edison, 

Dear  I^fr.Tate: 

I  think  you  will  be  interested  in  the  enolosod 
circular  just  to  hand,  I  have  never  heard  of  Thns,F_,Edison,and 
I  don't  think  Thos.A.Rdison  is  in  the  encyclopaedia  business  just 



nov/.  It  does  not  mean  Thos.A,  does  it?  ^  y  i 

Perhaps  the  F  is  an  abbreviation  which  spelled  out  vroTild  mean  I 
Thomas  Fraud  Edison,  u.  it  is  quite  evident  that  an  advantage  is  y 
being  taken  of  the  well  ]aio'.vn  name.  J  t 


^  Laland>-  ^  1 

battery?  Oan  we  get  the  cuts  this  week  for  illustration  and  '3 

K  »  7 

description  in  the  Revi ew  next  week?  If  so  we  should  have  them  o 

by  Friday  at  the  latest.  M 

Very  sincerely  yours, 

(Enc losure) 

Dear  Mr.Tate! 

The  circular  which  was  not  enclosed  in  your  letter 
seems  to  have  mysteriously  disappeared.  It  was  pinned  to  the 
letter  and  was  mailed  with  the  letter  f ran  this  office.  I  have 
had  two  or  three  of  the  office  boys  searching  through  the  waste 
ba-skets  and  desks  of  the  office,  but  have  been  imable  to  discover 

It  was  a  circular  to  the  effect  that  one=  Thos.j?, 
Edison,  had  a  very  complete  and  c anprehensive  encyclopaklia  which 
he  had  printed.  The  word  “Edison*  was  printed  quite  large  and 
prominent.  ■  The  work  was,  if  I  remember  quite  right,  a  Ohicago 
publication.  .  I  have  Witten  to  Chicago  to  see  if  I  can  get  sane 
more  circulars. 

I  don't  suppose  the  matter  amounts-  to  much,  but  it 
struck  me  tlmt  soneone  was  taking  advantage  of  llr.Edison's  fame, 
and  I  judge  -the  letter  “P“  will  prevent  any  action  being  taken 
against  them. 

Very  truly  yours. 

P.S,  Through  the  kindness  of  Mr .Kelley  I  received  the  cuts  of 
your  new  battery.  Will  you  kindly  send  us  description  at  the  ■ 
very  earliest  moment  possible  and  gHeatly  oblige. 

y^jCC/^Cf — t-«-t/'ii,  ^  l}-^n~y  /  '•»— l^^i— ^'i>-y^>^U.y^~ 

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'l4  hfx^d  /l^ yfuir  "t:  2t  "■  - 

Dear  Mr.  Edison:- 


I  beg  to  say:- 

Edison  vs.  Gilliland  and  Tomlinson.  Ingersoll,  Lev/ is 
and  I  went  before  Judgp  V/allace,  Monday,  to  get  laermission  to 
amend  our  answer.  Coudert  was  represented  by  a  man  frcm  his 
office,  who  asked  for  an  adjournment  on  the  ground  thdt  Oou- 
dort  was  trying  a  case  and  Mr.  Jones,  of  Coudert's  office,  v/as  en¬ 
gaged  professionally  at  Washington,  and  that  nobody  else  knev/  the 
case.  V/ailace  adjourned  it  until  this  morning.  Ingersoll  and 
lewis  went  before  Hallace  this  morning,'  Tomlinson  and  done  s  were 
also  there,'  The  Judge  granted  -81  e  amendment;.  This  disposes  of 
the  present  obstacle  in  our  favor.  Perhaps  they  will  now  demur- 
again.  The  order  formally  allowing  Are  amendment  will  bo  signed 
by  Wallace  within  a  day  or  two,' 

Re  Electric  Railway  Co,'  Insull  understands  just  what 
your  rights  are  touching  your  share  of  the  $60,000,  and  your 
share  of  the  $16,000;;  also  that  the  Railway  Co.  will  want  a  re¬ 
lease  from  you  touching  flr  e  above  claims,  v/hich  the  General  Co, 
has  now  assumed.  If  yo  u  will  take  the.itrouble  to  look  at  the 
lengthy  document  I  sent  you  by  mail  Monday  night,  jo  u  will  find 
the  v/hole  story.  You  can  roly  upon  it,  for  I  prepared  it  my¬ 
self  with  much  pains,'  I  think  that  it  will  pay  you  to  glance 
over  it.  You  and  the  Light  Co.  are  partners  as  to  these  tvfo 
amounts  of  money, and  the  General  Co.  ought  now  to  decide  and  bind 
itself  in  writing. how  and  wien  these  two  amounts  shall  be  paid  to 
you  and  the  Light  Co,'  Moreover,  the  Light  Co.  has  furnished  some 
stock  of  the  Railvcay  Co^;*  the  same  as  yoti  have  done  as  to  your 
1,189  shares,  to  enable  the  General  Co.  to  make  its  payment  of 

Re  Pilament  Oas  e  and  Mot  ion  at  Washington  to  Compel  Com- 
missioner  of  Patents  to  Exhibit  your  Later  Apjaication,'  Judge 
Davis  notifies  me  this  morning  that  ho  does  not  wish  to  go  to  Vtesh- 
ington  to  resist  this  motion  incur  behalf,  because  he  has  made  up 
his  mind  that  the  Court  there  will  allow  the  motion  and  will  order 
the  Comwissioner  to  exhibit  your  application.  This  rather  sur¬ 
prises  me.  It  is  entirely  different  from  his  first  view  of  the 
matter.  He  suggest  that  lask  Seward  to  go.  Probably  this  m  11 
be  done. 

Re  Illuminating  Co.  Nuisance  on  39th.  Street',  I  have 
inspected  the  new  exhaust-head  at  midnight,  when  the  neighborhood 
was  quiet,  and  it  does  not  stop  the  noise;  The  noise  is  still  an 
undoubted  nuisance,  I  obtained  an  adjournment  of  the  Court  pro¬ 
ceedings  for  one  week  more,  during  which  Mr.  Bowker  will  adopt  • 
yout  suggestion  of  exhausting  into  a  tank  or  old  boiler.  This 
nuisance  question  is  very  serious. 

Re  Sir  V/illiam  Thompson  and  Feeder  Case.  I  learn 
that  his  retainer  is  50  guineas,  and  his  per  diem  is  15  guineas. 
That  is  about  what  wo  pay  Barker,  and  is  leas  than  Renwick  and 
Morton  charge.  Even  D'lnfreville  charges  the  same  as  Sii’  Wil¬ 

Re  $10,000,'  to  Lowrey,  Davis  and  Seward  for  preparing 
briefs  in  the  Bohl  appeal.  I  am  not  disposed  to  lay  this 
amount,  and  while  it  puts  me  in  a  delicate  position,  I  shall:  op¬ 
pose  it  to  the  end.  Itranains  to  be  seen  what  the  Committee -will 

All  of  which  is  submitted. 

with  the  bestwisjpjs yft 

April  30th.,  1390, 

Ctiioago,  May  Ist,  1890. 

To  whofT]  it  may  concern: 

You  are  t|ereby  notified  ti\at  ttie  oopartrierstiip 
of  W.  S.  Maliory  &  Co.,  7  W.  Ratidoipii  St.  f^as  expired 
by  linriitation,  Mr.  Louis  C.  Striitl^  retiririg.  ,  , 

The  busiriess  wili  be  cor^tiriued  iri  tt^e  narrje  of 
W.  S.  Maliory  &  Co.,  who  assuiiie  all  the;  debts  arjd 
obligatioris  of  said'  late  firni."  ,  -  ■■  '  .  ■ 

Mr.  Smith  has  qo  furtf^er  connectioq  witii  or  interest 

iq  said  firrr 

•vrtSNa  I 

^  ,A-9-^ 

United  Edison  Manufacturing  Company, 


N Ew  York, . 14th,'Ma3r.., . l.S9.0:i . 

Bast  Orange,  N.  J« 


Mr.  Edward  Pays  on  Weston,  representing  the  Washing¬ 
ton  Memorial  Arch  oonmittee,  oal.l.ed  thi  s  morning  with  a  document 
signed  by:-  Roswell,  P,  Fowler,  Comptroll  or  Myers,  James  M. 

Broivn,  Percy  R.  Pine,  T,  R,  Codert,  Ohaunoey  M.  Depev;,  ex  Gover¬ 
nor  Hoagley,  of  phio,  Hiram  Hitchcock,  Col.  Daniel  Appleton,  and 
seventy  others,  suggesting  that  the  sums  due  from  the  unexpended 
balance  of  the  World's  Pair  Fund  be  turned  over  to  Mr.  \Wn.  S.  Stew 
art.  Treasurer  of  the  fund  for  the  erection  of  the  Memorial  Arch  at 
Washington  Square.  He  states  that  you  were  one  of  the  original 
^bsoribers  and  if  you  approve  of  this  measure  he  desires  that  you 
sigi  the  enclosed  paper  authorizing  such  action  and  mall  to  the  ad¬ 
dress  contained  oh  envelope  also  enclosed, 

Yours  truly. 


Thos.  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Unit^ed  Edison  Mfg^  Co., 



/2(Pid'/'fiaf/fe-‘(i^{  EQUITABLE  BUILOtNG) 

/j^W  ?/er/'/y_ 

Thomas  A,  Edison,  Esq,, 
Dear  Sir:- 

Enolosed  please  find  statement  from  Mrtf  Ldyia  1,' 
Ropes, for  amount  due  for  mortgage  and  interest  thereon,  on  Silver 
Lake  property,  calculated  as  of  the  20th.  instv,  $5,013,'89, 

Please  return  me  the  enclosed  bill  approved  by  you,  to¬ 
gether  with  your  check  for  the  above  amount,  if  correct.  You  can 
date  your  check  the  20th.  inSt.  if  you  wish; as  the  aobdunt  will 
bo  settled  as  of  that  date, 

I  am  daily,  expecting  to  Icnow  the  decision  of  the  Mutual 
Life  about  allowing  you  to  pay  off  the  mortgage  they  hold  on  the 

■  V-,  "7 


Henry  R.  Stout.,  M.D. 
Jacksonville,  Flori 

^iiLa^  fc’ 

c^/Cc^^x^A^  .,<-'^<-^’C^<AJL.csi, 

^  ''Ij/i/ZeiAT-  ^x>ij-i^  c<X,  ^tix^ 

/fee  ^hra^ 

CL'T^fS^XA,  ^2^£yU}3^'^>4-'^-iX^ 

'k-  6^  k^  ^,/7W- 


/K  OjiM^  ^-un^.  ^ite-^e^cry-dLS^  ^ 

'^tCoCf  Ci^xl 

-iyM.  ^  7,ricii 

^  Y  C&,  yiZ^  '. 

‘^yM  fy-^dsi^J /n- Ufij.^ 

St  (v  <a-c  I  o-fc® — 


Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Oran^o,  Mew  Jersey. 

Dear  Sir:- 

I  bee  to  inform  you  that  on  the  20th  inst.,  the  mortgagee 
held  by  the  Mutual  life  Insurance  Company  of  New  York  and  lydia  L. 
Ropes,  upon  your  laboratory  at  Orange,  and  the  Silver  Lake  property 
respectively,  were  satisfied,  and  that  the  satisfaction  pieces  have 
been  sent  to  the  County  Clerk  of  Essex  County  for  the  purpose  of 
having  the  same  properly  recorded. 

The  total  amount  due  on  the  Mutual  Life  Insurance  Company 
mortgage  upon  the  laboratory  was  $20,700.,  and  on  the  Ropes  mort¬ 
gage  upon  the  Silver  Lake  property  was  $5,013.89.  Payments  were 
made  by  check  of  Mr.  Insull  in  each  case,  and  I  now  hold  the  bonds 
and  mortgages  together  with  the  abstract  of  title  of  the  laboratory 
plot,  and  the  policies  of  insurance  upon  the  laboratory,  which  I  I 
will  return  to  you  as  soon  as  the  satisfaction  pieces  are  recorded. 
Very  truly  yours. 

The  proof  of  the  illuetration  of  your  handeona 
exhlolt  at  the  Paris  Expoeltion,  published  in  THE- ELECTRICAL  WORLD 
last  November,  is  novr  ready  and  we  take  pleasure  in  railing  it  to 
you  to-day,  with  my  best  compliments.  It  is  oarefidly  packed 
in  a  stout  tube  and  will,  I  trust,  reach  you  in  good  condition. 

Permit  me  to  add  that  Mrs  Johnston,  Dr  Bell, 

Mr  Knight  and  I  very  much  enjoyed  our  recent  visit  to  your  labora¬ 
tory,  and  particularly  the  opportunity  of  having  such  a  pleasant 
chat  witj^  yourself. 

With  kind  regards  to  you  and  yours,  1  remain. 
Sincerely  yours,  ^  ^  ^ 

United  Edison  Manufacturing  Company, 

CASH  installations 


New  York, . 23rd.,.May, . 18.90* . 

ago  at  -the  request  -of  Hr.  ;E.  ’Jp,  iWeston  oonBeming  your  sub  script  i  on¬ 
to  the  Irorad’s  "Fair.  ''^Mr.’*.WeBt'Qn  Vas  in  tliifi  morning  and  re¬ 

turned  your  orlglnal’bhack  and  reque’sts  that  you  endorse  same  to  the 
"Washing ton ^Memorial-aArchTFundi-"  :You  elll  find  a  memo  attached 
to  the  cheKsk  -fltoinh '-vriTl ''expTaih  the  hlatter  more  fully,  also  an 
envelope  ancloaed  dn  SwhfiBh  “to  T?etum  the  receipt  and  enclosed  (heck 
Mr.  Weston  ideslre's  t'o  thank  y-ou  iCor  your  kindness  in  this  mat¬ 
ter,  on  behsilf  "Of  the  iOomnittee,  ^as  well  as  himself. 

3fours  tTuly, 

SUnited^ison  Mfg..  Co...  ^ 

Asst,  to  Oeneral  Manager 






Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq,, 

Dear  Sir: 

I  bes  to  acknowledge  the  receipt  of  your  mem. 
asking  me  to  see  how  you  stand  with  Messrs  Drexel  Morgan  &  Oo,,  on 
electric  railways  in  Etxrope;  also  your  mem.  about  new  contract  be¬ 
tween  the  Phonograph  Works,  ThferN.A.P.Oo. ,  and  possibly  Mr.  Lippin- 
•cott,  relating  to  musical  and  other  records. 

I  am  afraid  I  shall  not  be  able  to  take  these 
matters  up  before  next  Tuesday  unless  they  are  very  pressing. 

Please  telephone  me  if  they  are,  and  I  v/ill  try 
to  put  off  other  v/ork. 

Awaiting  your  further  favors,  I  remain, 

Very  truly  yours. 


&  LEWIS  y 

p.q,  1«qfl, 

Thomas  A«  Edison,  Esq., 

orange,  N.  J.  o  A-cVC  /. 

near  Sir; 

Re  Rari'tan  Mortgage.  ^  y^-'t  t 

I  beg  to  inform  you  that  I  have  this  day  satisfied  fiie 
above  mortgage  by  paying  to  the  Mutual  Life  Insurance  Co.  of  New 
York,  the  sum  of  §3,108,',  the  same  being  $3,000,  principal,  $105, 
interest  and  $3,  for  the  satisfaction  piece.  I  received  from  the 
Mutual  Life  Insurance  Co.  the  follov/ing  papers: 

^(1)  Mortgage  from  Thomas  A.  Edison  and  v/ife  to  George 
Goodyear,  dated  December  29,  1875. 

(2)  Bond  from  Thomas  A.  Edison  to  George  Goodyear,  dated 

-  (3)  Assigranent  from  George  Goodyear  to  the  Mutual  Life 
i  Co.,  dated  August  31,  1876. 

Agreement  of  Thomas 
surance  Co.,  dated  August  31,  1876 

,  Edison  y/ith  Muttial  Life  In- 

yhs)  Abstract  of  Title. 

(6)  Satisfation  Piece  of  above  mortgage. 
Policy  of  insurance  in  German  America! 

Company  No,  269,244,  for  $3,000, 

I  have  sont  ttie  satisfaction  piece  to  the  County  Clerk  of 
Middlesex  County  for  record,  and  vdll  .send  all  of  the  ebove  men¬ 
tioned  papers  to  you,  as  soon  as  I  receive  it  back  from  the  County 

Very  truly 


^ .  /f 

New  York  City,  June  eth,  1890. 

Dear  Mr.  Edison: 

As  to  unfinished  matters,  I  beg  to  say: 

Re  Electric  Railway  Inventions  Abroad.  I 
have  only  this  day  received  the  set  Ofoontraots  from  Mr. 
Coster  through  Mr.  Insull.  They  will  doubtless  tell  me 
all  I  wish  to  know,  and  I  shall  be  able  to  report  to  you 
in  a  few  days. 

Re  Gouraud  Pooling  Arrangement  for  E.U.p.Co. 
Stock.  I  assume  that  you  have  heard  nothing  from  Gou¬ 
raud  since  your  cable  to  him  about  his  delay  in  arranging 
with  Mr.  De  Ruyter,  the  sticoessor  of  Mr.  Lord.  That 
whole  matter  is  waiting  on  account  of  Gouraud's  delay. 
Meantime  his  Certificate  of  Stock  i's  in  Mr.  Lord's  safe, 
under  an  understanding  between  Lord  and  me.  I  have  no* 
doubt  the  stock  is  safely  tied  up  for  the  present,  so 
that  not  one  share  can  be  sold.  But  I  would  like  to  com¬ 
plete  the  pooling  arrangement.  Can't  you  hurry  up  Gou¬ 

V/elch  v  Edison.  I  have  not  yet  been  to  Boston, 
because  General  Butler  is  still  away.  The  case  cannot 
be  settled  in. his  absence.  I  am  in  constant  comnunioa- 
tion  with  Mr.  Hale  at  Boston  about  seeing  Butler,  and 
shall  go  on  as  soon  as  Hale  nails  Butler  for  an  inter¬ 
view.  The  case  will  probably  not  be  tried  until  Octo¬ 

Re  Consolidation  of  Shops  with  the  General  Co. 

I  find  that  the  various  shops  have  altogether  about  250 
contracts,  of  various  kinds,  all  of  vfhich  must  be  examin¬ 
ed  to  see  if  new  contracts  must  be  drawn  in  view  of  the 
consolidation.  I  think  wo  shall  have  to  draw  about  50 
new  contract!!.  This  turns  out  to  be  a  big  job  and  takes 
a  great  deal  of  my  time  just  now. 

Re  Patent  Arbitration.  I  expect  to  get  today 
a  copy  of  the  letter  setting  forth  the  result  of  your 
conference  with  Mr.  Insull  Wednesday  evening,  relating 
to  the  subject  of  granting  licenses  &c.  .  Mr.  Beaman 

called  on  me  today.  He  will  serve  if  we  wish  him  to, 
and  he  says  that  Mr.  Russell  of  Boston,  whom  Thomson- 
Houston  people  choose,  is  most  desirable.  This  whole 
matter  is  waiting  for  your  letter  to  get  before  Mr. 
Villard  and  for  him  to  decide  whether  I  shall  again 
bring  it  before  the  Patent  Litigation  Conmittee. 

Re  New  Contract  for  Musical  Records.  I  have 
nearly  completed  the  examination  of  all  the  old  con¬ 
tracts  and  am  making  some  progress  in  this  matter,  not¬ 
withstanding  the  great  amount  of  time  consumed  in  the 
above  mentioned  consolidation  work. 

Re  Arr-angernent  with  Mr,  Wise  to  be  Associate 
Counsel  Tor  the  General  Co.  The  Thomson-Houston  Co. 
are  not  quite  satisfied  with  the  way  Wise  has  been  hand¬ 
ling  the  fight  with  the  Telephone  Companies  about  using 
the  earth  for  a  return  circuit.  They  pay  one-half  of 
some  of  his  expenses,  and  he  and  they  work  in  harmony  in 
these  oases.  They  tell  me  that  Wise  is  a  good  fellow, 
plays  poker  well,  tells  a  good  story  and  makes  a  capital 
off  hand  address.  But  they  say  he  lacks  the  dignity  and 
ability  to  malte  a  strong  argument  before  a  Judge  on  a 
pure  law  question  and  on  the  other  questions  presented  in 
the  said  Telephone  oases.  Moreover,  they  say  that  the 
best  results  have  been  obtained  where  purely  local  coun¬ 
sel  have  been  employed,  without  importing  a  lawyer  from 
Boston  or  Hew  York.  In  view  of  all  this,  I  have  my 
doubts  whether  the  General  Company  ought  to  pay  Wise 
$8,000  a  year  and  pay  all  his  expenses  besides  ,  making 
a  total  of  over  $10,000  a  year.  I  begin  to  think  that 
I  would  get  the  same  service  which  Wise  would  render  for 
a  very  much  leas  sum.  But  perhaps  my  Judgment  is  clouded 
by  my  self-interest.  Por  it  is  certainly  against  my  wel¬ 
fare  for  Wise  to  have  a  new  contract. 

Re  Hffitsurr  Mortgage.  The  money  has  at  last 
gone  to  Port  Huron  to  pay  for  the  assignment  of  this 
mortgage,  and  as  solan  as  the  doctunents  can  be  recorded 
in  the  County  Clerk's  office  out  there,  I  shall  send  you 
the  assignment.  The  cheque  which  we  sent  was  dravm  to 
tlK  order  of  Dr.  Hartsuff,  but  I  imagine  that  Mr.  Whipple 
will  endorse  it  in  Dr.  Hartsuff s  name  and  get  the  money. 

Re  Mountain  Lands  near  Ashville.  I  have  join¬ 
ed  a  sort  of  moimtain  club  and  land  speculation  on  one 
of  those  big  North  Carolina  Mountains.  Dyer,  Stieringei’ 
Jenks  &o  are  in  it,  and  I  want  in  through  Jenks.  A  care¬ 
ful  examination  of  the  whole  property  is  now  being  made. 

I  have  invested  $1,000,  and  all  hands  would  like  to  have 
you  and  Insull  join.  Wlien  we  get  the  reports  which  are 
now  being  made,  I  shall  bother  you  a  little  about  it. 

Re  Contract  with  Ore  Milling  Co  for  Six  Countias 
I  have  written  to  Mr.  Perry,  asking  him  to  call  a  meeting  ’ 
of  the  Board  of  the  Ore  Milling  Company,  of  which  he  is 
Secretary,  to  approve  this  last  contract  with  you. 

All  of  which  is  respectfully  submitted. 

Hew  York  dity,  June  10th., 1890, 

Dear  Mr.  Edison:- 

The  latest  news  is  this:- 

(1)  Mr.  Insull  gave  me  yesterday  your  pencil 
mem,  on  the  arbitration  agreement,  I  read  to  Mr;  Villard 

this  morning'  that  part  of  it  relating  to  granting  lioensqg 
to  the  T-H.  Co.  He  stated  that  the  best  way  would  be 
for  that  Company  to  give  up  incandescent  lighting,’  I 
asked  him  to  make  an  appointment  for  Mr,  Insull  and  me  to 
see  him  about  it,  and  he  said  he  v^ould. 

(2)  The  question  of  how  far  your  electric 
railvmy  inventions  are  tied  up  by  Brexel, Morgan  &  Co,  agre«» 

,  ments,  I  am  working  on  at  home  nights  and  early  in  the 
morning.  It  is  somewhat  difficult,  and  takes  time, 

I  hope  to  have  my  report  ready  in  a  day  or  tvra, 

(3)  The  question  which  Mr.  Tate  submitted 
Saturday  about  the  Toy  Company  at  Boston,  touching  rights 

to  manufacture  abroad,  I  have  turned  over  to  Mr,  Lewis, 
and  he  will  confer  with  Mr,  Tate  about  tt  this  affcernoion,' 

Mr,  Lewis  will  show  mie-  his  conclusions,  and  we  shall  then 
send  yoii  a  letter  about  it,  in  a  day  or  two,' 

(4)  As  to  the  contract  with  you  for  future 
inventions  and  labotatory,  copies  of  the  agreement  as  now 
drav/r^re  to  be  sent  to  all  of  the  Directors,  and  the  matter 
will 'probably  be  acted  on  at  the  meeting-to  be  held  next 

(5)  I  shall  send  you' by  next  mail  a  copy  of 
my  letter  to  Mr,  Insull  setting  forth  how  I  think  the 
various  Shops  can  be  consolidated  Vfith  the  General  Com¬ 
pany  in  the  simplest  way.  The  General  Co,  Board  de- 
dided  to  accept  my  recommendations  in  that  regard  and 
ordered  than  carried  out. 

(6)  Mr.  Villard  reqixested  me  to  attend  the 
Board  meeting  of  the  General  Company  to-day.  Otherwise 
I  should  have  gone  to  Orange  to  hear  you  testify  in  the 
Filament  case. 

(7)  Mr,  Villard  wanted  to  know  what  my  views 
were  regarding  Mr,  Vfise,  and  I  gave  to  him  and  to  Ivh'. 
y/ise  to-day,  a  man, , of  v/hi  oh  I  enclose  a  copy  to  you,  I 
do  not  think  that  Mr.  Wise  ought  to  be  paid  or  guaranteed 
any  more  than  I  am. 

(8)  I  have  not  yet  taken  up  the  new  contract 
'  for  the  manufactiire  of  duplicate  cylinders  for  vocal  and 

musical  purposes.  I  do  not  believe  that  1  can  take  that 
tip  before  next  wedc.  The  trouble  is  that  the  consoli¬ 
dation  of  all  these  Companies,  takes  a  great  deal  of 
time  just  noiv,  and  it  really  seems  more  pressing  than 
anything  else.  I  begin.-,  'work  now  at  from  5  to  6  in 
the  morning  and  do  not  stop  until  bedtime.  But  my  big 
ru<h  will  be  over  in  a  week  or  two,  and  I  shall  then  keep 
abreast  of  my  work  as  usual.' 

(8)  I  asked  Mi.  Lewis  to  tell  Mr.  Insull 
that  I  TOuld  like  to  take  a  $1,000.  interest  in  that  pool 
to  buy  Metropolitan  Phonograph  stock. 

Please  exouse  printed  signature. 

Very  truly  yours, 

S.  B.  Eaton  per  C,' 


(I)  Eaton  &  Lewis  t  o  move  theii’  office  to  the  new 
Edison  Building,  and  to  pay  rent  there  like  any  other 
tenant  for  whatever  space  they  occupy. 

(2)  The  present  contract  with  Mr.  Eaton  as  aenaral 
Counsel,  to  continue,  but  the  Company  to  have  the  ri^t 
to  teminate  it  at  any  time  on  three  months  notice.  Mr 
Eaton  to  work  as  now  at  the  rate  of  §40  a  day. 

(3)  The  present  contract  ending  September  I,  1891, 
betvfeen  Mr,  Wise  and  the  Sprague  Company  to  be  cancelled. 
Mr,  Wise  to  open  an  office  of  his  own  in  the  new  Edison 
Building  or  elsev/here,  as  he  chooses,  and  to  take  other 
business  not  in  conflict  vfith  the  General  Co'. 

(4)  Mr.  Wise  to  serve  this  Company,  at  same  rate  as 
Mr.  Eaton,  §40  per  diem,  with  §10  a  day  extra  when  away 
from  home,  besides  Railvray  fares,  and  the  Company  to 
guarantee  that  his  employment  shall  amoiont  to  at  least 
at  the  rate  of  §6,000  a  year  from  now  until  September  I, 

(5)  The  above  places  Mr,  Eaton  and  Mr,  Wise  upon  the 
same  basis  as  regards  compensation,  I.e,  a  guaranteed  em¬ 
ployment  of  §6?000  a  year,  but  Mr.  Eaton  can  be  dismissed 
at  any  time  on  three  months  notice,  whereas  Mr,  Wise  has 
a  fim  contract  for  fifteen  months.  Let  the  Company  de¬ 
cide  hereafter  what  arrangement,  if  any,  shall  be  made 
v/ith  Mr.  Wise  after  September  I,  1891'. 



Thomas  A.  Edison,  Es(fsY^^‘ 

Dear  Sir; 

Touching  your  proposed  contract  with  the  General  Co. 
to  give  (three-fourths  of  yoLir  time  for  five  years,  you  may  be  in¬ 
terested  to  know,  referring  to  your  agreement  of  July  30,  1889, 
with  Mr.  Lippinoott,  whereby  you  seoiired  the  6,100  shares  of  stock 
in  The  N.A.p.Co.,  and  wherein  you  promised  that  the  total  time 
given  to  phonograph  inventions,  should  aggregate  one-half  your 
entire  time,  that  the  said  promise  referred  to  the  two  years  be¬ 
tween  August  I,  1888,  and  August  I,  1890.  T^us  your  proposed 
agreement  with  the  General  Co.  could  safely  be  itiade  without  oonflia 
ing  with  your  said  agreement  of  July  30,  1889  with  Mr.  Lippinoott 
You  may  be  also  interested  to  know  that  in  yoxir 
agreement  of  March  II,  1890,  with  the  E.U.P.Co.  you  did  not  promise 
to  give  any  fixed  portion  of  your  time  to  inventions.  What  you  did 
agree  to  do  was  to  give  a  reasonable  amoLint  of  time,  reference 
being  had  to  your  other  pursuits. 

Your  agreement  vfith  the  Toy  Company,  of  Boston, 
is  only  for  such  inventions  as  you  may  make  for  five  years,  bo 
promise  being  given  toLiching  time  to  be  devoted  to  Inventions. 

Very  truly  yours. 

P.S,  I  should  add  that  my  object  in  writing  the  above  letter  is 
merely  to  free  your  mind  from  any  doubt  as  to  whether  you  are  tied 
up  under  the  aforesaid  old  contracts. 

M-va  ih 

■’  r-fj.  XiV'  -  {7, 


^  hA''^^,  C^  C^  'Vvit^ 

'^3~>^/Am<  arc:z:^^-^  ^ 

-AczA)  I  ^t:--^— ^  ^  ^ 

Arr-{/^-^  a~iy,  ^Sx-l-te^  .''V-o  ntr-^_o,^_ 

‘'■V=ifc.w  /U,^  (2=^.o^k, .  ^Xrv^ 



tv  cz.c:i-<jt._  i/tCy^ 

^  ^  /W»d 

■<=!7  ^  jz^lf’^/y/^ 

^**"**—^1!*"  -'^CZ.-tV' 

l^)-S'itXn{_  to  i-^:>C(j3^ 

^  CL.  <'^''^!l-'^<le»'^^  _ 


e>co  .SL.^  c,.^A-<z-Rtvja^<^-^  .^_ 

^yV/V  4^""^^^^'*-^  y 

^L^ff(  <6=>^  uru^ 


o::^^  ■; 

-7-  • 



Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

I  bog  to  say: 

METER  SUIT.  Will  you  Itindly  hurry  up 
the  comp  lot  ion  of  tho  meter  you  are  ovi  making,  as  v/o 
are  waiting  for  it . 

PILAMEMT  SUIT.  The  Superior  Court  of  the  Dis¬ 
trict  of  Colotbbia  has  refused  to  grant  the  Mandatmis  asked 
for  by.  the  Wostinghouse  people  to  compel  the  Commission¬ 
er  of  patents  to  exhibit  your  subdivided  application. 

T,,is  is  a  victory  for  us.  Thus  we  have  been  victorious 
in  all  four  of  their  dilatory  motions.  Mr.  Sev/ard 
argued  this  alone.  We  wanted  Judge  Davis  to  arg’e  it, 
but  after  examining  the  papers  he  declined  on  tho  ground 
that  we  were  certain  to  bo  beaten. 

have  discovered  a  lot  of  your  old  contracts  in  the  safe 
at  the  Dey  Street  office,  and  I  now  hope  to  make  some 
progress  in  reporting  to  you. 

LOV/REY'S  PER  CENT  AGE.  I  have  just  received 
from  Mr.  Lowrey  a  copy  of  his  lost  letter,  and  enclose 
it  horev/ith.  It  is  v/orse  for  you  than  I  had  supposed. 

YTELCH  CASE'.  Levfis  v^ent  to  Boston  yesterday'. 

All  hands,  including  Butler,  vrent  before  the  Court  to 
have  the  question  decided  v/hether  we  sho\Tld  be  entitled 
to  ask  the  other  side  some  further  questions.  The  Ooiirt 
allowed  us  to  do  so.  Lewis  went  with  Hale  to  Butler's 
office  then  to  discuss  settlement  .  The  upshot  of  it 
v/as  that  no  settlement  can  possibly  be  made  for  less 
than  $30,000'.  Butler  said  he  vrould  not  for  one  moment 
think  of  settling  for  anything  less  than  that.  The  case 
will  probably  be  tried  the  last  of  next  October. 

■Very  truly  yours, 



March  25th,  1880. 

<My  dear  PIdison: 

I  am  going  to  tho  Hot  Springs  to-morrow  and  porhapsi 
shall  not  soo  you  again  before  my  return. 

To  guard  against  the  consequences  of  either  your 
death  or  mine,  leaving  our  various  arrangements  as  they 
are  now,  only  understood  between  ourselves,  I  now  state  and  ask  you  to  rep'y  to  tliis  letter  approving  if 
you  find  them  correct. 

First,  in  respect  to  Engalnd: 

Although  tho  last  time  we  spoke  on  this  s  bj ect  you 
said  that  yoia  understood  and  intended  that  I  should  have 
one-third  interest  in  your  remaining  interests  under  tho 
Hrexel,  Morgan  &  Co.,  arrangements,  I  am  disposed  to  de¬ 
cline  that,  because  all  the  service  which  I  could  rondei'’ 
you  was  rendered  -oforo  you  made  this  suggestion.  I 
therefore,  with  thanJ-.s  for  tho  generosity  of  the  offer, 
will  not  accept  it,  leaving  you,  t'loroforo,  so  much 
richer  and  looking  for  my  share  alone  to  D.M.  Cz  Co. 

Second,  as  to  Cuba:- 

I  have  arranged  on  your  behalf  with  Mr  Navarro  that 
hois  to  pay  all  expenses  of  taJ'.ing  out  tho  patatts  and 
introducing  tho  light  into  tho  Island  of  Cuba  in  consider 
ation  of  one-half  the  not  procedds;  ho  to  liavo  full  con¬ 
trol  of  the  disposition  of  the  patents.  Of  the  other 
half,  going  to  you,  you  are  first  to  deduct  fifteen  per 
cent.,  and  then  of  the  romaiining  portion  ,  to  wit, 
thirty  five  per  cent,  of  tho  whole,  you  are  to  give  to 
me  one-third. 

T,.ird,  as  to  India: 

I  have  arranged  with  J.iessrs  Pabbri  &  Ohauncoy  in 
tho  same  manner;  they  to  receive  thirty  five  per  cent, 
as  their  compensation,  $ou  to  have  sixty -five.  Of  this 
sixty-five  per  cent,  fifteen  is  to  be  first  deiuctod  by 
you  and  then  you  a  e  to  give  mo  one-third  of  tho  remain 
ing  portion,  to  wit,  of  fifty  per  cent,  of  the  whole/ 

Fourth,  as  to  Portugal,  Nov/  Zealand,  New  South  Wales 
Queensland,  and  Victoria: - 

I  have  made  tho  saine  ari’angomonts  as  to  the  above  as 
were  made  with  India  and  am  to  have  tho  same  sliare  of  yon 
interest . 

In  all  t;'.oso  cases,  as  I  have  informed  you,  I  also 
make  the  other  parties  give  mo  a  percentage  of  tlioir  not 
profit . 

If  this  is  correct,  please  aokno\vledge  the  receipt 
of  this  letter  and  say  so.  All  the  interests  referred 
to  above  as  being  for  me,  are  for  tho  aoccf-int  of  Porter, 
Lowrey,  Soron  Sz  Stone-  I  vdll  have  s’-iitablo  letters  ex¬ 
changed  between  you  and  each  of  those  parties  express¬ 
ing  in  a  general  way  tho  riglit  and  obligation  of  each. 

Please  also  refer  to  and  ratify  the  letter  to  Messrs 
D.M.  Sz  Co.,  F.&  C.,  and  Mr.  Navarro,  dated  fhe  25th,  cop¬ 
ies  of  which  are  enclosed. 

Yours  truly, 

G. P. Lowrey . 

To  T. A. Edison,  Esq., 




JVeio  Yorh,^ 

Thomas  A. Edison  Esq, , 

Orange,  Mew  Jersey. 

Dear,  Sir: - 

I  beg  to  hand  you  the  following  documents  which  I 
Isiave  received  from  S.B. Eaton: 

.  '  Mortgage  from  T. A. Edison  &  V/ife  to  Geo  .Goodyear  .dated  Decem- 

ber  29th, 1875. 

Bond  from  T. A. Edison  to  Geo. Goodyear, dated  December  29th, 1875 

Assignment  from  Geo. Goodyear  to  the  Mutual  life  Insurance  Co. 
of  New  York, dated  August  3 1st, 187 6 

Agreement , T .A .Edison  with. the  Mutual  life  Insurance  Co. of 
New  York, dated  August  31st, 1876 

.  Satisfaction  Piece  executed  by  the  Mutual  life  Insurance  Co 
/  of  New  York, dated  May  30th, 1890. 

^Abstract  of  Title. 

/  Insurance  Policy  No.  269,244  in  the  German  American  Insurance 
Company  of  New  York, which  has  been  again  nade  payable  to  you. 

Kindly  acknovaedge  receipt  of  the  above  and  oblige 

Yours  truly, 


Edis©n  Laboratory. 


(fjUA-JLux/  76^<-o  , 

icM^  /SjaaaU  AaJJz.  An- 


X/yK.^ylA^  7^\^c> 


yiAA^  . . [ 

. . a  ' 




XOTli-Thls  coaHrmatloii  ahoulil  be  ehecketl  with  the  original  message  Immediately  on  receipt.  It  will 
he  assumed  to  he  correct  unless  advised  to  the  eontrary  by  telephone. 

Ifame  of  Person  Receiving. 


From  whom  reccivetl:  Mr.Insull. 

/A-  ''•A 

To  whom  sent :  Mr  .Tate  ,  Orange  ,  N.  J . 

I  Linderstand  that  Lathrop  Vfas  at  the  Laboi-atory  on  Monday, for  the 
purpose  of  getting  some  information  for  use  in  a  hook  he  is  about 
to  write.  He  savf  Mr  .Edison  on  the  subject.  Can  you  tall  me 

what  books  he  intends  writing? 


r  - 


it  Person  Sonaing. 

. Randolph, 

Xaine  of  Person  Receiving. 

. .Coats. . 

. Ju3,y.....l.Q.a89.Q...rfp 

Prom  whom  received: 
To  whom  sent; 

A, 0. Tate, Esq, , 

.  Samuel  Insull.Esq. 

Lathrop/s  proposition  had  no  reference  to  Mr. Edison's 
life.  He  wanted  ideas  of  the  possibilities  of  the  future  for  a 
story  something  after  the  style  of  B/aiiamy's  "lookine  Backward." 


44  WATJ,  STRUnr, 

Mw  York, . J..uly.....ld.,lSS.O..s . 189 

!  ADDHtSS  fItPLY  lU 

lu  &  IS  EROAD  STREET. 

Referring  to  your  loan  of  $750.00  to  HVC .I’.Reimer , 

I  enclose  you  herev/ith  his  demand  Note , endorsed  by  his  Wife  for 
this  amount, dated  July  9th. 

Yours  truly. 

Enc . 6 . 



^  PLEASE  ADDRESS  REPLY  TO  ym-k, . J.u3y.....i6.*is0..ca5.y 

16  &  18  BROAD  STREET. 

A. 0. Tat e,T3aq., Private  Secretary, 

Edison  Laborat ory  ,Oranee,N.O'. 

Dear  Sir}- 

1  enclose  you  herewith  a  letter  I  ha/e  raseived 
at  my  office  today  .addressed  to  T. A. Edison.Bsq.  ,ft-om  William  Henry 
Trescottjand  also  a  latter  addressed  to  Mr.Trescott  by  Mr. Patrick 
Egan  of  Santiago. 

Yours  truly, 



■^^^.^^FIRMATION  OF  MESSA^E.'^.^<^Q^ 

NOTE— This  oonannation'^&i^tQ  he  cheoketl  wilii  the  orieltml  messnge  l^ifi^ijlisteJy  on  receipt.  Jt  will 
hn  csatiiiin/i  I,.  ii»  f„  fill,  coiitrnry  hy  tetephnli'e. 


or  Person  SentJinH. 

Name  or  Person  Receiving. 

Time,  1 


'■"'aguire . 

9:15  j 

From  whom  received; 
To  whom  .sent; 

Sainuel  Insull,  Esq., 
Thomas  A. Edison, Esq., 

Please  give  the  following’ message  to  Mr. Edison  as  soon  as 
he  is  up.  You  had  better  send  it  up  to  his  houses 

Eire  broke  out  in  the  Western  Union  building,  195  Broadway 
at  7:20  this  morning.  It  is  supposed  to  have  started  in  the  Batteiy 
room.  I  have  just  got  into  town  and  learn  that  the.  operating  room 
and  everything  above  that  is  absolutely  gone.  There  are  rumors 
that  a  large  number  of  lives  were  lost,  but  1  think  these  are  only 
.rumors.  Other  people  say  that  all  the  operators  managed  to  get, out. 
Of  course,  this  paralyzes  telegraph  business,  and  to  what  extent 
you  know  better  than  I  do.  If  there  is  any  information  you  want,,  , 
let  me  know,  as  I  am  going  out  on  the  12:40  train  with  Vr. T.ippincott 
to  see  you  before  the  Concentrating  meeting  is  held. 

Please  also  tell  J'r, Randolph  that  Mr, Butler  wishes  him 
.to  send  in  those  two  notes  by  boy,  iHKdaxx  this  morning. 

- - -  *"  — >5^^" 

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EATON  a  LEWIS  [)  J  ft  V  !.  ./  *_ 

S.B.EATON  ■.  \r’..  I,.'  n  y 

EUOENE  H,  LEWIS  ( /  ''' 

\j"  ''  '\V''  / 

T.  At  Edison,  Esq#, 
Dear  Sir:- 

On  the  eve  of  departure,  I  beg  to  report  as.  fol¬ 

(1)  Re  Industrial  V/orks.  The  agreement  hetvfeen  you  arri 
the  Works  has  been  approved  by  you  and  Mr.  Insull,  and  is  reaiy 
for  execution.  The  tvo  Exhibits  can  be  added  hereafter,  namely, 
one  setting  forth  a  general  descriptfcion  of  the  properlj'  at  Silver 
Ldce, which  you  tLorn  over  to  the  Works,  one  containing  a  list  of 
all  your  existing  contracts,  subject  to  vfhich  this  agreement 

v/ith  the  Works  is  made.  Mr.  Simpson  will  examine  every  contract 
C  at  Orange  in  my  absence,  and  collect  data  for  me  to  prepare  this 
last  Exhibit  on  my  return,  I  hasre  prepared  fill  minutes  for  the 
organization,  in  blank,  also  By-Laws.  You  can  go  ^ead  and  organ- 
izg  and  isdne  stock  whenever  you  wish.  I  have  notified  Mr«Insull 
that  Hr.  Simpson,  of  my  office,  ia  s  all  thepapers, 

(2)  Re  Laboratory  agreement  with  the  General  Company, 

I  have  finished  this  to  my  satis  faction, except  .the  Tenth  section. 
That  relates  to  the  tight  of  the  General  Co*  to  capitalize  your 

one-fifth.  I  have  entirely  re-v.-ritten  that  section  since  otir  in¬ 
terview  yesterday,  Kit  am  not  satisfied  with  it.  I  sliall  ask  Mr, 
Lewis  to  confer  with  Mr.  Insull  about  it.  Mr.  Levfis  can  make  any 
alight  changes  in  that  sectioh  which  may  be  necessary.  Then  the 
agreement  can  be  executed  v/ithout  delay.  Messrs.  Upton  and  Howell 
can'  make  their  tests  of  lamps  at  their  leisure,  and  I  shall  pre¬ 
pare  the  Exhibit  to  the  contract  touching  those  tests,  on  my  re- 

(3)  Re  contract  for  duplicate  phonograph  cylinders. 

This  relates  to  the  duplicates  of  musical  records  .  There  seems 
to  be  some  hitch  with  Mr.  Lippincott,  He  has  not  furnished  me 
with  the  information;  I  require  in  order  to  draw  this  conttfact, 
although  I  have  asked  him  ibr  it  repeatedly.  Consequently  this 
matter  will  lave  to  lie  over  until  my  return.  It  is  hardly  my 
fault  that  this  job  has  not  been  finished  before, 

(4)  Re  bill  of  Eaton  &  Lewis  against  the  E.U.P,  Co* 

I  have  asked  Mr.  Insull  to  kindly  expedite  your  action  on  this 
bill.  The  Companywas  red  hot  for  our  services  and  kept  us  work¬ 
ing  day  and  night,  but  they  are  ice  cold  about  paying  our  bill. 
Although  I  feel  that  the  bill  is  all  right,  nevertheless  I  leave 

thfi  whole  thing  to  yonr  good  judgment,  and  shall  willingly  bow  to 
jour  decision. 

(5)  Re  Electric  Railvmy  agreement  with  the  N.A.  Go, 

I  learn  that  Mr.  Marcus  has  sent  this  agreement  to  Mr.  Villard. 
Probably  it  will  not  get  back  here  much  before  I  return. 

(6)  Re  Lamp  Inventions.  You  asked  me  to  pr^are  a  doc¬ 
ument  to  release  you  from  your  obligation  to  turn  over  your  lanp  . 
inventions  to  the  Lamp  Co,,  for  17  years.  I  cannot  find  any  agree¬ 
ment  v/hioh  contains  any  obligation  of  this  sort.  Mr.  Simpson  will 
see  IJr,  Insull,  and  upon  getting  hold  of  the  proper  agreements  be¬ 
tween  you  and  the  Lanp  Con^jany,  a  release  will  be  prepared  in  my 
offiha  without  waiting  for  my  return, 

(7)  Re  Electric  Railway  patents  and  D.  M.  &  Co.  My 
v/ork  on  this  is  practically  completed,  and  you  have  my  report, 

Mr,  Insull  states  that  it  is  not  advisable  for  him  to  open  negotia¬ 
tions  with  D.  M,  &  Co,  at  present,:  Meantime  my  pairt  of  the  work 
must  remain  as  it  is, 

(8)  Re  Pooling  contract  with  Gouraud  fbr  E,U,P.Co,  stock. 
-Gol.  Gouraud  is  having  much  trouble  about  this,  Mr.  Lord  de¬ 
clines  to  serve  as  Gouraud' s  director.  The  latter  then  select¬ 
ed  Mr.  De  Ruyter,  but  he  declined  to  serve.  A  Mr.  Horton  was  then 

selected,  but  he  now  deblines.  Matters  are  now  v/aitins  for  TIol.  Cr 
to  select  someone, vrtio  will  stick.  Meantime  no  harm  can  come, 
because  Mr.  lord  holds  all  of  G's.  stock,  and  I  hold  all  of 
yours,  and  Lord  and  I  have  ah  agreement  with  each  other. 

(9)  Re  opinion  on  your  electric  railway  inventions 

on  the  Continent  of  Europe.  I  cannot  find  all  the  contracts  neede*^ 
to  give  you  this  opinibn  with  certainty.  TJ/hen  Mr.  Simpson  goes  ' 
<^-through  your  dafe  in  a  few  days,  , he  may  find  certain  missing  con¬ 
tracts.  If  not,  he  will  go  through  the  old  safe  at  Dey  Street 
and  may  possibly  find  there  v/hat  we  now  need. 

(10)  Re  Yfeiver  of  royalties  to  next  September  in  behalf 
of  the  Boston  Toy  Co.  We  waived  our  royalties  for  six  months. 
They  now  want  you  to  waive  them  for  six  months  more,  to  Sept.  1st,, 
1890.  It  is  a  question  of  fact  whether  you  and  Mr.  Lippincott  want 
to  do  this.  If  you  do,  please  have  word  sent  to  Mr.  Sinipson 

of  my  office  and  everything  is  ready  for  closing  matter  inmediate- 


I  believe  that  the  above  covers  all  unfinished  matters 

of  yours  nov/  in  my  hands. 

Very  truly  jodrs, 

^:==^  S^>/iiacr^ 


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Mw  York,  ........s-apt-, . 


16  &  18  BROAD  STREET. 

A.OiTate,Ssq. , 

Edison  Laboratory, 


Dear  Sir;- 

I  enclose  you  a  letter  from  W.H. Jones  and  another 
from  J.W. Lane, addressed  to  Mr.  Edison. 

I  enclose  you  clipping  from  yesterdays  New  York  Times, 

Can  you  please  post  me  as  to  the  fact  of  the  case  v/ith  relat¬ 
ion  to  the  Berlin  matter.  Is  it  somebody  that  is  sending  the^  ^ 
papers  for  spite,  or  is  the  statement  made  in  the  telegram  a  cor¬ 
rect  one. 

The  thing  looks  to  me  rather  shaky, and  as  if  somebody  in 
Berlin  is  rather  frightful  against  Mr.  Edison. 

Yours  very  ttnily. 

Enc .  1,2,3, 




16  &  18  BROAD  STREET. 

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cn»^-Xftju  Gt'xxX^^UtA  yyx,.../t~A^,  cCoAtA  y 
^^^W -—  cmf*y  ^f'lctrfpA^  - 

(iT  ut  e  ,  <7:0: 

Qa..XJL^C(y~cc^t  -  yi{jc_^Hjt.--''\^(jLtr 

(Lh^  "ift*-  ^  -^o-tte  9ffy''€eS-<'*-<i>-t4j  Ct.^0-ox.4^ — '^S^ocy. 

£1^  Ct-4J^  /i^,cwo  -cU^  TtcT' 

Orange  N«  J« 

I  arranged  with  Drexel  Morgan  yesterday  to  cancel  the  $75,000  call 
loan,  in  accordance  with'the  letter  which  1  wrote  you  the  day  be¬ 
fore  yesterday.  Mr.  Edison  should  have  n-eceived  from  Drexel  Mor¬ 
gan  &  Co.  this  morning  advices  that  the  loan  is  cancelled  and  re¬ 
turning  his  note.  Will  you. please  let  me  know  if  this  has  been  ^ 

’Wii|[j'/g  foi\  1j^c/lj>Idesce;^t  LiGH'rijNfG- 

•GiGCTi^rc  Bells &FKn/RESoi7\LLKij^DS' 



please  ADDRESS  REPLY  TO  -,1.  ,  o 

16  &  IS  BROAD  STREET.  . 

j  Dear  Edison;- 

►  of  the  Commsrolal  Cable  Co.  is  anxious  to 

see  you  with  relation  to  some  experiments  of  his  in  connection  with 
Atlantic  cables.  He  has  been  in  to  see  me  once  or  twice,  and  asked 
me  to  arrange  an  interview. 

Have  you  any  objection  to  my  taking  him  out  to  the  la¬ 
boratory  some  afternoon? 

JVeit)  rorA!,,....i550 

Thos.  A.  Edison  Esq., 

I  have  your  favor  of  the  29th,  with  relation  to 
the  loan  to  me  of  200  shares  of  capital  stock  in  the  Edison  General 
Electric  Company,  which  I  have  withdravm  from  my  safe,  and  T;hioh  I 
had  originally  held  for  your  account. 

.  I  had  intended  that  the  200  shares  of  the  capital  stock 
of  the  Nev/  Jersey  and  Pennsylvania  Concentrating  Works  with  trans¬ 
fer  attached,  should  have  been  sent  out  and  deposited  in  your  safe 
as  security  for  the  loan  of  the  200  shares  of  Edison  General  Elec¬ 
tric  Company's  stock.  By  some  blunder  this  was  not  done. 

I  novf  beg  to  enclose  you  hei’ev/ith  the  200  shares  of  the 

New  Jersey  and  Pennsylvania  Concei 

iting  V/orks  with  transfer  at¬ 

tached  above  referred  to,  which  please  hold  as  security  for  the  re¬ 
turn  of  the  200  shares  of  the  Edison  General  Electric  Company's 

Enc.  bl 

The  follovfing  has  just  been  telephoned  from  Mr,  Install’s  office: 

Catele  Insult  Edison's  motor  child.  Ask  him  whether  willing 
to  appear  at  the  Erankford  Electric  Exhibition,  Suggest  not 
general  exhibit,  but  special  object  like  new  motor.  Cable 
Mr,  Edison's  opinion. 

The  above  is  a  copy  of  a  cable  received  by  Mr.  Spofford  from 
Mr,  Villard.  V/ill  Mr.  Edison  let  me  know  what  reply  to  make  in 
his  name. 

|iimcs  |tccii 

0ou^sellor  •  LSav5 


j.  0€UCf 


^  ^  y;W^4<: 

^fshxS^zfl^  >4-5*->'i^''’A^ 

^  ■4>s-*^  - 

>^*'2-y'  y:-:^  ^ 

^t,  ^2<»--, 


-^st^  '  .<==3»-^-,_  — '^rr-' 



t^aJl  - CKj-^ 


EUGENE  H. Lewis 


^ylcw  '^C'?'/y _ Qc.tober  T.A^ 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq. 

nwr  Sir: 

Eebn;ary  IS,  1890  and  tb^«  ^  havebeen  paid  u 

August  IS,  1890,  ’  'ifill  oontimLs  payment  up 

venini-e,  i  remain?’^"''  ^  at  your  early  c, 

Very  tnUy  yours. 


.  If 

J^'ew  York,...  . /(o.  .189  O  . 



2lax<^  OK^  ^ 

^ft-f<L^O^  9u^t  <hcy^  /^TkJ^  ^ 

•^auoju  '■A-i^^--&-^  Ajiajl^Cl^oC 

^  fth-ei,<ru^^  ~~ 

f^TnU)  G^^.  ^ 

cueo  ^  ^/o,cnn>  -eo^  ^  /9^<uaJuJ.. 

(/lrv7>-kJ^  (xAMr^rrr^  9Lo-^ 

cLoJXjcL  ^hv-O'^^-^^-  0l<^  f^.(^  • 


y  dMy^  -  ^  ^ou^  A-et-e^otlc^lj 

rKZ  i/h^,l^kjj^ 

crtto  ^  '^cucuu 

g^  Cx-^a^  ynxx.-^  ?  -<^-^  c«x^  typ'’^  ■ 


- — ~'yv~^  5# 


~4^  7-^ 


;;vw— tpo 


,w/. ,  !:z::zX 

^  to-ffyy  fi^y  -  ntyz  cu^dtyif-^ 

/  /3  <?£/9  «^^  /3  9/^  -  'i-S'a-v  ^  /^ra^  ■ 

/  ^  itfSi.s~  -  <o  /a<?i#^. 

\/  /  /Ov-^fhr^  /crcry  =  # /sispssTr? . 

/  ;U  .  S^  ^  3  ^7-  '5~c>o/ 

X/  ,rd3^~.v  <r3/r. 

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'fO~^/^7/X-^  /y—^^  /OthD  -tCLC'C  ^  ^<So  i^Vt) 

(57!?  0~'€y~0  ^'l'  •  ^7 '  f^9^<<.^^--c/V\^^-<<J~e^  ^-^/Q 

'  /  yiiri!r  - 

/  iW  rjiB- .  c^'io .  s-yn^f .  nH-"-!.  ^ 

/  fiAjJey  f^in^  cxJLL  -er^-c^  _ 

ykjt^'aJ^  •ZoL'd^  fy  '^^i  OVX)  '^CLtxSL  ^uu\J>. _ ''^cxu-jix^^ - 

cu,  -4^  f — ”' 

l(s.  (Syo  TLcaI  a^ 

y(:X-t4-o^^''''''At'-'^^  .  j 

Edison  Eaboratory. 


. 0&t.ober . 20.,....XS90 . 

..N.e.w....Y.cir.k....aity. . . 

6.  P.  Lathrop,  care  of  A.  0.  Tate. 

Will  be  at  Hofffiian  House  all  night  or  can  meet  you  in 
morning.  Wire.  . 

. J.. . M. . S....t....Q....d...d....a...r....d* . . 

Transmitted  Isy  telephone  from  Wes.  Union  office  4  o'clock 


Thomas  A.  HcUson,  Esq',, 

Dear  Sir: 

I  hen  to  aoknovrledge  the  roeipt  from  you  this  day 
of  your  three  oheoques  as  follows:'  §500  drawn  to  the  order  of 
Robert  0.  Ini-iersoll;  §500  drawn  to  the  order  of  Hale  &  Piske;  and 
§1,000  dravm  to  theorder  of  Eaton  &  lewis,  for  which  please  accept 

■Very  truly 

Edison  General  Electric  Company. 



XOTJB-ThIa  c 

t«  of  Pomon  Sendltig, 

. Mias-Meinel-l-.-| 

Xame  of  Peraun  Iteceivitig. 

— . -Brown., . - — . 


—lO/iJS . 

Prom  whom  receivtul,  Ml*,  Inaull 
To  whom  aent,  M  i* «  Kd  i  s  on 

Are  you  cominn  into  the  City  today  in  order  to  go  out  to  Ogdens- 
burgh  with  Mr.  Perry,  Mr.  Cutting  and  Myself  and  others. 

We  shall  be  verymuch  disappointed  if  you  do  not  go  v/ith  us.  If 
you  v/ill  come  in  in  time  for  dinner  I  shall  be  very  glad  to  enter¬ 
tain  you  at  dinner  and  blov/  you  off  to  the  theatre. 

Please  letnme  knov/  v/hat  you  propose  doing,  m 


Mr  Edison  v/ill  be  in  on  the  5.53  train  on  D.L.&.W.R.R. 

Mr  Insull  will  meet  Mr  Edison  upon  tlie  arrival  of  above 

train  at  Christopher  Street 

cx..^  (f^ 

ClS^«v<J:r  <2^!%  -?’'^^»-«-<4->2> 

• — '■'^Cita  iCZv^  _  'C^^ii,/<75  •'C^^ 


~^ict!n^  C^  '*^‘<ye^y 

/7?b:fl/J'  '^^:'i4^  y^yir-t^  yx-?t^ - < 

n<yn^t^  ^  -^->-;p<__---^ 


XCy^y'^y  ^2V<^^^^t-,S>-TS<-y^  </~~^^^^Xi, .  ,  . 

C7>te.  ^ 

/tsr^  ^ 


<5Z:^  ..*y^  -at-j 

^  ^  on,£>^t.^zz^M-^  (^y  <2%^  , 

CzZvi^yiyi^  'y&-,0  .^iisfi^  -=*-* 


Paper  read  before  the  “ADVISORY  BOARD”  of  the  NATIONAL  BREWERS’  ASSOCIATION,  in  New  York  City, 

)  Deo.  3d,  1889,  by  Mr.  THEODOR  C.  ENGEL,  Pres’t  of^the  Bergnpr  &  Engel  Brewing  Co.,  Philadelphia. 

Mr.  Chairrrian. — I  have  been  asKed  by  soirie  of  our  friends  to  give  a  short  syn¬ 
opsis  of  the  Hanford-Stanford  Co’s.  Apparatus  for  atornteing  liquids,  as  erected  in 
our  Brewery  in  August  last.  It  is  needless  to  say  that  the  Apparatus  to  Which  . 
1  refer  is  one  of  the  latest  additions  in  the  rnechanical  line  to  the  reqUirernents 
of  Brewing.  It  consists  of  a  line  of  Copper  Pipes,  suspended  about  seven  feet  a- 
bov'e  the  Surface-Cooler  and  provided  with  a  nurnber  of  outlets,  to  which  are  at¬ 
tached  the  atoniizers.  The  Atornizer  is  a  Brass-Casting,  with  a  straightway  Yaive 
opening  of :}  of  an  inch  in  dlarneter.  The  Valve  proper  is  of  conical  shape  and 
is  held  In  place  by  a  weighted  lever.  The  atoiriizers  are  spaced  a  distance  apart 
sufficient  to  prevent  the  particles  of  Beer,  which  are  discharged  frorn  thern,  to 
Interrnix  before  striking  the  Surface-Cooler.  The  working  of  the  Apparatus  is  as 

The  suspended  copper  pipe  alluded  to  is  connected  with  the  discharge  pipe 
frorn  the  Beer-Purnp,  and  the  weighted  levers  of  the  atoinizers  are  adjusted  so 
that  a  pressure  of  about  six  pounds  is  required  to  force  the  conical  valves  off 
their  seats  .and  allow  the  hoJ  liquid  to  esqape.  Now,  it  is  just  the  force  neces¬ 
sary  to  do  this,  which  has  the  effect  of  scattering  the  Beer  and  nqinutely  atorniz- 
ing  it.  It  falls  froin  the  atornizers  in  a  divided  state,  like  a  fine  rain,  and  in  do¬ 
ing  this  loses  frorn  70  to  100  units  of  heat— depending  upon  atrnospheric  condi¬ 
tions;  as  for  instance:  a  bright  day,  with  a  dry  and  breezy  atrnosphere,  gives 
better  results  than  a  dull  and  darnp  day.  This  is  evident,  as  the  heat  is  absorbed 
faster  in  the  first  than  in  the  latter  case.  The  peculiar  shape  of  the  valves  of 
the  atoinizers  prevents  particles  of  hops  or  other  substances  frorn  interfering  with 
the  successful  working  of  it;  and,  again,  Without  the  application  of  resistance- 
required  to  overcoine  the  energy  of  the  loaded  levers  which  hold  the  valves  in 
place,  the  hot  liquid  would  not  be  broken  Up  into  the  rninute  spray,  which  is 
necessary  to  obtain  the  advantages  frorn  a  chernical  point  of  view.  We  have 


(  ^ 
iTiade  several  tests  during  the  rgonth  of  August  and  again  in  the  rnonth  of  No- 
vernber,  and  the  results  obtained  are  as  follows 

a  ^^Qwkanisal  ^oini  of 

In  the  old  Way,  without  the  Use  of  the  atornizers,  the  tinne  required  to 
purnp  Up  and  cool  off  over  the  BaUdelot-Cooler  the  brewing  of  280  Bbls.  of  beer 
required  41  hours;~the  beer  being  allowed  to  rerqain  on  the  Surface-Cooler  Until 
the  last  of  it  was  purnped  Up,  when  it  was  started  to  the  BaUdelot.  The  corq- 
parative  tests  between  the  old  and  the  new  Way  were  nnade  Under  siiqilar 
atrnospheric  conditions.  In  either  case  the  terqperature  of  the  liquids  at  the 
end  of  the  PUrnp-Discharge-Plpe  was  198  degrees,  and  with  the  atornizers  the 
liquid  was  not  allowed  to  accurqulate  on  the  Surface-Cooler,  but  was  irnrnedi- 
ately  sent  to  the  BaUdelot,— reaching  the  BaUdelot  with  a  teinperature  of  112 
degrees,  and  requiring  for  th^  cornp\etion  .of  .the.  purnping  iUnd  cooling  •  ofione 
brewing,  two  hours.  In  the  old  Way  th'e  teinperdture  of  the  liquid  on  the  BaUde¬ 
lot  averaged  156  degrees;— a  difference  of  44  degrees  in  favor  of  the  Atornizers 
iri  ^ternperature  and  60  per  cent,  in  saving  of  tirne.  The  cornparative  tests  rnade 
"■  in  Novernber,  with  bright,  clear  weather,  show  a  still  greater  result  in  favor  of 
the  atornizers.  The  ternperature  being  reduced  frorq  196  to  94  degrees.  It  is 
needless  to  dwell  on  the  large  saving  occasioned  by  this  reduction  of  the  terq- 
perature  iq  the  cooling  effect  required  at  the  BaUdelot,-either  iq  water,  or 
refrigerating  rqatter,  or  both.  Large '  as  are  its  rqechaqical  advantages,  the 
cherqical  are  still  rqore  irqportant.  It  is  well  Known  to  Brewers  that  a  HOT 
aeration  of  a  wort  causes  a  large  percentage  of  alburqinoUs  substances  to  forrq 
and  settle-the  elirqination  of  these  bodies  very  greatly  irqprove  the  Keeping  quality 
of  the  beer  aqd  ale.  A  cold  aeration  in  nowise  does  this.  It  will,  to  be  sure,  start 
up  a  sluggish  ferrqentation  by  supplying  oxygen  to  the  yeast,  but  a  COLD  aer¬ 
ation  will  never  serve  to  CLARIFY  the  beer,  or  rerqove  alburqinolds.  Many 
Brewers  claiiq  that  the  BaUdelot  gives  all  the  aeration  necessary.  A  little  re¬ 
flection  Will  convince  the  Unprejudiced  rnind  that  this  is  erroneous.  The  hot 
Wort  runs- on  to' the:  BaUdelot  iq  thiri'strearqs,  itlrniqedidte'ly  strlKes-'a  ’cold  pipe 
and  running  rapidly  down  in  sheets  and  drops-receives  not  a  hot  but  a  cold 
aeration.  The  Hanford-Stanford  process,  oq  the'  contrary,  affords  a  perfect  ' HOT 
aeration  and  the  sarqe  has  been  practically  derqonstrated. 

The  irqiqediate  effect  of  a  highly  aerated  wort  Upon  yeast  is,  to  cause  that 
plant  to  bud  and  grow  vigorously;  throwing  off  new  fresh  cells;  Which  continues 
■  -as  long  as  free  oxygen  reiqains  iq  the  wort. '  Experience  shows  that  this  free 
oxygen- disappears  with  great  rapidity  and  a  large  quantity  of  yeast  is  forrqed. 
Which  is  of  the  iqost  vigorous  nature.  After  the  free  oxygen  is  exhausted'  the 
yeast  attacKs  the  oxygen  in  corqbination  with  sugar,  aqd,  as  is  well  Known 
the  deconqposition  of  this  produces  alcohol  aqd  erqits  carbonic  acid  gas.  Expe- 

('  . 


/  ^ . . T 

rience  proves  that  the  use  of  this  process  insures  a  very  satisfactory  ferrnentation 
and  u  yeast  entirely  free  frorn  the  gerins  of  disease-ferrnents. 

Oxygen,  cornbined  With  Wort,  seerns  to  rnodify  the  structure  of  Various  re¬ 
sinous  and  nitrogenous  sUbstances-caUsing  thern  to  forrn  into  rninxtte  spheres, 
and  to  sink;  carrying  with  thern  other  particles;  thus  forrning  a  sort  of  "natural 
fining,"  During  the  ferrnentation  of  the  wort,  when  the  yeast  is  being  transforrn- 
ed  into  alcohol  and  carbonic  acid  gas,  a  part  of  the  bitter  and  resinous  rnatter  of 
the  hop  becornes  insoluble.  This  rernains  in  suspension  and  in  poorly  oxygenated 
worts,  the  particles  being  so  fine,  causes  a  clowdiness  or  "srnoKy"  appearance 
in  the  beer.  On  the  other  hand,  a  wort  which  has  had  a  hot  aeration  the  oxygen 
in  cornbination  causes  these  particles  to  agglornerate  and  sink,  as  before  stated; 
THt^S ■REMOVING vTHE  -GflUSE  OF  "MUD^INESS  ifN  BEER,"  and  it  ruhs  off  Very 
brilliant.  R  rnicroscopical  exarnination  of 'the  deposit  left  in  the  ferinenting  tUn 
will  readily  disclose  this  fact,-  for  rnixed  in  with  yeast  cells  and  irregular 
shaped  granular  deposit-ininute  balls  of  resinous  and,  consequently,  "coloring 
rnatter"  are  found,  which  are  very  dense.  The  elirnination  of  this -coloring  niatter 
causes  the  beer  to  becorne  paler,  as  well  as  clearer.  For  bottling  and  export  beers,  V. 
this  process  will  be  found  to  be  very  advantageous.  • 

Prof.  Schwarz  rnade  rnicroscopical  investigations  of  the  yeast  of  the  follow¬ 
ing  dates;  Septernber  25th  and  28th,  October  5th,  9th,  12th,  16th,  19th,  23rd,  25th 
and  30th,  and  Novernber  2nd  and  6th,  and  says:— "Found  the  yeast  cells  in 
sound  and  healthy  condition;  of  uniforrn  size;  good  and  norrnal  ferrnenting  power, 
in  a  very  pure  state  and  free  frorn  Bacteriae,  We  are  highly  pleased  with  the 
results  In  every  way  and  I  have  no  hesitancy  in  saying  that  the  Apparatus  is,  ' 
although  a  late  addition,  certainly  a  rnost  irnportant  one  to  the  "Art  of  Brewing." 




last  January  and  bcliuvc  It  is  doing  all  you  claunecl  for  it.  There  is  no  doubt  a 
heat  out  of  the  worts. 

Yours  trulj’, 


Drooki-vn,  N.  Y.  April  i4tli  1890. 

LONG  Island  brewery^ 

J.  W.  Brown,  Frost. 

r,”  BOSTON,  MASS. 

Boston,  Mass.,  August  aStli.,  1888. 
placed  in  my  brewery  May  i887  and 

speak  hielily  In  its  favor,  knowing  by  nearly  1  j  months  practical  experience  wltli  tlie  same  in  tlie  Boylston 
that  is  claimed  by  its  Inventors,  Mr.  Clarence  C.  Hanford  and  Mr.  Cliarles  D.  Stanford. 

It  effects  a  lar^e  saving  in  ice  and  also  in  ice  refrigerating  macliincry,  saving  at  least  4  of  the  lowest  degrees  on  my 
lee  macliinc,  wlncii  is  cquiv.aicnt  to  a  great  saving  in  consumption  of  coni  and  also  on  the  wear  and  tear  of  tlie  macnii..  ,, 
saves  in  brewing  time  of  from  one  liour  and  a  half  to  two  hours  per  day,  and  tlie  improvement  In  fermentation  is  very  marked. 

Brewery  that  it  (Toes  all 

tliereforc  speak  unreservedly  in  favor  of  the  process. 

hours  per  day,  ai 
Faithfully  Yours, 



PltlLAUELPIlIA,  SF-I'T.  25,  l880. 

The  Hanford-Stanford  Co.,  Globe  Building,  Doston,  Mass. 

Gentlemen;— Your  atomising  apparatus  which  lias  been  thoroughly  tested  and  adopted  by  us,  gives  perfect  satisfac. 
tion.  We  arc  putting  280  barrels  of  beer  from  the  Hop-Jack  into  tlie  cellar,  over  the  Baiidelot  cooler  in  2  1-4  hours,  a  saving  in 
time  of  50  per  cent,  over  tlie  old  roctliod,  with  a  proportionate  saving  in  fuel  and  wear  and  tear  on  the  refrigerating  plant.  We  find 
an  improvement  in.the  yeiist  and  fermentation.  Your  apparatus  is  a  success  and  we  cheerfully  recommend  tlie  same  to  the  trade. 

(signed)  THE  BERG'nER  &  ENGEL  BWG.  Co. 

by  Theodor  C.  Engel,  Pres. 


Niaoaea  Falls,  June  ayili,  i88(). 

Mity  aytli  1889  and  it  has  performed  very  satisfac- 

Mr.  C.  D.  Stanford,  Gtohe  Buitding,  Boston,  Mass. 

Dear  Sie:— We  iijive  used  the  Hanford-Stanford^  ^roc 

toriiy  all  that  you  claimed  for  it,  indeed  am  more  tlian  pleased  witli  tlie  mechanism  and  the  lienefits  of  tlie  Hanford-Stanford  ,... 
cess.  It  instantaneously  cools  my  wort  down  to  102  clegrecs  Far.  and  causes  a  large  saving  of  coal,  as  tlie  brine  is  not  so  much 
healed  as  before,  and  I  can  readily  see  that  when  I  make  double  brewings  daily  I  shall  be  abfe,  by  your  process  to  save  at  least  3 
tons  of  coal  daily.  I  also  already  note  a  great  improvement  in  my  fermentation,  the  full  liot  .xration  serving  to  promote  a  most  per¬ 
fect  result  in  the  fermenting  room  and  I  feel  sure  there  will  be  sliown  a  great  improvement  in  tlie  yeast.  I  Teel  confident  tliat  every 
progressive  brewer  who  gives  your  process  a  trial  will  .adopt  it.  I  wouid  not  be  witliout  lire  process  in  my  brewery. 

(signed)  LOUIS  F.  MAYLE,  Prest.,  The  Niagara  Fails  Brewing  Co. 


Niagara  Falls,  Oct.  nth,  1889. 

Afr.  C.  D.  Slanford,  Cent.  Manager,  The  Hanford-Stanford  Co.,  Boston,  Mass. 

Dear  Sir: — Six  montlis  having  now  elapsed  since  your  Company  placed  your  process  in  our  brewery,  I  take  this  op-, 
portunity,  and  witli  plcn.sure  state  tliat  your  claims  in  regard  to  the  improved  fermenfation  and  quality  of  yeast  are  fully  borne  out 
by  pr-actical  use.  We  have  the  finest  fermentation  we  ever  had  and  our  yeast  suits  us  perfectly. 

(signed)  LOUIS  F.  MAYLE,  Prest.,  The  Niagara  F.alls  BrewingCo. 


C-Sth,  IS 

7V/tf  Hanford-Stanford  Company^  Globe  Buildings  Boston^  Rfass, 

Gentlemen: — I  have  used  the  Hanford-Stanford  process! 

cry  at  South  Doston,  and  find  that  It  saves  50  per  cent,  of  the  ice  formerly  us-_ _ _  _ _ e, . . 

time.  It  also  has  a  very  marked  effect  upon  the  fermentation  and  in  the  easy  clarification  of  the  ale.  “Present  us. 
this  process  fines  up  as  clear  in  the  glass  as  lager  beer,  it  also  lightens  its  color  and  as  for  the  yeast  that  comes  from  the  process  it 
is  very  superior  in  ouality  and  produces  the  most  satisfactory  fermentation  that  I  ever,  having  used  It  during  the  worst  season 
of  the  year  has  enabled  me  to  prove  this  fact  to  my  satisfaction. 

I  was  prevailed  upon  by  you  for  a  long  time  to  use  your  process  before  I  would  give  my  approval  to  do  so  although  I  knew  that 
the  above  benefits  to  ale  were  claimed  by  the  Inventors,  I  felt  very  sceptical  that  these  claims  would  be  borne  out  practically,  but 
after  a  long  and  rigid  trial  I  now  gladly  add  my  testimonial  and  most  willingly  recommend  the  process  to  brewers,  it  is  a  genuine 
improvement  and  will  receive  the  approval  of  all  progressive  brewers,  after  they  have  given  It  a  trial  that  they  will  say  that  it  has 
become  one  of  the  fixtures  in  their  brewery  and  has  come  to  stay. 

Respectfully  yours,  TRUE  JONES,  Supl.,  “  Bay  State  Brewery.” 

The  Frank  Jones  Brewing  Co. 


beer  since  November  18S8  and  find  that  it  will  ri 
the  quantity  of  Ice-water  required  one-half. 

Respectfully  )•' 

lie  temperature  of  beer  from  200  degrees  to  too  degrees  thereby  reducing 
SUFFOLK  BREWING  Co.,  By  Jas.  M.  Smith,  Treas.  J,;,,...- 

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investigation  I  am  now  making,  with  a  copy  of  the  agreement  o'f 
May  2,  1879,  between  Edison,  Puskas  and  Bailey  of  the  first  part, 
and  James  H.  Banker,  of  the  second  part;  and  a  copy  of  what  ear¬ 
lier  agreements  you  made  with  Puskas  and  Bailey,  or  eitlier  of 
them,  relating  to  Belgium,  Australia,  Prance,  Denmark,  Germany, 
Russia,  Italy  and  Spain,  or  either  of  those  covwtries. 

It  IS  important  that  I  should  have  these  documents 
at  the  earliest  convenient  moment,  if  agreeable  to  you. 

Very  truly  yours. 

7/^Xi,y^J  ^‘^oC  ^’^—t-P-ifzi.£^ 

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New  York  Oity,  Dec.  8,  1890. 

Near  Mr.  E*^ison: 

I  ben  to  say: 

RE  M. A. P. Co. PHONO  STOCK.  T!ie  prosent  agreement 
toudriinc  the  6,100  shares  of  stock  in  the  N.A.P.Co.  expires  Jan. 
10,1891.  I  rofo’'  to  tJio  anroement  of  April  1,1890  made  botv/een 
,  you  and  Mr.  Lippincott.  The  certificate  for  this  stock  is  in 
my  possession,  made  out  in  yoiir  narne,  and  not  endorsed. 

RR  LIPPINCOTT  NOTE.  T!-ie  Lippincott  note  for 
s?68,575  endorsed  by  the  N.A.P.Co.  matures  Jan.  10,  1891.  The 
note  is  in  my  possession.  T*^is  note  is  secured  by  11,860  shares 
of  stock  in  the  E.P.Co.,  which  you  can  sell  at  cither  pviblic  or  pri 
vate  sale  if  the  said  note  is  not  paid  on  Jan.  10,  1891.  The 
stock  certificates  for  those  11,850  shares  are  in  my  possession. 

RE  EILAI-IENT  CASE.  All  the  lawyers  attended 
-at  the  call  of  the-  Calendar  today,  and  this  case  was  put  over  to 
av/ait  tlie  decision  of  .Tudeo  Lacombe  on  tlie  motion  to  compel  us  to 
produce  yoau’  later  application.  This  motion  was  submitted  on 
printed  briefs  last  Priday  and  as  Lacombe  is  usually  prompt  it 
v/ill  probably  be  decided  in  a  fov/  days.  We  are  approaching  the 
end  in  this  case. 

RE  PEEDER  CASE.  Sir  V/illiara  Thompson  is  to  be 
cross  examined  orally  by  a  lav^yer  to  be  sent  from  here  in  behalf 
of  the  defense.  A  member  of  Mr.-  Betts  firm  v/ill  go  over  in  order 
to  look  after  the  oral  examination  on  our  side. 

WELCH  V  EDISON.  I  was  in  Boston  last  Pi’iday, 
and  saw  Mr.  Hale.  Owing  to  the  absence  of  General  Butler  our 
motion  for  further  information  as  to  tlie  amount  of  money  advanced 
to  you,  and  our  motion  for  the  appointment  of  an  Auditor  have  not 
yet  been  heard.  Hale  thinks  that  the  plaintiff  v/ould  settle 
for  §12,500,  but  that  is  over  $2,000<more  than  wo  are  willing  to 
give.  The  retainer  of  §500  which  you  sent  me  to  give  to  Colonel 
Ingersoll  I  still  hold.  There  is  no  use  in  giving  him  the  cheque 
until  we  are  certain  that  we  need  his  services. 

GRAPH  MACMIBES.  My  long  opinion  to  you  on  this  matter  is  still 
before  Mr.  Bush  and  associates.  He  is  out  of  the  9ity  jUbt  at  pre¬ 
sent  but  I  expect  an  answer  in  a  few  days.  I  realize  the  fact  th.t 

ray  opinion  oovorod  a  great  deal  of  ran  tier,  and  that  ’’r.  Rush  and 
associates  vfill  require  sometime  to  think  it  over. 

RE  PATENT  EXPENSES.  Tho  entii-e  amount  expended 
by  the  Ligltf,  Oo.  in  all  litigation  and  patent  applications  for  15 
months  ending  Nov.  30  is  about  §135,000.  Some  of  this  was  extra j*- 
ordinary  expenses  connected  with  the  Oanadian  Pilaincnt  fight  in 
tie  Government  Bureaii  there,  also  connected  witli  the  Pohl  Case  in 
the  United  Gtatj  s  'upeme  Court.  Hie  expenses  properly  charge¬ 
able  to  Patent  Lj-tigation  and  Patent  Office  matters  have  averaged 
about  §6,000  a  raonth.  I  enclose  a  detailed  statement  of  every 
item,  v/hioh  kindly  return  without  fail.  Lav/yers  foes  and  cash 
disbursoinents  are  not  separated.  the  case  of  ray  ov/n  firm  the 
cash  disbursements  const! tiito  a  large  percentage  of  the  money 
paid  to  us.  Please  rotiirn  the  enclosure  by  early  mail. 

RE  "EDISON’S  LATEST"  I  received  frwn  Mr.  rate 
the  St.  Paul  newspaper  containing  the  advertisement  de  Salin 

and  have  v/ritten  her.  heretofore  I  have  succeeded  in  stopping  all 
of  those  people  and  shall  of c  ourse  do  the  sane  in  her  case. 

Seligman  lias  tal;on  no  action  as  yoi  on  this  bill  though  the  soi’- 
yices  wore  ’•endored  a  year  ago.  Nor  has  the  Oorapa^iy  ,  nor  anybody 
in  tlioir  behalf  ever  paid  me  the  courtesy  to  aoknovflegge  tlie  bill 
or  of  say  ng  anytliing  about  it  vehatsoevor,  That  is  hot  ri^nt. 

soon  select  lav/yers  to  handle  the  nine  patent  suits  coirmonced  again 
us  in  the  Autumn  by  tho  Thorason-Houston  people.  Dyer  and  Seely 
would  be  good  men  to  take  the d efonse  in  the  cut-out  suits  and  othe 
details  relating  to  the  incandescent  system.  The  only  trotible  us 
tVa  t  they  already  have  fully  as  much  work  as  they  can  attend  to  and 
do  it  Well.  As  regards  tlie  suits  against  us  on  electric  rail- 
v/ay  patents  I  am  in  doubt  as  to  whom  to  recommend  as  lawyers  for 
our  side.  I  am  tliinking  of  George  S.  Roberts  of  Boston,  of  W.Vl, 

Swan  of  Boston,  also  of  Charles  L.  Buckingham  of  tliis  City,  also  of 
Witter  and  Kenyon  of  this  City,  also  of  V/.D,  Baldwin  of  this  City. 

can  also  take  Mr.  Betts,  though  he  is  top  big  a  man  for  any  but 
heavy  cases.  Nave  you  any  sug®  stions  to  make? 

EDISON  V  GILLILAND"' /aro  TOMLINSON.  .  Pursuant  to 
paur  instructions  we  granted  extensions  for  the  answer  *o  be 
filed  in  this  case.  Meantime  Mr.  Lippincbtt  is  getting  worse. 
Should  he  die,  it  would  nearly  kill  our  case.  fe  woivld  like  to 
compel  the  defendants  to  file  their  answer  and  tlien  v/e  could  im- 


to  got  hio  testimony  on 

reoo.d  before  anytl'.ing  happens  to  him.  But  oiu’  hands  are  tied  und" 
your  orders  to  grant  continually  extensions  to  tlfi  defendants. 

®  all.  question.  Mine  ohanoos 

ou.  ofmwe  can  recover  Gilliland's.  But  if  those  delays  go  on 

ZrZ  T'Z  IZ  la  ^0'^  ia 

.iight  to  Pro i It  and  Loss.  It  grieves  mo. 

Very  tKi  ly  yours, 



V-W.-f  1/^0^*^  1/I.Lvx-WjLv  - 
;  :  0FF19E  :  :  ) 

/jLt.(^  , 

Orbar\a  Dail^  ^ifi^Gi\.  }  /o 

you  kindly  indiciito 

We  desire  to  reptibli 
statement  under  its 
similar  requests  of 
cans,  and  in  many 

(ireat  Britain  and  I 

UuBANA,  (X,  Di:c . r  ,  1890. 

the  CiTl/.KN  which  among  the 
!  hajghsh  language  is  your  favorite? 
poem  you  may  select  with  a  brief 
it  is  your  choice.  We  have  made 
2  hundred  other  prominent  Ameri* 
preferences  have  been  stated.  We 
collection  to  poems  by  authors  of  America, 

In  aocordanoe  with  your  instmctions  we  wrote  to 
Mrs.  Dr.  de  San  of  St.  Paul,  Minn.,  the  woman  v/ho  advertised  a 
certain  "Mind  Reading"  machine  and  used  your  name  in  connection 
therewith,  directing  her  to  discontinue  doing  so,  or  to  take  the 
consequences . 

We  have  received  a  letter  from  her  under  date  of 
the  nth  inst.  in  which  she  states  that  she  will  discontinue  vising 
your  naiTB  at  once,  and  apologises  for  wliat  she  calls  her  "thought¬ 
less  act". 

The  Edison  Electric  Illuminating  Co.  of  New  York. 

HtH."*  Executive  Office,  i6~i8  Broad  St. 



I- I, 

Dictated.  December  18,  1890 

Dear  Mr.  Edison: 

It  is  v/ith  sreat  regret  that 
I  have  had  nothing  from  your  pen 
this  year.  Do  yon  not  think  you 
could  dictate  a  few  hundred  v/orde 
:  to  your  stenographer  for  us  ?  A 

subj  eet  that  would  have  great  in- 
'  tcrest,  I  think,  to  the  public, 

i  would  be  the  future  prospects  of 

electricity;  showing  the  great 
developments  that  can  be  looked  for. 

Indeed,  I  should  think  that  you 

would  be  able  to  make  a  most  interesting 
paper,  and  one  that  would  be  of  vast 
importance  to  the  community. 

I  have  not  forgotten  your  kind  hos¬ 
pitality  to  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Astor,  my  v/ife 
and  myself  when  we  went  down  to  visit 
you  last  year.  V/e  still  have  the 
dolls  you  so  kindly  gave  us,  and  our 
children  appreciate  our  visit  almost  as 
much  as  we  do  ourselves. 

A  word  in  reply  will  much  oblige 
Yours  faithfully. 

To  Thomas  Edison,  Esq. 

Edis0n  Laboratory. 


Si.....^!klAj.. . £c>Lui..f!yi. . . 

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/  / 

EDiseN  Laboratory. 




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S/cr/:-  24,  iRgo. 

Eiomas  A,  Ddison,  Esq, 
Dear  Sir: 

R®  Welch  case.  Referring  to  Mr.  Tate's  letter 
of  the  22nd  inst . ,  stating  that  you  want  this  case  delayed,  I  beg 
to  say  that  we  shall  do  our  best  to  carry  out  your  wishes. 

Re  Edison  Mining  Properties.  Mr  Tate  writes  that 
you  wish  me  to  tahe  charge  of  the  payments  of  all  royalties  and  of 
all  taxes  on  your  mining  properties.  The  only  properties  belong¬ 
ing  to  you  personally  which  I  know  about  is  the  Nelson  or  Dunder- 
berg  traolt.  If  there  are  any  others,  please  let  me  have  the  docu¬ 
ments,  and  I  shall  then  take  pains  to  carry  out  your  instructions. 

Re  N.J.&P.C.  Works.Mining  Properties,  Mr.  Tate 
also  advises  me  that  you  wish  me  to  look  after  the  payment  of  roy¬ 
alties  and  taxes  for  all  properties  belongning  to  this  Company.  I 
believe  that  the  Treasurer  of  the  Company,  Mr.  Perry,  prefers  to  do 
this  himself,  especially  now  that  he  has  a  tabulated  statement 
in  columns  prepared  by  me,  a  copy  of  which  I  sent  you.  However, 
you  are  the  boss,  and  I  shall  do  as  you  say  until  you  send  me  word 
to  the  contrary. 

Avfaiting  your  further  advise,  I  remain, 


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Electric  Car. 

1890.  Edison,  T.  A.  -  Articles  (D-90-06) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  requesting  Edison  to  write  articles; 
correspondence  relating  to  articles  about  Edison  or  his  inventions;  and  letters 
from  journalists  seeking  to  interview  Edison. 

Approximately  70  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  requests  from 
journalists  receiving  no  reply;  routine  correspondence  relating  to  interview 
arrangements;  routine  letters  from  clipping  services. 

I  sjii  mailiii(5  you  an  advance  copy  of  the  fix-at  nximber  of 

"The  Roviow  of  Reviews"  a  ne\!  M..(-p.zine  which  has  just  been  started 
in  London  xmder  the  editorship  of  W.  T.  Stead,  who  has  Left 
tlio  "Pall  Mall  Cazetto"  with  the  object  of  conduotinf;  it.  At  tl-s 
same  tins  I  fos-v/ard  yoxi  a  letter  from  Mr.  Stead  in  -which  1  believe 
ho  invites  yoxx  to  send  him  a  letter  with  the  object  of  re-prodxxo- 
inc  in  the  "obraary  number  of  "The  Review  of  Reviews",  some  auto- 
Graph  letters  fj-om  the  nost  prominent  citizens  of  tlie  great  Eng¬ 
lish-speaking  Republic. 

Youbwill  notice  that  the  numba--  which  1  send  you  contain  ■ 
fae  simile  axitoGi’  letters  from  tlxe  best  known  Englishiren  of  the 
day.  If  you  cax-c  to  fall  in  with  Hr.  Stead's  suggestion,  might  I 
ask  you  to  send  your  lotta?  to  him  by  tlxe  next  mail  which  leavfs 
on  V/ednesday  the  253d  inst.  It  -would  be  a  further  kindness  if  you 
-would  at  tho  same  time  for-ward  a  postal  cai-d  to  mo,  notifying  the 
dispatch  of  your  letter  ,  as  I  should  lilte  to  cable  Mr.  Stead,  in- 
foi’ining  him  of  any  letters  that  me.y  be  on  the  way;  in  order  tlxs.t, 
if  necessaiy,  he  may  delay  going  to  press  v/ith  tlis  Peb,  number 
until  he  receives  them. 

I  may  add  that  I  have  cone  over  to  the  United  States 
with  the  object  of  establislxing  an  agency  for  the  sale  of'The 
Review  of  Roviev/s"  hei-e.  ;  The  first  nxunbar  I  hope  will  be  on 
sale  within  the  course  of  a  day  or  two. 

Yoxxrs  truly. 


^  In*  1’  f  liii'ht  Ilf  Ill'll  . 

’  . . .  STEAD. 

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"«•».  KTZ 


Thk  EIvE:ctric 

&.  Journal- for  Slectrical  People. 
Published  Weekly^  by 


Office,  5  Dey  Street, 

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"the  rookery."  118  liberty  street. 

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M  ro  Tate  Tteb.  26,  1890 

Have  telephoned  Hopkins  and 
confirm’d  by  letter.  Have  instiTioted  Y/alter 
Miller  to  express  to  Hopkins  an  old  style  phono- 
gi-aph,  in  accordance  with  the  vfish  of  the  latt>Br 
telephoned  tlii  s  morning. 

I  enclose  proofs  of  tv/o  cuts  shov/lnfj 
ts  of  your  phonograph,  also  of  a  double  whistle  for  pro- 
ing  beats  to  be  used  in  connection  with  a  phonograph  who 
i  as  a  chrohograph;  also  tracings  of  the  phonograph  ar- 
!Od  as  a  chronograph,  and  a  brief'  description  of  this 
ingement.  ivill  you  kindly  examine  the  tracings  and  th 
!f  description',  and  advise  nie.fby  telegi^aph  if  possible, 
irv/ise  by  nail)  if  you  would  approve  ap  article  arrangei 

The  article  is  nearly;  finished,  and  if  I  were  not  inv' 
e  .to  get  the  matVer. -into  the  paper,  r  would  wait  a  day\ 
o  and  send  you  ihe .proof .  .  I  shall  follow  this  with  an 
cle  on"Tho  Conductivity. of  Gases. for  Sound , "as- demen¬ 
ted  by  the  phonWraph,ahd»Tte  Velocity  of  Sound  io  en-' 
3d  tubes."  After  that  I  shall  write  an  article  on  the 
3n  of  Sound  Waves  on  thin  Piln.s".as  shown  by  the  phono- 


I  begin  the  article  by  describing; briefly  your  mpt.or 

:  I  then 

and  governor,  as  these  are  vital  in  thia  connection. 

•proceed  to  describe  the  arrangement  shown 'in, €he  sketches.  It 
is,  perhaps,  hardly  necessary^,  as  you  wlll'^understand  the 
whole  matter  at  a  glance.  However ,  I- will  .say — The  receiving 
•funnel  is  suspended  so  as  to  allow  the«  arm  ofVth.e  phonograph  :• 
to  move  over  the  cylinder.  In  front ‘•e.f  this  funnel  I  ar- 
'.range  a  pair  of  v/histles,  tuned  so  as  tp:. give  be'ats.lO,  50.:,;';;,^;; 

‘100  to  the  second.  The  bell  A  i s'.' jin^^^^^^rc u'i t^  of  the 
.‘biiitery  B.  One  terminal  of  the  bell  runs^to' ih‘1' mercury 

W'  -  .. 

,^,up  C  under  the  pendulum  D.  The  batt^ery^-is  connected^ with 
pendulum  so  that  the  circuit^is  cl^s^Kfaficej/in  a- second. 
Pror^^tho  mercury  cu p  the  wire  passes  '(|nm<^th‘e  circuit  clos’er  ' 
E’,  '‘arrange'cl'''en  th>'  phonograph  -itselfy^^^^^^^iose-jthe 


be  indicated  by, a  double  stroke  of  the  bell.  Perfect  syn¬ 
chronism  can  be  secured  by  renulating  the  phonographic 
governor.  "When  this  point  is 'reached,  the  '.irhistles  'are 
tuned  so  as  to  produce  10,  or  50,  or  more  beats  per  second, 
as  may  be  require.d,  4he  adjustment'  being  secured  by  means 
of  the  bell.  The  whistles  must  be  supplied  v/ith  air  under 
const.ant  pressure  so  as  to  produce  uniform  beats. 

Personal  equation  may  be  determined  by  means  of  the  key 
arranged  t'o^lpse  the,  circuit  oh  -the.  bell.  Other  measure¬ 
ments  may  be  made  b^  nieans"Vf/the  bell' or  other  equivalent 

device  detailed  from  the  phonograph/ and  connected  with-rthe 
apparatus  by,  vrhich  the  circuit  is 'controlled'//  '  As  for  exam- 

pi e ;  with 
as  thus  arranged 

the ‘'g‘r‘ati'ngsF>used  inVtest-ing^thel velocity  of  a 

‘  ‘i  '■ 

I  shal^l  describe  ;a  numbfe^  o/feSusesA’of  the  appar 

numbfeK  oSSuses'Kof  the  apparatus 

It  is  obvious  that,  f or. iverv'^’lifiah  speeds,  as  in  the  case 
01  '  '  , 

of  a  bullet,  it  will  be  necessary^ to,';'iKave‘ji.bffo  different 

magnets  for  makin^the  r^eco,!^,  one  for,  thA  start  and  the 

.  #  ;  . 

other  for  the  stop^,  so  that  if  a  beM.  v^ere'used  there  would 
be  tv/o  magnets,  two  armatures,  and  two  bell  hammers.  To 
prevent  a  prolonged  sound  of  the  bell,  I  damp  it  with  a' 

rubber  band. 




'  ■  ■  i 

It  will  be  plain  to, you  that  most,  if  not  all  of- the 
measurements  possible  with  the  ordinary  chronograph,' niay  be 
carried  on  in  connection  with  the  phono;»raph*  The*  record  j 

can  be  readily  read' so  as  to  interpret  the  measurement  by  j 

turnin,*'  the  phonographic  cylinder  very  slowly.  In  case  of 
very^hiijh  velocities ,  it  will  of  course  be  necessary  to  "run  ! 

the  phonograph  as  rapidly  as  possible,  and  to  provide  a  pair  1 

of  whistles  'Of  higher  pitch , so  that  the  sounds  will  be  per-  ■ 

ceptibl,e  when  the  speed  oT  the  phonograph  cylinder  is  re-  | 

duc.ed’ 'for  the  purpose  of  reading  the  record.  | 

J.  F.  HOWELL, 


Office  I  90  Nassau  Sirs 

The  Message, 

New  York . 

^  //f  .’’L  'i-i 


ry  ©  ryt 

/t?— "Tt'V^c^  kyf 


^yckt^p  -^o 

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^3^  un.'tX^ 

'O't - 1-.^  - u 

George  Routledge  &  Sons, 

Ifnu  y»r*,Jl{y\..,.i^.ft^eL.i89« 

WoG-V  V  C*>. 

r&AUVlL.  C\  v~ 

WoV"  uJuk^  \  S\^t>  WlrtL 

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^VVk.  %VVV.  'WwLAr' 

t^^lrvov^  ‘4«^  ojvw^  ftV"  »Lk  ■^f<^  (v/ 

■^vvv^J  ^*ilK  Wk.  Vm*  ^  C\aJI/ 

>)*■  C-tkA  s/<ii».  fl-/S 

\'^  C\A^  I»\V. 

^  c^^ <k  \n-  ‘^VaA*'  "0^  ^-a^N (>(Ua^ 


[TO  ALFRED  0.  TATE.  POSTMARK:  MARCH  25,  1890] 

vi  TLjJ^^ 

iJUxcJi^  ^ 

Establish  E 

Atlantic  Publishing  and  EngravingCo. " 


Steel  EnRi-avii-iB  and  Printing  of  Every  Variety. 

Offices,  49  and  51  Chambers  Street, 

New  York,  Z.^  t  S90. 

^  4,/ZJL  ^  ^ 

vinriLc  iA- 

lli||lt  ^tll 

' IIxtIi.  .... 


^k.■t.^^  <ilf-’i^'i^C'C,/c..tr2^  /n.  x2<;ui^  — 

Electrical  Engineer. 

^  A  fVetkfy  Hcvinii  o/  Theoretical  ani  Applied  Electrieitp. 

New  York,  150  Broadway/ 

a2>^  cai  -2.^^ 

J.  PMIKER  liE>\D  COmEY,  _ 

\  .m 


JVew  l^or/c,. _ 18 f) 

i.-'  Tt  A.  Edison,  Esq. 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir  ;  - 

Mr.  Spofford  particularly  requested  me  to  arrange  a  meet¬ 
ing  between  you  and  Mr.  Kelly,  the  bearer  of  this  note. 

Mr.  Kelly  is  one  of  the  most  competent  newspaper  men  in 
the  country  and  wants  to  interview  you,  I  understand, on  some  sub¬ 
ject  or  another. 

I  do  this  with  the  concurrence  of  Mr.  Insull,  who  vms 
also  requested  by  Mr.  Spofford  to  obtain  this  interview. 

Mr.  Kelly  is  ]aiown  to  me  personally,  is  connected  with 
the  "Examiner"  of  San  Francisco,  and  is  well  knovm  as  a  man  of 
wonderful  energy,  having  undertaken  many  difficult  and  daring  jobs 
for  his  employers,  among  which  you  may  remember  the  saving  of  a 
fisher-man  left  on  one  of  the  rocks  outside  of  the  San  Francisco 
Harbor  when  all  the  life-saving  people  and  others  had  given  up  the 
job  as  an  impossibility. 

Trusting  I  do  not  intrdde  too  much,  I  remain, 

Youre  very  truly. 

Engineer- in-Chief . 



Edisoi^  ^  Ixalai^de  Battery 

Manufactured  under  authority  of  TJfOMAS  A.  EDISON. 

Primary  Batteries  for  Telegraph  "Mains”  and  “llocals,"  Electro-Motors,  Electro-Plating,' Telephon«J 
Transmitters,  Electro-Medical  Instruments,  Annunciators  and  Burglar  Alarms,.  H 

and  all  classes  of  Closed  and  Open  Circuit  Work.  ” 

ZiNo'  [ 

IdjA&nm  sHrmm&  method  of 

SUPPLYING  CUfjfjENT  TO  18  Wipes 

QO  EoiaoN  Lalanoe  Cells. 




1 ' 


....  M  900 

.0X5  1 

7?7f.7t.lS  /300 


,  jH-  hso 

.0X6  1 

7?S./ A  VSOn 


7>7i.n  M  650 

■  OST  1 

.  ye  /6oo 


MJ:  Jj  iSSOO  ¥0  .0^9  1 

\^7iYSjlyCt7^^C(^  ^  ^ 

'  7?Tt.nxi  ¥000  c3J  .0 

(%.QrrnnaeTOeut  0^  3Vien\.  5th,  16=10) 

T9|3pLACE5  — 

»h  1 

■  ■ 

Total  S&Q  ,» 


'  /fog.  if-j  g,Q  ^  af  ARE  EQUIP¬ 
CURRENT  .050  TO  .080  jOIttlAMP.  ' 

Further  particuinrs  and  information  fumfshod  i .  _  _ 


. JAMES  F.  KE'LLY,, General, Sales  Agent,^.  -A^^^  ^  ^ 


[TO  ALFRED  0.  TATE.  POSTMARK:  JULY  22,  1890] 


/l-Ou-Lv.  •'-Xt> 

Edison  Lamp  Company, 

Harrison,  N.  J......  . . 

yt^  /y'EVM^  .^iMcccAji^ 

Uif-  Su.^  ^  ^  ^ 

- -  .tx>t£c.c^  a? 

A. 0. Tate, Esq.,  Private  Secy,, 

Edison's  Laboratory,. 

Oranfie,  N.  ,1. 

Dear  Mr. Tate: - 

This  will  introduce  to  jrou  Mi'.Stephen  L.Colos  of 
our  editorial  staff,  who  visits  yom*  place  in  search  of  fresh  and 
important  electrical  news  for  the  columns  of  the  greatest  electrical 
journal  of  the  day,  the  Electrical  Rev iew. 

If  you  can  render  Mr.Ooles  any  favors  wo  shall  be 
very  much  obliged  indeed. 

Very  truly  youi’s, 

CboLAo^c  'Xi'  C3^ 



Augustus  P.  Smith,  M.  E. 


w  York. 


/Z/Scyt-  2^- 

°4'SS~i^  ^^<_V  c?-a^  <3c^^^s-<S-t>A-e.-CEa:„^T' 

-"L-v.w  27^  ..77,^  J 

BQ  ilEASC  ADDRESS  REPLY  TO  Mew  York, . Sept. . iith, . j^gg  0 

16  &  18  BROAD  STREET. 

A.  0.  Tate,  Esq., 

Edison  Lat oratory. 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir;- 

I  beg  to  enclose  you  herewith  sane  cuttings  from 
the  Newark  Press.  You  will  see  from  this  that  Mr.  Edison’s  exper¬ 
imental  work  at  Orange  in  connection  with  Railroads  is  known  about 
by  somebody  who  reports  for  this  paper.  Mr.  Edison  has  suggested 
that  it  is  probably  the  representative  of  the. Orange  Chronicle, 
whom  1  believe  does  more  or  less  stationery  work  for  you.  I  would 
suggest  that  you  call  upon  this  gentleman  and  tell  him  that  if  he 
proposes  to  publish  such  items  or  to  furnish  such  items  to  ot^er 
newspapers,  that  he  cannot  get  our  trade  at  the  Laboratory  for 
stationery.  It  is  important  that  Mr.  Edison's  railroad 

work  should  not  be  talked  about. 

Yoxjrs  truly. 

Inolosure  "a" 


Electrical  Engineer. 


^  /t  Weeliy  Rmetv  of  Theorelieal  and  Applied  Eteclricity, 


New  York,  150  Broadwayi-..-^^^ . . . . .189 


i  SbinR^Sc^u'  ««d'^rcc}''  It  i?clntoSd“l?.S  iS 


voricmen  have  left 

imed”oirot  tl 

t  All  day  loi 
knows,  “ 

'Sivwari'yy)  *" 

_ ^  i  B  o  Xf 

[R.  Thomas  A.  Edison  is  in  Schencclady  at  work  oi 

'cd  electric  motor  for  street  cars.  Ti.»  i„. _ .:__  ...i 

;d  promises  ranch  for  the  t 

Electrical  Engineer. 


A  Weekly  Rniati  of  Theoretieal  ami  Applied  Eleetricity. 

Edited  bt  t.  Commbbpoiid  Martin  «.»  Joseph  Wetzleb. 

New  York,  150  Broadway,. . 189  ^ 

ije-aex.  9h,, 

<J«A.  ^ 


A*"  ^ 

a^<fyr\JL  A/tiJmJL  /fo  ^6^  ■ 



'Trades’  Directory  and  Handbook,  | 

.  !>  A  /./s/1  UR  V  Co  UR  T.  F /.EE  T  S  T//EE  T.  j;  n 
'■TH!  ElE0Tfl'Ui"H"'-jr'-3  '  THE  ELhCTRICIAN  ’ 


I  .l.a.l  fod  "icailj-  olili^cil  m  ymi  if  yiiii  will  lie  i;p™i  cnou;;h  in  "lance 
throiiRh  the  enclosed  Hiograpliical  Sketch  of  your  life,  which  is  for  use  in  the  fortli- 
comiiift  issue  of  our  well-known  F.Icctrical  Haiidlmok.  If  you  will  add  any  fnrihe, 
[larticulars  of  interest  I  shall  be  ^lad 

I  have  pleasure  in  enclosinp;  some  particulars  of  the  -hook,  which  includes  a 
list  of  the  sketches  forming  the  Biographical  Section  of  the  Book.  If  you  find  any 
sketches  omitted  which  you  think  would  interest  the  Brofession,  please  favour  me 
with  a  list,  and  I  will  endoavour  to  have  them  included  in  the  forthcomin"  issue 
Kindly  return  the  enclosed  Sketch  as  early  as  possible. 

I  am.  Dear  Sir, 

\ _ O 


Edison's  Laboratory,  Orange,  N.J, 
Dear  Mr.Tate:- 

Mr.H.L.Storke  and  I  desire  to  have  a  talk  with  Mr. 
Edison  at  his  convenience.  I  presume  it  would  suit  Mr .Edison 
better  to  have  us  call  at  his  house  some  evening,  and  if  you  will 
kindly  let  us  knov/  when  we  can  see  him,  say,  some  evening  next 
week,  {any  evening  except|jhursday) ,  we  shall  be  glad  to  come 

Sincerely  yoi 

A, 0. Tate, Esq,, 

Private  Secretary,  Edison's  Laboratory, 

Orange,  N.J, 

Dear  Mr. Tate; - 

Your  kind  favor  of  Deo. 2nd  received,  Mr.Storke 
and  I  expect  to  come  out  Friday  afternoon  of  this  week,  and  shall 
arrive  at  the  Laboratory  probably  about  2  o'clock.  I  shall  boar 
in  mind  what  you  say,  and  probably  telephone  the  Laboratory  Friday 

Thanking  you  for  your  kind  reply,  I  remain 

Very  truly  yours. 


P  TA£  - 

Electric  Power/ 

JCe&>  %Jork,  <2jz^,  iF 


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The  Message, 

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1890.  Edison,  T.A.  -  Clubs  and  Societies  (D-90-11) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
Edison’s  membership  and  activities  in  social  clubs  and  professional  societies. 

Approximately  20  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  the  numerous 
circulars  and  other  documents  pertaining  to  the  affairs  of  the  Brooklyn 
Institute;  meeting  announcements;  other  routine  documents  regarding  club 

socifrrfe  DI5  sncouRs 

}-h-  rlr.jSn'ui',  j.f 


7:.; /id. 

-  d. 

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Itcu^/yy^  ^Ct^/Z 


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1 '.  c  <  1  •)  i- 1 '(. 

vi%-c-t,tAji  9-c.i  Cu  I  >  L  (,  -j 

The  Edison  floTy/iL  Penefit  /I/jocwtion. 



Gentlemen :  I  hereby  beg  to  present  to  you  the  Fifth  Annual  Report  of 
this  Assoeiation,  as  follows  : 

Active  Members  on  roll  as  per  tast  report,  Afril 3,  iSSg,  ...  .  232 

Admitted  during  the  year  (124  full  rate,  3  half-rate),  .  ...  i2g 

Reinstated  (G,  A.  Kornetzki), 

Suspended  during  year  (6S  full  and  14  half-rate). 
Withdrawals  during  the  year,  (fohu  Langton), 
Deaths  (F.  McCormick,  F.  V.  Dixson), 


Balance  In  Treasury  last  rc/>orf,  A/^rtl  jrtlv  tSSg, . 

JjeceiJ^ls  dnr^njr  year /or  tine,  and  assettmenf* 

Disbursements  Dunrijy  Year. 

Female  Members,  full  rate . 

Female  Members,  half  rate . . 

Male  Members,  full  rate . 

Death  Dene/ts  paid.  F.  MeCormieh.  f 

The  Following  Members  have  Received  Sick  Benefits  during  the  Past  Year: 



Ay C^A'/y>AZ' 

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^xx-yixx>?i/x^xxi^  yfixtx/fx  xx^y'Xxx^^^xx^xx'^^'AlxxxxA^e^x^  x/x^.x^x<yi-c^^se-^'.x^  , 
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_ _ 

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yj^Aiy'Y'i^'^yiAJLyy^’^-e^  , 


pr’r!-y.  Lo  a;;y  one- "lace  in  a  half  day,  it  is  decided  to  -jivs  the;-  a 
r.uni  or  o.:  r.lacer  to  a  elect  fror.,ar.d  to  liave  a  co;r.K:ittGO  appointed  to 
;70  "-It:;  t};e;-  '.Thichever  place  they  clioose. 

It  it  vdll  be  acreeablo  to  you,  I  shall  be  pleased  to  put  your 
place  dov/n  on  tlie  list  jivinj  the;-  opportunity  to  visit  it.  V/ili 
you  I'.indly  let  ;;;e  Iioar  fror.  you  by  return  imil. 



'•  ■  ■  lb7*,_^„9.tli/9.a*. _ 189 


18  &  18  BROAD  STREET. 

Thomas  A. Edison, Esq, , 
Orange, N.J. 
Dear  Sir:- 

You  have  five  hundred  dollars  worth  of  bonds  of 
the  Eleetrie  Club.  / 

The  bonds  ^'ray''mindTre  not  worth  anything  and  a  number  of 
members  have  turned  in  $  500.00  worth  of  bonds  each  with  the  idea 
of  becoming  life  members. 

I  have  been  asked  to  communicate  with  you  and  see  if  you  will 
do  the  same  thing.  On  becoming  a  life  member  you  are  of  course 

releived  from  paying  any  further  annual  dues. 

Yours  truly, 


16  &  16  broad  STB  get. 

16  JtJtOAJy  STJiJp^T, 

Mew  York, -September . ISth , . 18 Oq 

A.  0«  Tate  Esqt,  Private  Secretary, 

■e  yours  of  the  nth.  . . .  ^ 

Edison  Laboratory 

Dear  Slr;- 

1  have  yours  of  the  llth.  Do  you  know  irtiere 
the  Electric  Club  bonds  are?  If  you  have  them  in  the  safe, please 
send  them  to  0.  E.  Madden,  President  of  the  Club. 

I  have  written  Mr.  Madden  stating  that  Mr.  Edism  will 
turn  in  the  bonds  on  account  of  life  membership. 

Yours  truly. 


^^(JtrTi^^  /Yfo, 


i£^qn  ^j^T^eLlN.^TlTlIT^  0 
%taurant-1ifTl)  Avenue, 

Ky  •>— .^^.  pew  York:-  ^ 

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3e=2Dii_  7^.;7.50,|?«. 


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Herr  Alioth,  Ingenieur,  Basel. 

>  Ayrton,  Professor,  London. 

>  Arnold,  Ingenieur,  Riga. 

>  Barbosa,  Professor,  Madrid. 

>  Bergmann,  Ingenieur)  New-York. 

■  Bernstein,  »  Hamburg. 

>  Blathy,  »  Budapest. 

>  Bonghi,  >  Bonn, 

»  Brown,  >  Oerlikon. 

»  Brush,  >  Cleveland  U.  S.  A. 

»  Carhart,  Professor,  New  -York.  <yt 

>  Carpentier,  Ingenieur,  Paris. 

•  Christiansen,  Professor,  Kopenhagen. 

»  Cloeren,  Ingenieur,  Anderlecht. 

>  Collett,  Telegraphcn-Direktor,  im  Haag. 

>  Colombo,  Direktor,  Mailand. 

»  Cox,  Ingenieur,  Cannstatt. 

>  Crompton,  Ingenieur,  London. 

■  Dahlander,  Professor,  Stockholm. 

•  Deprez,  Ingenieur,  Paris. 

>  Deri,  Direktor,  Wien. 

»  Dr.  Dietrich,  Professor,  Stuttgart. 

.  Dolbear,  .  College  Hill  U.  S.  A. 

>  von  Dolivo-Dobrowolsky,  Ingenieur,  Berlin. 

>  Dr.  Edelmann,  Ingenieur,  Mbnchen. 

.  Edison,  •  Orange  U.  S.  A. ' 

»  Erikson,  .  Stockholm. 

>  von  Ettingshausen,  Professor,  Graz. 

>  Ferraris,  >  Turin. 

>  Fischer,  Ingenieur,  Wien. 

>  Fleming,  Professor,  London. 

•  Fontaine,  Ingenieur,  Paris. 

•  Dr.  FroAllich,  Physiker,  Berlin. 

>  Gdrard,  Professor,  Liittich. 

>  Golz,  General-Lieutenant  Exc.,  Berlin. 

>  Grawinkel,  Ober-Telegr.-Ingenieur  Postrat,  Berlin. 

>  Ritter  von  Grimburg,  Hofrat,  Wien. 

»  Guilleaume,  Fabrikant,  Miihlheim. 

>  Dr.  Grotrian,  Professor,  Aachen. 

>  Giilcher,  Ingenieur,  Biala. 

>  Hake,  General-Direktor,  Berlin. 

»  von  Hefner-Alteneck,  Ingenieur,  Munchen. 

•  Hering,  Ingenieur,  Philadelphia. 

>  Dr.  Herz,  Ingenieur,  Paris. 

»  Dr.  Hopkinson,  Ingenieur,  London. 

»  Hospitaller,  Professor,  Paris. 

>  Huber,  Ingenieur,  Hamburg. 

>  Hummel,  »  Niirnberg. 

»  Jaspar,  >  Liittich. 

Herr  Joubert,  Professor,  Paris. 

>  Kapp,  Ingenieur,  London. 

>  Kareis,  Baurat,  Wien. 

>  de  Khotinsky,  Capitain,  Rotterdam. 

»  Dr.  Kittler,  Geheimer  Hofrat,  Professor,  Darmstadt. 
»  Dr.  Kohlrausch,  Professor,  Hannover. 

>  Krizik,  Ingenieur,  Prag. 

>  Lacoine,  >  Konstantinopel. 

>  Lehmann,  Professor,  Karlsruhe. 

»  Ledeboer,  Professor,  Paris. 

•  Dr.  Lbwenherz,  Direktor,  Charlottenburg. 

>  Machado,  Professor,  Lissabon. 

•  Mascard,  »  Paris. 

•  von  der  Mensbrugge,  Professor,  Gent. 

»  von  Miller,  Ingenieur,  Miinchen. 

.  Milller,  »  Hagen. 

»  Naglo,  •  Berlin. 

»  Nielsen,  General-Direktor,  Christiania. 

>  Peukert,  Professor,  Braunschweig. 

»  Preece,  Ingenieur,  London. 

•  Dr.  Puluj,  Professor,  Prag. 

»  Rathenau,  Direktor,  Berlin. 

>  Reckenzaun,  Ingenieur,  London. 

»  Roiti,  Professor,  Florenz. 

>  Ross,  Direktor,  Coin. 

>  Rothen,  Telegraphen-Dlrektor,  Bern. 

»  Rousseau,  Professor,  Brflssel. 

»  van  Rysselberghe,  Direktor,  Brussel. 

»  Schuckert,  Kommerzienrat,  Niirnberg. 

>  C.  Siemens,  Ingenieur,  St.  Petersburg. 

.  W.  von  Siemens,  .  Berlin. 

>  Dr.  Slaby,  Professor,  Charlottenburg. 

>  Snyders,  »  Delft. 

>  Sprague,  Ingenieur,  New-York. 

>  Dr.  Stenger,  Professor,  Dresden. 

»  Dr.  Stoletow,  •  Moskau. 

»  Dr.  Strecker,  Ober-Telegraphen-Ingenieur,  Berlin. 
»  Swan,  Ingenieur,  Lauriston-Browley. 

>  Silv.  Thompson,  Professor,  London. 

>  E.  Thomson,  •  Lynn  U.  S.  A. 

Sir  W.  Thomson,  »  Glasgow. 

Herr  Tudor,  Ingenieur,  Echternach. 

•  Turrettini,  »  Genf. 

»  Uppenborn,  >  Berlin. 

»  Dr.  Voit,  Professor,  Munchen. 

»  Dr.  von  Waltenhofen,  Reg.-Rat  Professor,  Wien. 
»  Westinghouse,  Ingenieur,  Pittsburgh. 

•  Zipernowsky,  »  Budapest. 


Vorlaufiges  Verzeichnis  der .  Tliemata. 

Normen  fiir  den  Energievcrbraueh  von  Messinstrumcntcn. 

Foststellung  der  zulSssigcn  Fchlergrcnzen  aichbarcr  Messinstrumentc  mit  Bezue  auf  Erwarmumr 
Remanonz  u.  s.  w.  .  •” 

Verwendbarkeit  von  electroinagnetischen,  also  mit  Eiscn  vcrselienen  Mcssinstrumenton  fttr  Wecliselstrom. 
Electrotechnische  Methode  zur  PrDfung  inagnetischer  Materialien  auf  Permeabilitat  imd  Rcmanenz. 
Die  sog.  Iiochste  Lcitungslahigkcit  des  Kupfcrs. 

Dio  praktische  Brauclibarkeit  der  Leitungsfahigkeit  des  Kupfcrs  als  Maass. 

Hochspannungsleitungcn  fiir  weitc  Entfcrnungen. 

Isolation  subterraner  und  submariner  Leitungen. 

Zulassige  Temperatur-Erholuing  fiir  Anker  und  Schenkel  der  Electromotoren. 

Polwcchselzalii  von  Wcchselstrommascliinen. 

Nutzeffoct  von  Gleich-  und  Wcchselstrommascliinen. 

Bcstimmung  iibcr  Qucrscimitt-  und  Contactfiachen-Grossen  fOr  Schaltapparate  und  Vorbindimgsstiicke. 
Bostimmung  flbcr  Dimcnsionen  und  Material  von  Absclimelz-Sicherungen. 

Normalfassung  fOr  Gluhlampen. 

Verlegung  von  Leitungen  in  Neubauten  und  fcrtigen  Raumcn. 

Kcnntlichmachung  bcnaclibarter  Leitungen  fur  vcrschiedene  Zwecke. 

Vorschriften  fiir  eicctriscl.e  Leitungen  in  Wolm-  und  Geschaftsraumen  vom  Standpunkte  der 

Schutzmaassrogein  bci  electrischen  Anlagen. 

Lebensdauer  der  Gliihlampen  bei  Gleich-  und  Wecliselstrom. 

Eiitwickelung  schadlicher  Gase  in  Bogenlainpen. 

Mechanisclie  rrai!smi.ssion  bei  electriscliem  Bahnbetrieb. 

Die  Schienen  als  Stromleiter  bei  electriscliem  Bahnbetrieb. 

Accumulatoren  fur  electrischen  Bahnbetrieb. 

Anschluss  der  Blitzabiciter  an  Gas-  und  Wasserleitungen. 

BhtzschutzvorriclUungen  bei  clectrotechnisclien  Anlagen. 

Ersatz  der  galvanisclien  Elemente  in  der  Telegraphie  durch  Accumulatoren  oder  Dynamomaschinen. 
Electrotechnische  Nomenclatur. 

Electrotechnische  Worterbucher  der  Cultursprachcn. 

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aCccA-t^f-^  <s<^  ^’’eia-^ 

ff-1,1^  <S^  .y;  ^^jC.  i^^'tJ3-tc_, 


1890.  Edison,  T.  A.  -  Employment  (D-90-13) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  from  or  about 
employees  and  prospective  employees.  There  are  also  letters  of 
recommendation  in  support  of  individuals  seeking  employment.  Most  of  the 
correspondence  relates  to  employment  requests  for  the  West  Orange 
laboratory.  Some  documents  pertain  to  employment  at  Glenmont  and  at  the 
various  Edison  companies.  In  addition,  there  are  items  concerning  the  closing 
of  the  chemical  room  at  the  laboratory  and  the  status  of  its  employees;  and 
several  notes  from  Edison  authorizing  wage  increases  for  laboratory  employees. 

Approximately  30  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  Most  of 
the  documents  selected  for  filming  are  either  by  Edison  or  contain  a  significant 
response  from  him. 


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My  dear  Mr. 

Both  the  yotmc  men  in  the  Cliemioal  Room-- 
Blan  and  Dorr— Inve  intimated  their  desire  to  leave.  One  want! 

to  go  av^ay  on  Monday  next,  and  tte  other  a  week  fron  Monday.  If 
you  desire  it,  hovraver,  they  will  postpone  their  departure  until 




/5(/y/  rt W 


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7  - 

A.  0.  Tate,  Esqr. ,  Private  Secretary, 

Edison  Laboratory,  0ran,';e,  N,  0. 

Dear  Sir:- 

I  liave  yours  oi  the  20t!i.  inat.  with  relation  to  Mr.  Wan- 
Gomaiin.  I  shall  be  very  /jlad  to  do  all  I  possibly  can  to  /;;ct  Mr. 
Wansemann  a  position  with  the  Hew  York  Phonof^raph  Company,  buo  be¬ 
fore  doing  so,  I  would  like  Mr.  Edison's  viev;s  as  to  Mr.  Wango- 
mann's  capabilities.  Can't  you  telegraph  him  and  find  out  exactly 
v;hat  he  thinks  of  V/angernann? 


No  Enc . 



n  go 

It  is  arranged  -ftiat  Meaddwcroft  shall  leave 
the  lamp  Co.  as  soon  as  he  fiets  back  from  a  long  business  trip 
h33  is  about  to  take  under  Mr.  Insull's  direction,  and  come  witli 
me.  There  is  no  use  talking,  I  cannot  get  along  without  a  bet¬ 
ter  detailed  man  than  I  can  find.  1  brou^t  Meadowcroft  up. 

He  was  with  me  for  nine  years.  He  is  a  first-class  detail  man 
and  knows  my  ways.  I  shall  have  to  pay  him  more  than  I  can  really 
afford  to,  but  he  vdll  be  a  great  soiirce  of  comfort  to  me. 

Hoping  the  above  will  meet  your  approval,  I  remain, 

Dec,  24th.,  1890, 

Very  truly  jours, 


c.  1.  /■  tl: 


1890.  Edison,  T.  A.  -  Family  (D-90-14) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  by  and  about  Edison’s  family.  Many 
of  the  documents  concern  the  severe  illness  of  Edison’s  daughter,  Marion,  who 
was  traveling  in  Europe.  There  is  also  material  about  the  health  problems  of 
Edison’s  brother,  William  Pitt.  Other  letters  pertain  to  requests  for  financial 
aid  from  Edison’s  relatives  and  to  attendance  by  Edison’s  family  at  social 

All  the  documents  have  been  filmed  except  for  duplicate  copies  of 
selected  documents. 

° TOE  WESTERlff  PltflOlg 

on».v„,,.  €3A.3Si:.3ES  3^ Eggs g5  A 


- . 

Receirt  ^  CENTRAL  CABLE  OFFICE.  16  Broad  St..  New  York. 

- y^J,.eyrJ\AA  /^AM^jx/bb 


_ 1890- 


■•■■-- . - - - - 

- ^ild^rJZerrx  -  -^C>^A>-rJL-~: 

-. — , - - -  - '  ^  _ 

C3^]03LiiES  aaeffES^SS^O-ES. 

THOS.  T.  EOKERT,  General  Managw. 

1  iiEcunv  I  NO.OF1V01 

'  ■  I  //-- 

Reewrf  at  CENTRAL  CABL^ff ICE.  1 6  Broad  St.,  New  York.  ' 

^O-  . _ 


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^  JAN  7  1890  " 

^^^--_-_^l___^.;___  IS 90 

Pris'd . J,.,... . .../a 

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XUMBEH  U  SENT  BY  |  BECU  BY  I  No.  CtF  TVOBDS  I  ^  ■  ,  paOM 

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iBceived  at  CENTRAl  CABLE  0™^  Broad  St.,  New  Yorit 


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The  Direct  United  States  Cable  Company,  (limitad.) 

J^o.  of  Words  Cr2. 

Head  Olfice,  Winchester  House,  50  Old  Broad  St.,  London,  England. 
NEW  YORK  OmOES,  40  Broadway  k  61  Now  St. 

“  “  444  Broomo  Street. 

BOSTON  “  I’ost  OfUco  Building. 

BULLIPAX  “  Quoon  BuildingH,  Hollis  St. 

BONBON  “  34  Throgmorton  St. 

Ln^EBPOOL  “  B  0,  Exchange  Buildings. 


40  Broadway 
NEty  York. 

JAN  10  J890 

/.i/  < 

The  following  Ci 

From . cxfQl 

^LEGRAM  received  “YI^^REOT  CABLE”  at  '  ‘  M 


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^.H03.T.E0KERT.Gbnora.Mana.,r. _ _  """'’ToH^N 

I  I  ka.£fcETV£i,  ' . 

Seceived  at  CENTRAL  OFFICE.  16  Broad  Si,  New  TorU  im 



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--■^p"-'  a303]i:.a3K  'rarasaajd, 

OFFICE  :  I  "  "3””''  WARWOUSES:  { 

-3!- BEAD  AND  rF- 

isth  90 

Mr  A.  0.  Tate; 

Oraiifte,  N  J. 

Dear  Sir,; 

Yours  of  the  I5th,  in  regard  to  Miss  Marion 
is  at  hand  and  noted. 

V/e  are  all  very  glad  to  hear  that  she  has  passed 
the  dangerous  point,  and  trust  s)ie  may  I’ecover  vary  rapidly, 
Thanking  you  very  much  for  your  pronpt 

answer,  I  am; 

Respectfully  yours. 

V/.  S.  M. 

Eb1S0N  LaB0RAT0RY. 

pl/^ . . /gpo 

Si . /'h'2/)r.  . 

^  ^/bCO 


.1  (n/'J... . C\y^\.C:i/. . hpmuii/ysj.. . . 


. ^cif:\/^.,C(. 

Form  No.,2. 

The  Ang'lo-American  Teleg^raph  Company,  Limited. 






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cLsC^^^Ca^YKjO  CXy'Wy 


lo-American  Telegraph  Company,  Limited. 






JAN  271890  - . 

AI,  registered  cable  addresses 
by  this  route. 

calABLISHED,  1866. 




k/V _ (o  \Ans'd.../J.:l. . M 




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No  =•  ItlKDLV  riLF  YOUR  (/IFKSAnFS  AT  TiiiS  O.-FK] 

Th^ndo-American  Teleg^raph  Company,  Limited. 

>  '  j  ESTABLISHED,  I860.  '  ^ 


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1  KEW  YOniv,  1  EONDOX, 


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Tl;i,El*llON  i:  So.  .SKO  .lohll.  1  Kuo  St.  Yvoo. 

'  Connecting  with  all  FOREIGN  TELEGRARR^Sitainistrdi^ 

fleteSJAR  3  1390. 

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It«ir  Oil^^  ^Kpl^'l  Mt'tot  18»0. 

Thduas  At  XftiADny  B«4.> 

Saar  Sirs 

Ba  Hanauff  Srafi.  The  Saak  aai^t  have  pi^nt  thia 

draft  t«  yott*  war#  natlflaA  Ahat  A\-jt^mjaiA  be  aet  to  the  Sank 
here,  :and  that  tha  Bai^  appAd  m  of  and  that  t 

would  then  «all  f |td  aaa  about  mAlfits  wt  ^ ajijnaht  •  on^t 

not  to  have  tyohblad  you.  Tijat'lil  ^ ^pjr,  tiia  latruetionb  Whltih 
ware  given  Aha  Biti^  agirae  a^thAhMa  «eWa  :told  wduld  ae 

given  the  Bauk*  fka  nMAwohall  h|^a  tw  prpnpt  Attention. 

Blaaia  ^npa^rlataii  wignatui4. 

^»X7  y»ura, 

•'  gij  n, 

Thomas  Edison,  Esq., 

Llewellyn  Park,  N.  j. 
Dear  Sir:> 

Re  W,  P,  Edison  Mortgage.  Por  a  sin^ile  matter  this  la  giving 
a  good  deal  of:  trouble.  Your  Inst motions  to  me  wore  not  to  pay 
off  the  mortgage  unless  I  oould  pay  the  money  to  Hartsiiff  Instead 
of  to  Whipple.  The  former  is  in  Nebraska,  and  the  latter  at  Port 
Huron.  The  latter  has  all  the  papers  and  apparently  holds  a  full 

power  from  the  former.  Moreover,  Whipple  seems  determined  that  we 
should  pay  him.  An  Whipple  is  a  brother  lawyer,  we  do  not  like  to 
go  behind  his  baok  and  address  his  olient.  I  therefore  beg  to 
•uggest  that  you  write  yourself  to  Dr.  Albert  Hartsuff,  Port  Omaha, 
Nebraska,  and  arrange  for  us  to  got  the  papers  strai^t  from  him, 
and  for  us  to  pay  your  oheok  to  his  order  straight  to  him.  Would 
it  not  bo  wall  for  you  to  state  to  Hartsuff  that  you  iwish  to  settle 
this  without  the  intervention  of  WhippAe  ? 

The  amount  of  the  mortgage  is  |2, 786.88,  with  additional  In¬ 
terest  for  four  or  five  weeks  delay.  In  all  it  would  bo  about 

Hoping  the  above  with  meet  your  approval,  1  remain, 

r'  c 





■'O  • 

^7-H^y^‘^a^-  Md/ 



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Cyry-'V  y^-  /p-ulciy/- 

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'^£XXXeX\j  _  t.^'  '■*^^  >’■''^2^^ 



New  York  City,  May  22nd,  I89o.  , 

iij  Mr,  Edison: 

1  i  Dr.  /fartsuff  has  made  up  his  mind  to  back  up~>__ 

?n  view  of  this,  had  we  better  not  give  Whipple  a  chequ^^ 
■  t  draw  to  the  order  of  jjartsuff?  if  this  meets  your 
I  shall  ask  a  local  attorney  at  Port  Huron  to  see  if  the 
papers  are  all  right  under  the  laws  of  tlmt  State  and  shall  then 
notify  you  of  the  amount  of  the  cheque  with  interest  up  to  a  fixed 
say  June  5th. 

Do  you  approve? 

Very  truly  yovirs. 

but  have  : 
approval , 


J  a. 'hiri^ty- 

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Miv  Yo?'k,..nQ.u.„ . . jsa 

c/o  Edison 'a  Lal»i-at,  ory  , 

0  !■  a  n  r  3  ,  M  .  J  . 

Daai'  Sir:- 

As  pe  r  Ml'.  Edison's  roquest'I  hand  yon  iisn  ui'/i  th 
t;oj)y  of  a  lather  addi'essad  by  hiin  to  Messrs  Droxal,  Moi'ftun  rl  c< 
pany,  under  date  of  to-day. 



Daoeniber  aitii,i;3C0. 

I/sssi’s,  Drexol  Morgan  ih  Comiany, 

New  YorP  Cihy. 

Dear  Sirs:- 

My  last,  letter  of  ci'eclit  wliich  you  issued  in 
favor  of  my  Daughter  Marion  E.  Edison  is  about  exiiaust2d,and  I 
anxious  tliat  it  should  be  extended  a  further  fr?  $10.000  by  tol- 


Will  you  please  cable  Drexel  ila-y-^  Co  to  the  effe 
and  asl!  them  to  notify  my  daughter,  whose  address  they  have. 

The  x'oasot:  that  I  desire  tiiat  this  should  be  done 
by  telegi’aph  is  that  I  overlooPed  attending  to  it  a  week  oi'  so 
back  . 

Yours  very  truly, 

(Signed)  Thomas  A. Edison. 

1890.  Edison,  T.  A.  -  Real  Estate  (D-90-16) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the 
purchase  and  sale  of  land  and  buildings.  Many  of  the  letters  concern  the 
payment  of  the  interest  and  principal  on  the  loan  by  Mr.  and  Mrs.  David  N. 
Ropes  for  the  purchase  of  property  in  Bloomfield,  N.  J. 

Approximately  40  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  routine 
correspondence  and  maps  sent  to  Edison  by  individuals  offering  buildings  and 
lands  for  sale. 

f  >i.hc ; 

L.  4'  d^.y^cL 

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1890.  Edison,  T.  A.  -  Unsolicited  Correspondence  - 
Advice  (D-90-21) 

This  folder  contains  routine  correspondence  suggesting  improvements  in 
Edison’s  inventions,  asking  him  for  advice  or  information  on  technical  matters, 
or  requesting  his  assistance  in  improving  or  promoting  an  Invention. 

Approximately  10  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  Most  of 
the  letters  selected  for  filming  received  a  significant  response  from  Edison  or 
from  Arthur  E.  Kennelly,  Edison’s  chief  electrician. 

Stern  &  Silverman, 


Edison  Electric  Light 

Sprague  Electric  Railway  and  Motor  Company, 

Hamilton  Building,  Fifth  Avenue, 

Pittsburgh,  Pa.  ^  isgo. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Oranrie,  Now  Jurse.v. 

Dear  .Sir:- 

Do  yo’i  know  of  any rial  that  can  bo  Msod  i 
compo’.ind  with  clay  or  anythins  elso  that  will  withstand  a  tonpura- 
turo  eqi.Tal  to  that  of  tha  molting;  point  of  copper  and  iron,  with-  '  affect in0  tha  same. 

This  inquiry  comes  from  a  party  who  is  quite  a  large  cus¬ 
tomer  of  onrs,  and  has  reqnosted  us  to  write  you  concarning  the 

.'/ill  .you  therefore  give  it  ynnr  early  consideration,  and 

obi Ige 

Respectfully  yours. 

P^Yic/fi^o  vw.-Xc- 

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1890.  Edison,  T.A.  -  Visitors  (D-90-25) 

This  folder  contains  routine  letters  of  introduction  and  requests  to  visit 
Edison  or  tour  the  West  Orange  laboratoiy.  Included  are  letters  about  the 
visit  of  Pierre  Richemond,  son  of  the  French  steam  engine  manufacturer,  I. 
Richemond.  Substantive  letters  from  individuals  who  visited  the  laboratory 
or  company  shops  on  business  can  be  found  in  their  appropriate  subject 

Less  than  10  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed. 
Nonsubstantive  requests  by  the  following  individuals  have  not  been  filmed;  the 
Count  of  Paris  and  his  son,  the  Duke  of  Orleans;  Charles  T.  Porter,  designer 
of  the  Porter-Alien  steam  engine;  Lloyd  Bryce,  editor  of  the  North  American 
Review;  the  governor  and  one  of  the  U.S.  Senators  from  Nevada. 

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Joto  Krensi,  Esq.,  6en*l.  Manacer, 

Edison  General  Electric  Company, 
Schenectady,  N,  y. 

Dear  Sir:- 

This  v/ill  introduce  to  yam  Mr.  Pien’e  Richemond,  son 
of  the  great  Erench  engine  Builder,  He  v/ould  like  to  see  Vwuu 

Yours  very  traiy, 

1890.  Edison  Industrial  Works  (D-90-26) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the 
purchase  of  property  at  Silver  Lake,  N.J.,  and  to  the  formation  of  the  Edison 
Industrial  Works.  This  company  was  intended  to  be  the  successor  to  the 
Edison  Manufacturing  Co.  Included  is  correspondence  from  Sherburne  B. 
Eaton  pertaining  to  Edison’s  contractual  obligations  to  the  new  company. 

All  the  documents  have  been  filmed  except  for  duplicate  copies  of 
selected  documents. 

Related  material  can  be  found  in  D-90-27  (Edison  Manufacturing 
Company)  and  in  the  Alexander  Elliott,  Jr.,  Papers  (Special  Collections  Series). 

J/  /cASy 

Hov/  Yori:  City,  JanuarySSth,  I£500. 

A.O.Tato,  Esq. 

Dear  Sir: 

Ro  Edison  Industrial  WorJts :  I  am  so  urowdod 

with  worJt  that  I  cannot  loavo  to  oxamino  -Mr.  Edison's 

tai  '?  Pwi’Poso  or  asoor- 

tai  line  just  what  provisos  ho  has  made,  touch ine  manu- 

faoturi  n; 

Tho  proposed  < 

>  bind  Mr.  Edison  I 

body  else, 
setting  f, 
parted  with  tho 

tract  with  the  Industrial  Y/orJts  I's 
.  ,  ,  to  tiiose  V/orEs  the '  oxolusivo 

right  to  manufacture  all  of  the  .!\,ttiro  inventions,  sav.^' 
airl  except  as  ho  had  already  glvon  that  rigdit  to  Sfiinq-/ 
Attached  to  that  contract  is  to  bo  an4ife>&bit 
:  of  tho  contracts  wherein  ho  ha^ 
right  to  manufacture.  My  object  in  '' 
going  over  all  of  his  contracts  with  you  was  to  pick  out 
those  wiiorein  he  has  partdd  with  any  rights  too  mLifac- 
tuie,  r.o  the  end  tha-„  t^oy  might  be  described  in  the  sai.i 
to  00}-.ed  to  tho  contract, 
it  seems  impossi'nle  for  me  to  get  away,  and  this 
+  b  •  imme-liate  attention,  why  will  you 

not  J|indly  go  through  these  contracts  and  send  mo  a  list 
of  all  those  wherein  Edison  has  parted  with  his  rights 
to  manufacture?  should  bo  done  today  or  tomorrow 
A?1  Thursday  morning  at  latest. 

All  tliat  I  require  are  tho  names  of  tho  parties  to  tho 
the  lirst  parties,  who  arc  tho 
beco  .d  p,:.rties  wo.,  togethor-^vith  tho  dates  of  tho  con- 
subject  matter,  described  in  ',a -f ow  words. 


mat  t 

May  I  roly  upon  yo 
genoy,  and  oblige. 

)  help  r 

1  this 

avoid  delay  I  will  have  my  signature 
letter  so  that  it  may  be  mailed  immodia 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 
Dear  Slr:- 

Re  Edison  Industrial  Vtorks.  Referring  to  the 
pr®posed  agreement  between  you  and  the  Works,  you  will  remember 
that  two  Exhibits  are  to  be  prepared,  to  wit;- 

(1)  "Complete  List  of  Real  Estate  and  Eactories  at 
Silver  Lake", together  with  "the  exact  actual  cost"  of  each  item. 
Deeds  are  also  to  be  prepared  transferring  these  properties  to 
the  Works. 

(2)  "Complete  List  of  Existing  or  Prior  Agreements". 
This  list  must  include  every  agreement  whereby  you  have  made  my 
promises  which  conflict  with  your  proposed  agreement  with  the  In¬ 
dustrial  Works. 

I  shhll  send  Mr,  Simpson  to  the  Laboratory  probably  to¬ 
morrow  for  the  purpose  of  procuring,  with  the  aid  of  Mr.  Tate, 
such  information  as  may  be  necessary  t‘o  enable  me  to  prepare  the 
above  Exhibits. 

Hoping  it  will  be  .iconVenientt  for  Mr. 

matter,  without  delay,  I  remain, 

Very- truly  yours. 

j; /(je,-  UJoi- 


private  telephone  line. 




16  &  18  BROAD  STREET. 


(^'©iTuiini  I^TfitiniTai  iiaiik 

Dear  Mr.  Edison  :  Re  Industrial  Works. 

Sir.  Inaill  told  me  this  raornir^  that  in  view 
of  the  present  state  of  the  money  market,  he  thou^t  we  had  better 
not  try  to  make  progress  with  this  matter  at  the  present  tine  .  He 
thinks  that  the  next  thing  to  be  done  is  to  arrange  with  Mr.Sbof- 
ford  in  behalf  of  Mr.  Villard,  for  the  money  to  be  put  \xp  by  the 
latter.  Mr.  Insull  thinks  that  this  cannot  be  dona  Just  yet. 

Have  you  any  suggestions  to  make  ? 

1890.  Edison  Manufacturing  Company  (D-90-27) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the 
business  of  the  Edison  Manufacturing  Co.  Most  of  the  letters  pertain  to  the 
licensing  and  marketing  of  the  Edison-Lalande  battery.  Also  included  are 
technical  descriptions  of  the  battery  cell  and  specifications  and  notes  regarding 
the  construction  of  a  factory  at  Silver  Lake,  N.  J. 

Approximately  30  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  routine 
correspondence  relating  to  the  shipment  of  materials  and  supplies  and  to 
company  accounts;  routine  letters  from  creditors;  other  routine  business 
correspondence;  time  reports  and  day  reports  for  Factory  No.  2  for  the  period 
February-March;  bills  and  receipts  pertaining  to  operating  expenses,  including 
the  factory  payroll. 

Related  material  can  be  found  in  D-90-26  (Edison  Industrial  Works). 

Edison  /AANarAGTaRiNG  Go., 

Edison-Lalande  I5attery. 






AND.  ALL  CLASSES  of’  ^ 


(^'kPl/^e,  . January..25,....1890.../cJ^ 

Mr>  John  Randolph, 

Dear  Sir;-  ■ 

.  ■  The  Kdison-lalande.  ooll  s, 
manufiactured  by  tte  “Kdi so n '  Manufaatur^iiij; 
'  Ooii^any,for  the  .purpose  of  identifi-^,,  , 
cation,  will  bo  lettered,  as  follows:- ... 

;  'A  ’is  Ampere-hour  cell. 

•  •  0  50  Ampere;  hour,  cell. 

E  ,  150  Ampere  hour  cell 

G,  300  Ampere  hour  cell  (Telegrraph) 

K,  300  Ampere  hour  cell  (Phonograph) 

P  600  Ampere  hour  cell 

T  900  Ampere  hour  cell 

JAMES  F.  KELLY,  Coneral  Sales  Agent. 

E^dison  Manukacturinq  Co. 

1 9  DEY  STI4EET, 

NE'W  'VTork.  W3rcih  25th  1800. 

R.  E.  Kennelly,  Esq., 

Edison’s  Laboratory, 

Oranse,  N.  J. 

Hear  Sir:- 

I  have  your  favor  of  the  24th  in  roaard  to  the  0  curve 
sheets  of  the  Edison-Lalande  Battery.  These  I  have  and  am  much  pleas¬ 
ed  with  them.  In  recard  to  the  cautery  battery,  I  would  say  thatil^^ 

sooner  Mr.  Gladstone  can  cet  this  out  the  better  it  will  please  me, 

as  I  think  there  will  be  a  larce  sale.  I  sold  a  little  while  aco  to 

Dr.  Neubry  of  this  city,  6  of  our  cells  ’lyhioh  he  intends  to  use  both 

for  cautery  woi’k  and  for  operatinc  a  sifall  motor.  He  finds  that  6 
cells,  300  avipere-hour  type,  are  not  quite  sufi'icient  to  ,-;ive  him  the 
heat  he»  requires.  He  has  just  ordered  another  cell  which  I  have  or¬ 
dered  from  the  factory.  He  is  perfectly  satisfied  v.'ilh  the  battex’y  and 
has  no  doubt  whatever  but  that  it  v/ill  meet  all  his  requirements.  As 
soon  as  he  finds  hov/  many  cells  will  answer  his  purpose  he  intends  to 
brine  it  forward  at  one  of  the  clinics  and  sliow  the  advantaecs  of  our 
battery  over  other  batteries  for  this  class  of  work. 

Hov/  about  the  Motor  we  propose  brincing  out?* 

Yours  truly. 

. ”7'" 


Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq.., 

Dear  Sir: 

Re  Lalande  Battery  License,  Pursuant  to  Mr.  Tate's 
letter  of  the  I9th  ult.,  I  have  prepared  the  enclosed  asreement. 
Will  you  kindly  look  it  over  to  see  if  it  is  just  right,  and  then 
rettim  it  to  me  with  any  suggestions  you  may  have  to  make.  Even 
if  you  have  no  suggestions  to  make,  please  return  it  so  that  I  may 
prepare  clean  copies  for  execution. 

I  return  herewith  your  agreement  with  Lalande  dated 
August  24,  I8S9;  also  Mr.  Philip  S.  Dyer's  letter  to  you  of 
March  4,  1890,  to  which  is  attached  an  extract  of  a  letter  from 
Lalande  to  Dyer. 

Inasmuch  as  you  are  the  licensee  I  have  made  some 
of  the  terms  of  this  agreement  somewhat  elastic,  that  is  to  say,  n 
not  so  stringent  as  they  would  have  been  made  if  you  were  the 

Awaiting  your  further  instructions  in  this  matter, 




I  remain. 

VeiY  truly  yours 

The  Edison  Machine  Works, 

„K8,  No.  19  DEY  STREET,  ~ 

"Xyosun,  New  York." 

New  York,  April  nth  ’9( 

Mr.  Thonias  A.  Edison, 
Orange,  n. 

Dear  Edison: 

I  have  carefully  irone  over  the  estimates  of  the  Jvlaohin 
Shop  and  Eoimdry,  and  I  find  they  are  about  right  in  regard  to  the 
building,  400  feet  shop,  about  $45000,  and  the  Foundry  in  the  neigh- 
borliood  of  $30000.  To  fit  up  the  Machine  Shop  v/ill  take  an  anount  of 

money  bringing  it  up  almost  to  $05,000.  To  fit  up  the  Foundry  is  an  ^ 

e.cceedingly  diificult  thing,  and  while  we  jiave  estimated  that  it 
would  take  about  $30,000  to  fit  it  up  complete,  the  estiimte  must  be  ! 

gone  over  by  Mr.  Kruesi  and  Mr.  Henderson,  or  soiiBbody  whom  you  siiall  ? 

appoint  equally  good,  before  ordering  material  that  make  it  up.  i  i 

find  that  it  is  quite  impossible  to  plan  out  a  Foundry  when  we  do  not  I 

knov/  the  size  and  v/eight  of  the  work  to  be  done,  nor  the  amount  of  it.  I 

Tlie.  first  thing  to  be  done  there  at  Silver  Lake  is  to  be  sure  of  our  | 

water  supply  and  our  drainage.  Thonas  has  now  got  a  good  scheme  up  ! 

there,  and  our  plan  of  operation  is  as  follows:  We  find  that  the 
ground  on  which  the  shop  v/ill  stand  has  always  held  a  ;’reat  deal  of  ■ 
i-water.  We  have  a  natural  incline  from  the  railway  lengthwise  v/ith 
the  property  towards  Bloomfield  Ave. ,  this  however,  does  not  drain  the''  ^ 
water  because  it  is  more  like  a  ploughed  field  than  a  smooth  road. 

The  Edison  Machine  Works, 

No.  19  DEY  STREET, 

If  our  railroarj  Lraol:  and  road  were  made  and  had  this  natural  slant 
towards  Bloomfield  Ave.,  and  aLso  if  our  shops  were  built  and  the 
[,rou;;d  was  so  di’aded.  that  the  surface  water  v/ould  run  towards  this 
road,  I  think  there  would  be  no  more  than  one  tenth  of  the  water  ijet 
down  through  into  the  quicksand.  The  quicksand  lies  about  two  and  ' 

.  below  tiie  surface,  and  as  fai 

v/e  know  at  jn’esent,  is 

more  than  16  feet  deep.  Our  plan  is  to  build  a  well  to  drain  off 
the  quicks, and  for  at  least  I3  feet  below  the  foundation  of  the 
foundry,  and  six  feet  below  the  foundation  of  the  machine  shop.  Prom 
the  level  of  these  points  the  water  will  run  into  the  well.  It  follov/s 
therefore,  that  the  surface  of  the  well  mist  never  over  this 
point.  The  water  that  we  set  in  this  well  would  not  at  any  time  be 

keep  us  supplied. 

’  to  either  sink  a  pipe  or’diiT  ; 

sufficient,  even  if  it  was  26  or  27  feet  deep,  to  keep  us  supplied.. 
It  would  therefore  be  neccessary  to  either  a  pipe  or’diiT  a  smal 
well,  say  four  feet  diameter,  where  this  is  now  10  feet,  and  go  down 
far  enough  to  get  all  the  water  we  tont.  It  will  probably  occur  to 

V  10  feet,  and  go  down 

you  that  it  may  t 

)ssible  that  the  well  will  fill  : 

from  the  quicksand,  and  risi 

;  the  highdst  point. 

that  we  should  b,:  obliged  to  continue  pumping  it  out,  which  would  be 

an  expense,  i  think,  however,  that  what  I  have  said  in  i-egard  to  the  . 
road  and  tne  surface  drainage  of  the  place  when  the  shops  are  built, 

The  Edison  Machine  Works, 

No.  19  DEY  STREET, 

New  York, 

Avill  preclude  ai:y  possibility  of  our  having  any  trouble  of  this  sort. 
I  have  impressed  very  stronjly  upon  Wr.' Thomas’s  mind  the  necces.sity 
Of  urmediately  pressintj  fomvard  v/ith  all  dispatch  in  putting  down 
this  well  that  we  now  have  ,  to  a  depth  of  af  least  26  feet,  unless 
he  -ets  below  the  quicksand,  and  from  that  point  start  and  dig  the 

fell  that  is  to  provide  us  with 

f  you  would  cret  the  necces- 

sary  points  from  Thomas,  with  whom  I  have  discussed  the  .-natter  fully,, 
you  will  see  just  what  we  are  tryiner  to  do.  in  all  oases  where  I 
have  spoken  of  a  wc ll  in  tils  letter,  1  mean  of  com^se  a  new  well  we  • 
sinki.iEi  and  not  the  old  one  we  now  have.  l  should  have  come  up  to 
see  you  today  and  to  say  ;Tood  by.  But  I  find  that  you  have  -eond  away. 

I  have  given  instructions  to  Mr.  Thomas  to  have  prepared  for  you, 
any  time  you  may  call  for  them,  a  full  detailed  list  of  every  stickof  , 

timber  and  brick,  an-i 

1  you  call  on  him  to  do  the  work,  you  will  he  able  to  go  right 

ahead  and  order  from  those  lists.  In  regard  to  ivl-.  Thomas,  I  have 
also  told  him,  that  when  he  has  charge  of  the  building  of  these  builct- 
ings,  I  mean  as  soon  as  you  begin  them,  iie  shall  be  paid  at  the  rate 

Very  respectfully  yours. 

t  He 

Edison  MANaPAOTaRiNS  Go., 

Edison-Lalanre  Battery. 


A.  lEUDnSiIDK, 





. . 

Re  da  Lalande  Contract,  Replying  to  Ivlr,  Tate's 
valued  favor  of  yesterday,  I  beg  to  say  that  I  find  the  criticism 
made  is  correct,  namely,  that  at  the  end  of  the  Tenth  Section, 
the  last  two  words  should  have  been  "the  second  party"  instead  of 
"Pelix  de  Lalande".  This  clerical  error  is  not  an  important 
one,  as  it  goes  without  saying  that  it  could  not  have  been  in¬ 
tended  that  the  first  party  could  terminate  the  license  by  serv¬ 
ing  a  notice  upon  himself, 

I  suggest  that  you  write  to  Mr.  s.  Dyer,  that  the 
last  four  words  of  the  Tenth  Section  should  be  erased, and:,  that 
these  vrords  should  be  inserted  in  place  thereof,  to  wit,  "the 
second  party". 

In  my  judgment  it  is  not  necessary  to  have  ih  e  contract 
re-executed  by  Mr,  Edison,  ih  e  mistake  being  purely  a  clerical  one. 
In  fact  the  contract  would  be  all  right  even  if  this  change  were 
not  made,  because  it  is  self-evident  tiiat  the  second  party  was  ir>- 
t ended. 

After  the  above  change  is  made,  let  Mr.  de  Lalande ^exe-;  ■ 
cute  the  agrc  ement  and  let  his  attorney  send  you  your  copy,yithout 
any  re-execution  on  your  part. 

Awaiting  your  further  favors,  I  remain, 

Enclosures;  Letter  fron  Coudert  Bros.,  Paris, May  1,  1890,  to  T. 
S.  Dyer;  and  letter  from  Mr.  Dyer  to  Mr.  Edison, dated  Antwerp. 
May  2,1890,’ 



44  WALU  STREET.  I'l.  t  ' 

^  ^ejw  York, . .July.....l5*i8?0,._ . 189 

Thoms  A.  Bdi8on,E8q., 

Orange, New  Jersey. 

Dea’  Slr;- 

1  would  like  to  make  an  arrangement  by  which  the 
General  Ccmp any, could  exploit  the  Battery  business  on  behalf  of  the 
Edison  Manufacturing  Company, or  its  successor,  the  Edison  Indus¬ 
trial  Works. 

Please  let  me  know  what  arrangement  would  bo  equitable  and 
satisfactory  to  you. 

Yours  truly. 

P  S.— In  case  of  our  being  able  to  eonsumnate  arrangements  we 
would  propose  carrying  a  stock  of  Batteries  in  each  one v of  our 
District  Of  floes , which  would  certainly  give  an  impetus  to  the  bus¬ 
iness, as  there  would  be  a  stock  in  Now  Yoik , Chicago, Portland  Oregon 

San  Francis oo , California ; New  Orleans , Louisiana ;Atlanta , Georgia ; an d 
probably  in  several  other  centres  such  as  St.Lpuis ,Mo;cinoninati 

Ohio ;Detroit, Michigan ;and  Denver ,Coloradoo 





16  &  18  BROAD  STREET. 

A>  0.  Tate,  Eaq., 

Edison  Laboratory, 

Orange,  N.J. 

Lear  Sir;- 

Mw  York, . July  16th,1890. j g(, 

Mr.  Kelly  informs  me  that  Mr.  Edison  proposes 
doing  some  quite  extensive  advertising  of  the  Battery. 

I  would  suggest  that  nothing  of  the  kind  be  done  for  the 
moment,  pending  the  arrangements- that  I  wrote  Mr.  Edison  about 
today-with  the  Edison  General  Company  for  the  agency  of  the  Battery 
for  the  United  States.  If  such  an  arrangement  is  entered  into  I 
think  the  advertising  should  be  done  as  part  of  the  advertising  of 
the  Edison  General  Company. 





jyew  York, . sept  . . Z,1890  J89 

ih.with  relation  to  the 

A.  0.  Tate, Esq., 

Edison  labratory. 

Orange ,N.J. 

Dear  Sir;- 

I  have  your  favor  of  the  28 
batt  ory  business •  ^ 

TShile  I  think  that  it  is  a  good  thing  for  you  to  go  ahead  and 
have  the  catalogue  that  you  speak  of  prepared,!  would  not  have  them 
printed,  in  Wew  of  the  fact  that  is  po/sible  that  we  shall  change 
the  name  of  the  concern  to  that  of  the  Edison  Industrial  Works, 
and  than  the  printing  would  be  useless. 

With  reference  to  the  questio^of  the  establishment  of  agen¬ 
cies, the  intention  is  to  make  olosp  alliance  between  the  Edison  Geg.- 
eral  Company  am  the  Edison  Indus/rial  Works, so  faras  the 
ation  of  the  products  the  lat/er  is  concerned.  Under  these  cir¬ 
cumstances  I  think  that  W.di'/trict  of ficet</ would  make  very  good 
representation  for  the  battery  business  throughout  the  country,as 
each  one  of  our  districts  are  dealing  with  peopl^who  would  be  buy¬ 
ing  batterie^in  connection  with  our  Wire  Department. 

I  note  what  you  say  of  the  troubles  that  have  been  in  ths  way 
of  Mr.  Kelly's  developing  his  part  of  the  business. 

Yours  truly, 



Rue  Osy,  43=  . 





Electric  Light  and  Telegraph  Dynatnoi 
Electric  Motors, 

Shafting  Piilluys  etc. 

Edison's  Underground  Cable  for  Electric 
Lighting,  Telegraph  and  Telephone, 
Edison's  Devices  for  Underground 




'■  )c4. 


tiiiai  a.  ti5i' 

jd'  ■CTA,/> 

)ne  transmitters.  Electro  Medical  instruments.  ^  A  ^ 

Annunciators  &  Burglar  Alarms.  ■^_/  ^  ,  r/^'^O  i 


xic^  , 

.  A-r-zx' 

Rue  Osy,  43“ 


Adrcssc  TiSlcgraphiquu :  »  ANTWERP^ 

DYER  (Anvors).  _ _ 



ORANGK,  N.  J. 





~ty  g^-TXj 

C^  ■ 


LalanclQ  Battyry.  Katin-aiJ.y,  our  Diatriot  Managers  ai’c  applied  to 
for  this  battery. 

Vie  a.\’e  starting  to  develop  a  gejio’-Ql  Supply  business  in 
oonnootion  v/ith  our  .various  District  Offices.  I  am  now  arranging 
to  ta3;e  quite  a  largo  store  in  Boston;  I  ali'cady  iiavo  one  in  Port¬ 
land,  iinothor  in  Donvor,  and  another  iji  San  Pranoioeo,  and 
arrange  to  have  a  similar  establishment  in  New  Orleans  and,  later 
on,  a  very  large  establishment  in  Chicago.  It  is  my  opinion  that 
v/o  have  got  to  go  into  tiio  General  Electrical  Supply  business,  and, 
if  W9  do,  of  necessity  v/e  shall  bo  t}ie  lai-gest  Electrical  Sujiply 
concern  in  the  world. 

I  would  like  to  make  an  arrangoment  by  which  wo  can  por- 
manently  handle  the  battery  through  our  District  organization.  I 
think  it  would  be  of  great  advantage  to  you  and  the  Edison  Manu¬ 
facturing  Company,  as  well  as  profitable  to  us,.  V/e  should  propose 

X  ^  V. 


I.-I  C  ■''  ' 
.A'ew  Yorh, 


Smr.. . //Or 

-1890  . 

^  ^i_ cx^f  ■  '^-<■4-^  ca-^ 

^bs=>l(*  ^ 

_4. _ ^  ■^CcM^.-.d^-<r^  — 






J^eiv  York, . D.a.G.* . 

\  (;  I 

A.  0.  Ta  te,  Esq . ,  '  -  ■ 

Edison  Laboratory, 

Ornnee,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

I  bee  to  enclose  y at  copy  of  a  letter  dated 
December  Sth,  from  tlio  Bridffeport  Brass  Companyt 

I  v/ould  drav/-  your  attention  to  tl/it  part  of  the  lettorreferrin 
to  the  Edison  Manufacturiiifr  Compan^  in  v;luci!  the  Bridjjeport  Brass 
Company  say"Tlie  former  extendincy^ack  to  July  1889,  since  which 
time  y/Q  liave  received  no  money , /on  account"  and  then  later  on"from 
the  former  account  has  never /laci  so  much  as  the  courtesy  of  a  re¬ 
ply"  This  is  on  the  lines  ofi'  the  complaint  made  by  Mr.  Gilmore  , 
v/ith  relation  to  the  Edis^i  Machines  V/orks  account  against  the 
Edison  Manufacturing  Conwany.  I  have  had  similar  complaints  made 
to  me  verbally  time  anejf  time  «ad  again,  and  I  must  confess  that  if 
Mr.  Edison’s  personal/aff^i4a’s  are  run  in  thus  way,  his  credit  will 
be  very  seriously  affected. 

have  some  explanation  from  you  iipon  this  sub- 



^  Mr.  Edison, - 

Referranc  to  the  attached  correspondence, 
the  first  being  a  letter  from  the  Edison  Manufacturing  Company 
bearing  my  signature,  addressed  to  Mr.  Insull,  2nd  Vice-Pres’t. 
Edison  General  Electric  Company,  and  the  second  a  comnunioation 
from  the  latter  addressed  to  you. 

a.  1  am  not  in  a  position  to  prove  the  existence  of  any 
corporation  knovm  as  the  "Edison  Manvifaoturi^g  Ctinpany,"  and 
therefore  cannot  contradict  the  statement. 

b.  The  correspondence  in  question,  referring  as  it  did  to 
the  batterj'  business,  I  thought  it  would  be  proper  to  conduct  in 
the  name  of  the  Edison  Manufacturing  Company.  I  have  no  feeling 
on  this  point,  and  will  conduct  it  ift  the  name  of  the  Almighty 
if  you  wish. 

0.  I  cannot  myself  conceive  that  you  or  anyone  else  would 
seriously  priopose  that  the  Edison  Gen'l.  Electric  Company  wo^uld 
handle  the  business,  involving  the  carrying  of  stock  on  a  margin 
of  SX.  The  lowest  discounts  that  we  give  to  any  dealers  on  our 
present  sizes  of  cells,  is  3oX  &  15^  from  list.  i  offered  the 
Mi=.n  Oan'l.  Oo.  3oX  S  15X  S/.  Ih, 


the  .cells  is  not  establisted  hy  us,  but  by  the  trade,  which  allows 
from  loX  to  25^  from  our  list  prices.  There  is  no  pressing  reason 
vfhy  the  Edison  Gen'l.  Co,  should  allow  more..  In  fact,  if  they 
are  going  to  out  the  throats  of  all  the  dealers  we  would  VQvy 
much  better  keep  the  business  in  our  own  hands. 

The  large  cells  for  electric  ligliting  purposes  are  not  yet 
ready.  When  thqroome  out  I  proposed  giving  the  Edison  Gen'l,  Co, 
better  discounts,  as  you  will  see  by  ny  letter. 

The  whole  thing  in  a  hut-shell  is  that  it  is  absolutely 
impossible  for  us  to  quota  any  lower  prices  than  those  named  in 
my  letter,  unless  we  wish  to  p^  the  Edison  Gen'l,  Electric  Co, 
for  oondesoending  to  handle  our  goods, 

d.  it  would  be  interesting  for  me  to  know  if  any  letters' 
which  I  write  in  connection  with  this  battery  business  are  to  be 
called  into  question  as  to  authority.  Perhaps  you  could  fiumiish 
me  with  a  stamp  or  a  seal  which  I  could  attach  to  each  letter, 
bearing  a  form  of  affidavit  that  I  am  authorized  to  handle  the 





DEC  2  1890 


EnrsoN-LAUANOE  Rattery. 


...DecQmlDQr.-.l, . ISOO  .  -.  . 

Samuel  Insvill,  Kstj.,  2nd  Vioe-Pres ' t. , 

I  Edison  General  Electric  Co.,  How  York 


Dear  Sir:- 


Replying  to  youi’  letter  of 
21st  ultimo  in  regard  to  battery  bu¬ 
siness,  I  beg  to  say  that  the  discount 
v/hioh  v/e  give  to  the  trade  now  on  cells 
listed  in  our  present  catalogue  is  30X 

and  15^, 

Bj--  the  "trade" 

mean  largo 


o  I  dealers  like  the  Central  Electric  Co., 

the  Western  Electric  Co.,  and  other 
large  dealers. 

The  cell  vdiich  we  are  getting  out  specially  for  EIvtERGEHCY 
ELECTRIC  LIGHTING  vrork  has  not  yet  been  listed. 

The  largest  discount  allov/ed  by  the  trade  in  retailing  our 
cells  is 

In  regard  to  arrangement  with  yotir  Company,  vre  v/ill  allovF 
you  on  all  cells  listed  to  date  30^  and  15^  off,  together  v/ith  an 
extra  '6%  on  orders  for  500  or  more  cells  of  any  or  all  types.  As 
it  is  your  intention  to  carry  a  stock  at  your  vafioLis  District 
Offices,  it  would  never  be  necessary  for  you  to  order  any  lo.ts  of 


Samuel  insull,  Esq.  _2-  December  1,  1890. 

leas  than  500,  and  you  could  tliDrefore  always  Ivave  tlie  advantace  of 
this  extra  discount.  ’  ' 

In  regard  to  Emergency  Electric  Lighting,  v/’hioh  m  are 
especially  desirous  of  having  you  handle,  when  we  list  otir  3,000 
ampere  hour  cell  the  price  will  be  arianged  so  th&t  wo  v/ill  te 
enabled  to  allow  you  a  discount  of  50,f  and  15X,  together  with  an 
extra  IsX  on  all  yoiir  orders;  while  to  the  trade  vra  vdll  allow 
only  oijT  regular  discount  of  '600  and  15^. 

The  matter  for  our  special  catalogue  relating  to  this  work' 

IS  now  in  course  of  preparation.  V/e  think  that  some  of  your 
people  could  make  valiiablo  suggestions  in  regard  to  vdmt  this 
catalogue  should  embody,  and  v/e  should  be  very  glad  to  ]»  ■  able  to 
submit  the  material  ttet  we  lmve,,for  criticism  and  amplification, 
to  any  one  v/hom  you  may  indicate. 

Yours  very  truly, 




Deccmbci’  10, IS  90. 

Thanas  A.  Edison, Esq  .  , 

Oran^':  ,We'v  J ersey,. 
Ecar  Sir:- 

I  onoloso  you  horev/ith  the  orisinal  of  a 
signed, "Edison  Manufac tuning  Company , A, O.Tato " . 

(yy^l  did  not  Enow  of  the  existence  of  ajiy  such  oorporat 


over, I  thouglit  I  v/as  conducting  a  oonrespondcnco  v;ith  y ou . and 
cannot  conceive  that  you  would  seriously  propose  that  ivo  should 
liandle  a  business,Ydiioh  involved  our  carrying  stook^on  any  such 
margin  as  b%. 

I  am  sending  the  original  letter  to  you, because  I  an  vor-y 
anxious  to  know  wliether  it  was  really  written  v/ith  your  authority. 

Yours  very  ti'Uly, 


P.S.--YOU  of  course  understand, that  wo  are  not  particularly  anx¬ 
ious  to  get  the  Battery  business.  V/e  have  a  large  number’  of 
enquiries  with  relation  to  the  Batteryjmore  especially  fi- om  our 
District  Managers  to  Mr. Kelly.  I  thouglit  it  would  bo  a  clean 

business  for  you  to  have  us  handle  it, but  we  certainly  could  not 



afford  to  it  on  any  sucVi  baais  aa  sX*.  w^nte  of  m; 

tiiiB  to  conduct  a  c  orrcspondoncc  v/ith  a  viow  to  oui'  taking  up  a. 
business  with  any  sucli  marEin.  I  arii  au  r’o  if  youwirre 

position,  you  would  not  consider  it  for  a  tiomont  . 


C^hruT  (  , 

\  /^^OudyO^ 

^fTJry  /v^ 




Cty^^uyU^  CiAj^j 

'  IF 
am  ■(/]' 



(^jQ^./r}7'L^.  7^  (O'L^ . 7^t/<^- 

ja/ay}'i<L.  y^i<rvtA^< 

^f  'tcCi-.  -Ag  , 

L-  ChtCA. 

0(/riyti"  t'T^  G^/tx^/C/is? 


/  fJo 

q;^ yt/^C^^ 

O^-.  y  A-yr^  '-'Ao 
1  yAr) .  AL//ly 

^  A  '~A  '^ 


ZouL.  ^-OC^A- 

y'cgz^X.^^xAayCr  . 

'^AAnA  OA^OfU^  _y(yty?^/U'/'  jA-y/LCX. - , 

^  -yCiACy  y-ty<nny<UyU'  Aayty<^ 

A  >^-i<.U  ^lUrAf^  — 

^vAjy  /Ac^'HA  u^:^/<iLyUc<Aca. _ 

uxAthoucL-^^HH^  '  . > 

CV^/^A  . . 

OyhLUlAlCy  yVW'W 

Q^iyL/-' .  CU<Oy'/{_^- 

/  u  -y 

L.  JS^A^y  oC&-^i'U<^t''-Cc^y 

(UtAiy-cA  /^/n^CyL.czA^  ’-U>-<!^.o^  <~<U. 

.A  yC^rx^^^f 

(Aiy-ii'U^l^  -CCy^ 

to  be  built  for  the  Kdiaon  Manufr^oturinB  OoMpnU'y  upon  the  i)ro'perty 
Of  Thomas  A.  -Kiison  at  Silver  Lal:e,  New  .Torney,  from  drawincB  fur- 
niB}>ed  by  said  Company,  and  imder  tho  si^.pervision  and  dirnotinn  of 
their  Conct ruotint;  -tJntjineer. 

All  material  entering  into,  and  all  labor^jt^Hanoes  neoeasary 
for,  the  C'Onstruction  of  the  huildins  to  be  furnlBhecl  by  tho  Con¬ 

The  buildinc  to  be  completed  in  days  from  date  of 

sijpiina  oontract.  If  buildinc  is  not  ocrmplsted  in  the  stipulated 
time,  then  the  contractor  is  to  forfeit  dollars  per  da:- 

for  every  day  in  excess  of  the  said  days  that  the  building 

remafins  unfinished. 


The  excavations  for  the  foundations  of  the  main  and  partition 
v/alls  shall  be  in  tho  form  of  a  trench,  which,  shall  bo  two  .feet, 
six  inches  deep.  from  tho  side  or  lencthwise  foundations  tO'  tho 
middle  lino  of  buildin.^  or  line  ofpiera,  the  ground  shall  be 
graded  so  that  ground  line  shall  be  twelve  inches  lower  at  center 
line  Of  piers  than  at  side  walls. 

The  dirt  removed  in  excavating  for  piers  and  ratlin  walls  to 
be  thrown  outside  of  building  line. 

The  main  fonndat.ion  walls  and  the  piers  to  be  of  ocinorete 
made  in  follovfinc  proportions: 

Sharp  Sand  or  (’travel . 3  parts. 

Srohen  stone . 4  parts 

Portland  cmiient . 1  part 

The  main  walls  to  oonfonn  in  axtline  to  the  sixperimposed  wall 

and  to  be  at  all  points  three  inches  th4oker,  both  inside  and  out¬ 
side,  than  the  brick  wall  -  that  is,  the  thickness  will  vai'y  from 
inches  to  inches.  The  height  or  depth  shall  tfs 

two  feet  six  inches. 

The  piers  shall  be  20"  x  28",  and  their  bottom  level  shall 
bO'  the  same  as  that  of  the  foundation  walls,  but  the  top^ shall  be 

inches  below  that  o f  the  foundation  walls. 

T}io  famdation  walls  for  the  partitions  shall  be  three  inches 
wider,  on  oach  side,  than  the  walls  they  are  to  support  -  that  is, 
they  will  be  \uiiform3.j''  14  inches  in  width. 

■Brick  Work. 

All  brick  shall  be  good  hard  Jerseys. 

All  mortar  shall  he  made  of  Rood  lime  .  .  .1  part 

Sharp  Sand:  .  .  5  parts 
Portland  Oementl/4  part. 


Pm’tifcion  V/alls  shall  be  oight  inches  thick  and  shall  run 
hard  to  roof. 

Main  walls  shall  vary  in  thickness  from  tr  inohea,  except  X 

for  tvro  ooiu'ses  from  wall  plate.  These  two  cwrses  shall  bo  uni¬ 
formly  ei^ht  inches  thick  (cement  on  offsets). 

After  wall  plate  and  trusses  have  been  set,,  the  four  main 
walls  are  then  to  be  carried  )iard  up  tc  roof,  openincs  in  main 
wall  about  3"  x  4"  shall  be  left  every  three  feet  betwenn  floor 
beams . 

No  arch  over  windovrs  or  door  shall  be  turned  without  a  cmtar 
(all  eentres  shall  be  set  by  the  carpenter). 

The  ti^-r  stpne  sills  for  tl’.e  double  doorwaysshall  be  of  blue- 
stone  and  not  less  than  fi"  thick,  13"  wide,  and  8  ft.  6"  lonjj. 

The  three  door  sills  for  the  sincle  dcors  shall  be  of  blue- 
stone  not  liess  than  four  inches  thj.ok,  13  inches  wide  and  3  ft.., 

6"  Icnj;.  All  sills  rouch  dressed. 

The  mason  vfork  shall  be  thoroughly  protected  dxxrinc  stormy 

Iron  Work. 

Bolts  holding  dovm  wall  plate  shall  be  l/2"  x  18"  and  l/2"  x 
12",  the  12"  abd  18"  lengths  to  alternate  and  bolts  to  be  eigtit 
fe<et  apart. 

The  holding  do'Wi  (wrought)  plates  for  these  bolts  shall  bC' 

1/4"  X  1.  1/4"  X  6". 


A  washer  shall  be  placed  imder  each  nut. 

The  bolta  for  axipportinf;  counters  shall  be  5/8"  x  10"  and 
shall  have  holding  in  plates  of  wrox-ight  iron  1/4"  x  1.  1/3"  X  6" 
and  shall  be  in  perfect  lane  ft,  inches  from  the 



The  oiisi^S'^ofvwQiSc  shall  be  as  folloT^s: 

Sunrier  10  x  13  fSjjrxice 

3jT.oor  x^eans  3  x  IS  IToralooP:  18"  centres. 

’^ridging  3x3  " 

Plooring  1  1/4"  I?atched  Spruop,  6  "  wide  or  narrovfer- 
blind  nailed. 

Oeiling  of  duplicating  rown  shall  be  pine  wide  and 

^  .  f  ' 

beaded  in  the  middle.  -  ‘  . 

yunHtC'ki.L ' 

Trxxsuos  -  3  X  10  8p rue er-»ou^; side  pieces  1*  x  8"Spruce 

il  tr  -  cA  ■  -  .  < 

V/all  Plato  3x8  Hemlock  j^LA .  iK.  Cr 

Cornice  board  8ec.  qual.  sound  knotted  pine. 

Box  oohnico  or  water  trough,  sec.  qxxal.  soxxnd  knotted  pine. 
Moulding;,  as  per  drawing. 

Rafters  3x8  Hemlock,  those  txpon  eaves  of  bxxilding  to  be  halved 
so  as  to  be  flush  with  oaves  the  vfhole  length  of  bxxilding. 

The  Icpng  strxxts  and  ties  of  trusses  shall  be  nailed  together, 
where  scarfed  with  SOd  nails.  The  side  pieces  shall  be  nailed  on 

with  lOd  nails,  and  the  sane  size  siiaZl  he  used  for  seourihfl 

rv  -d,  i  /■,./-,/  .'■/!  ////■'  ,V  ■ 

trusses  to  wall  plate.  "  '/pr:::.  -.t.o 

/Cl:.^.YrYrvy,-,,y  ■■■■■•■■  "  ' 

The  do^srs  shal.l  he  of  clear  drj'  pine  free  from  sap.-Reorgiia 

pine  threshed  7/R»  thick. 

'’^ransom  lights  shall  he  fitted  to  double  do.'ors  as  ah'ewn. 

The  three  small  doors  sha].l  h« 'S^S'x  1.  1/2";  ar*?.  the 
double  doors  shall  he  7.  1/2  ft  high  x  8"  x  2".  Tlie  douhl'e'  dows 
shall  have  six  inch  rim  locks^  escutcheon^w  ith  dark  mineral  knobs, 
and  hnmg  with  5x5  loose  pin  japanned  butts  -  .I  to  each  door. 

The  double  doors  shall  have  slidlne:  bolts,  top  and  bottom. 

The  anall  doors  shall  have  five  inch  rim  lo ok s^ escutcheons: 
and  daj'k  mineral  knobs.  They  d'.all  be  Jmng  each  with  3  loose  pin 
j  ai'anned  butts  3.  1/2  x  3. 

All  doors  sliall  bo  of  regular  make. 

All  door  frames  shall  be  of  sec.  qual.  sound  knotted  pine  and 
of  regular  make  -  those  for  double  doors  to  have  transoim  as  shewn 
upon  draTfing;. 

Window  Frames. 

Window  frames  shall  be  of  see.  qual.  white  pine  s-ound  knotted, 
except.  po'Oket  slides  which  shall  bo  of  Reorgia  pine.  All  sills 
shall  bo  two  inches  thick. 

Dimensions  from  outside  to  outside  of  pockets  and  from  oiitside 
to  outside  of  casing  shall  be  as  marked  up-on  detail  drawings. 

Kaeh  frame  Siall  have  two  hack  centres,  SVanes  aJ'.all  ha-ze 
good  ciast  iron  pculleys.  Kvorything  regxilar  make. 

Sash  etc. 

Sash  shall  be  best  quality,  clear,  dry  white  pine,  of  re;,^l:]r 
makie,  and  shall  be  hung  with  No.  35  snsh  cord. 

'Voiglits  shall  be  solid  eye  and  mat  properly  balance  sad'.. 

Nrieae  Toard  shall  be  of  sec.  qual. ,  sound  knotted  Thite  pine 

Sox  cornice  forming  water  trough  shall  'je  of  sec.  qual.,  soiind 
knotted  White  pine  and  constructed  with  moiildint:  as  shown  .upon  de¬ 
tail  di-awing.  ,i' 

All  work  to  be  done  in  a  workmanlike  ma.nner. 


The  roof  shall  be  covered  with  gravel  and  3  ply  roofing  paper, 
pitcii  to  be  of  best  qviality. 


The  roofing  tin  forming  rain  trmgh  shall  be  best  grade  one 
cross  tin.  There  sl'.all  be  two  corrugated  galv.  iron  leaders  of 
edacity  of  a  4"  pipe  upon  each  side  of  building  and^leaders  shall 
rea(Sh  to  twelve  inches  from  the  ground  line  of  building. 


Thie  v;indow  sash  shall  receive  three  coats  of  paint.  All 

othar  exposed  wood  work,  two  coats. 

Oolors  of  body  shall  be 
Oolor  of  trlnriinas  shsll  be 
No  linen  tape  measurements  sJ'.all  be  aoo(?>ted, 
agree  with  some  standard  m^'e  of  metal  t^e. 

unless  they 

material  for  20 

40  building. 

Piers  Concrete  7  bbls  oonent 

4  loads  field  stone 
3  ■  Sand 


800  hard  Jersey 
1  bbl  lime 
1  load  sand 

Door  Posts 
Corner  Potts 
Studs . 

4  -  8  X  8  X  22  ) 

2-8x8x20  ; 

2  -  6  X  12  X  14  4  S  p  r  u  0  0. 

1  -  6  X  8  X  16  ; 


2  -  6  X  6  X  14  Yellow  pine 
2  -  4  X  6  X  14  Spruce, 

4-*x6x14  » 

30.-3  X  4  X  14  Hem. 

30  -  2  X  4  X  14  « 

27  -  2  X  10  X  20  » 

1200  board  feet  1  ]/4  Spruce  8"  to  9-  wide. 
1100  sq.  ft  1“  matched  homlocJc 
6  -  4  X  6  X  16  spr. 

Ploor  Beams 
Wall  Plates 
Roofing  Gravel. 

Ceiling  for  sides  1700  sq,  ft.  No.  2 

North  Carolina  7/8  x  4  or  4  1/fe 
13  r  a  0  e  s  1  piece  4  x  4  x  24  Spr. 

17  Window  Pranes.  18  Igths  10  x  14 

Pulley  Pockets  -  inside 
Casing  -  stops  ■ 

(42  inches  between  studs  ) 

17  pairs  1  I/4"  sash,  9  light 

per  sash  for  same 
68  Sash  Weii^ts,  wght, 

^  •C-.  hor.  6“  minteral  knob 

1  Floor  bolt 

10  lbs.  20d;  50  lbs  8- 
80  «  lOd;  50  "  6- 

200  linear  feet  2x2  hem. 

1700  sq,  feet  Novelty  6* 

150  linear  ft.  1  x  9  pine 
planed  one  side 
150  lin,  feet  1  x  10  pine 
planed  one  side 
300  lin,  ft.  1  X  1  pine 

onn  ?^®^^“4-3x6x22 
200  lin  ft  1  X  6»,  all  sprxice. 


Rloor  struts 




V/  A  T  E  R  TROUGH.  100  lin.  .  4  x  4  spr,,  sav/od  diagonally 
RAETERS  22-2x8x14  hom. 

■  11  -  2  X  10  X  16  " 

OUTSIOE  CEILING  bett/een  piers 

240  sq.  ft  7/8x9  No,  3 
Noith  Carolina  flooring 
SashOord.  4  lianks 

{2  3  2/2) 

1  DOUBLE  DO®  7*  X  7'  X  1  1/2 

1  DOOR  IRAME  for  same 
CARPENTERS'  labor. 



Lumber  &  H  a  r  d  v/  a  r  o 
Gravel  Roof 

$  53.50 
•  125.00 

L  e 

r  s 

-  A"'  - 

'  -///itAf' 

1890.  Electric  Light  -  General  (D-90-28) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
electric  lighting  and  power.  Included  are  letters  pertaining  to  the  alternating 
current  controversy,  electrocution,  the  Niagara  Falls  power  project,  and  the 
disappearance  of  Edison’s  associate,  Frank  McGowan,  in  January  1890.  There 
are  also  requests  by  schools  for  donations  of  electric  lighting  equipment. 

Approximately  60  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  unsolicited  inquiries 
regarding  suggested  improvements  in  dynamos,  meters,  and  other  central 
station  equipment;  other  routine  business  correspondence. 

3301  Baring  St.,  Philadelphia, 

i|  January  7th,  1890. 

Edward  D.  Adanis,  Esq., 

Nav/  York . 

Dear  Sir:- 

In  considering  the  several  questions,  growing  out  of 
the  consummation  of  the  agreement  wit h  the  Niagara  Falls 
Hydraulic  Power  and  Manufacturing  Company,  tlie  party  of  the 
first  part,  giving  certain  rights  to  the  Niagara  Falls  Power 
|,  Co.,  the  party  of  the  second  part,  to  cross  the  property  of 

I  the  party  of  the  first  part,  but  naming  conditions  to  pro- 
jl  teot  that  Company  from  damages,  by  reason  of  leakage,  in 

j|  driving  a  tunnel  below  their  canal,  and  to  protect  the  v/ater 

II  supply  now  at  command  of  the  Company  to  the  full  extent  of 
I  any  possible'  extension  of  the  surface  canal  scheme,  I  have 

I  carefully  examined  the  contract  signed  on  Jan'y.  1st,  1890, 
and  find  that  it  fully  covers  the  principles  laid  down  in 
I  my  letter  to  you  under  date  Deo.  17th,  1889,  and  as  express¬ 
ed  verbally  to  Mr.  Francis  Lynde  Stetson  from  time  to  time. 

I  have  also  carefully  considered  hot  only  tie  letter  from 
Mr.  Francis  Imde  Stetson  to  you,  dated  Jan.  1st,  1890,  but 
have  made  note  of  the  conversations  v/ith  residents  of  Nia¬ 
gara  Falls  in  regard  to  the  ice  question  on  Sohlosser  Rapids 
as  affecting  the  water  supply  between  the  main  land  and 
Grass  Island,  lying  about  800  feet  fron  the  main  land  near 
to  Elizabeth  Street,  as  laid  dovm  on  the  maps  at  my  com¬ 
mand.  The  first  question  being  as  to  the  Contract  and  its 

ii  agreement  with  my  suggestions,  I  v/ould  say  that  It  fully  sat-  | 
||  isfies  tlie  end  I  had  in  view  in  making  such  suggestions, 

Ij  whioki  may  be  expressed  as  follows! 

In  any  contest  with  the  Canal  Company  as  to  "Diver- 

|j  sion"  of  the  water  I  proposed  the  limiting  and  explanatory 


j|  words  "to  the  detriment  of  the  party  of  the  first  part",  I 
r  had  proposed  tiie  naming  of  Grass  Island  as  property  to  which 
j|  reasonable  access  should  be  granted  for  measurement  and  work 
j|  to  the  end  of  protecting  the  v/ater  supply  of  the  Canal  Com- 
li  pany  in  case  the  Niagara  Palls  Pov/er  Company  should  be  a.o- 
j!  oused  of  having  damaged  the  supply  of  the  Canal  Oompanyi 
This  has  been  fully  met  and  in  the  most  satisfactory  manner 
j|  by  naming  lands  of  the  Canal  Company,  both  on  the  main  land 
||  ^d  in  t Its  river.  I.. hold  it  . as  .assent  ial  to  the  perfect 
protection  of  the  Power  Co.  that  careful  measurements  should 
i!  be  made  from  time  to  time  of  the  water  passing  through  tte 
j|  canal  and  also  delivered  frcm  its  lower  end  to  the  wheels; 

I  that  you  may  be  kept  informed  as  thoroughly  as  t  te  Canal 
:  Company  as  to  the  actual  quantity  now  passing  into  and 
through  that  canal,  both  for  your  protection,  and  as  giving 
valuable  information  as  to  the  friction  of  water  in  passing 
.  channels  cut  in  the  same  rock  as  will  be  passed  through  in 
j  the  prosecution  of  the  present  enterprise.  The  scheme  for 
I  such  proposed  study  of  conditions  can  be  presented  later. 

With  so  satisfactory  an  agreement  as  t o  possible  damages 
and  the  mode  of  procedure  in  case  any  damage  should  be 
claimed,  I  have  in  the  light  of  other  oommimi oat  ions  con¬ 
sidered  tlie  "safety  of  proceeding  in  the  const  motion  and 

i'  ® 

ji  operation  of  the  tminel  as  prq:)osed.” 

II  The  danger  of  passing  below  the  canal  and  the  lia-  I 

|l  bility  of  loss  to  the  canal  from  leakage,  has  been  carefully  I 
il  considered,  not  only  by  me  but  all  others  vrho  had  expressed 
I  opinion  on  the  scheme.  The  contract  gives  you  the  right 
ij  to  run  youjT  tunnel  v/ithin  80  feet  of  the  bottom  of  the  oan- 
i|  al ;  in  the  proposed  slope  of  titnnel,  giving  a  grade  of 
||  seven-tenths  of  a  foot  to  each  hundred  feet  in  length,  v/e 
jj  reach  the  hydraulic  canal  with  the  roof  of  the  proposed  tun-  | 
!i  nel  fully  136  feet  beSow  tlie  bottom  of  the  canal,  in  rock 
I,  that  has  shov/n  Itself  solid  and  free  from  v^ater  seams  at  '! 
|:  30  feet  from  the  top.  | 

ji  On  the  plan  submitted  tome  for  consideration  of 

i;  cost  and  reported  on  under  dat:e  December  17th,  1889,  a  large 
;!  amount  of  water  is  to  be  taken  from -the  river  first  by  a 
;|  surface  canal  about  1700  feet  above  the  mouth  of  the  canal 
||  and  to  the  extent  of  say  160,000  cubic  feet  perTninute  in 
[j  developing  20,000  horse  power.  Then  by  a  second  canal  say 
1400  feet  above  the  first  one,  which  canal  passing  through 
the  widest  section  of  your  land  might  be  made  to  offer 
I  24,000  horse  pov^er  v/ould  require  192,000  cubic  feet  of  v/ater 
per -minute  making  a  total  of  say  352,000  cubic  feet  per 
minute  dra\vn  from  the  river  below  the  Schlosser  Rapids  and 
I  from  the  channel  lying  betv/een  Grass  Island  and  the  main 
land . 

Having  located  Grass  Island  on  the  plans,  and  cal¬ 
culated  the  section  of  the  channel  at  the  narrov^est  point  I 
find  that  the  water  reaching  the  canals  from  above  v/ill  be 

;|  about  1,100,000  cubic  feet  of  water  per  minute,  from  which 
i  we  require  3Pj .  Inasmuch  as  the  first  canal  of  your  syste 
I1.QS  at  the  lower  end  of  Grass  Island,  where  it  is  I200 
feet  from  the  shore,  it  will  be  able  to  tahe  its  full  sup¬ 
ply  from  the  main  stream.  As  Grass  Island  at  the  lower 
.end  is  1800  feet  from  Port  Day  and  tiie  water  is  nine  feet 
deep  we  can  readily  see  that  should  the  ice  prevent  any 
water  entering  from  the  Rapids  above  Elizabeth  Street,  the 
whole  amount  required  would  come  to  the  canals  at  the  speed 
of  only  four-tenths  of  an  inch  per  second. 

Prom  this  consideration  of  the  situation  the  chance 
of  trouble  by  reason  of  diminished  vmt er  supply  to  the  Hy¬ 
draulic  Canal,  I.  cannot  but  consider  as  very  remote.  To 
carry  out  the  first  plan  and  const  luct  the  first  canal  to 
give  power  to  mill  sites  furnished  with  20,000  horse  power 
is  seemingly  without  any  risk  whatever,  and  the  further  ex¬ 
tension  of  the  scheme  might  tlsnbe  carried  out  by  a  system 
that  would  abandon  from  consideration  the  second  cross  canal 
and  in  its  place  draw  water  from  above  the  Schlosser  Rapids. 

My  first  estimates  were  based  on  tte  plan  submitted 
to  me,  from  which  I  deviated,  only  so  far  as  to  cheapen  that 
plan  of  construction.  In  the  estimate  I  assumed  the  pre¬ 
servation  Of  the  existing  line  of  main  streets.  i  am  now 
infomed  that  there  will  be  no  difficulty  in  having  such 
changes  made  in  t he  location  of  streets  and  roads  as  any 
new  system  may  show  to  be  to  the  advantage  of  the  enter¬ 
prise.  The  greatest  objection  to  the  plan  already  reported 
on,  is  that  it  cirts  up  the  land  to  bad  advantage  and  gives 


insufficient  room  for  railroad  system,  and  for  yard  room  to 
store  oars  and  to  drill  freight  trains.  I  have  been  assur¬ 
ed  that  the  authorities  will  not  object  to  so  radical  a 
change  as  the  removal  of  Buffalo  Street  to  the  other  side  of 
the  railroad,  or  at  least  to  a  line  close  to  the  property 
of  tlTS  railroad,  or  in  other  words  to  the  north  boundary  of 
the  property  of  the  Company. 

The  removal  of  tMs  wide  street  and  the  consequent 
ji  addition  of  its  100  feet  in  width  to  the  available  ground 
will  permit  a  plan  not  heretofore  mapped  out,  recently  sug- 
gested  by  Captain  Gaskill,  namely  to  carry  a  canal  inland 
'  from  above  Sohlossor  Rapids  and  ttence  down  directly  over 
ij  the  line  of  t  he  main  tunnel  to  such  distance  as  may  be  deem- 
j:  ed  profitable.  This  plan  would  have  been  mentioned  in  my 
first  report  had  I  felt  v/arranted  to  offer  such  a  radical 
:  departure  from  the  plan  proposed  by  those  who  had  the  matter 
Ij  under  consideration  for  some  years.  It  will  prevent  any 
possible  litigation  on  account  of  v;at  er  suirply,  as  has  been 
verbally  admitted  by  the  ov/ners  of  t  he  Hydraulic  Canal. 

The  most  remote  chance  of  litigation  is  worth  avoidance,  if 
the  plan  to  avoid  it  presents  other  advantages. 

The  greatest  disadvantage  in  the  first  plan  lies  in 
the  need  of  crov/ding  the  mill  sites  on  e.ach  cross  canal  to 
the  occT^janoy  of  the  whole  width  of  the  strip  of  land  with 
much  useless  space,  between  each  cluster  of  mill  sites,  not 
directly  available  for  railroad  purposes  noruseful  as  yard 
room  for  cars,  unless  the  tracks  be  carried  through  the  50 
foot  streets  between  each  pair  of  mill  sites.  This  double 

occupancy  of  such  limited  streets  for  carts  and  cars  is  not 
de  sirable . 

I  am  so  well  convinced  of  the  advantage  of  the  nev^ 
disposition  of  the  canals  and  mill  sites,  that  I  have  with 
care  re-computed  the  v^hole  enteirriae  on  the  nevT  basis, 
thinking  the  perfect  presentation  as  preferable  to  a  state¬ 
ment  of  inoi'eased  coat  only,  I  nov;  propose  to  shov/  that 
while  the  first  cost  required  to  put  20,000  horse  power  in 
the  market  is  increased  the  further  development  that  will 
put  28,000  additional  horSe  power  into  the  market  vhll  cost 
per  horse  pov;er  less  than  the  plan  which  would  have  added 
only  24,000  horse  power  to  the  available  supply. 

In  my  former  report  I  advocated  tlie  purchase  of  ad¬ 
ditional  laJid;  such  addition  is  not  absolutely  required 
on  the  new  plan  but  in  view  of  the  great  changes  to  be  made 
in  the  streets  euch  purchase  to  place  the  whole  tract  in 
your  hands  will  be  very  advisable. 

Estimate  of  cost  of  the  single  canal  project.  Eor 
the  main  tunnel  up  to  the  point  required  tco  give  20,000 
horse  pov/er,  we  have: 

Open  out  at  mouth , 




Driving  tunnel  7,020  feet, 




First  shaft , 




Second  shaft. 




Third  shaft. 




Overhaul , 




Masonry  at  portal , 







Porv/ard,  |913,200.00 

Outlet  tunnels  for  20,000  H.  P.  3,190.00 

Cost  of  canal  v/ide  enoiigh  to  give  48,000  H.P. 

Rook  excavation,  238,340.00 

Earth  excavation,  35,000.00 

Cut  Into  river,  50,000.00 

Rook  out  to  pits,  1,500.00 

Masonry  on  canal,  1(01,000.00 

Drodded  stone  at  gates,  10,000.00 

Coffer  dam  at  mouth,  _ 20,000 .00  455,840.00 

In  sinking  one  pit  to  ;eaoh  tvro  mills  and  bringing 
the  power  from  the  drums  up  into  each  mill  site,  the  opera¬ 
tion  of  each  mill  will  be  separate  from  the  other  and  econ¬ 
omy  of  construction  will  be  reached: 

Ten  pits  will  cost,  157,500.00 

Brick  lining  of  pits,  25,000.00 

Stone  at  top,  25,000.00  $207,500.00 

Bids  having  been  asked  to  give  the  pov;er  in  blocks 
of  say  1,000  horse  power  to  each  wheel  under  a  head  of  90 
feet,  I  have  calculated  the  cost  of  placing  ten  pairs  of 
v/heels  in  the  ten  pits,  selecting  data  from  what  I  consider 
a  high  cost,  the  ten  wheels  to  deliver  20,000  H.  P. 

Ten  double  wheels,  150,650.00 

Cables  to  surface  at  1st  jack,  14,350.00 

-  $165,000.00 


Total  cost  of  first  20,000  horse  power: 

land  ajid  rights  as  per  Mr.  Stetson,  including  the  addi¬ 
tional  land,  551,000.00 

Interest  during  const  niot  ion  and 
incidental  expenses,  85,000.00 

Main  tunnel,  913,200.00 

Outlet  tunnels,  3,190.00 

Main  canal  and  masonry,  455,840.00 

Ten  pits,  207,500.00 

Wheels  and  cables,  165,000  .OQ  $2,380,730. 

This  sum,  which  covers  the  whole  cost  of  the  land 
and  all  other  expenses,  except  what  may  be  incident  to  the 
change  of  the  line  of  the  streets,  represents  a  cost  par 
horse  power  of  $119.03  as  against  98.30  by  the  old  plan. 
This  shows  an  increase  of  $20.73  per  horse  power,  while  the 
next  development  v/ill  show  a  decrease.  To  explain  this  I 
will  give  the  calculations  as  to  a  fiirther  presentattion  of 
28,000  horse  power  as  follows: 

Additional  main  tunnel. 
One  driving  shaft, 

Outl at  tunnel s , 

Inlets  to  pits. 

Masonry  to  pits, 

14  pits, 

14  pr .  wheels. 

Cables,  tScc . , 

13,500  .00 
6,500  .00 
20,100  .00 





I  This  gives  for  each  horse  power  a  cost  of  $26.80 

j!  which  may  be  reduced  one-sixth  by  reason  of  the  use  of  your 
jj  own  power  in  carrying  on  your  ov/n  driving.  Making  each 
;;  horse  power  cost  $22.34,  while  by  the  time  the  48,000  horse 
|!  power  is  in  the  market,  the  cost  of  each  will  be  reduced  to 
j!  $62.63. 

'  The  further  development  of  the  pov/er  above  the  en¬ 

trance  of  the  big  canal  will  be  at  much  less  cost  as  tis 
size  of  the  main  tunnel  will  grow  less  and  the-mills  can  be 
fed  in  groups  by  short  surface  canals. 

In  giving  the  above  cost  of  construction,  I  wish  to 
call  your  attention  to  one  fact,  not  mentioned  in  my  fontier 
ji  report  and  which  is  so  important  as  to  be  a  matter  worth 
the  most  careful  presentation  in  calling  attention  to  this 
-  magnificent  scheme  for  using  the  pov/er  of  Niagara  Palls. 

|:  All  other  water  power  companies  have,  as  I  have  already 
|i  said,  given  the  water  to  tte  user  and  left  him  to  settle 
||  the  question  of  how  he  can  use  that  water  to  the  best  ad- 
j|  vantage.  It  is  necessary  in  this  enterprise  to  control 
||  the  methods  of  using  the  water,  hence  you  rent  not  only 
j|  power,  but  you  rent  the  wheels  and  the  costly  structure  re- 
jj  quired  to  bring  the  power  to  the  surface.  You  rent  the 
jj  power  ready  for  use  as  soon  as  the  buildings  have  been  put 
j  up.  You  v/ill  in  digging  the  canal  quarry  out  large 

amounts  of  good  building  stone  which  can  be  sold  to  the  per- 
I  sons  desiring  to  put  up  buildings.  You  have  anple  space  to 
I  store  such  quarried  stone,  beyond  what  you  v/ill  use  for  your 

ov/n  purposes. 


!:  I  have  also  considered  the  advisability  of  using 

■|  the  water  a  second  time  at  a  head  of  say  30  feet  after  it 
|i  has  passed  the  first  pair  of  wheels  and  am  ready  to  submit 

!'  plans  for  such  use  that  will  enable  the  lower  wheels  to  be 

run  when  the  upper  ones  are  stopped  without  loss  of  water, 
ij  r  do  not  think  it  wise  to  make  this  public  now,  as  the 

j|  system  may  be  secured  but  I  wish  to  advise  an  agreement 

:  with  your  leading  employees  that  inasmuch  as  this  scheme  is  i 
;  one  involving  matters  of  mechanical  engineering  that  you  I 
;  will  hold  to  yourself  the  right  to  claim  all  inventions 
that  are  applicable  to  the  uses  of  the  Company  as  your  prop-  ; 
i  orty  having  bean  worked  out  in  your  ti?|ie.  How  to  do  this  j 
ji  I  can  explain  when  required.  i 

|!  In  asking  for  the  means  to  carry  out  this  enterprise  | 

I  think  you  should  add  to  the  sum  named  in  the  estimate  at  | 
j|  least  $50,000.00  for  the  roads  and  matters  incident  to  the 
jl  improvement  of  the  land.  In  mapping  out  the  new  line  of 
|;  canal  I  have  to  assume  conditions  that  more  careful  con- 
I  sideration  with  tin  property  drav/n  to  a  larger  scale  may 
I  make  advisable.  Such  che.nges,  however,  will  all  be  in  the 
j  direction  of  diminishing  the  cost  of  construction  to  de¬ 
velop  the  first  20,000  horse  power. 

Herewith  I  submit  map  of  the  property  with  the  ex¬ 
isting  lines  of  streets  and  divisions  of  property  laid  do^m 
but  disregarding  all  such  divisions  I  have  drawn  in  a  canal 
starting  above  the  Schlosser  Rapids  and  proceeding  in  the 
I  fonti  of  a  basin  for  perhaps  500  feet  with  a  width  of  three 



tandred  feet  to  the  upper  end  of  the  tapering  canal.  The 
northern  bank  of  this  canal  will  be  found  t o  bo  parallel 
with  the  lines  of  the  railroad,  leaving  a  strip  of  land  660 
feet  v/ide  between  the  bank  of  the  canal  and  the  railroad 
edge  of  the  property.  The  property  to  the  south  of  tte 
canal  will  be  about  the  same  width  at  the  widest  place  and 
until  filling  has  been  done  v;ill  narrow  down  at  ths  tv;o  ends 
of  the  area.  With  the  proposed  filling  above  Port  Day  the 
average  width  v/ill  be  500  feet  (aa<most  double  the  v/idth  of 
the  land  owned  by  the  Hydraulic  Canal  Company  and  measuring 
that  land  from  the  bank  of  their  basin  to  the  edge  of  t  he 
bluff).  The  basin  formed  by  the  canal  and  its  end  reser¬ 
voir  to  the  east  v/here  the  water  enters  from  the  river  v/ill 
give  space  for  sufficient  sites  each  with  pits  on  the  former 
plan  to  utilize  48, COO  horse  power. 

Hoping  this  report  v/ill  meet  your  approval,  I  am 
Very  respectfully, 

Coleman  Sellers  . 

go- ELESl'l^ie^L  'I'Egl'  ipIg'l'l^lJ]VEE]^0:'g, 



Physios  and  Chemistry. 

Mr.  T.  A.  Edison 

"‘'•^‘(Philadti,  Pa .  1/R9/^ 0 . 

D\  ^ 

A  point  has  come  up  in  our  business. v/ith 
reference  to  V/hioh  we  think  possibly  you  nay  bo  able  to  f;ivo  infer 
-nation, if  not  asking  too  much.  We  have  been  told  that  at  one  of 
the  electrical  exhibitions, either  in  that  of  Paris  in  '81  or  in 
the  Philada  Expo  sit  ion,  you  exhibited  an  insti-ument  for  measuring 
potentials  or  currents, consi sting  essentially  of  a  stretched  wire 
enclosed  in  vacuum,  the  indications  of  which  in  current  and  poton- 
-tial  were  proportional  Jl^^heating  effect.  Can  you  tell  us  if 
this  was  so  and  'where  we  can  find  any  reference  to  this  form  of 
instrument.  Any  information  you  may  give  us  on  this  sub;;  oct 
will  be  appreciated. 

Jas.  W.  Queen  &  Co. 

Per  E.B.W. 

Yours  truly. 


le  &  18  BROAD  STREET. 



’  ^  ACC*!lV^^  /(JvV  ^ 

l£j5  £L-3Wi, .  A-K-CLa*./*-/  _ 

\i^>vvwwi  e/^  ^'lk/W»  (J^UuL^  ^  tC-»,4-.0  •  gA^  >  . 


orS^tlL^: . I....'ll'i^. . 

..  (8^  A 


Mw  yor/c, ..Mch»....3r.d...-ia90,.._  18 

Chas.  Batchelor,  Bsq. 
Edison  Laboratory, 
Orange,  N,J« 

Dear  Sirl- 

I  have  .just  had  the  following  message  transmitted  to  you 
over  the  telephone,  which  I  now  beg  to  oonflrmf-- 


"Can  you  send  at  once  an  Alternating  Current  Dynamo  with 
a  man  to  -work  it  to  Oolumbus,  (wSo*  He  must  report  to 
Geo.  G.  Allen,  Neil  House,  Columbus,  Ohio,  This  dynamo 
is  to  be  exhibited  before  a  large  conmittee  of  ,the  Ohio 
Legislature.  The  Edison  Conpany  will  furnish  the  power 
&C-.  and  we  are  advised  tha^if  our  statements  in  regard 
to  this  Alternating  Curren4  are  verified  by  experiments 
we  can  carry  the  bill  though  the  Legislature.  You 
therefore  see  how  imporfe&t  it  is  that  it  start  at  once 
as  the  Committee  meet  oA  Thursday." 

Prom  the  above  you  will  readily  perceive  the  necessity 
of  giving  the  matter  prompt  ^entipn,  which  I  trust  will  be  recei¬ 
ved  at  your  hands. 

Yours  very  truly. 


Can  yon  send  at  onoe  an  alternatinc  curi-ont  dynamo  wiTth' a 
man  to  v,ork  it  to  Ooluntous,  Ohio?  He  mst  report  to  SeorGO  G. 
Allen,  Neil  House,  Colunhus.  Dynamo  is  to  be  exiiibited  before 
a  lai’ge  Committee  of  the  Ohio  Legislature.  ]!di  son  Company  will 
furnidi  power  &o.,  and  we  aro  advised  that  if  oui-  statements  in 
regard  to  this  alternating  current  ai-e  verified  by  experiments, 
we  cai  carry  tte  bill  through  the  legislature.  You  therefore  see 
how  important  it  is  to  start  it  at  once,  as  Conmittoo  meet  on 
Tuesday,  Z' 

OkcoiyCMd  h  € 


(A<-  €a^  lOt/u^^  f  Ce^  (PcUM^Y 

(?  C  /  .  '  .  . . 


^  TlEI.IliSdSfflAM.  ! 

. . . few . . 

^  b^/ip  C(  (?/ 

. . . ^A£7^.UL^.. . . 

. . . . . ^j^rZ.bS/kldd'tMJ^ 

f0  . . ^:^PM:r^...  .C:L . OrA . 

/ (Pi'iA.xiMj.. cLy\jidJ.Z.^^^  iz.,...1^ajl  ^/d(jiJ(^(dt7p 

qmc(<  Of.  %ti(  iin^,  £>Iu.JPl 

...iusi.ij....kZ‘i’--^i  4  C(m  jihAoiLf . qMl£m'A....4f\m. 

/v/  C\jCot 

■'^'Zi^.  t/McuUi.  /S/o. 


^  f—f-^AtSZZZZ^ 

^  "zAz.  j  cx-t-....^^^ 

The  Central  Ontario  Railway, 

<^2.-<L.^  (t^eyt-^  C><-'<-^Z. 

/yy^  ^e^-^yyc 



/-erTr  dx^c?’ 

.  ^  --  -  ^  ^  ^<>u.yyyy^  )^rz?^-^cjK^ 

/yy^  aLx£<:^^Zi.e.^ 

O^  ^  yde-Zy'^'T..^  y/y^ 

0-—s:>  ^/Z>-n^  (^-C^^-rJL 

New  York,  May  13,  1890. 

T.  A.  Edison,  Esq., 
Orange,  N.J. 

My  dear  Mr,  Edison 

I  have  to  thank  you  very  much  for  your  letter  to  Mr, 

Beggs  of  this  city,  who  has  kindly  put  me  in  the  way  of  seeing  all 
Stations  in  New  York. 

Since  I  saw  you  I  have  been  West  to  Chicago  and  have 
seen  most  of  the  important  installations  and  Electrical  V.'orks  on 
this  side  of  the  Continent . 

Might  I  ask  you  to  be  good  enough  to  give  me  an  intro¬ 
duction  to  the  Manager  of  the  Edison  Works  at  Schecnectady,  so  that 
I  might  have  ah  opportunity  of  seeing  the  construction  of  yoiir 
grand  system? 

Believe  me. 

Yours  truly, 

IEsSEX  (BroUKTY  BSiliecipihikd  (B®., 


Orange.  N.  i 

^  « . -18^6. 

■fDi'ctat  '  ed, 

V'  ::.A| 

Ttios . ,  A'.  ■■  Edi  G  on ,:  Esq'. ,  •■  ' 

;  ^  ■' WonlOT  .park,  N.  J. 

My  D.oar,  Sir,;, ....  .'i'. ' .  ,  '  ■ 

;  V/e  are  t  rying .  t  o  ’ save  unruly  boyn-,  ' an 
,  pir.tb.aii.  -Wa  tove  a  farm,\'buildings' and,  .foi'iy  '■'iThira' '' 

'  ,is:  a  ^gr  eat  .pressure .'bf  other  .boyS;;tp 

'Sf,  money  in  our  treasury: and,, tlv?  uoinpLetl  in', 'of '■  cifirftaildings.  p;nV  ,' 

up  fifty,  or  si.xty  kerb';' .one  lainpo,  every 
f ra.;ne  bu  ild  ings and  .  are  in  c..oristant  ,  ' 

■■  th  e'' meanwhile','  v/e  are  ii'gh 

•'  .night  to' 'usein  the  most  fli: 

'  fear  and.  dread  of  fire. ; 

,  .  w^  lvive  an  engine-  of  ari  .horse  power,  ara ,  awpl.e,  f  opce  for 
:  running ;.a  anaiel ootrlo, plant  .';I We, oann ot;ariOrd'  to  ^  tok,/ 

aM  t  wri„,  to  aot  }„n,:.i,^for  ^  ti’lS'iargeWona  piotlnal 

;  wo*,  just:  in  ato  oeginniog;  y i. AouannSoIihe  to.pho  np; j 
•Aqf;  one.:  "s',  [  y.\-[  V  y-y':):. 

\p:  prAywafhy.witnwofnAo 

I'oys,  ana  I  aonot  pelieve  _,ou  o»  frna  a  plane  whore  it  wouM  take 
a  «.ore  praotioal  for.  than  V  helpug  this  insti'tutioo  in  the  way  ' 


hoynwho  are  newer  tirea  of  hearing  stones  of  yoiP  inventions  and  of 
the  wonders  yen  have  wrought.  One  of  „„r  oye's  is  a,  fair  oleo-  '  , 
trioian,  and  if  w,  oan  only,  get  tho  ,„ter„l  w-.oan.anago  to 'to,',  ‘ 


Canaan  Four  Corners.  2 

COLUMBIA  COUNTY,  N.  y.  ,  > 

the  plant  put,  in  crd,en',  .  .  Can  y  oi  not  .see  your  way  ■' clear  .to,  help 
;  '.  in'.thisH?  '.  ,  .  ''  ■  i,' ^ 

Yours  very  truly, 


A.  0,  Tate, Esq. .Private  Secretary, 

Edison  Labratory, 

•Orange, N.J.  '  ' 

Dear  'Sir;-  . 

I  enclose  you  herewith  copy  of  a  letter  dated 
September  15tii,from  S.  Polack  of  Panama, concerning  the  whereabouts 
of  Prank  Me  Gowan, 

Eno.  I, 



PanpjnSjS^i,  i5th,1890. 

Messrs.  •Edig'on  CeiieXi^l  Biep'irio  iight  Colnpanj^, 

New  'York. 

Bea'i’'  Sirs;^' 

keferi'ihg  1(,o  enclosed  circular  I  beg  ■e.p  ’ad^vise  you, 
that  I  have  nedp,  inqjii'ries  about  Utr,  Mo  O'ovt'An  here  as  we, 11  as  in 
Colon^but  could  not  filid  out  ^anything  about  thd  genilenan. 


Bear  Sirs, 

Very  truiy  yours, 

(signe4)i  3.  Polaok. 


Panama ,  ) 

(  28th  Pshruary,  1890. 
Colon,  ) 


Messrs. - r - - - 


We  beg  to  Inform  you  that  our  -firm  ceases  to  exist 

from  to-day. 

We  have  authorized  )®.  SAMUEL  POLACK,  Agent  of  the  Ham¬ 
burg  American  Packet  Co.,  to  collect  all  debts  still  owing  us  after 
this  date . 

Thanking  you  for  your  valuable  support-  during  -our  busi¬ 
ness  connection. 

We  remain,  Gentlenan, 

Yours  respectfully, 

Purth  &  Campbell,  in  Liq. 


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A'.  0»  Tate,  JSsq.,. 

Edisons  Laboratory, 

Orange,  N.  J,, 

November  8t)i,  1S90V 

:  1010^- 

Lear  Sir:- 

Some  tinK  ago  I  wrote  to  several  parties  in  South  America 

v/ho  v/ere  friends  of  Mr.  McGowan  and  stated  that  he  had  disappeared 

and  asked  for  infonnation  concerning  him.  I  enclose  herevdth  a 
reply  ivhich  I  have  recently  received  from  one  of  these  letters  and 
I  also  enclose  a  translation.  I  think  it  wouM  be  worth  vAiile  for 

you  to  read  this  letter  sjid  it  Is  possible  that  you  may  consider 

it  desirable  to  bring  It  to  Mr.  Edison's  attention  as  the  man  refeiy 
to  certain  inplied  contract  obligations  of  Mr.  McGowan. 

Please  return  this  letter  to  me  al't  er  you  arc  throuch 
with  it  and  oblige  , 

Ly  -7  ^  ^  C 

0  t  ,  a 

The  Electric  Age. 


A  'Weekly  Journal  for  Eleotrloal  People, 



Office,  World  Building, 

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(f  (XAyJu6:^:^ ,  A-viVC.  A 



^^CcL’  - 

including  myself  are  having  some  trouble  with  the  Oontinelfttal 
Dynamo  Companyo  And  there  will  be  a  hearing  ibofore  Oh^jioelor 
Van  Float  at  his  chambers  in  Newark  on  Tuesday  and  Weditesday,  and 
we  want  some  information  on  the  question  of  cost  mors  partloul 
arl^  of  making  Dynamoes  .  Would  you  bo  kind 'enough  to  send  a 
man  to  Newark  on  receipt  of  Telegram  from  Mahlon  Pitney*  <ff  ypu 
could  do  this  you  would  greatly  oblige  me.  Ife  want  to  preweriit 
those  people  from  robbing  us  if  possible.  ‘ 

■Fours  fee 



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